Briquetting plant is a project that turns agricultural and forestry wastes into biomass briquettes. It is composed of different steps of equipments, such as wood chipper, crusher/hammer mill, dryer, briquette machine, cooler, packager and the conveyor connecting each step. If necessary, it needs carbonization device like carbonization furnace to carbonize the wood briquettes into charcoal.
Fote briquetting plants or briquette plants have a wide practical application, and it can produce briquetting and agglomeration from various materials and powders, such as lime powder, cryolite, aluminum oxide, chemical fertilizer, metal magnesium, bauxite, aluminum ash and so on; and non-ferrous metal industry powder, accessories, the powder of refractory industry and those materials with high additional value are more suitable for the use of briquetting plant machine.
Fote briquettes plant for sale is aim to reduce the dust pollution, control volume, waste recycling and convenient transportation. In the steel mill, lime plants, metallurgy, refractory material and metal magnesium plant, pressing calcined powder into balls is also of wide use.
1. Mineral powder/coal powder: powder raw materials. 2. Feeder: control the capacity of the whole production line, ensure the even feeding and the uniform feeding for the forming machine. 3. Liquid mixing tank: to mix the products thoroughly so as to achieve the actual mixing effect. Certain equipment shape can be made according to the client's requirements. 4. Agitator: make sure the materials can be fully stirred with adhesive, control the capacity of the whole production line and ensure the uniform feeding for the forming machine. 5. Ball press machine: press the materials that processed and sealed into balls, ensure the strength and density of the balls made from the mineral powder, namely obtain the finished products. 6. Vertical dryer: as the most ideal drying equipment, it makes use of the characteristics of the mineral powder/pulverized coal etc. and its own gravity and adopts cold winds to dry the pellets to the standard for the blast furnace smelting.
Thanks to the decades of experience for the production of briquetting plant machine, our company has summarized and designed briquetting plants and auxiliary equipment specially for metallurgical industry to produce hard cold-pressed pellets. Briquetting plants have the advantages of strong adaptability, high strength, wear-resisting and durability. Fote is one of the most famous briquetting plant manufacturers and briquetting plant suppliers, provides production line of the single operation and complete set. Leave us a message for more product information and price list?
Along with the gradual development of manufacturing level and market competition, we more and more focus on the improvement of management level.
Alternative and renewable energy source have already been put on the agenda, because of the increasing price of fossil fuel and climate change. Bioenergy, a good substitute for fossil fuels, is getting more and more attention in the last years. Wood pellets and briquettes are relatively new type, but the most promising one of bioenergy fuel. As a fact, the global pellet and briquette market has got an exponential growth in the decade.
High volumetric energy density; High homogeneity; Option to use additives to change the chemical/material properties; Lower water content in the fuel and therefore less biodegradation and greater storage stability; Favorable dosing characteristics; Less dust produced when handling; Price superiority;
In the last four or five years, the growth of the global wood pellet manufacturing industry has usually been described in very positive terms as a thriving example of the growing green energy business model. This seems appro-priate given the rapid growth of global pellet production, capacity, imports, exports, current consumption, and especially projected pellet consumption.
Propelled by large government subsidies, green biomass legislation, and spe-cific green energy targets/goals established by most countries in Europe, the U.S. and Canada for the next 1015 years, future production and consumption of wood biomass, and specifically wood pellets, does indeed look very bright!
Biomass pellets are dried and pelletized biomass materials. Sawdust, wood shavings and wood chips (main by-products of sawmill and forest industry) are the most common raw materials for pellet production. With the demand for wood pellets increasing, the traditional raw materials can no longer meet the production needs. The raw material types need to be broadened, so that to ensure sufficient raw material supplement of pelleting industry.
Storage and transport possibilities make wood pellets traded both internationally and regionally. Wood pellet business is promising for suppliers and manufacturers, and also popular and welcomed by consumers. Wood pellets are widely used by small, medium and large scale consumers. They can be used in large CHP-plants as well as in small pellets stove. Pellets can easily be made at home by a small wood pellet mill and be used in pellet stoves. And it is also suitable to be produced through industrial pelleting plant.
Regarding wood pellets production and consumption, Europe and North America are the leading regions, and Latin America and Asia are emerging markets. In Russia, the production is mainly concentrated to the northwestern and middle regions where there are both a developed forest industry and transport infrastructures. The worlds biggest wood pellet plant with projected annual production of 900 000 tonnes is constructed in Viborg in Russia. The intended consumers are large power plants in Europe.
Biomass Briquettes: Pellets are small round rods whereas briquettes are bigger and can show different forms. So in a broader context, pellets might be described as a bulk material whereas briquettes can be stacked.
Wood Materials: Sawdust, wood shavings, wood chips and residual pieces of saw logs left from sawn goods production. Whole logs (saw logs) which cannot be used for pulp and paper production are also suitable materials for pelletizing.
