7-1-1Each player of the team at bat shall become the batter and shall take his position within a batters box, on either side of home plate, in the order in which his name appears on the lineup card as delivered to the umpire prior to the game (4-1-3). This order shall be followed during the entire game except that an entering substitute shall take the replaced players place in the batting order. A batter is in proper order if he follows the player whose name precedes his in the lineup, even though such preceding batter may have batted out of order. An improper batter is considered to be at bat as soon as he is in the batters box and the ball is live. When the improper batters infraction is first discovered by either team, time may be requested and the improper batter replaced by the proper batter with the improper batters ball and strike count still in effect, provided the infraction is detected before the improper batter is put out or becomes a base runner. Only the defensive team may appeal batting out of order after the batter has completed his time at bat. Any outs made on the play stand. An out for batting out of order supersedes an out by the improper batter on a play. While the improper batter is at bat, if a runner advances because of a stolen base, balk, wild pitch or passed ball, such advance is legal.
7-1-2After the first inning, the first batter in each inning shall be the player whose name follows that of the last batter who completed his time at bat in the preceding inning PENALTIES For batting out of order (7-1-1 and 7-1-2):
7-3-1Delay the game by failing to take his position promptly in the batters box within 20 seconds. The batter must keep at least one foot in the batters box throughout the time at bat. EXCEPTION A batter may leave the batters box when:
PENALTY: For failure of the batter to be ready within 20 seconds after the ball has been returned to the pitcher, the umpire shall call a strike. If the batter leaves the batters box, delays the game, and none of the above exceptions apply, the plate umpire shall charge a strike to the batter. The pitcher need not pitch, and the ball remains live.
7-3-3Disconcert the pitcher by stepping from the box on one side of home plate to the box on the other side while the pitcher is in position ready to pitch. PENALTY: For infraction of Articles 7-3-2 and 7-3-3, the ball becomes dead immediately and the batter is out.
PENALTY: When there are two outs, the batter is out. When there are not two outs and the runner is advancing to home plate, if the runner is tagged out, the ball remains live and interfer ence is ignored. Otherwise, the ball is dead and the runner is called out. When an attempt to put out a runner at any other base is unsuccessful, the batter is out and all runners must return to bases occupied at the time of the pitch. If the pitch is a third strike and in the umpires judgment interference prevents a possible double play (additional outs), two may be ruled out (8-4-2g).
7-3-6If the bat breaks and is hit by the ball or hits a runner or a fielder, no interference shall be called. If a whole bat is thrown and interferes with a defensive player attempting a play, interference will be called. PENALTY: The batter is out and runners return. If, in the umpires judgment, interference prevented a possible double play, two players may be ruled out.
 Nicholas J. Giordano, Hisao Nakanishi  LaTexhttp://www.mohu.org/info/symbols/symbols.htm  matplotlib-http://old.sebug.net/paper/books/scipydoc/matplotlib_intro.html  3d
Intermediate (50-70) Division/ Junior/ Senior/ Big League: If, with a runner on third base and trying to score by means of a squeeze play or a steal, the catcher or any other fielder steps on, or in front of home base without possession of the ball, or touches the batter or the bat, the pitcher shall be charged with a balk, the batter shall be awarded first base on the interference and the ball is dead.
Rule 6.02(a): A balk shall be called audibly (Balk! or Thats a balk!) and by pointing laterally at the pitcher. However, the ball is not dead automatically when this call is made. The ball becomes dead
Rule 6.02(a): The penalty for balk allows the play to proceed without reference to the balk if the batter and all runners advance one base on the pitch following the balk (i.e., the actual pitch and/or
Rule 6.02(a) Under Official Baseball Rule 6.02(a), the penalty for a balk shall be: The ball is dead (when play stops), and each runner shall advance one base without liability to be put out unless the
2-27 A penalty is the action taken by the umpire against a player, coach or team for a rule infraction. Penalties include: restricting the coach to the dugout; ejecting an offending player or coach; declaring
5-1-1Ball becomes dead immediately when: a pitch touches a batter or his clothing (8-1-1d), a runner (8-3-1a); The ball becomes dead even though the batter strikes at it (8-1-1d). the ball is illegally batted (7-3-2and7-4-1a)
If a pitcher mishandles the ball while in contact with the pitching plate, that is a balk. The pitcher, after he starts his movement to pitch, must continue the motion without interruption or alteration.
(a) to home base scoring a run, if a fair ball goes out of the playing field in flight and the runner touches all bases legally; or if a fair ball which, in the umpires judgment, would have gone out of the playing field in flight , is deflected by the act of a fielder in throwing a glove, cap, or any article of apparel;
(b) three bases, if a fielder deliberately touches a fair ball with a cap, mask, or any part of that fielders uniform detached from its proper place on the person of said fielder. The ball is in play and the batter may advance to home plate at the batters peril;
(f) two bases, if a fair ball bounces or is deflected into the stands outside the first or third base foul line; if it goes through or under a field fence; through or under a scoreboard; through or under shrubbery or vines on the fence; or if it sticks in such fence, scoreboard, shrubbery, or vines;
(g) two bases when, with no spectators on the playing field, a thrown ball goes into the stands; into a bench (whether or not the ball rebounds into the field); over, under, or through a field fence; on a slanting part of the screen above the backstop; or remains in the meshes of a wire screen protecting spectators. The ball is dead. When such wild throw is the first play by an infielder, the umpire, in awarding such bases, shall be governed by the position of the runners at the time the ball was pitched; in all other cases the umpire shall be governed by the position of the runners at the time the wild throw was made;
A.R. If all runners, including the batter-runner, have advanced at least one base when an infielder makes a wild throw on the first play after the pitch, the award shall be governed by the position of the runners when the wild throw was made.
(h) one base, if a ball, pitched to the batter, or thrown by the pitcher from the position on the pitchers plate to a base to catch a runner, goes into a stand or a bench, or over or through a field fence or backstop. The ball is dead;
Majors/ Intermediate (50-70) Division/ Junior/ Senior/ Big League: one base, if the batter becomes a runner on a ball four or strike three when the pitch passes the catcher and lodges in the umpires mask or paraphernalia.
NOTE 1: If the batter becomes a runner on a wild pitch which entitles the runners to advance one base, the batter-runner shall be entitled to first base only but can advance beyond first base at their own risk if the ball stays in play.
(j) one base, if a fielder deliberately touches a pitched ball with his/ her cap, mask, or any part of his/ her uniform detached from its proper place on his/ her person. The ball is in play, and the award is made based on the position of the runner at the time the ball was touched.