ABHS specializes in bulk material handling systems used in Ports and Inland Terminals. ABHS products have many benefits including eliminating the double handling of material, reducing dust emissions and costs.
The mobile direct feed ship loader allows the operator to directly feed the vessel from wheel loaders in the port or inland terminal to eliminate the double handling of material. This helps the operator reduce loading times in order to maximise production rates and minimize labour and maintenance costs, by having a single unitfor vesselloading.
Feeder vessels are medium-sized ships (up to 3000 TEU) which carry between 300 and 1000 containers on average. Feeder vessels mainly collect shipping containers from different ports and transport them to central container terminals or transshipment hubs where they are loaded to bigger vessels for further transport.
In general, container ships are classified into seven major size categories: small feeder, feeder, feedermax, Panamax, Post-Panamax, New Panamax and ultra-large. The small feeders carry up to 1000 TEU, feeders between 1001 and 2000 and feedermax until up to 3000 TEU.
The demand for this so-called hub and spoke model in container logistics was growing during the last few years with the rise of mega-ships. Feeder operators have established predefined routes over the years and most of them are operated by a local business at low volumes. Because they sometimes serve terminals that are too small to have their lifting equipment, some feeder vessels are geared with cranes on board.
The booking process is simple: carriers bring their containers and book them as SOCs with the feeder operator, most of the time even for empty container repositioning. When shipping lines book a slot, their containers usually travel on a service bill of lading issued by the feeder operator to the mainline carrier. Globally, 124 carriers act as feeder operators with an annual trade capacity of 43 million TEU split into dedicated operators (mainline shipping companies handling the feedering of their own containers) and common carriers (smaller shipping lines moving another carriers boxes).
Most of the time feedering is closely connected to transshipment hubs. Let me give you an example: The average number of North European mainline port calls is four; any cargo on board for other ports will have to be a feeder. Only 25 ports worldwide could be considered dominant transshipment ports, for example, Bremerhaven (57% transshipment share) and Wilhelmshaven (70%) in Northern Europe, nine ports in the Mediterranean followed by five transshipment hubs in the Far East. By far the highest transshipment volume has Singapore with 28.5 million TEU in 2017.
x-Press Feeders and Unifeeder are the two biggest pure feeder operators. Most of the biggest feeder operators are mainline carriers who operate their fleet of smaller vessels for transshipment or feedering.
x-Press feeders started their operations in 1972 and is now the worlds largest pure feeder operator. They operate throughout Asia, the Middle East, Caribbean, Central America and Europe with a staff of 300. They do not own, lease or operate containers but operate more than 110 vessels (of which 40 are owned) up to the new Panamax size. With a volume of 5.6 million TEU in 2018, theyre the 14th biggest container operator according to Alphaliner.
Unifeeder is the European market leader with 2.1 Mio TEU per year, up to 8000 port calls and 400 employees. They operate 36 vessels and bought the feedertech group recently. Unifeeder is owned by DP World, one of the biggest global container terminal operators.
Feeder operators offer a great chance for freight forwarders to increase their flexibility and decrease their dependency from shipping lines. How? Most of the time, freight forwarders get their containers together with the slot on the vessel from their shipping line. Sometimes that is not a problem at all, sometimes this can result in tremendous demurrage & detention charges because every day forwarders exceed the number of free days they get charged tremendous amounts. Depending on the pick-up and drop-off location, it is difficult for carriers to offer containers at good prices, often-times they can only offer the wrong type, quantity or condition.
SOC containers solve the problem for freight forwarders! If you, as a freight forwarder, can source your own containers, just book the slot with the feeder operator of your choice and suddenly have all parts of the shipping process under your control! Use xChange, the only neutral online platform in container logistics, to find containers in 2500 locations and ship them with the feeder operator of your choice to your destination. Shipping your containers as SOCs has three main benefits: You increase your flexibility, avoid demurrage & detention charges and have always equipment available where you need it. Click on the banner below and increase your flexibility with xChange.
Florian Frese works in Marketing & Communications at Container xChange the worlds first marketplace that connects users and suppliers in container logistics. Florian is an advocate of pushing forward tech and data standards in container logistics. Did you know that every third container is being moved empty? Thats a $20 billion problem not only for the shipping industry, but also for the environment.
JVI Electromechanical Vibratory Pan Feeders are heavy-duty, time-tested performers in bulk material handling. Designed for discharging hoppers and conveying material up to 30 feet, electromechanical pan feeders are used across a wide variety of industries to reliably and consistently feed material at desired feed rates. Every JVI electromechanical feeder is designed specifically for the application and work envelope requirements.
From the type and amount of material being fed to the environmental conditions of the operating location, each application comes with its own unique challenges. The JVI engineering team works closely with our customers to provide completely custom solutions designed to handle their exact material and environmental conditions.
The JVI engineering team excels at designing new feeders to be retrofitted into your current process. This means you get all the benefits of a new higher performing feeder without the costs associated with having to redesign your current process.
Cut down engineering costs and ensure an easier installation by adding an integrated chute work package to your feeder. Incorporated to the top of the feeder the chute work enables easy bolt on installation to storage vessels. The integrated chute work supports the feeder and also acts as a transition mechanism for controlling headloads, ensuring proper material flow from the vessel to the downstream process.
