copper mining equipment

copper mining equipment for sale, copper production linein chile

copper mining equipment for sale, copper production linein chile

Porphyry copper deposits are currently the largest source of copper ore. Most of the known porphyry are concentrated in: western South and North America and Southeast Asia and Oceana - along the Pacific Ring of Fire; the Caribbean; southern central Europe and the area around eastern Turkey; scattered areas in China, the Mideast, Russia, and the CIS states; and eastern Australia. Only a few are identified in Africa, in Namibia and Zambia; none are known in Antarctica. The greatest concentration of the largest copper porphyry is in Chile. Almost all mines exploiting large porphyry deposits produce from open pits. Chile is the worlds largest copper producer, producing 5 390 thousand metric tons in 2010 as opposed to 5 520 in 2009. Chile has approximately 24% of the worlds known copper reserves.

Pure copper is soft and malleable; an exposed surface has a reddish-orange tarnish. It is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, a building material, and a constituent of various metal alloys. The metal and its alloys have been used for thousands of years. Its compounds are commonly encountered as copper salts, which often impart blue or green colors to minerals such as turquoise and have been widely used historically as pigments. Architectural structures built with copper corrode to give green verdigris. Decorative art prominently features copper, both by itself and as part of pigments.

In the copper mining of Chile, first,we can use copper jaw crusher as primarycrushing equipment, when copper raw ore is crushed to be a reasonable fineness via the hoist, we can use feeder which will feeding reasonable copper ore into the ball mill, copper ore will be crushed, grinded further in the ball mill. After grinding, copper ore fines into the next process: classification. Spiral classifier with different proportion of solid particles in the liquid precipitation rate of different principle, mixed copper ore washing, grading. After cleaning and grading of copper mineral mixture after magnetic separation machine, due to various kinds of copper ore than susceptibility, through magnetic force and mechanical force will mixture of magnetic materials. After preliminary separation of magnetic separator, the copper ore particles are fed into the flotation machine, according to the different types of copper ore features to join different drugs, has made to separate copper ore and other substances. On the copper ore after being separated, because it contains a lot of water, must obtain the preliminary enrichment of thickener, then through the dryer, we can get dried copper ore.

Copper production process mainly includes several stages of extraction, milling and processing. Commonly, we use copper jaw crusher, copper ore ball mill, and feeding machine and belt conveyor to compose of a complete copper mining production line in Chile.Copper ore is mined either at via open pit mines or underground mines. The beginning for all copper is to mine sulfide and oxide ores through digging or blasting and then crushing. The copper ore is broken into small grain sizes of less than 25 centimeters in diameter by primary crusher, which will be crushed into pieces by secondary crusher or fineness crusher.

Most of copper mining investors will adopt many copper ore crushers and copper ore grinding mill to finish copper ore mining process. Crushing and grinding to section number depending on the species of copper ore, material particle size, product fineness and device type. SBM has been taken in manufacturing copper crushing and grinding equipment for several years. We can provide professional copper miningequipment and technology for Chile customer. In Chile, SBM sale copper quarry machine, copper crusher plant, copper grinding mill, and copper processing, separation.

gold mining equipment

gold mining equipment

911MPE hassmall gold mining equipment for sale andmore specifically mineral processing equipment. Our equipment is best used in small scale extractive metallurgyoperations operated by small miners or hobbyist prospectors and mining fanatics. 911MPE offers gold mining equipment as well as processing equipment applicable to most any base metals: copper, lead, zinc, nickel, tin, tungsten and more. For the relatively small size of equipment offered, sample preparation and metallurgical laboratories can economically buy good alternatives to the usually unaffordable equipment for sale in the classic market place.

911MPE has for target market what mining professionals consider the pilot-plant scale mining operation or artisanal mining operations with a focus around under 500TPD. Metals you can extract include: gold, silver or other of the precious group as well as the classic base metals; copper, lead, zinc, nickel, molybdenum. Much of our ultra-small scale equipment allows you to process from just a few kilo (pounds) per day and work on your passion for a small budget.

You can buy from us mineral processing equipment starting from crushing, grinding, classification, dredging, gravity separation, flotation, pumps, water treatment and smelting. A line of ovens, furnaces and laboratory equipment is also available.