Wood Pellets Markets: Main producers of wood pellets in Europe are Sweden, Latvia, Germany, Portugal, Spain, Estonia, Russia, Lithuania, Poland, France, and Austria. Biggest importers of industrial pellets in Europe are Belgium, UK, The Netherlands, Sweden, and Denmark. Biggest end users of EN Plus pellets are Italy, Germany, Austria, Sweden, Denmark.
In the most of the pellet mills bark that is together with the wood is used for pellet production. In a case bark coming from the sawmill as a by-product it is mostly used as a biofuel for the dryer of the pellet plant.
Olive cake is a product of the second extraction of the olive oil and it is an ideal kind of resource for biofuel pellet production. Olive Cake Pellets Market: For several years starting from 2001 olive cake was widely used in Belgium, UK and later in Poland for co firing with coal. Another important exporter of olive cake is Tunisia.
Sunflower Husk Pellets (SFHP) are made of the scales of sunflower nuts. They are a by-product of sunflower oil extraction process and can be found in big quantities in sunflower oil factories. Sunflower husks have very low value as an animal food. However, as biofuel sunflower husk pellets has been successfully used in UK power plants and also in Poland. Big amounts of sunflower husks are produced in South Russia and in Ukraine. Biofuel sunflower husk pellets are most close to wood pellets, which makes them one of the best biomass options. The biggest problem of making sunflower husk into pellets may be their relatively high dust content.
Palm Kernel Expeller (PKE) and Palm Kernel Shells (PKS) are the products coming from the agricultural sector of South East Asia, A lot of Palm Products are of Malaysian origin. PKE and PKS are good biomass materials for pellet manufacturing plant: ash is rather low, it does not have strong smell, net calorific value is rather high.
Grape cake and grape flour can be used to make pellets. Unfortunately the use of grape cake and grape flour for bioenergy production has not become very popular despite there is a lot of this residue such as in Spain Grape pit flour pellets had moisture about 12%, Ash content was 2.62%,NCV 17,5 GJ per mt. Sulphur was 0.22%.Nitrogen was 1.44%.Ash melting temperature was 1500 degr C.
Sugar beets are the second only to sugar cane for sources of sugar. The pulp that is left after the sugar is taken out the roots of the sugar beet can be eaten by animals. Dried beet pulp is a dried fibrous residue left after most of the sugar has been extracted. It can be produced and shipped in many forms: plain dried, molasses dried and pellets.
Moisture content of the pellets was 8%, ash content 12%, Sulphur 0.06%, Chlorine 0.22 %, Nitrogen 0.47%. NCV was 16.4 GJ per mt. Mechanical durability of the pellets was quite low - 88%. Biggest problem with the rice straw is it's very high ash content and also high Chlorine.
Reed pellets which has been available to us had moisture content 11%, ash content was 5%,NCV 17.44 GJ per mt. Nitrogen was 0.21%,Sulphur 0,06%,Chlorine 0.26%. Mechanical durability was 88%.Ash melting temperature was 1150 degr C.
Reed has similar problem as straw. Its higher Chlorine contentmay be dangerous for the boiler because of the slagging of the ash in alkaline media. Pellets that were available for us also seemed to be not enough strong.
Moisture content of PHP according our tests was about 8%, ash content 2.5-3%, NCV about 17.5-17.6 GJ per mt, ash melting temperature about 1200 degr C. Sulphur content was 0.06%, Nitrogen 1,16%. To some extend PHP were comparable with wood pellets.
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Biomass Briquette Plant is used to convert agro forestry waste to bio fuel. Shortly project of Best from Waste. In brief we can describe, briquette plant is machinery which is capable of binding any type of agro forestry waste into finished product. This finished product is known as biomass briquettes or white coal and this is completely binder less technology. Biomass briquette plant project is feasible where biomass or agro forestry waste is available within the surrounding area and can be available in abundant quantity. This project is economically viable.
The estimated power generation potential from biomass in India is about 190000 MW. So, biomass based power projects are growing in demand. Biomass and other raw materials like groundnut shells, almond shells, cotton Salk, bagasse etc are gathered and compressed under high pressure and then convert into useful briquettes. Biomass briquettes have high bulk density compared to loose biomass and required low ash content. The process of briquette making does not contain sulfur, so it is completely Eco friendly process.
Biomass briquette investment is the best project to earn revenue from agro forestry waste. Biomass briquette plant is invented to make our environment healthy and greener. It is the source of renewable energy and has completely replaced the fossil fuels and charcoal. Briquetting plant India is increasingly day by day due to the awareness of using non conventional source of energy to protect the environment.
