applications in mining equipments

the sensors used in mining applications

the sensors used in mining applications

Sensors are a component of almost every industry as they offer a way of monitoring various processes, the working conditions, whether there is a risk of occupational hazards, or whether any equipment is likely to fail. They not only provide a way of keeping the personnel safe, but they also provide companies with ways of saving money by predicting when maintenance is likely to occur, or when an issue does occur so that it can be fixed rapidly without causing too much downtime. In this article, we take a look at the sensors which are used in the mining industry.

There are a lot of potential hazards in the mining industry, from the environmental conditions within the mine to exposure to hazardous particles and even explosions. There is also the potential for many things to go wrong with the machinery, in which a lot of downtimes could occur due to the cumbersome nature of the machinery used. So, sensors play a vital role in both safety and maintenance in the mining industry.

Given the nature of the work performed in the mine, there are many sensors that are used in a mine to cover various safety aspects. These range from gas sensors all the way to personnel sensors which measure the tiredness levels of the workers within the mine.

One of the most common types of sensors is the gas sensor. There are many different gases that can escape from veins within the rocks during excavation. Many of these gases can be harmful to the workers if they are present in sufficient quantities (such as carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride, or hydrogen cyanide) and gases such as methane can present an explosion riskespecially when it is both colorless and odorless. Sensors that measure the gas levels are present on both the personnel and the machinery in the mine to ensure that both the areas of work and the personnel are safe.

Another aspect that can cause harm is dust. The build-up of dust within a mine is commonplace due to the excavation or exploding of the surrounding rock. The build-up of large amounts of dust can cause respiratory issues to the workers in the mine, as well as anyone within the local vicinity of the mine. Dust also contains a lot of small particlesjust like the smog you see in citieswhich are very harmful to humans. So, to ensure that the workers are not being exposed to an unhealthy concentration of these particles, handheld sensors are used to measure the levels, and if necessary, be used as a gauge to see whether preventative/dust reduction measures need to be taken.

Workers are also fitted with sensors that measure their levels of tiredness. Given that a lot of workers need to operate heavy machinery, they can be a danger to themselves and other workers around them if they are feeling sleepymuch like a driver driving on the road is. So, to ensure that workers are not at risk of falling asleep, or losing too much concentration from fatigue, sensors composed of tracking devices that monitor both the level of fatigue and levels of distraction are used on the workers in a mine.

Aside from safety, there are many different operations within both open pit and underground mines which are benefitted by the implementation of sensors. One common example is the use of proximity sensors on the heavy machinery and vehicles used within the mine. The sheer size and weight of this machinery can cause damage if they collide with other machinery or the surrounding environment (which could cause rocks or debris to fall if there is a sufficient impact). Proximity sensors are fitted to all vehicles to alert the driver when the vehicle/machinery is close to crashing into an object/other machinery and alerts the driver through both visual and audible warnings.

Sensors are also used to prevent rock falls after operational measures have been put in place to keep the surrounding rocks in place. This is the case for both pit and underground mines where huge rock faces and exposed, potentially unstable rock faces/ceilings are present during the mining operation, respectively. Some of the measures put in place include automated temporary roof supports (ATRS), mobile roof supports (MRS), and automated roof bolting systems, and sensors can then be employed to measure if there is any movement within the rock face over time and to inform the operators if further measures need to be put in place.

One of the most innovative uses of sensors in the mining industry in recent years is the switch towards automated mining operations. While this has been helped along with the implementation of the Internet of Things (IoT), Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), and advanced data analysis methodologies, sensors are still at the heart of the data collection processes. The sensors are the key components that enable all the relevant data to be analyzed before it is processed to spot anomalous trends in the datawhich can represent potential downtime in the operations. Any downtime can then be planned for rather than being unexpected. Aside from predictive and preventative maintenance, automated processes within the mine(s) can be used to control unmanned vehicles and perform the controlled explosions/excavations, which in turn not only increases the operational efficiency of the mine, but also the safety.

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high resistance grounding equipment in mining applications

high resistance grounding equipment in mining applications

When mobile equipment is connected to the distribution system the groundingequipment and the ground fault protection should be designed to comply with CSAStd. M421-00 Use of Electricity in Mines, which requires that:

Mobile equipment operating at more than 300 volts shall have ground fault protection and ground conductor monitoring.The neutral be grounded through a neutral grounding device in such a manner as tolimit the possible rise of ground fault potential to a maximum of 100 volts.