Making a complete list of gold mining equipment starts with defining the type of gold mining you are doing and the budget you have at your disposal. The type of mining relates to hard rock,eluvial, or placer; alluvial deposits. The capital budget you have to invest in buying your equipment with dictate the scale at which you want to mine and influence the long-term operating costs of your mining operation.

Since most of the information online provides lists of gold mining equipment for amateur level mining with equipment like: gold pans, metal detectors, mini sluice box, blue bowl, geologist rock pick, soil scoop, hand screens/classifiers. The items listed just now fall closer to gold prospecting tools and equipment than actual mining.

I will present here what I consider are major equipment lists for 3 types of mining operations. Remember now, a metallurgist is writing. This will not be flawless and since my speciality is process equipment, that is mostly what will be discussed.

Some amateur level gold prospecting equipment such as metal detectors are often classified as mining equipment by small miners/prospectors operating as a hobby. These items include but are not limited to:

copper processing equipment

copper processing equipment

FEECO has extensive experience in processing many forms of copper, from copper ore to copper concentrates, copper sulfate, and copper hydroxide. Most notably, weve developed an international reputation for our heavy-duty agglomeration drums and pug mills.

Many of the worlds top mining companies have come to rely on FEECO for our agglomeration drums; FEECO ore drums are installed in some of the worlds largest and most environmentally advanced copper mines.

Agglomeration drums are used in the copper heap leaching process to provide a more efficient leach. In addition to the agglomeration drum, we can also provide all necessary material handling equipment to support the process.

Pug mills are a key piece of equipment in the copper smelting process, serving to mix and condition several components (copper concentrate, flux, reverts, matte recycle, and dust recycle), for reintroduction into the smelter.

In addition to our pug mills and ore drums, FEECO can supply the necessary bulk material handling equipment to transport copper around the processing facility. From bucket elevators and steep incline conveyors for vertical transport, to troughed belt conveyors and reversing shuttle conveyors, FEECO offers a wide variety of custom material handling equipment. FEECO bulk handling equipment can also be equipped with a variety of equipment to increase the flexibility of the system, including belt trippers and plows, as well as belt feeders.

The FEECO Innovation Center is a unique testing facility where we can test your material to determine the feasibility of your intended process, as well as define process variables and gather valuable data points necessary for scale-up.

The FEECO Innovation Center is well-equipped to suit a wide range of testing needs, from agglomeration and drying to high temperature thermal processing, as well as continuous process loops integrating multiple testing methods.

FEECO provides a comprehensive offering of parts and service to keep your equipment running its best for years to come. This includes a variety of field services, emergency service support, process and equipment audits, spare parts, and more.

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pathways towards zero-emission copper mines

pathways towards zero-emission copper mines

The International Copper Association Australia (ICAA) commissioned the University of Sydneys Warren Centre for Advanced Engineering to develop a strategic roadmap to achieve a zero-emission copper mine of the future.

In a 68-page report, the Warren Centre explains that, typically, greenhouse gas emissions through the copper production process are associated with the consumption of fuel in the mining and materials transport processes and indirect emissions from electrical energy use in extractive and beneficiation processes.

In general, the energy consumption in the primary copper process is dominated by the earlier stages of beneficiation. This is due to the high energy demand requirement to crush and grind ore. Within the mining process loading and hauling, blasting, and ventilation (in the case of underground mining) all consume a higher proportion of energy to other aspects of the mining process, the document states.

Based on a literature review, the report concludes that the average energy intensity and GHG intensity is 2.6 t CO2-eq per tonne of copper produced, a figure that varies by location, extraction methodology, and ore grades.

To achieve this, copper miners are asked to account for direct emissions, such as those from sources that are owned and controlled by companies, including onsite power generation; indirect emissions, which are those released into the atmosphere due to the consumption of an energy commodity, for example, emissions from the generation of purchased electricity to enable the copper production process; and finally, all other emissions that are generated indirectly as a result of activities from sources that are not owned or controlled by the company, like the emissions as a consequence of the use of the sold copper cathode for the manufacture of semi-fabricated products.