RICO is fabulous manufacturer of briquetting plant who is providing best service since 1991 and work as a shelter of the economy. We always stand by to provide best service to our client across the world.
Many of the developing countries produce huge quantities of but they are used inefficiently causing extensive pollution to the environment. The major residues are rice husk, coffee husk, coir pith, jute sticks, bagasse, groundnut shells, mustard stalks and cotton stalks, Continue reading
Briquetting is a way to make use of biomass residues that would otherwise go to waste, and replace the use of wood and charcoal (often produced unsustainably) as well as fossil fuels, thus cutting greenhouse gas emissions.
Briquetting is a compaction technology that has been around for many years. Fines are pushed into the nip of two counter-rotating wheels using a screw or gravity feeder. High hydraulic pressure is applied and the rotating wheels compress the feed between the pockets to form briquettes. Unlike pelletization, briquetting does not always require a binder, but generally some amount of molasses, starch, or tar pitch is used. A traditional application for briquetting is the agglomeration of coal.
Most applications of briquetting in the iron and steel industry involve waste materials, such as mill scale and process dusts, sludges, and filter cakes . In the DR industry, a number of facilities briquette their hot DRI product to produce a higher-density product for safer shipping. This material is known as HBI (hot briquetted iron), as discussed in Section 1.2.3.
Briquetting machines, with dies and punches, driven by a single bullock, have been developed by the School of Applied Research in Maharashtra, India. They cost about US$ 2400 each. The machine is very sturdy but the problem is the limited maximum production 25 kg/hr and the price of the equipment.
The same school has also developed a briquetting machine with two plungers driven by a 3 horse powermotor. The maximum capacity is 100 kg/hr and the price about US$ 4000. However, the pressure on the briquettes is not very high and it is necessary either to use a binder or to handle the briquettes with great care.
GAKO-Spezialmaschenen in West Germany produces briquetting equipment that uses the piston extruder compacting method and produces good quality briquettes because of the high pressure although this results in higher prices and power consumption. A 150 kg/hr machine costs about US$ 12 900 and a 60 kg/hr machine about US$ 8800 and requires a power load of 8.5 kW.
T & P Intertrade Corporation Ltd in Thailand markets a press-screw system briquetter that heats the agro-waste before compression. This means that good briquettes can be produced without needing a binder and at lower pressure, resulting in cheaper equipment. Their Ecofumac has a capacity of about 150 kg/hr, needs a 15 hp motor and three 2000 watt heaters and costs about US$ 5850. The grinder needs a 5 hp motor. Unfortunately a lot of energy is used by the heaters and there have also been some problems with other components.
It can be seen, therefore, that even if equipment does exist, the problems are not totally solved. Either equipment is too expensive with little capacity and too high an energy use, or poor quality briquettes result. There is still a need for a medium-size briquetting machine that is inexpensive, easy to operate, repairable using local tools and commonsense, energy efficient, reliable and which can handle different types of raw material. The advantage of medium-sized equipment is that capital investment is low and mechanized drying and special storage space is not required. In addition it would be practical for use in villages and in places with small wood industries or small agro-industries like groundnut oil mills, sugar mills, saw mills and paper mills. The briquettes could be used locally in bakeries, brickworks, potteries, curing houses, breweries, drieries or simply for cooking.
Briquetting is like pelletising a process in which the raw material is compressed under high pressure, which causes the lignin in the wood or biomass to be liberated so that it binds the material into a firm briquette.
The most appropriate water content in the raw material for briquetting varies and depends on the raw material. However, the normal water content is between 6% and 16%. If the water content is over 16% the quality of the briquettes will be reduced, or the process will not be possible.
There are hydraulic presses for small capacities from 50 to 400kg/hour. The raw material is fed into the press by a time-controlled dosing screw, which means that it is the volume of the raw material and not the weight, which is controlled. Briquettes have a fairly good uniform length (square briquettes) and they are mainly used by domestic consumers.
Mechanical presses are available with capacities from 200kg/hour up to 1800kg/hour. Briquettes from these presses are normally round and short and they are used in heating plants for larger industries and for district heating plants. A mechanical press is built like an eccentric press. A constantly rotating eccentric connected to a press piston presses the raw material through a conic nozzle. The required counter pressure can be adjusted only by using a nozzle with a different conicity. A mechanical press receives raw material from a speed-controlled dosing screw. The speed of the dosing screw determines the production rate of the press. A change in the specific gravity of the raw material will change the hardness of the briquettes. A mechanical briquetting press will produce a long length of material a briquette string which, however, breaks into random lengths depending on the binding capacity of the raw material. A saw or cutter is used to cut the briquette string into briquettes of uniform length.
The briquette string pushed out of the press is very hot because of the friction in the nozzle. The quality of the briquettes depends mainly on the cooling and transport line mounted on the press. A cooling/transport line of at least 15m is recommended for wood briquettes. The longer the time a briquette remains in the cooling line the harder it will become. Cooling lines up to 50m long are common.