Although the code requires instantaneous fault clearing in coal mines (Paragraph6.11.2), time delayed tripping is generally acceptable in other mining operations.Local mining codes should be checked for time delay requirements.

The permitted ground wire impedance is the sum of the impedance of the grounding conductor of all trailing cables. The resistance value of the grounding device is normally designed to operate a selected ground relay at the highest sensitivity level to provide maximum protection.

It is recommended that the pick-up of the Ground FaultRelay shall be 5 amps or less when used with a current relay, or 80% when a volt-age relay is used.Typical protection systems are shown in Figure 1a (current relay) and Figure 1b (voltage relay).

NOTE The one advantage of using a potential transformer in place of the currenttransformer for the ground fault protection is that the potential transformer monitorsthe continuity of the neutral grounding resistor, such that an open circuit in the resis-tor would cause early operation of the voltage relay (VR).

For medium voltage applications and when increased insulation levels are requiredon low voltage systems, the types SHD and SHD-GC cables should be used. Bothtypes are available with cross-linked polyethylene or ethylene-propylene (EPR) insulation with natural rubber, polyethylene, polychloroprene or polyurethane jacket for 5KV, 8 KV and 15 KV insulation level. The type SHD cables are made with three unin-sulated ground wires, one in each interstice.

When individual power conductor shielding is not required, type G (SGO) portablecables can be used for low voltage applications. The type G cables are made with 3uninsulated ground wires, one in each interstice.

Cables operating on circuits over 750 volts or, in coal mines, over 125 volts musthave a grounded shielding consisting of tinned copper wire mesh, or the equivalent;and this shielding shall be, throughout the length of the cable, in contact with theinterstitial grounding conductor. (Paragraph of CSA Std. C22.5-1977).

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applications on pneumatic:mining and quarrying equipment. | hydraulics and pneumatics

applications on pneumatic:mining and quarrying equipment. | hydraulics and pneumatics

Many of the tools described under Contractors Tools are also employed in mining and quarrying, although the emphasis in modern mining is towards the removal and processing oflarge quantities of rock, for which high powered drilling rigs are required. The principle of rock drilling is the same, whether a hand-held drill or a multi-head drilling rig is used. Mining is one area where hydraulic drills are offering a real challenge to the former superiority of pneumatic drills because, when the emphasis is on maximising drilling speed, hydraulic power comes into its own. However, a great deal of mining is still done using compressed air for the drilling process, sometimes combined with hydraulic power for support of the drills and for applying feed and rotation forces.

The small sinker drills discussed in the chapter on Contractors Tools are occasionally used in mines and quarries, mainly for work such as drilling for secondary blasting. Two other tools, used in considerable numbers are air-leg drills and stopers. These two drills were first used as a stage in the development towards the modem powered support; they take out some of the physical effort that was formerly needed when using a simple sinker drill.

An example of a drill of this kind is shown in Figure I. The drill as shown is basically a standard sinker drill, without the handles and supported by a pneumatic cylinder which, under pressure, is able to support the weight of the rock drill and supply the feed thrust for drilling. The support leg is hinged to the drill body, so there can be any chosen angle between the drill axis and the leg. This drill is used primarily for tunnelling and mine development purposes.

Figure I shows the drill in a rather ideal geometric arrangement, where, if the correct pressure is supplied to the leg, the feed force, weight and leg force are in balance. In practice, the geometry changes considerably during the drilling of the round, so that for some of the time the ideal balance cannot be achieved without the operator applying an

extra manual load. When the hole has advanced some distance into the rock, the drill rod itself can give some extra support by bearing against the sideofthe hole. However, friction against the sides of the hole slows down the rotation and reduces the drilling speed. This kind of drilling requires constant attention from the operator, and also requires a great deal of hard physical effort; in modem, large scale mining and tunnelling it has been largely superseded by techniques using support rigs.

The drill shown is of integrated design, which means that all the controls for drilling and for supplying air to the leg are incorporated in the backhead of the drill. Air passes from the backhead control via passages in the hinge pin to the cylinder. The operator is able to select feed or retract and adjust the feed force from the one control tumbler.