Measurements of greenhouse gases are recorded relative to carbon dioxide equivalence (CO2-eq). For instance, a manufacturing or processing company emitting 1 tonne of methane into the atmosphere has the same global warming potential as emitting 25 tonnes of carbon dioxide. Hence, 1 tonne of methane would be expressed as 25 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalence, the report reads.

According to the document, emissions can be reported in absolute terms (total CO2-equivalent emissions, or CO2- eq) and intensity terms (CO2-eq per unit). Absolute measurements, however, should be combined with efficiency metrics to understand performance at a company or sector level.

The review recognizes that there are challenges associated with reaching the zero-emission goal, particularly how to achieve emission reduction outcomes while maximizing economic resource productivity at the industrial level, rather than simply offsetting or abating emissions associated with a given product cycle.

Besides transparent reporting, copper miners are encouraged to reach out to existing innovative mining equipment, technology and services (METS) businesses, which can be an important source of new ideas to address emission reduction pathways in the short and medium-term.

Applying advanced technologies at the discovery and exploration stage of the mining cycle will enable the development of robust ore-deposit identification and exploration models to improve the likelihood of detection of high-grade deposits in greenfield and brownfield sites. Advanced technologies can optimize attractive host rock settings and subsequent future ore recovery, the document reads.

In a series of tables, the report presents specific segments of the discovery phase that can be addressed from existing or in-development innovations with the goal of reducing emissions. The tables are also presented for processes related to material movement, ventilation, mineral processing and water usage.

In summary, when it comes to material movement, the Warren Centres proposal focuses on the need to further advances in the electrification of mining systems and the transition to automation in all aspects of the mining and material movement process. In particular, it highlights the importance of making use of incremental technologies that are able to deliver technical efficiencies with improved asset availability, reduced maintenance requirements, extended mine life, enhanced productivity and reduced emission outcomes.

For ventilation, the document points to shifts in technology, particularly autonomous systems that are allowing for the deployment of fewer people underground, which means that ventilation systems can be transitioned to be on-demand while power requirements are optimized.

When it comes to mineral processing, targeted innovation efforts that should continue to be explored are technologies to improve crushing and grinding efficiencies, separation and concentrate drying, optimization of processing performance, in addition to measurement technologies to interconnect systems across the whole of plant operations and dry processing technologies.

There is also encouragement to adopt in-situ recovery mechanisms as they have the potential to be a low-impact and selective mining option because they imply the recovery of valuable metals from ore deposits by the circulation of fluid underground and the recovery of the valuable metal from the fluid at the surface for further processing.

Addressing water usage, the report proposes a number of strategies that range from site stormwater capture, treatment and discharge to building slurry pipelines. However, the main focus is on industrial-scale desalination (reverse osmosis) technologies or the use of membrane technology to remove salts and other contaminants from water.

Even though the Centre recognizes that desalinization requires elevated energy inputs, the report also states that the growth in renewable technology is proving to be an effective offset mechanism to the high-energy intensive operations of desalination plants.

copper mining and processing: everything you need to know

copper mining and processing: everything you need to know

In 2013, nearly 18 million tons of copper was produced throughout the world. With production just under 6 million tons, Chile is the worlds largest producer, with the United States following close behind.

Once its located within the earth, copper ore goes through eight stages before the consumer sees it in various products that affect every day life in the home and business. These eight stages include:

At the beginning of the 20th century, the annual worldwide copper demand was at half a million tons. By World War II, this demand had multiplied by more than nine times. Continued advancements in technology have allowed the copper mining industry to keep up with worldwide demands with mining methods that are efficient and cost-effective.