Biomass briquetting technology can compress some biomass raw materials, such as wood shavings, sawdust, crop straw, and other solid waste biomass fuel through pressurizing and heating. It is conducive to the transportation, storage and combustion and can largely improve the efficiency of combustion and fuel utilization. At present, there are three main types of solid shaping, including screw extrusion, piston punch, and roller forming.
Thermochemical conversion involves biomass structure degradation with oxygenic or anoxygenic atmosphere at high temperature . It includes three kinds of technology, namely biomass gasification, biomass pyrolysis, and direct liquefaction.
Biomass gasification is a chemical reaction process that reacts with gasifying agent (air, oxygen, and water) at high temperatures in gasifiers. The main problem of biomass gasification technology is that the tar obtained in the gasification of gas is difficult to purify, which has become the main factor restricting the biomass gasification technology.
Pyrolysis is a thermal process in which the organic polymer molecules in the biomass are quickly broken into short chain molecules, coke, bio-oil and noncondensable gas in the absence of oxygen or a small amount of oxygen under high temperatures. Biomass liquid fuel could provide an alternative to petroleum up to a certain extent. After some modification, industrial oil fired boilers and internal combustion engines can use bio-oil as fuel directly.
Burning biomass to obtain heat energy, as a direct utilization mode, has been more and more widely employed based on the mature experiences during development of fossil fuel power plants. When biomass is used as the boiler fuel, its thermal efficiency is close to the level of fossil fuels. Compared with fossil fuels, for example, coal, biomass fuel contains more hydrogen element, is more volatile, and has less carbon and sulfur content.
Bioconversion technology of biomass refers to the process by which microorganisms produce high-grade energy through biochemical action with agricultural and forestry wastes. Anaerobic fermentation and ethanol fermentation are the two main conversion types. With the help of anaerobic bacteria, organic matter can be converted to combustible gas, for example, methane under a certain temperature, humidity, pH, and anoxygenic conditions. The ethanol is produced by microzyme with the carbohydrate hydrolyzed by enzymes.
Renewed interest in briquetting coal has arisen because of (i) the increasing amounts of fine coal being generated in mining and preparation which are stockpiled or disposed of in tailings dams and lead to uneconomic land use and environmental problems; (ii) the need for easily handled and convenient coal products; and (iii) the demand for smokeless solid fuels.
Briquette quality depends on composition (type of coal and binder), particle sizes and processing conditions. In this study various data are presented on the influences of such factors on mechanical strength and water resistance of briquettes formed from high rank coals using a molasses/lime binder alone and also including bagasse. These data relate to Hardgrove grindability index (HGI), coal size, moisture and curing time.
White Energy developed the BCB technology at pilot scale in Australia, after initial work by CSIRO. In partnership with Bayan Group, White Energy formed PT Kaltim Supa Coal, and constructed a commercial scale 1 Mtpa plant at Tabang in East Kalimantan. The BCB process takes 4200 kcal/kg GAR feed and produces a 6100 GAR product. Its difference from Kobelcos UBC process is that BCB does not use any binder to reconstitute the dried product.
This project has been terminated due to commercial differences between the partners. The financial model used a sub-20 coal price delivered from mine mouth to plant. Bayan Group changed the price to follow the Indonesian Reference Price which more than doubles the feedstock cost. The parties are in negotiations to settle the dispute (White Energy, 2011).
Generally, briquette manufacture (briquetting) involves the collection of combustible materials that are not usable as such because of their low density, and compressing them into a solid fuel product of any convenient shape that can be burned like wood or charcoal. Thus the material is compressed to form a product of higher bulk density, lower moisture content, and uniform size, shape, and material properties. Briquettes are easier to package and store, cheaper to transport, more convenient to use, and their burning characteristics are better than those of the original organic waste material.
The raw material of a briquette must bind during compression; otherwise, when the briquette is removed from the mold, it will crumble. Improved cohesion can be obtained with a binder but also without, since under high temperature and pressure, some materials such as wood bind naturally. A binder must not cause smoke or gummy deposits, while the creation of excess dust must also be avoided. Two different sorts of binders may be employed. Combustible binders are prepared from natural or synthetic resins, animal manure or treated, dewatered sewage sludge. Noncombustible binders include clay, cement, and other adhesive minerals. Although combustible binders are preferable, noncombustible binders may be suitable if used in sufficiently low concentrations. For example, if organic waste is mixed with too much clay, the briquettes will not easily ignite or burn uniformly. Suitable binders include starch (5%10% w/w) or molasses (15%25% w/w) although their use can prove expensive. It is important to identify additional, inexpensive materials to serve as briquette binders in Kenya and their optimum concentrations. The exact method of preparation depends upon the material being briquetted as illustrated in the following three cases of compressing sugar bagasse, sawdust, and urban waste into cooking briquettes.