Note that two hoses supply the drill: the larger is for delivering the compressed air; the smaller is for the flushing water, which passes down through the centre of the drill and washes out the rock chippings. Water, rather than air, is universally used for flushing in underground drilling. Ithas been found that air flushing causes harmful dust to be released into the air, which in the past has been responsible for crippling lung diseases such as silicosis.

An example of a stoper is shown in Figure 2. This is very similar to the air-leg drill, except that it is designed for overhead work in a stope (a chamber formed for excavating ore) or for drilling a raise (a shaft excavated upwards). The support leg is rigidly attached to the body of the drill and controlled in a similar way to the air-leg drill.

In recent years, there has been a tendency to move from pneumatic to hydraulic drilling, since hydraulic operation is much more efficient in terms of energy consumption. However, the hydraulic drill is more of a precision tool requiring a higher level of maintenance and the initial cost is higher. The majority of hard rock drilling is still done by pneumatic drills.

Figure 3 shows three drills suitable for this kind of work. In this type of drill the rotation is obtained by a separate rotation motor, which is usually of the meshing gear type. This makes it possible to generate a much higher torque than with the rifle bar rotation discussed in the chapter on Contractors Tools. The rotation may be separately controlled in speed and direction to meet a variety of drilling conditions. There is also a separate supply of air or water for flushing the hole.

the hole. There is always some drop in performance as the length of the drill rod increases. Some of the energy is converted into heat in the material of the drill rod and there are losses at the screwed couplings.

For underground drilling, water flushing is employed to clear out the drill chippings, but for surface drilling, air flushing is more usual. The flushing medium (air or water) passes through a flushing tube situated along the centre line of the drill.

Support rigs can be comparatively simple as shown in Figure 4, which is a small twin-drill unit on a rubber-tyred base. The motive power is diesel engine, fitted with an exhaust scrubber. This rig incorporates a degree of automatic control on the hole alignment and on the drill control stop and start. One man can easily operate two drills, without any great physical effort.

drill to be separately controlled from a single operating position. The feed force and the mechanism for positioning the drill at the rock face are usually hydraulically powered. The jumbo itself may be mounted on tyred wheels or on crawler tracks and is self-propelled. The motive power can come from an electric power unit or from an internal combustion engine mounted on the jumbo base. Percussion can be pneumatic (although it has to be admitted that hydraulic is increasingly taking over), with the rotation power coming from a separate pneumatic or hydraulic motor.

The drilling regime in a quarry or open pit mine is very different from that in an underground mine, and the drills used reflect that difference. A quarry is required to produce a high volume of rock, produced in benches or steps on the vertical (or slightly off the vertical) face of the quarry. The height of these benches can be of the order of 20 m or more, and the diameter of the drilled hole is between 75 mm and 150 mm. With modern equipment it is possible to drill 250m per man per shift.

In the early quarries, much of the drilling was done with hand-held drills, able to penetrate no more than about 2- 3 m. Gradually, with the introduction of more powerful rig supported machines and the use of coupled drill rods, the hole depth increased; but it was soon discovered that, when drilling long holes, much of the impact energy was dissipated during its transmission down the rods and through the screwed couplings.

Air enters the tube adaptor at the top of the hammer, passes the non-return valve and is directed into the annulus around the cylinder liner. Air is then directed to each side of the piston by a series of ports, uncovered as the piston moves down the cylinder. Exhaust is controlled by the control post; the exhaust point is reached when the piston passes the end of the control post, allowing the air from the upper chamberto pass through the central hole ofthe piston and the bit and emerge at the rock face. The return stroke 13 exhaust is controlled by a foot valve which is part of the bit; exhaust point is reached when the striking face of the piston 14 uncovers the end of the foot valve, allowing air to pass through the bit as before.

Extra air can be passed continuously through the ham 15 mer to improve hole flushing; this is achieved by drilling a hole in the constant blowing plug, allowing a supply of air to 16 pass directly to the bit, bypassing the power chambers.

The hole can be flushed by lifting the hammer off the bottom of the hole, allowing the bit to drop down against the retaining ring. Air then passes from the return chamber, past 17 the bit splines, which causes the hammering to stop.