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At General Kinematics, we strive to provide valuable resources to all of our customers. As we enter 2019, we will continue to do so and build upon our current library of resources and information. But we know our library can be slightly overwhelming, which is why were sharing our top GK posts of all time []

At General Kinematics, we strive to provide valuable resources to all of our customers. As we enter 2019, we will continue to do so and build upon our current library of resources and information. But we know our library can be slightly overwhelming, which is why were sharing our top GK posts of all time []

In the summer months, the amount of work accidents spike due to the constant distractions provided by nice weather and end of the school year. For this reason, National Safety Month is celebrated in the month of June to remind us the importance of safety and awareness of our surroundings. To wrap up safety month []

In the summer months, the amount of work accidents spike due to the constant distractions provided by nice weather and end of the school year. For this reason, National Safety Month is celebrated in the month of June to remind us the importance of safety and awareness of our surroundings. To wrap up safety month []

The growth of the electric vehicle market is not only beginning to have a noticeable impact on the automobile industry but the metals market as well. In fact, one of the most affected may be the recycling industry. As of December 2017, cumulative sales of highway-legal plug-in electric vehicles in the U.S. totaled 764,666, representing []

The growth of the electric vehicle market is not only beginning to have a noticeable impact on the automobile industry but the metals market as well. In fact, one of the most affected may be the recycling industry. As of December 2017, cumulative sales of highway-legal plug-in electric vehicles in the U.S. totaled 764,666, representing []

the worlds top 10 highest-grade copper mines

the worlds top 10 highest-grade copper mines

Grade is king. This is very true, especially in todays challenging mineral commodities market conditions. The grade of metal in ore is usually directly related to the ability of a particular mine to make money and be profitable.

All things being equal, a higher grade generally means lower production costs per ounce/pound/ton, making high-grade ore deposits a crucial consideration for mining investors. Mines that can provide good returns in any market environment are the best of breed.

Why have only reserves been taken into account? This is because a mineral reserve is the part of the mineral resource that has demonstrated economic viability in current market conditions. Therefore, ore reserves are much less speculative than ore resources and relatively precisely reflect changes in the economic wellbeing of mines.

The following analysis covers those currently active copper mining operations throughout the world that are separate reporting units and which have most recent reserves figures, calculated according to international standards and disclosed by the owners/operators after December 31, 2014.

For a more accurate comparison, copper operations have been split into underground and open-pit, since these mining methods utilize different techniques and equipment. In this research, the focus is on ore grade in reserves while putting aside other crucial parameters like ore tonnage and volume of metal contained in ore.