Rural villages in developing countries are connected to the drinking water supply without a sewer system. Other places in urban and semi-urban communities have no sewage treatment networks. Instead under each dwelling there is a constructed septic tank where sewage is collected or connected directly to the nearest canal through a PVC pipe. Some dwellings pump their sewage from the septic tank to a sewer car once or twice a week and dump it elsewhere, usually at a remote location.
In general, a huge amount of sewage and solid waste, both municipal and agricultural are generated in these villages. Because of the lack of a sewer system and municipal solid waste collection system, sewage as well as garbage are discharged in the water canals. This and the burning of agricultural waste in the field cause soil, water, and air pollution as well as health problems. Some canals are used for irrigation, other canals are used as a source of water for drinking.
Rural communities have had agricultural traditions for thousands of years and future plans for expansion. In order to combine the old traditions with modern technologies to achieve sustainable development, waste should be treated as a byproduct. The main problems facing rural areas nowadays are agricultural wastes, sewage, and municipal solid waste. These represent a crisis for sustainable development in rural villages and to the national economy. However, few studies have been conducted on the utilization of agricultural waste for composting and/or animal fodder but none of them has been implemented in a sustainable form. This chapter combines all major sources of pollution/wastes generated in rural areas in one complex called an eco-rural park (ERP) or environmentally balanced rural waste complex (EBRWC) to produce fertilizer, energy, animal fodder, and other products according to market and need.
The idea of an integrated complex is to combine the above-mentioned technologies under one roof, a facility that will help utilize each agricultural waste with the most suitable technique that suits the characteristics and shape of the waste. The main point of this complex is the distribution of the wastes among the basic four techniques animal fodder, briquetting, biogas, and composting (ABBC) as this can vary from one village to another according to the need and market for the outputs. The complex is flexible and the amount of the outputs from soil conditioner, briquettes, and animal food can be controlled each year according to the resources and the need.
Based on the above criteria, an environmentally balanced rural waste complex (EBRWC) will combine all wastes generated in rural areas in one complex to produce valuable products such as briquettes, biogas, composting, animal fodder, and other recycling techniques for solid wastes, depending upon the availability of wastes and according to demand and need.
The flow diagram describing the flow of materials from waste to product is shown in Figure 7.2. First, the agricultural waste is collected, shredded, and stored to guarantee continuous supply of waste into the complex. Then according to the desired outputs the agricultural wastes are distributed among the basic four techniques. The biogas should be designed to produce enough electrical energy for the complex; the secondary output of biogas (slurry) is mixed with the composting pile to add some humidity and improve the quality of the compost. And finally briquettes, animal feed, and compost are main outputs of the complex.
The environmentally balanced rural waste complex (EBRWC) shown in Figure 7.3 can be defined as a selective collection of compatible activities located together in one area (complex) to minimize (or prevent) environmental impacts and treatment cost for sewage, municipal solid waste, and agricultural waste. A typical example of such a rural waste complex consists of several compatible techniques such as animal fodder, briquetting, anaerobic digestion (biogas), composting, and other recycling techniques for solid wastes located together within the rural waste complex. Thus, EBRWC is a self-sustained unit that draws all its inputs from within the rural wastes achieving zero waste and pollution. However, some emission might be released to the atmosphere, but this emission level would be significantly much less than the emission from the raw waste coming to the rural waste complex.
The core of EBRWC is material recovery through recycling. A typical rural waste complex would utilize all agricultural waste, sewage, and municipal solid waste as sources of energy, fertilizer, animal fodder, and other products depending on the constituent of municipal solid waste. In other words, all the unusable wastes will be used as a raw material for a valuable product according to demand and need within the rural waste complex. Thus a rural waste complex will consist of a number of such compatible activities, the waste of one being used as raw materials for the others generating no external waste from the complex. This technique will produce different products as well as keep the rural environment free of pollution from the agricultural waste, sewage, and solid waste. The main advantage of the complex is to help the national economy for sustainable development in rural areas.
A collection and transportation system is the most important component in the integrated complex of agricultural waste and sewage utilization. This is due to the uneven distribution of agricultural waste that depends on the harvesting season. This waste needs to be collected, shredded, and stored in the shortest period of time to avoid occupying agricultural lands, and the spread of disease and fire.
Sewage does not cause transportation problems as it is transported through underground pipes from the main sewage pipe of the village to the system. Sewage can also be transported by sewage car which is most common in rural areas since pipelines may prove expensive.