FIGURE 5- Components of down-the-hole hammer. (CompAir Holman) These down-the-hole drills are designed to produce maximum impact energy in a small diameter body. They have a smooth exterior profile, the bit is locked into the front of the drill, and the rotation is obtained from an external motor connected to the bit by coupled tubes. Because there is no loss of impact energy there is virtually no limit to the hole depth (other than that caused by practical limitations such as tube handling). These drills are universally used for drilling long holes on thesurfaceand, in limited applications, underground. The tubes that support the drill also act as a passage for the compressed air which, after use, is exhausted through the drill bit and is then able to flush away the drill chippings. Such a drill is shown in cross-section in Figure 5.

The drill illustrated is available for bit diameters of 75 to 150 mm and is typical of modern valveless hammers valveless because air distribution to power and return chambers is achieved by piston position rather than by a distributor valve. Both valved and valveless hammers are available. The valveless type is more favoured for modern drills for two main reasons: they are less subject to clogging by dirt and they are more efficient because the air is used expansively. But different drilling situations require different hammers, so ones choice should be based on a practical drilling trial in the quarry for which it is intended. It will be apparent that the diameter of the hammer, being less than the hole size, is the main factor limiting the design. The impact energy is proportional to piston diameter, stroke length and air pressure; so with the diameter limited, the energy can only be increased by increasing the pressure. Down-the-hole hammers are designed to operate on pressures between I 0 and 25 bar for which special high pressure portable compressors are needed.

Choice of a suitable rig for supporting a drill depends on the throughput of the quarry, particularly the number and size of the blast holes. For a small quarry limited by size and environmental considerations, the appropriate hole size will be 75 or 100 mm diameter, and a small wagon drill (such as shown in Figure 6) might be appropriate. The drill illustrated is a pneumatic integral rotation drill, with coupled rods. Feed force is supplied by a pneumatic motor driving a chain feed. This rig can also be used for small down-the hole drilling. This support rig can be equipped with an hydraulic boom for elevating the cradle. Some models can be made self-propelled by mounting a motor on one of the wheels, otherwise it has to be towed from hole to hole by a tractor. The compressor also has to be towed into position.

Good hole flushing is important for removal of the drilling detritus, and can be done either by air or water. Water is customary for underground drilling, where the dust has to be suppressed, but on surface workings where a reliable source of water is not available, dry flushing with compressed air is usual.

With down-the-hole hammers, the exhaust air plays an important role in hole flushing and in most cases is sufficient in quantity for complete flushing, but there is a provision for adding to the volume by incorporating an extra flushing hole, as shown in Figure 5. Most manufacturers of drills recommend a compressor with a capacity about 25% higher than the minimum needed to operate the drill, to allow for extra flushing air. The amount of air required depends on the size of the hole and the diameter of the hammer and rods. After the air has lifted the chippings off the drill face, it is fully expanded and then has to transport the chippings out of the hole. The velocity of the air should be about 30 rnls, calculated from the known volume per second and the annular area between the rods and the hole. If the ground is very wet, with water pouring into the hole from fissures in the rock, the velocity may have to be increased. In good conditions, in hard rock, a lower velocity may be adequate. Too high a velocity is wasteful of air and accelerates the wear of the drill and rods through a sand-blasting effect; too low a velocity reduces drilling speed and may cause jamming of the rods.

Foam flushing is also used occasionally. It is basically air flushing with the addition of a foaming agent injected into the air inlet. It assists in suppressing dust and lubricating the wall of the hole. It can be a useful technique where dust is a problem and where a dust collector is not suitable.

A large amount of drilling dust is produced by a high performance drill. Apart from being a health hazard, it is a nuisance to the drill operator and can reduce site safety. Dust collectors have a suction hood which is positioned around the drilled hole to suck away all the dust emitted. The suction is produced either by an air powered ejector or a fan. The dust is carried away through a large diameter hose to the separation equipment which is in two stages. The first stage is a cyclone separator to remove the large particles and the second stage is a filter, which removes the remaining fine dust. Some designs have automatic filter cleaning which comes into action every time the drilling stops; others have to be cleaned after every hole, or when necessary.

mining equipment market share & growth report, 2020-2027

mining equipment market share & growth report, 2020-2027

The global mining equipment market size was valued at USD 144.37 billion in 2019 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.7% from 2020 to 2027.Ongoing digital mine innovation is expected to transform the key aspects of mining over the next few years. Increased investment, along with government support for the digital mine innovation, is expected to trigger the demand for mining equipment over the forecast period. Improvements and innovations in extraction technologies and equipment have contributed to the betterment of ore grades, thus extending the life of older mines.

