Before purchasing an ore beneficiation plant, people have lots of concerns: Which equipment I should choose to process my iron ore? Is this ore processing flowsheet best? Can these machines help me remove sulfur in iron ore beneficiation? Would they increase the recovery rate of tailings?
Then how to choose the right ore beneficiation plant depends on a lot of factors including physical properties of raw ore, capacity demands, final ore product requirements, geological situations of ore mines, and so on.
Here Fote Group would love to share valuable information about mining market trends, ways to build a high-quality ore beneficiation plant, and ten different ore processing plants which have been proved successful by our customers. If you have any most pressing questions and concerns, please contact our professional engineers who can make customized solutions according to your actual situation.
Our ore beneficiation plants sale to many countries, such as India, Australia, the USA, the UK, Canada, Switzerland, Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, South Africa, Sudan, Egypt, Kenya, Indonesia, Nigeria, etc.
Nowadays, with ways of ore processing are getting more and more diversified and intelligent, the investment is not only limited to gold ore beneficiation but enlarged to many other items. From precious metals to coal, and to non-ferrous metals, investors can profit and bring more economic benefits to society.
Over 80 kinds of ores are widely used minerals in the world. Due to large output and high international trade volume, there are the several most common and important ores such as iron ore, copper ore, gold ore, bauxite, coal, lead&zinc ore, nickel ore, tin ore, and manganese ore, etc.
Nothing can replace iron ore in developing infrastructures as well as coal ore in the electricity industry, those ores making a great contribution to countries' economic growth. Gold ore mining ranks in a top position, attracting lots of investment for closed relations between the gold price and currency market.
The screening and crushing process is used to release useful minerals from the gangue. Different types of crushers reduce large sizes of raw ore into smaller ones, then vibrating screen with different mesh would help to get the desired size of ores. During the process, how many crushers need to be installed according to your real situation.
Usually, there are crushers with three crushing stages: primary crushers like jaw crushers, secondary crushers like cone crushers, roll crushers and impact crushers, tertiary crushers like compound crushers and fine crushers. Vibrating screens also have different types: Circular motion vibrating screens, horizontal Screens, high-frequency Screens, and trommel/ drum screens.
Only by crushers cannot get ore products with fine granularity, that's why mill grinding machines necessary in the beneficiation process. The mill grinding process is almost carried out in two consecutive stages: one is dry grinding (coarse grinding) and the other is wet grinding (fine grinding). The key grinding equipment are ball mills and rod mills, and the latter is now mostly used for wet grinding to finally produce fine and uniform ore products.
The beneficiation process is most crucial during the whole plant, helping people extract high value and pure ore concentrate products from ores no matter its grade high or low. The beneficiation process can be carried out in a variety of ways as needed but you ought to select a piece of optimal equipment to avoid inefficiency and waste in the entire process. The most common beneficiation equipment includes flotation machines, electrostatic and magnetic separators, and gravity beneficiation equipment.
Ore drying equipment may appear in any stage of a mineral processing plant (from raw ore-concentrate-finished product). The purpose of drying is to remove the moisture contained in the ore, ensuring the integrity of the product, and maximizing the value. In addition, drying process can also reduce product transportation costs and improve the economic efficiency of storage and processing.
With almost 50 years' extensive experience, Fote engineers are professional in integrating, designing, fabricating, commissioning, maintaining, and troubleshooting various beneficiation plants. The company aims to provide customers with the best mining equipment and the most reasonable beneficiation plants. Its final goal is to increase the potential profit that customers can obtain from the ore and enable mining companies to improve the overall profitability.
5TPH low-grade gold ore beneficiation plant in India 10 TPH gold ore beneficiation plant in South Africa 20-35TPH gold ore beneficiation plant in Egypt 10 TPH iron ore beneficiation plant in the USA 10-50TPH copper ore beneficiation plant in Pakistan 50-100TPH manganese ore beneficiation plant in Kenya 150TPH Bauxite ore beneficiation plant in Indonesia 50TPH lateritic nickel ore beneficiation plant in Philippines 200TPH zinc & lead ore beneficiation plant in Nigeria 250TPH chrome ore beneficiation plant in Russia
As a leading mining machinery manufacturer and exporter in China, we are always here to provide you with high quality products and better services. Welcome to contact us through one of the following ways or visit our company and factories.