Household municipal solid waste represents a crisis for rural areas where people dump their waste in the water canals causing water pollution or burn it on the street causing air pollution. The household municipal solid waste consists of organic materials, paper and cardboard, plastic waste, tin cans, aluminum cans, textile, glass, and dust. The quantity changes from one rural community to another. It is very difficult to establish recycling facilities in rural areas where the quantities are small and change from one place to another. It is recommended to have a transfer station(s) located in each community to separate the wastes, and compact and transfer them to the nearest recycling center as explained in Chapter 5. The transfer station consists of a sorting conveyer belt that sorts all valuable wastes from the organic waste, which is then compacted by a hydraulic press. The collected organic waste can be mixed with other rural waste for composting or biogas as explained above.
The outputs of the EBRWC are valuable and needed goods. EBRWC is flexible and can be adjusted with proper calculations to suit every village; moreover inputs and outputs from the complex can be adjusted every year according to the main crops cultivated in the village, which usually varies from year to year. The key element to the success of this solution lies in the integration of these ABBC technologies to guarantee that each type of waste is most efficiently utilized.
The four corner stone technologies for agricultural waste are animal fodder, briquetting, biogas, and composting (ABBC technologies). These technologies can be developed based on demand and need. In principal three agricultural waste recycling techniques can be selected to be the most suitable for the developing communities. These are animal fodder and energy in a solid form (briquetting) or gaseous form (biogas) and composting for land reclamation. There are some other techniques, which might be suitable for different countries according to the needs such as gasification, fiber boards, pyrolysis, etc. These techniques might be integrated into a complex that combine them altogether to allow 100% recycling for the agricultural waste. Such a complex can be part of the infrastructure of every village or community. Not only does it allow to get rid of the harms of the current practice of agricultural waste, but also of great economical benefit.
The amount of agricultural waste varies from one country to another according to type of crops and farming land. These waste occupies the agricultural lands for days and weeks until the simple farmers get rid of these waste by either burning it in the fields or storing it in the roofs of their houses; the thing that affects the environment and allows fire villages and spread of diseases. The main crops responsible for most of these agricultural wastes are the rice, wheat, cotton, corn, etc. These crops were studied and three agricultural waste recycling techniques were set to be the most suitable for these crops. The first technology is animal fodder that allows the transformation of agricultural waste into animal food by increasing the digestibility and the nutritional value. The second technology is energy, which converts agricultural wastes into energy in a solid form (briquetting) or gaseous form (biogas). The briquetting technology that allows the transformation of agricultural waste into briquettes that can be used as useful fuel for local or industrial stoves. The biogas technology can combine both agricultural waste and municipal waste water (sewage) in producing biogas that can be used in generating electricity, as well as organic fertilizer. The last technology is composting, that uses aerobic fermentation methods to change agricultural waste or any organic waste into soil conditioner. The soil conditioner can be converted into organic fertilizer by adding natural rocks to control N: P: K ratio, as explained before. Agricultural waste varies in type, characteristics and shape, thus for each type of agricultural waste there is the most suitable technique as shown in Figure 13.28.
A complex combining these four techniques is very important to guarantee each waste has been most efficiently utilized in producing beneficial outputs like compost, animal food, briquettes and electricity. Having this complex will not only help the utilization of agricultural waste, it will help solving the sewage problem as well that face most of the developing countries, as a certain percentage of the sewage will be used in the biogas production and composting techniques to adjust carbon to nitrogen ratio. An efficient collection system should be well designed to collect the agricultural waste from the lands to the complex in the least time possible to avoid having these wastes occupying agricultural land. These wastes are to be shredded and stored in the complex to maintain continuous supply of agricultural waste to the system and in turns continuous outputs.
This punching briquetting machine (mechanical stamping briquetting plant) matches with the 45kw main motor connected with inertia wheel. The main motor drives the connecting rod doing reciprocating motion in stamping type. The speedy attack makes the temperature of raw material increases rapidly, fiber becomes soft, volume compresses and density is higher. Compared to other briquetting machine, advantages of wood briquetting plant are significant, such as advanced design, stable structure, high adaptability and efficiency, low cost.
Compared to the Europe briquette making machines, GC-MBP briquette machine has strengthened the pressure of briquetting. The speedy attack makes the temperature of raw material increases rapidly, fiber becomes soft, volume compresses and density is higher.
According to the differences of shape, size, moisture and composition of raw material, density of final briquettes is different. Therefore, quality of raw material is the core element to improve the briquette production efficiency.
This GC-MBP-1000 briquetting machine is mainly used for crushing and briquetting the raw materials, such as crop stalks, grain shell, peanut seedlings, cotton bar, sawdust, saw dust, branch, bark, bamboo power, furfural residue, wood scraps, forest residues and house refuse. Screw Briquette Press for Sale>>
The output fuel briquette is a kind of renewable biological energy source, which can be used for generating electricity, heating and also used as life fuel. To some extent, it may instead of mass of fossil energy.