Technology is becoming a critical differentiating factor for manufacturers and mining companies as digitization and automation are continuously gaining momentum. Key players are focusing on reducing the cost of extraction and equipment maintenance. Moreover, the industry has witnessed a large scale adoption of different clusters of technologies, such as robotics & automation, smart sensors, and 3D printing, to enhance operational efficiency. For instance, in January 2019, ABB Ltd. launched the Ability Smart Sensor for assessing the condition of mounted bearings so as to prevent the downtime in mining during material handling.

Need to provide environment-friendly equipment in response to the demand for a sustainable future is on the rise. There is a continuous shift to renewable energy, which has increased the demand for a variety of minerals. This situation has enabled companies to strengthen their business to offer equipment, which are more productive and have a smaller environmental impact. For instance, the advanced control technologies in the Autonomous Haulage System (AHS) of Komatsu Ltd. reduces fuel consumption, along with tire wear and emissions.

The transition from underground to innovative and economical open pit mining is expected to propel the demand for mining equipment over the next few years. The mining industry requires a large amount of energy to extract and protect resources, including a variety of refining and concentration processes. Decrease in the average copper ore grade has led to an increase in energy consumption and total material production, thereby propelling the demand for high-performance equipment.

Development of high-performance equipment has made it possible to extract ores of declining grades without increasing the costs. This trend is increasingly perceptible in several steel manufacturing companies pursuing to enter the mineral exploration sector for securing their supplies of coking coal and iron ore at a rational cost.

Surface mining equipment held the largest share of the overall revenue in 2019 and is expected to maintain its lead over the forecast period. Increasing demand for coal, iron ore, chromium, and diamonds in emerging economies is expected to provide growth avenues for the surface mining equipment over the next few years. Growing adoption of this equipment has led to selective mining operations by exploring high-quality materials and creating embankments and stable surfaces.

Furthermore, increased demand for excavators in the construction and oil & gas industries is expected to significantly contribute to the growth of the surface mining equipment segment. This equipment has also witnessed increased demand due to the emergence of compact excavators. These excavators are a potential solution for carrying the excavating process in confines spaces. Companies are further upgrading excavators and electric shoves to meet the current metal exploration demand. For instance, in September 2019, Komatsu Ltd. introduced a hydraulic excavator, PC2000-11, which is equipped with a machine monitoring system, called KomVision. This is used to load the haul trucks and can be used for loading coal, stripping overburden, and loading shot rock.

Underground mining equipment significantly contributed to revenue growth in 2019. Need to maximize the efficiency of decline truck haulage and maintain its competitiveness with shaft haulage has led to increased demand for underground high-capacity trucks. Furthermore, miners are unable to find economically viable deposits for open-pit mining. This situation has given rise to the expansion of underground mining to extend the mine life, thereby driving the demand for underground mining equipment.

The metal mining application segment dominated the global mining equipment market in 2019 owing to an increase in hauling of metal deposits and high demand for precious metals. Factors such as favorable government regulations, growth of the mining-related end-use industries, and fluctuation in commodity prices are expected to significantly affect the demand for mining equipment in the metal mining applications. Iron and copper mines in South America and Australia are procuring additional equipment deliveries, which is expected to trigger the growth of this application segment. This procurement is a result of the improvement in the exploration of iron and copper.

The non-metal mining application segment witnessed substantial growth in 2019. Need for non-metal mining has observed an upsurge due to increased demand for the extraction of rocks, stones, sand, and similar materials for the construction of roads, buildings, monuments, and landscaping. Increasing number of investment schemes in this sector by various governments is also boosting the growth of the non-metal mining segment. For instance, in 2019, the Australian government raised new funding for its critical minerals and rare earth minerals sector. Extraction projects in the areas of defense and critical minerals will have access to dual funding through the Export Finance Australia (EFA) and Northern Australia Infrastructure Facility (NAIF).

Asia Pacific accounted for the largest market share in 2019 and is expected to maintain its lead over the forecast period. India, followed by Australia, accounted for a significant share of the overall revenue due to constant investments and increasing infrastructure projects. India offers a number of opportunities for the mining companies as there is significant scope for exploration of bauxite, iron ore, and coal. Furthermore, booming real estate sector in the country is expected to augment the demand for metal mining equipment, thereby contributing to regional growth.