Based on the high quality and complete after-sales service, our products have been exported to more than 120 countries and regions. Fote Machinery has been the choice of more than 200,000 customers.
Due to the mass exploitation and utilization of mineral resources, available resources are dwindling, thus causing lower raw ore mining taste and higher demand of the ore beneficiation in the subsequent processing, such as smelting. At the same time, the environment protection consciousness of human strengthens day by day. All the reality pushes ore beneficiation equipment to develop in the direction of larger sizes, higher quality, higher efficiency and lower energy consumption.
Mineral processing equipment and mineral processing technology are of synchronous development. The technology is pilot, and the equipment is basis. The birth of a new type mining equipment often brings changes to beneficiation process. The technical level of mining equipment is not only the precondition of craft level, but also exerts a direct impact on the process of production and application. The advancement of science and technology, the scientific infiltration between disciplines and mutual fusion among various industries, the endless emergence of new structures and new materials, new technology and new processing techniques and the wide use of electromechanical integration and automatic control technology promote innovation in the mineral processing equipment.
Ball mill is the key equipment for further crushing after materials are crushed. It is one of the widely used high-fineness machines, which falls into many types, such as the energy saving ball mill, the horizontal ball mill, the ceramics ball mill, the cone ball mill, the rod mill, etc.
The dryer machine is mainly used for drying materials of certain humidity and granularity. The dryer is highly adaptable to materials with simple and reliable operation, so it is universally used. The dryers are divided into: the rotary dryer, the drum dryer, the industrial dryer, etc.
The rotary kiln is used for mechanically, physically or chemically processing solid materials. The rotary kiln is also referred to as the rotation calcining kiln. According to different materials handled, the rotary kilns can be divided into the cement kiln, the metallurgy chemical kiln and the lime kiln.
The classifier can form a closed circuit with the ball mill for distributing the ores, grading the ores and fine mud in the gravity mills, grading slurry in the metal ore dressing procedure or for desliming and dehydrating in ore dressing process.
The vibrating screen in mining equipment is for screening stones. The vibrating screen, a kind of multilayer and highly efficient vibrating screen, is in a circular motion. The round vibrating screen adjusts amplitude by cylindrical eccentric shaft vibration device and partial block, making a long sieve drip line .
The concentrator table is used for grading materials with fine granularity, widely applied in separating tin, tungsten, silver, gold, lead, zinc, tantalum, niobium, iron, manganese, titanium, coal, iron, etc.
Henan Hongxing Mining Machinery Co., Ltd. is a professional ore beneficiation equipment manufacturer in Zhengzhou incorporating production, sales and design. The large ball mills and dryer machines enjoy nation-wide high reputation, and stand out for low energy consumption and high productivity. Therefore, they are widely used in separating gold, iron ore, hematite, limonite and manganese ore and copper. You are warmly welcome to visit our company.
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Beneficiation of Iron Ore and the treatment of magnetic iron taconites, stage grinding and wet magnetic separation is standard practice. This also applies to iron ores of the non-magnetic type which after a reducing roast are amenable to magnetic separation. All such plants are large tonnage operations treating up to 50,000 tons per day and ultimately requiring grinding as fine as minus 500-mesh for liberation of the iron minerals from the siliceous gangue.
Magnetic separation methods are very efficient in making high recovery of the iron minerals, but production of iron concentrates with less than 8 to 10% silica in the magnetic cleaning stages becomes inefficient. It is here that flotation has proven most efficient. Wet magnetic finishers producing 63 to 64% Fe concentrates at 50-55% solids can go directly to the flotation section for silica removal down to 4 to 6% or even less. Low water requirements and positive silica removal with low iron losses makes flotation particularly attractive. Multistage cleaning steps generally are not necessary. Often roughing off the silica froth without further cleaning is adequate.
The iron ore beneficiation flowsheet presented is typical of the large tonnage magnetic taconite operations. Multi-parallel circuits are necessary, but for purposes of illustration and description a single circuit is shown and described.