1. Cobre Las Cruces (CLC) CLC open-pit copper mine, Sevilla Province, Spain. Source: first-quantum.com First Quantums CLC copper deposit is exceptionally rich, and with ore reserves grading 5% copper it is believed to be the highest-grade open-pit active copper mine worldwide. CLC is located approximately 20 kilometres northwest of the city of Seville and forms part of the Iberian Pyrite Belt, a mineral-rich area that stretches across the southwest of the peninsula. The mine uses leaching and electrowinning technology to produce copper cathode. The CLC Hydrometallurgical Plant is one of the most technologically advanced in the world for treating copper. 2. Kamoto Oliveira Virgule (KOV) Drilling at KOV mine. Source: glencore.com The KOV mine is part of Glencores Katanga operation located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). KOV is believed to contain the largest high-grade open-pit copper reserve/resource in the world. Being slightly behind first-ranked CLC by copper grade in ore reserves, KOV is much bigger in terms of ore tonnage and contained metal. While operations at nearly all Katanga producing units are currently suspended by Glencore pending the completion of the Whole Ore Leach Project in 2017, KOV technically is the only mine still active. 3. Kinsevere Solvent extraction circuits (high and low-grade ore) at Kinsevere copper mine, DRC. Source: www.mmg.com Kinsevere is a world-class copper mine located in DRC. Kinsevere was acquired by MMG in 2012 and is an important part of the companys portfolio of high-quality base metals assets. Conventional mining methods are used at Kinsevere to remove waste material and extract ore. Due to ground conditions, most areas can be mined without blasting. Ore is hauled to the run of mine (ROM) stockpile while waste material is stockpiled on the surface or used on the walls of the tailings storage facility. With 3.5% copper grade in reserves, Kinsevere is the third-ranked copper mine on this list. 4. Sepon Sepon copper mining and processing complex. Source: mmg.com Sepon is MMGs open-pit copper mine located in Savannakhet Province, southern Laos. Sepon produces 99.9% copper cathode using a whole-of-ore leach, solvent extraction and electrowinning (SX-EW) process. Copper cathodes are transported via road and sea to manufacturers of cable, wire and tube in Asia and Europe. Sepon has 2.7% copper grade in reserves and holds fourth place in our list of highest-grade open-pit copper mines. 5. Antas Antas open-pit copper mine, Brazil. Source: avancoresources.com Avanco Resources Antas open-pit copper-gold mine is located in the Carajs mineral-rich province in northern Brazil. The Carajs region is regarded as one of the most prospective mineral provinces in the world for the discovery of high-grade large-tonnage copper-gold and iron ore resources. Antas is a high-grade, low-cost copper mine with gold byproduct credits and significant exploration potential. 2.5% copper grade in reserves puts this mine fifth on the list. 1. Sudbury Morrison underground polymetallic mine, part of KGHMs Sudbury Operations. Source: kghm.com KGHMs Sudbury operations are located on the western border of the richly-mineralized North Range of the Sudbury Igneous Complex in Ontario, Canada, about 400 km north of Toronto. The Sudbury Complex is a unique geological structure, being the site of a 1.85 billion-year-old meteorite impact crater. Today, Sudbury is one of the most productive mining camps with one of the richest and largest polymetallic deposits in the world. Minerals are extracted by some of the biggest mining companies, including KGHM, Vale and Glencore. With 7.9% copper grade in reserves, Sudbury leads the pack of richest underground copper mines. Although having very limited copper reserves, this copper operation is benefitting from the recent copper prices wave in the short term. 2. Kinsenda Kinsenda underground copper mine, DRC. Source: Metorex Group Metorexs Kinsenda underground copper mine is located in the Democratic Republic of Congo, near the border town of Kasumbalesa. The Kinsenda operation ranks as one of the worlds highest grade rookie underground copper mines in the world. Currently, Kinsenda is in transition from the development phase to commissioning and full-scale production. This mine has both high-grade and high-tonnage ore reserves/resources that put this operation well above its peers. With 4.8% copper grade in reserves, Kinsenda is the second highest-grade underground active copper mine. 3. DeGrussa DeGrussa underground copper-gold mine, Western Australia. Source: sandfire.com.au Sandfires DeGrussa copper-gold mine, located 900 km northeast of Perth in Western Australia, is one of the Asia-Pacific regions premiere, high-grade copper mines. It only took three years for Sandfire to bring DeGrussa from discovery into production. Commencing with an initial two-year open pit mining operation which was completed in April 2013, the DeGrussa operation is based on a long-term underground mine delivering sulphide ore to an on-site 1.5 Mtpa concentrator. DeGrussa boasts 4.4% copper grade in reserves and 5.7% copper grade in resources. 4. CSA Underground workshop, CSA Mine, Cobar, New South Wales, Australia. Source: Glencore.com Glencores CSA underground copper mine is located in Cobar, central-western New South Wales, Australia. The mine initially started in 1871 with an erratic production history until 1964, when Broken Hill South Ltd began large-scale production. Since 1965 the mine has extracted substantial quantities of zinc, lead, silver and copper, but today, CSA focuses on mining copper, with a silver co-product. The mineproduces over 1.1 million tonnes of copper ore and in excess of 185,000 tonnes of copper concentrate per annum. The concentrate contains approximately 29% copper and is exported to smelters in India, China and Southeast Asia. With 4.3% copper grade in reserves, this mine holds fourth place in our list of highest-grade underground copper operations. 5. Reed Drift development on the 110 metre level, Reed mine, Canada. Source: hudbayminerals.com Hudbay Minerals Reed underground copper mineis in Manitoba, Canada. Reed is a small high-grade copper deposit that commenced initial production in September 2013 and achieved commercial production at the end of the first quarter of 2014. It is located 120 kilometres from Flin Flon, where ore is trucked to the Flin Flon concentrator for processing. 4.1% copper grade in reserves puts the Reed mine fifth on the list. Data retrieved from the IntelligenceMine database. Experts since 1989, the IntelligenceMine team analyze mining news and hundreds of documents daily to keep you on top of global mining. Get access to more than 12,000 listed and private company profiles, 33,000 mines, projects and processing facilities and 1.6m regulatory and source documents. IntelligenceMine also provides powerful multi-faceted search with comparative result grids, sorting and download capabilities, an online interactive mapper and more. Sign up for Mining Intelligenceand get rich insights about miners, juniors and projects. Our online tool puts rich data at your fingertips.