The main function of feeding machine, also known as belt conveyer with packing augers, is to deliver the dry and kibbling material into the depiler machine. The Separator machine pass the material from feeding machine to two flow boxes by driving lever and packing auger equably. Through the two flow boxes on left and right side, the material accesses into the briquette making machine. In order to delivering the material equably, the longer packing auger delivers the material to the central feeding port connecting with two separate deliver ports, and through the two separate deliver ports, the material is feeding into the main machine by two packing auger.
As the core equipment, the main machine must be forced feed lubrication by CBN310 giant gear pump with 1.5kw motor drive to ensure all moving components are in normal lubrication condition. Please start the oil pump motor before main machine. Because of the locking function of oil pump motor, the main machine can not start without starting oil pump motor.After starting oil pump motor, the main machine can be started. Then check oil pressure indicator firstly to make sure oil pressure is in normal. If it has not reached to the normal oil pressure, 5-10kg/cm (0.5-1mpa), please check flow divider on inlet oil line and bearing.When main machine runs without abnormal vibration and noise and eccentric wheel drives the reciprocating motion of pulley in 280 times per minute, the feeding machine begins to feeding. The raw material gets into the flow box by feeding machine and Separator machine. Then gets into the pressing compartment through packing augers on left and right side of flow box.Under the extruding of the punch chip and drill drift, raw material gets softened with increased temperature and small volume. Through the moulding with throat taper, the product which has been solid and hard is expelled gradually.
The forming of briquette is affected by pressure and temperature. Briquetting machine works relying on momentum of crank block. Under the normal status, crank block extrudes the material in 280 times per minute. The pressure can reached to 300t, and the temperature can reached to 150-200. Therefore, briquetting machine can adapt the raw materials very well.
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Our Medium Briquetting Plant is the ideal choice of the manufacturers looking for output in the range of 750-1000 kg/hr. and not yet ready for the investment in installation of Giant Briqquetting Plant MODEL. This machine is also supported by Hammer Mill that breaks raw material in powdery form that is suitable for final process of bio-mass production.
We are Indias high-spirited Biomass Briquetting Plant Manufacturer in India. During the manufacturing process, the briquette plant spread out less carbon in the air. So this briquette plant machine doesnt affect our natural environment and make atmosphere clean by using wastage material. Customized Briquetting Plants are available to suit the diverse requirements of the clients.
Our company is an Indian manufacturer of Briquette Making Plant. Our Briquette Machine is designed for making hexagon shape wood briquettes or charcoal briquettes with a hole in the center, so that the air can pass through when burning, ensuring higher burning efficiency. It is commonly known as Wood Charcoal Machine or Charcoal Making Machine.
We hold specialization in Biomass Power Plant, generated from renewable organic waste that would otherwise be discarded in landfills, openly burned, or left as fodder for forest fires. In this plant wood waste or other waste is scorched to produce steam making a turbine run to create electricity, providing heat to industries and homes. Biomass Plants are mainly used for Independent Power Producer (IPP) plants, Combined heat and power plant.
Our company is a profound manufacturer of Briquetting Screw Conveyor used for the transportation of granular, pulverized and less frequently various small-size bulk materials to comparatively short distance in several industries like building materials, chemical and flour industries.
We are involved in supplying Best Briquettes Press Machine, very popular in the global market at low cost, exquisite appearance and high efficiency. The machine possess two larger rollers in a fixed position in the frame, the other two smaller rollers are moveable. The surface is stronger to produce high density of briquette.
Fuel sources are required for a number of thermal applications like boilers, heaters, dryers and usually conventional fuel sources like coal, charcoal, diesel, petrol and liquid fuel are used. However these fossil fuel sources are expensive and polluting, containing sulphur, fly ash and other atmospheric pollutants which damage the environment. So increasingly businesses are using a biomass briquetting plantto make biomass briquettes which are used as alternative to traditional fuel sources. An additional advantage of using a briquetting plant is that it is uses agro waste as raw material, so no additional arrangements have to be made to store and dispose of the agro waste which is generated during normal manufacturing. The briquetting plants are available in different capacities, and are designed for operation with a wide variety of raw material. Rice husk is one of the most widely used raw materials for making biomass briquettes. Groundnut shell, saw dust, sugarcane bagasse and other mixed agro waste material can be used for making the fuel briquettes, however the output of the biomass charcoal briquette machinewill vary significantly depending on the type and quantity of the agro waste being used.Typically the hourly output for sawdust and groundnut shell is far higher than rice husk for a plant of the same capacity. Before selecting a particular biomass briquetting plant equipment, the business should finalize the capacity of the plant based on the amount of raw material which is available or generated during other manufacturing processes. It should be noted that most briquetting machines are designed for use with raw material of a particular size and the moisture level in the raw material should be below the specified levels, so that the briquettes produced are meeting the quality norms required for the fuel. In case the agro waste particles are larger in size, a crushing machine may be required to reduce the particles to the desired size as specified by thecharcoal briquettemachine manufacturer. Similarly if moisture levels are higher than the maximum levels indicated by the equipment supplier, the briquette may become moldy, so a dryer will have to be incorporated during to the briquette production process to reduce the moisture levels. The charcoal briquette production linemachinery will use high pressure to process the agro waste material and convert it into the briquettes without adding any kind of chemical, reducing the cost of the finished product and making it eco friendly. Thebiomassbriquetting equipment will require an electric power supply, and the user should ensure that a reliable power supply is available of the required rating for optimal production. The briquetting equipment is usually rated according to the diameter of the briquette which is produced by the plant. Usually the briquette is cylindrical in shape , and the length is more than 10 cm. Studies have indicated that the briquettes made from biomass have a higher thermal value when compared to conventional sources of fuel, and also have less ash. As briquettes from biomass are a renewal source of energy, these briquetting machineries are becoming popular in the agro processing industry worldwide.