The primary rod mill discharge at about minus 10- mesh is treated over wet magnetic cobbers where, on average magnetic taconite ore, about 1/3of the total tonnage is rejected as a non-magnetic tailing requiring no further treatment. The magnetic product removed by the cobbers may go direct to the ball mill or alternately may be pumped through a cyclone classifier. Cyclone underflows usually all plus 100 or 150 mesh, goes to the ball mill for further grinding. The mill discharge passes through a wet magnetic separator for further upgrading and also rejection of additional non-magnetic tailing. The ball mill and magnetic cleaner and cyclone all in closed circuit produce an iron enriched magnetic product 85 to 90% minus 325 mesh which is usually the case on finely disseminated taconites.
The finely ground enriched product from the initial stages of grinding and magnetic separation passes to a hydroclassifier to eliminate the large volume of water in the overflow. Some finely divided silica slime is also eliminated in this circuit. The hydroclassifier underflow is generally subjected to at least 3 stages of magnetic separation for further upgrading and production of additional final non-magnetic tailing. Magnetic concentrate at this point will usually contain 63 to 64% iron with 8 to 10% silica. Further silica removal at this point by magnetic separation becomes rather inefficient due to low magnetic separator capacity and their inability to reject middling particles.
The iron concentrate as it comes off the magnetic finishers is well flocculated due to magnetic action and usually contains 50-55% solids. This is ideal dilution for conditioning ahead of flotation. For best results it is necessary to pass the pulp through a demagnetizing coil to disperse the magnetic floes and thus render the pulp more amenable to flotation.
Feed to flotation for silica removal is diluted with fresh clean water to 35 to 40% solids. Being able to effectively float the silica and iron silicates at this relatively high solid content makes flotation particularly attractive.
For this separation Sub-A Flotation Machines of the open or free-flow type for rougher flotation are particularly desirable. Intense aeration of the deflocculated and dispersed pulp is necessary for removal of the finely divided silica and iron silicates in the froth product. A 6-cell No. 24 Free-FlowFlotation Machine will effectively treat 35 to 40 LTPH of iron concentrates down to the desired limit, usually 4 to 6% SiO2. Loss of iron in the froth is low. The rough froth may be cleaned and reflotated or reground and reprocessed if necessary.
A cationic reagent is usually all that is necessary to effectively activate and float the silica from the iron. Since no prior reagents have come in contact with thethoroughly washed and relatively slime free magnetic iron concentrates, the cationic reagent is fast acting and in somecases no prior conditioning ahead of the flotation cells is necessary.
A frother such as Methyl Isobutyl Carbinol or Heptinol is usually necessary to give a good froth condition in the flotation circuit. In some cases a dispersant such as Corn Products gum (sometimes causticized) is also helpful in depressing the iron. Typical requirements may be as follows:
One operation is presently using Aerosurf MG-98 Amine at the rate of .06 lbs/ton and 0.05 lbs/ton of MIBC (methyl isobutyl carbinol). Total reagent cost in this case is approximately 5 cents per ton of flotation product.
The high grade iron product, low in silica, discharging from the flotation circuit is remagnetized, thickened and filtered in the conventional manner with a disc filter down to 8 to 10% moisture prior to treatment in the pelletizing plant. Both the thickener and filter must be heavy duty units. Generally, in the large tonnage concentrators the thickener underflow at 70 to 72% solids is stored in large Turbine Type Agitators. Tanks up to 50 ft. in diameter x 40 ft. deep with 12 ft. diameter propellers are used to keep the pulp uniform. Such large units require on the order of 100 to 125 HP for thorough mixing the high solids ahead of filtration.
In addition to effective removal of silica with low water requirements flotation is a low cost separation, power-wise and also reagent wise. Maintenance is low since the finely divided magnetic taconite concentrate has proven to be rather non-abrasive. Even after a years operation very little wear is noticed on propellers and impellers.
A further advantage offered by flotation is the possibility of initially grinding coarser and producing a middling in the flotation section for retreatment. In place of initially grinding 85 to 90% minus 325, the grind if coarsened to 80-85% minus 325-mesh will result in greater initial tonnage treated per mill section. Considerable advantage is to be gained by this approach.
Free-Flow Sub-A Flotation is a solution to the effective removal of silica from magnetic taconite concentrates. Present plants are using this method to advantage and future installations will resort more and more to production of low silica iron concentrate for conversion into pellets.