Furthermore, continuous government support for the development of mining and exploration has generated ample opportunities for manufacturers to provide enhanced equipment. For instance, the Government of India has allowed 100% FDI in this sector for the exploration of metal and non-metal ores. Moreover, the Ministry of Steel aims to more than double the steel production capacity to 300 million tons by 2030-31. Such initiatives and support are expected to compel the mining equipment manufacturers to establish a base in the country, thereby amplifying the mining equipment industry growth over the next few years.

Latin America has gained popularity owing to a boost in mineral exploration activities, which is attributed to significant investments in this sector. Chile and Peru are home to a large number of copper and gold mines, which contribute significantly to the global exploration of metals. Moreover, favorable mining regulations for overseas investors, particularly in Peru, Chile, and Colombia, are aiding regional growth. Moreover, the region is home to large deposits of copper, gold, and iron, which provides exploration opportunities, thereby increasing the demand for surface mining equipment.

Companies are stressing on enhancing their service and after-service strategies to provide value-added offerings to clients. For instance, Caterpillar, Inc. strategizes to deliver a superior customer experience, which focuses on value-added offerings to transform traditional product support. Such a strategy has increased the sales of products, which will further strengthen the companys presence in the aftermarket.

Major OEMs have been carrying out joint ventures and development programs for components and purchased-finished materials with certain competitors, aiming to reduce manufacturing costs and provide competitive differentiation. Expansion of offerings by developing the right differentiated product is one of the key strategies adopted by companies to ensure long-term customer loyalty. For instance, Caterpillar, Inc.s next-generation 20-ton size class excavators have helped customers in reducing fuel consumption and maintenance costs, along with increasing operating efficiency to achieve cost and productivity targets. Some of the prominent players in themining equipment market include:

U.S.; Canada; Germany; U.K.; Spain; France; Finland; Sweden; Poland; Russia; China; India; Japan; Australia; Indonesia; South Korea; Philippines; New Zealand; Chile; Peru; Saudi Arabia; South Africa; Iran; Egypt; Ghana

This report forecasts revenue growth at the global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2016 to 2027. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global mining equipment market report on the basis of equipment, application, and region:

b. Surface mining equipment dominated the global mining equipment market with a share of 41.86% in 2019. This is attributable to increasing demand for coal, iron ore, chromium, and diamonds in emerging economies.

The ongoing pandemic has led to a decline in exploration activities in the oil & gas sector. A number of EPC projects have also witnessed an indefinite pause that has transpired into a slump in the requirement for drilling and excavation services. Economic repercussions of the trend are expected to be highly evident in the Middle East. The report will account for Covid19 as a key market contributor.

mining equipment | prairie machine

mining equipment | prairie machine

Prairie Machine is a global leader in the manufacturing and supply of heavy-duty equipment and technical solutions for the heavy industrial and mining industries. Under the Rokion brand, Prairie Machine supplies industrial-strength, zero emission battery powered crew and utility trucks for use in surface and underground mining operations.

For over twenty-five years, the most industrious potash, salt, and trona mines world-wide have utilized Prairie Machines Continuous Boring equipment to meet their high production demands. The Continuous Boring line can be paired with the Prairie Machine Flexiveyor, the Prairie Machine Auxiliary Equipment line, or any conveyor belt system to produce high quantities of ore with zero stoppage time.

For over twenty years, Prairie Machines line of Continuous Haulage equipment has been an integral component in the most productive soft rock mines across the world. Spearheaded by the Flexiveyor, this customizable product line works in conjunction with any mining equipment infrastructure to provide a safe, automated, and continuous flow of ore, no matter the environment.

Prairie Machine's line of Auxiliary Mining Equipment offers customized, cost-effective solutions to the meet the needs of an individual mining operation. The Auxiliary Mining Equipment line is designed to integrate into a site's already-established machine infrastructure or to be used in conjunction with Prairie Machine's Continuous Boring and Continuous Haulage lines to ensure a safe and productive mine site.

Rokion, a division of Prairie Machine, is a leader in the manufacture and supply of battery powered electric vehicles for the heavy industrial and mining industries. Rokion battery powered trucks are purpose built to withstand harsh mining conditions and to effortlessly drive up and down ramp, all while producing zero emissions.

Prairie Machine is a Canadian OEM specializing in continuous boring systems, continous haulage systems, and through its Rokion division, battery powered electric vehicles for use in underground mine applications worldwide.