Fuel sources are required for a number of thermal applications like boilers, heaters, dryers and usually conventional fuel sources like coal, charcoal, diesel, petrol and liquid fuel are used. However these fossil fuel sources are expensive and polluting, containing sulphur, fly ash and other atmospheric pollutants which damage the environment. So increasingly businesses are using a biomass briquetting plantto make biomass briquettes which are used as alternative to traditional fuel sources. An additional advantage of using a briquetting plant is that it is uses agro waste as raw material, so no additional arrangements have to be made to store and dispose of the agro waste which is generated during normal manufacturing.
The briquetting plants are available in different capacities, and are designed for operation with a wide variety of raw material. Rice husk is one of the most widely used raw materials for making biomass briquettes. Groundnut shell, saw dust, sugarcane bagasse and other mixed agro waste material can be used for making the fuel briquettes, however the output of the biomass charcoal briquette machinewill vary significantly depending on the type and quantity of the agro waste being used.Typically the hourly output for sawdust and groundnut shell is far higher than rice husk for a plant of the same capacity.
Before selecting a particular biomass briquetting plant equipment, the business should finalize the capacity of the plant based on the amount of raw material which is available or generated during other manufacturing processes. It should be noted that most briquetting machines are designed for use with raw material of a particular size and the moisture level in the raw material should be below the specified levels, so that the briquettes produced are meeting the quality norms required for the fuel. In case the agro waste particles are larger in size, a crushing machine may be required to reduce the particles to the desired size as specified by thecharcoal briquettemachine manufacturer.
Similarly if moisture levels are higher than the maximum levels indicated by the equipment supplier, the briquette may become moldy, so a dryer will have to be incorporated during to the briquette production process to reduce the moisture levels. The charcoal briquette production linemachinery will use high pressure to process the agro waste material and convert it into the briquettes without adding any kind of chemical, reducing the cost of the finished product and making it eco friendly. Thebiomassbriquetting equipment will require an electric power supply, and the user should ensure that a reliable power supply is available of the required rating for optimal production.
The briquetting equipment is usually rated according to the diameter of the briquette which is produced by the plant. Usually the briquette is cylindrical in shape , and the length is more than 10 cm. Studies have indicated that the briquettes made from biomass have a higher thermal value when compared to conventional sources of fuel, and also have less ash. As briquettes from biomass are a renewal source of energy, these briquetting machineries are becoming popular in the agro processing industry worldwide.
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The biomass co-firing mode is suitable for biomass dispersedly distributed areas.High economy and efficiency of biomass pretreatment can be realized.The biomass can be used through existing equipments efficiently and cleanly.Economic analysis shows that this mode is of good economic sustainability.
A briquetted biomass co-firing mode that is feasible in China and other areas with dispersedly distributed biomass resources was proposed, and the details and characteristics of this mode are discussed. Raw biomass from sources such as corn stalks, twigs, and straws was crushed in farmlands and then transported to briquetting stations. The crushed biomass was dried and compressed into briquettes until the moisture content was less than 25%. Finally, the biomass briquettes was stored and delivered to plants like coals for combustion. One of the six layers of the pulverizing system in a 300MW power plant could be used, and 100% biomass briquettes could be ground by an existing MPS medium speed pulverizer. The biomass briquettes could then be delivered directly into the furnace by primary air. No additional equipment investments were needed for the plant because almost all equipments were already available. Advantages such as cost-effective on biomass collection and transportation, high efficiency and low cost on biomass preprocessing, biomass briquette economic grinding and feeding, and efficient and clean combustion could be realized by this method. The economic sustainability of this mode was also analyzed.