Hematite and magnetite, the two predominant iron ores, require different processing routes. High-grade hematite direct shipping ores (DSOs) generally only require crushing and screening to meet the size requirements of lump (typically between 6 and 30mm) and fines (typically less than 6mm) products. Low-grade hematite ores require additional beneficiation to achieve the desired iron content, but the comminution of these ores still generally only involves crushing and screening, which is not particularly energy-intensive. Conversely, fine-grained magnetite ores require fine grinding, often to below 30m, to liberate the magnetite from the silica matrix, incurring greater costs and energy consumption. The comminution energy consumption could be over 30kWh/t, an order of magnitude higher than for hematite ores. However, with the depletion of high-grade deposits and strong demand for steel, a greater number of low-grade deposits are being developed.
To operate viably and sustainably, there is a need to reduce costs and energy consumption, particularly of the energy-intensive grinding required for low-grade magnetite deposits. This chapter reviews current iron ore comminution and classification technologies and presents some examples of flowsheets from existing operations. New trends and advances in comminution technologies are presented and discussed, particularly with regard to the impact on energy, operating, and capital costs.
Circular Motion Screens are used to segregate various size fractions in ore streams. Sometimes Circular Motion Screensare used to reduce load on crushers by removing fraction which is already smaller than required product size and at other times Circular Motion Screensare used to recirculate oversize fractions from crushed product stream back to crushers. Possible application is in Mines before despatch to beneficiation plants and also in beneficiation plants. Circular Motion ScreensScreens are available in 1, 2 and 3 decks to get 2, 3 and 4 size fractions respectively. Each size fraction may be requiring different post processing.
Also known as Flip Flo Screen, High Particle Acceleration Screensare ideally suited for screening applications for higher level of moisture and fine grain size materials (1 mm to 10 mm) with screening capacities up to 250 metric TPH. In Iron Ore & Steel industry High Particle Acceleration Screensare used for fine screening in Flux Crushing & Screening circuits. The Inner frame is agitated by means of eccentric shaft drive. The vibration is passed on to the Outer frame via flexible thrust plates. Screening mats between the inner and outer frame are clamped and flexed by the two vibrating frames. The relative movement of both screening frames creates a trampoline effect in the screen mats to create-
As opposed to above three types of screens which are based on bed stratification principle, Roller Screens are based on free fall principle. Roller Screensare used in Iron Ore Pellet Plants when it is essential to prevent breakage and degradation of pellets and efficient separation of fines for recycling back to pelletisers. Trolley Mounted Roller Screens are used in Coke Sorting Plants. It is also good for handling Feed material containing larger boulders along with smaller particle size.
Grizzly Screensare used in primary crushing operation in Iron Ore Mining as scalping screen in downstream of the Primary Ore Crusher to separate undersized and oversized ore. Typical separation is at 80 mm. However other sizes are also used depending upon feed analysis, product size etc. Grizzly Screensare also used as Feeders to reclaim ore from Hoppers/Bins.
Grizzly Feeders /Vibrating Feeders are used to reclaim feed stream from storage bins/ hoppers or as a feeding equipment to crusher & screen where the materials are not easy to handle (wet, clayey or lot of ash content), having size fractions ranging from big lumps to significantly high percentage of wet/moist fines and where scalping is also needed.
Jaw Crushersare used as alternatives to Gyratory Crushers as primary crushers in Iron Ore Mining when the throughput needed is less than 500-600 metric TPH. For hard ores Double Toggle Jaw Crushers and for softer ores Single Toggle Jaw Crushers are customary, but based on cost and life expectations (lower costs but with lower wear life in ST variety for hard ores) this distinction is mostly blurred.
Hammer Mills (Reversible Hammer Mill)are used in crushing the coal in Coke Oven Plants before charging to ovens. Hammer Mills (Reversible Hammer Mill)are used in recycling of iron & steel scraps by shredding to smaller size for re-melting. Reversible Hammer Mills are also used for flux crushing in preparation of Sinter Mix.
(-) 300 mm Lumps of Hot/ Cold primary crushed sinter in sintering plants is reduced to (-) 50 mm size by Toothed Double Roll Crushers. Capacity is in the range of up to 400 metric TPH. Toothed Double Roll Crushersare also used as Coke Cutter in Coke Sorting Plants.