12 most useful data mining applications of 2021 | upgrad blog

12 most useful data mining applications of 2021 | upgrad blog

Data mining is a method of extracting data from multiple sources and organizing it to derive valuable insights. Read on to discover the wide-ranging data mining applications that are changing the industry as we know it!

Modern-day companies cannot live in a data lacuna. They have to evolve and keep up with technological evolution and upcoming digital trends to stay ahead of the competition. So, businesses today are prioritizing staying abreast of all the new developments in the field of data science and analytics. Data mining is one such process. Check out the common examples of data mining.

It involves an examination of pre-existing datasets to gain new and useful information. The complex data mining algorithms allow companies to make sense of raw data by segmenting large datasets, identifying patterns, and predicting outcomes.

The banking and finance industry relies on high-quality, reliable data. In loan markets, financial and user data can be used for a variety of purposes, like predicting loan payments and determining credit ratings. And data mining methods make such tasks more manageable.

Classification techniques facilitate separation of crucial factors that influence customers banking decisions from the irrelevant ones. Further, multidimensional clustering techniques allow identification of customers with similar loan payment behaviours. Data analysis and mining can also help detect money laundering and other financial crimes. Read more about data science applications in finance industry

Pattern analysis of spatiotemporal databases can play a huge role in mobile telecommunication, mobile computing, and also web and information services. And techniques like outlier analysis can detect fraudulent users. Also, OLAP and visualization tools can help compare information, such as user group behaviour, profit, data traffic, system overloads, etc.

Global connectivity in todays technology-driven economy has presented security challenges for network administration. Network resources can face threats and actions that intrude on their confidentiality or integrity. Therefore, detection of intrusion has emerged as a crucial data mining practice.

The organized retail sector holds sizable quantities of data points covering sales, purchasing history, delivery of goods, consumption, and customer service. The databases have become even larger with the arrival of e-commerce marketplaces.

In modern-day retail, data warehouses are being designed and constructed to get the full benefits of data mining. Multidimensional data analysis helps deal with data related to different types of customers, products, regions, and time zones. Online retailers can also recommend products to drive more sales revenue and analyze the effectiveness of their promotional campaigns. So, from noticing buying patterns to improving customer service and satisfaction, data mining opens many doors in this sector.

As the demand for higher education goes up worldwide, institutions are looking for innovative solutions to cater to the rising needs. Institutions can use data mining to predict which students would enrol in a particular program, who would require additional assistance to graduate, refining enrollment management overall.

Moreover, the prognosis of students career paths and presentation of data would become more comfortable with effective analytics. In this manner, data mining techniques can help uncover the hidden patterns in massive databases in the field of higher education.

Big Data is available even in the energy sector nowadays, which points to the need for appropriate data mining techniques. Decision tree models and support vector machine learning are among the most popular approaches in the industry, providing feasible solutions for decision-making and management. Additionally, data mining can also achieve productive gains by predicting power outputs and the clearing price of electricity.

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and several other navigation applications make use of data mining to secure vital information and understand its implications. This new trend includes extraction of geographical, environment, and astronomical data, including images from outer space. Typically, spatial data mining can reveal aspects like topology and distance.

Biological data mining practices are common in genomics, proteomics, and biomedical research. From characterizing patients behaviour and predicting office visits to identifying medical therapies for their illnesses, data science techniques provide multiple advantages.

Fast numerical simulations in scientific fields like chemical engineering, fluid dynamics, climate, and ecosystem modeling generate vast datasets. Data mining brings capabilities like data warehouses, data preprocessing, visualization, graph-based mining, etc.

System-level designing makes use of data mining to extract relationships between portfolios and product architectures. Moreover, the methods also come in handy for predicting product costs and span time for development.

Data mining activities are also used in Criminology, which is a study of crime characteristics. First, text-based crime reports need to be converted into word processing files. Then, the identification and crime-machining process would take place by discovering patterns in massive stores of data.

Sophisticated mathematical algorithms can indicate which intelligence unit should play the headliner in counter-terrorism activities. Data mining can even help with police administration tasks, like determining where to deploy the workforce and denoting the searches at border crossings.

Data mining lies at the junction of machine learning, statistics, and database systems. As we discussed earlier, it can empower modern-day industries in diverse ways. The selection of a suitable data mining system generally depends on the following factors.

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