JVI electromechanical feeders utilize single mass technology in which the feeder is driven by two electromechanical unbalanced motors, or exciter drives, mounted directly to the feeder body, also known as the saddle. The single mass technology eliminates the need for exciter springs or natural frequency tuning for generating the required peak to peak movement of two mass feeders that are typically found in the North American market. The single mass feeders rugged design enables it to provide a long and reliable service life.
By engineering a simple design with the fewest moving parts possible, JVI can manufacture pan feeders that keep working even in the harshest industrial environments. JVIs single mass design eliminates the exciter springs, v-belt drives, and sheaves used in two-mass vibratory feeders which require regular maintenance and replacement.
JVI single mass feeders do not require tuning to provide the vibration necessary to keep material moving. Mechanical failures and tuning issues caused by sticking material, high headloads, low headloads, or no material present are not an issue.
When operated with a standard variable frequency drive (VFD), the feed rate from the JVI electromechanical vibratory pan feeder can be continuously adjusted in real time to meet the changing dynamics of the industrial process. This allows for the production process to be automated by having sensors down the production line that communicate with the VFD and adjusting the feed rate as necessary. This provides the optimal amount of dry bulk material for downstream equipment (Crushers, Screens, etc.), keeping the production process running smoothly.
Based in Houston, TX, JVIs state of the art vibratory feeders and material handling equipment provide low maintenance, accurate feeding solutions for a wide range of dry bulk material processing applications. JVIs dedicated in-house engineering team incorporates years of proven design experience, stringent manufacturing procedures and extensive process knowledge to result in quality products that meet the exact requirements and specifications of the application.
Outloading of bulk solids in powder or granular form is a common task in industrial plants. A great deal of know-how is required to automate this process smoothly. Polimak offers wide range of solutions for bulk material loading applications. Being an essential component in bulk solid handling processes, telescopic chutes provide dust-free and safe outloading of powdered and granular materials to trucks, tankers, ships and stockpiles. They are generally mounted underneath silos, hoppers, or installed at the end of conveyors like screw feeders, elevators or pneumatic conveying systems. Bulk materials flowing from the upper side are transferred to the downstream vehicle, ship or stockpile efficiently without any dust emission and product loss.
Main idea behind the telescopic chute system is discharging the powdered or granular bulk solid through a vertical column by its own weight and collecting any dust within the same enclosed column upwards. The varying height between the upper discharge point and lower loading point is compensated with making the column flexible. A mechanical winch system is used for adjusting the height while maintaining a closed area and straight passage for high capacity loading. Depending on application requirements different type of chutes, abrasion cones, dust collectors and similar equipment are included in whole loading system.
Telescopic open loading chutes are used to fill flatbed open trucks, ships and stockpiles where bulk material is directly exposed to environment. At the beginning of loading, telescopic chute is lowered towards the flatbed of truck / ship or basement and stops at the bottom. Material falls freely through the telescopic chute. Flexible dust skirt located at the bottom side of chute keeps the dust content inside the loading region. Additional vacuum air supplied by dust collection system ensures that any dust emission is prevented effectively. Level sensors installed on the unit are used to check product level continuously. As the product level increases, the telescopic chute raises automatically. After loading is completed, telescopic loading chute is retracted to the top stand-by position. Open truck loading telescopic chutes, ship loading telescopic chutes and stockpile loading telescopic chutes have extensive range of models and configurations depending on bulk material type, loading capacity and application requirements.
Telescopic closed loading chutes are used to fill tanker trucks, barges and ships with closed containers. At the beginning of loading, telescopic chute is lowered and stopped when it reaches to the tanker inlet. After that, product flow is started. Material falls freely through the inner side of the chute. Tanker is filled by the product. Air content of the tanker is transferred back through the chute and then discharged through the air vent. Level sensor located at the discharge point of telescopic chute monitors the product level in the tanker and stops the operation when the tank is full. After loading is completed, telescopic chute is retracted to the top stand-by position.
Materials in powder and granule form like cement, fly ash, mining minerals, calcium carbonate, pvc, plastic pellets, plastic powders, polyethylene, ceramic powders,alumina, bentonite, bauxite, coal, cement clinker, gypsium, perlite, kaolin, limestone, marble powder, soda ash, quartz, urea, sodium suplhate, wheat, flour, animal feed, seed, corn, rice, sugar, salt and similar powdered or granular dry bulk solids are handled by telescopic chutes.
Open truck , tanker , ship and stockpile loading telescopic chutes are used for rapid and efficient dust free loading of dry bulk materials. Free flowing bulk solids in powder and granule form are easily transferred from silos, hoppers, containers, screw feeder to tankers, open trucks, ships or stockpiles
Extensive range of telescopic chutes are available for wide range of applications. Open truck loading, bulk tanker filling, stockpile loading and bulk ship loading chutes provide dust free outloading of bulk materials for industrial applications.
Depending on type of discharged bulk solid, loading medium and plant conditions, telescopic chute types change. Bulk material abrasiveness, dust load, particle size, loading capacity are some of the key factors that effect the design of loading chute.
Bulk solid transfer equipment are used to transfer powdered and granular materials to telescopic chutes. Bulk materials are discharged from silos, hoppers, production lines with these transfer and conveying equipment.
Telescopic loading chutes and bulk solid discharge systems can be provided with extensive range of optional components and accessories for different application needs. Proper selection of accessories is essential for efficient and dust-free loading.