In Iron Ore & Steel industry Smooth Double Roll Crushers for tertiary crushing of Iron Ore with feed size being limited to 45/50 mm and product in the order of 5-10 mm. Smooth Double Roll Crushersare also used crushing coke in preparation of Sinter Mix.
Rod Mills (Grinding Mill)are used to reduce crushed Iron Ore from 12 mm to 1 mm. The ore product may be used directly for sale or for further grinding to micron sizes by Ball Mills (Grinding Mill). Basically Rod Mills (Grinding Mill)are used in Iron Ore beneficiation and in Pelletisation and Coke Crushing for preparation of Sinter Mix in Sintering Plants.
Ball Mills (Grinding Mill) are used for size reduction to microns and form part of grinding circuit in an Iron Ore Beneficiation/ Pelletisation Plant. Another application is for coal/coke grinding in Coal Dust Injection system for the Blast Furnace and for Calcium Carbonate grinding in Desulphurisation circuit in Steel Making.
Rotary Disc Feedersare continuous volumetric device reclaiming dry small lumps, coarse, fine grained and powdery material from surge bins and hoppers to feed subsequent equipment. In Iron & Steel making Rotary Disc Feederscan be used for dosing alloying elements in mechanised casting shops.
In Iron Ore Beneficiation plants usually the process involves transporting of Ore Slurry (suspension of Crushed/ Ground Ore in Water) between various stages. This is done by use of Slurry Pumps. MSEL has a vast range of Horizontal and Vertical Centrifugal Pumps catering to Slurry Pumpsrequirements. Slurry Pumps are also used in Slag Granulation and ETP Plants.
Thickenersare used to dewater Ore Slurry to about 60- 70 % Solids. Overflow product is mostly water and is recycled into circuit whereas the underflow is taken for filtration (in case of Concentrate Thickeners) or to tailings as reject disposal. Thickeners are required for thickening the slurry to desired pulp density for processing, dewatering or for water recovery at the end of the process.
The dust scrubbers of Blast furnace, SMS, BOF etc. generate lot of slurry. We can offer total water recovery system package with design and engineering where in waste solid will be converted in the form of cake for the useful purposes with least moisture.
Column Flotation Cellsare used in beneficiation of Iron Ore fines (< 100 microns) where gravity and magnetic separations are not effective. Column Flotation Cellsare also used to reduce silica by flotation process as required in Pelletisation circuits.
In integrated steel plants which are distant from Mines the various raw material including iron ore are brought by rail and unloaded into Hoppers by Wagon Tipplers for further conveying to various locations inside the Plant.
MSEL has agency agreements with reputed manufacturers to sell Cone Crushersequipment, which are required in Iron Ore Crushing to 30 mm/ 10 mm sizes in Beneficiation and Pelletisation circuits. Other applications are in Steel Desulphurisation circuits for crushing limestone. It is also used for crushing slag in metal recovery plants.
After crushing, grinding, magnetic separation, flotation, and gravity separation, etc., iron is gradually selected from the natural iron ore. The beneficiation process should be as efficient and simple as possible, such as the development of energy-saving equipment, and the best possible results with the most suitable process. In the iron ore beneficiation factory, the equipment investment, production cost, power consumption and steel consumption of crushing and grinding operations often account for the largest proportion. Therefore, the calculation and selection of crushing and grinding equipment and the quality of operation management are to a large extent determine the economic benefits of the beneficiation factory.
There are many types of iron ore, but mainly magnetite (Fe3O4) and hematite (Fe2O3) are used for iron production because magnetite and hematite have higher content of iron and easy to be upgraded to high grade for steel factories.
Due to the deformation of the geological properties, there would be some changes of the characteristics of the raw ore and sometimes magnetite, hematite, limonite as well as other types iron ore and veins are in symbiosis form. So mineralogy study on the forms, characteristics as well as liberation size are necessary before getting into the study of beneficiation technology.
1. Magnetite ore stage grinding-magnetic separation process The stage grinding-magnetic separation process mainly utilizes the characteristics of magnetite that can be enriched under coarse grinding conditions, and at the same time, it can discharge the characteristics of single gangue, reducing the amount of grinding in the next stage. In the process of continuous development and improvement, the process adopts high-efficiency magnetic separation equipment to achieve energy saving and consumption reduction. At present, almost all magnetic separation plants in China use a large-diameter (medium 1 050 mm, medium 1 200 mm, medium 1 500 mm, etc.) permanent magnet magnetic separator to carry out the stage tailing removing process after one stage grinding. The characteristic of permanent magnet large-diameter magnetic separator is that it can effectively separate 3~0mm or 6~0mm, or even 10-0mm coarse-grained magnetite ore, and the yield of removed tails is generally 30.00%~50.00%. The grade is below 8.00%, which creates good conditions for the magnetic separation plant to save energy and increase production.
2.Magnetic separation-fine screen process Gangue conjoined bodies such as magnetite and quartz can be enriched when the particle size and magnetic properties reach a certain range. However, it is easy to form a coarse concatenated mixture in the iron concentrate, which reduces the grade of the iron concentrate. This kind of concentrate is sieved by a fine sieve with corresponding sieve holes, and high-quality iron concentrate can be obtained under the sieve.
There are two methods for gravity separation of hematite. One is coarse-grained gravity separation. The geological grade of the ore deposit is relatively high (about 50%), but the ore body is thinner or has more interlayers. The waste rock is mixed in during mining to dilute the ore. For this kind of ore, only crushing and no-grinding can be used so coarse-grained tailings are discarded through re-election to recover the geological grade.
The other one is fine-grain gravity separation, which mostly deals with the hematite with finer grain size and high magnetic content. After crushing, the ore is ground to separate the mineral monomers, and the fine-grained high-grade concentrate is obtained by gravity separation. However, since most of the weak magnetic iron ore concentrates with strong magnetic separation are not high in grade, and the unit processing capacity of the gravity separation process is relatively low, the combined process of strong magnetic separation and gravity separation is often used, that is, the strong magnetic separation process is used to discard a large amount of unqualified tailings, and then use the gravity separation process to further process the strong magnetic concentrate to improve the concentrate grade.
Due to the complexity, large-scale mixed iron ore and hematite ore adopt stage grinding or continuous grinding, coarse subdivision separation, gravity separation-weak magnetic separation-high gradient magnetic separation-anion reverse flotation process. The characteristics of such process are as follows:
(1) Coarse subdivision separation: For the coarse part, use gravity separation to take out most of the coarse-grained iron concentrate after a stage of grinding. The SLon type high gradient medium magnetic machine removes part of the tailings; the fine part uses the SLon type high gradient strong magnetic separator to further remove the tailings and mud to create good operating conditions for reverse flotation. Due to the superior performance of the SLon-type high-gradient magnetic separator, a higher recovery rate in the whole process is ensured, and the reverse flotation guarantees a higher fine-grained concentrate grade.
(2) A reasonable process for narrow-level selection is realized. In the process of mineral separation, the degree of separation of minerals is not only related to the characteristics of the mineral itself, but also to the specific surface area of the mineral particles. This effect is more prominent in the flotation process. Because in the flotation process, the minimum value of the force between the flotation agent and the mineral and the agent and the bubble is related to the specific surface area of the mineral, and the ratio of the agent to the mineral action area. This makes the factors double affecting the floatability of minerals easily causing minerals with a large specific surface area and relatively difficult to float and minerals with a small specific surface area and relatively easy to float have relatively consistent floatability, and sometimes the former has even better floatability. The realization of the narrow-level beneficiation process can prevent the occurrence of the above-mentioned phenomenon that easily leads to the chaos of the flotation process to a large extent, and improve the beneficiation efficiency.
(3) The combined application of high-gradient strong magnetic separation and anion reverse flotation process achieves the best combination of processes. At present, the weak magnetic iron ore beneficiation plants in China all adopt high-gradient strong magnetic separation-anion reverse flotation process in their technological process. This combination is particularly effective in the beneficiation of weak magnetic iron ore. For high-gradient strong magnetic separation, the effect of improving the grade of concentrate is not obvious. However, it is very effective to rely on high-gradient and strong magnetic separation to provide ideal raw materials for reverse flotation. At the same time, anion reverse flotation is affected by its own process characteristics and is particularly effective for the separation of fine-grained and relatively high-grade materials. The advantages of high-gradient strong magnetic separation and anion reverse flotation technology complement each other, and realize the delicate combination of the beneficiation process.
The key technology innovation of the integrated dry grinding and magnetic separation system is to "replace ball mill grinding with HPGR grinding", and the target is to reduce the cost of ball mill grinding and wet magnetic separation.
HPGRs orhigh-pressure grinding rollshave made broad advances into mining industries. The technology is now widely viewed as a primary milling alternative, and there are several large installations commissioned in recent years. After these developments, anHPGRsbased circuit configuration would often be the base case for certain ore types, such as very hard, abrasive ores.
The wear on a rolls surface is a function of the ores abrasivity. Increasing roll speed or pressure increases wear with a given material. Studs allowing the formation of an autogenous wear layer, edge blocks, and cheek plates. Development in these areas continues, with examples including profiling of stud hardness to minimize the bathtub effect (wear of the center of the rolls more rapidly than the outer areas), low-profile edge blocks for installation on worn tires, and improvements in both design and wear materials for cheek plates.
With Strip Surface, HPGRs improve observed downstream comminution efficiency. This is attributable to both increased fines generation, but also due to what appears to be weakening of the ore which many researchers attribute to micro-cracking.
As we tested , the average yield of 3mm-0 and 0.15mm-0 size fraction with Strip Surface was 78.3% and 46.2%, comparatively, the average yield of 3mm-0 and 0.3mm-0 with studs surface was 58.36% and 21.7%.
These intelligently engineered units are ideal for classifying coarser cuts ranging from 50 to 200 mesh. The feed material is dropped into the top of the classifier. It falls into a continuous feed curtain in front of the vanes, passing through low velocity air entering the side of the unit. The air flow direction is changed by the vanes from horizontal to angularly upward, resulting in separation and classification of the particulate. Coarse particles dropps directly to the product and fine particles are efficiently discharged through a valve beneath the unit. The micro fines are conveyed by air to a fabric filter for final recovery.
Air Magnetic Separation Cluster is a special equipment developed for dry magnetic separation of fine size (-3mm) and micro fine size(-0.1mm) magnetite. The air magnetic separation system can be combined according to the characteristic of magnetic minerals to achieve effective recovery of magnetite.
After rough grinding, adopt appropriate separation method, discard part of tailings and sort out part of qualified concentrate, and re-grind and re-separate the middling, is called stage grinding and stage separation process.
According to the characteristics of the raw ore, the use of stage grinding and stage separation technology is an effective measure for energy conservation in iron ore concentrators. At the coarser one-stage grinding fineness, high-efficiency beneficiation equipment is used to advance the tailings, which greatly reduces the processing volume of the second-stage grinding.
If the crystal grain size is relatively coarse, the stage grinding, stage magnetic separation-fine sieve self-circulation process is adopted. Generally, the product on the fine sieve is given to the second stage grinding and re-grinding. The process flow is relatively simple.
If the crystal grain size is too fine, the process of stage grinding, stage magnetic separation and fine sieve regrind is adopted. This process is the third stage of grinding and fine grinding after the products on the first and second stages of fine sieve are concentrated and magnetically separated. Then it is processed by magnetic separation and fine sieve, the process is relatively complicated.
At present, the operation of magnetic separation (including weak magnetic separation and strong magnetic separation) is one of the effective means of throwing tails in advance; anion reverse flotation and cation reverse flotation are one of the effective means to improve the grade of iron ore.
In particular, in the process of beneficiation, both of them basically take the selected feed minerals containing less gangue minerals as the sorting object, and both use the biggest difference in mineral selectivity, which makes the two in the whole process both play a good role in the process.
Based on the iron ore processing experience and necessary processing tests, Prominer can supply complete processing plant combined with various processing technologies, such as gravity separation, magnetic separation, flotation, etc., to improve the grade of TFe of the concentrate and get the best yield. Magnetic separation is commonly used for magnetite. Gravity separation is commonly used for hematite. Flotation is mainly used to process limonite and other kinds of iron ores
Through detailed mineralogy study and lab processing test, a most suitable processing plant parameters will be acquired. Based on those parameters Prominer can design a processing plant for mine owners and supply EPC services till the plant operating.
Prominer has been devoted to mineral processing industry for decades and specializes in mineral upgrading and deep processing. With expertise in the fields of mineral project development, mining, test study, engineering, technological processing.