First Quantums CLC copper deposit is exceptionally rich, and with ore reserves grading 5% copper it is believed to be the highest-grade open-pit active copper mine worldwide. CLC is located approximately 20 kilometres northwest of the city of Seville and forms part of the Iberian Pyrite Belt, a mineral-rich area that stretches across the southwest of the peninsula. The mine uses leaching and electrowinning technology to produce copper cathode. The CLC Hydrometallurgical Plant is one of the most technologically advanced in the world for treating copper.

The KOV mine is part of Glencores Katanga operation located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). KOV is believed to contain the largest high-grade open-pit copper reserve/resource in the world. Being slightly behind first-ranked CLC by copper grade in ore reserves, KOV is much bigger in terms of ore tonnage and contained metal. While operations at nearly all Katanga producing units are currently suspended by Glencore pending the completion of the Whole Ore Leach Project in 2017, KOV technically is the only mine still active.

Kinsevere is a world-class copper mine located in DRC. Kinsevere was acquired by MMG in 2012 and is an important part of the companys portfolio of high-quality base metals assets. Conventional mining methods are used at Kinsevere to remove waste material and extract ore. Due to ground conditions, most areas can be mined without blasting. Ore is hauled to the run of mine (ROM) stockpile while waste material is stockpiled on the surface or used on the walls of the tailings storage facility. With 3.5% copper grade in reserves, Kinsevere is the third-ranked copper mine on this list.

Sepon is MMGs open-pit copper mine located in Savannakhet Province, southern Laos. Sepon produces 99.9% copper cathode using a whole-of-ore leach, solvent extraction and electrowinning (SX-EW) process. Copper cathodes are transported via road and sea to manufacturers of cable, wire and tube in Asia and Europe. Sepon has 2.7% copper grade in reserves and holds fourth place in our list of highest-grade open-pit copper mines.

Avanco Resources Antas open-pit copper-gold mine is located in the Carajs mineral-rich province in northern Brazil. The Carajs region is regarded as one of the most prospective mineral provinces in the world for the discovery of high-grade large-tonnage copper-gold and iron ore resources. Antas is a high-grade, low-cost copper mine with gold byproduct credits and significant exploration potential. 2.5% copper grade in reserves puts this mine fifth on the list.

KGHMs Sudbury operations are located on the western border of the richly-mineralized North Range of the Sudbury Igneous Complex in Ontario, Canada, about 400 km north of Toronto. The Sudbury Complex is a unique geological structure, being the site of a 1.85 billion-year-old meteorite impact crater. Today, Sudbury is one of the most productive mining camps with one of the richest and largest polymetallic deposits in the world. Minerals are extracted by some of the biggest mining companies, including KGHM, Vale and Glencore. With 7.9% copper grade in reserves, Sudbury leads the pack of richest underground copper mines. Although having very limited copper reserves, this copper operation is benefitting from the recent copper prices wave in the short term.

Metorexs Kinsenda underground copper mine is located in the Democratic Republic of Congo, near the border town of Kasumbalesa. The Kinsenda operation ranks as one of the worlds highest grade rookie underground copper mines in the world. Currently, Kinsenda is in transition from the development phase to commissioning and full-scale production. This mine has both high-grade and high-tonnage ore reserves/resources that put this operation well above its peers. With 4.8% copper grade in reserves, Kinsenda is the second highest-grade underground active copper mine.

Sandfires DeGrussa copper-gold mine, located 900 km northeast of Perth in Western Australia, is one of the Asia-Pacific regions premiere, high-grade copper mines. It only took three years for Sandfire to bring DeGrussa from discovery into production. Commencing with an initial two-year open pit mining operation which was completed in April 2013, the DeGrussa operation is based on a long-term underground mine delivering sulphide ore to an on-site 1.5 Mtpa concentrator. DeGrussa boasts 4.4% copper grade in reserves and 5.7% copper grade in resources.

Glencores CSA underground copper mine is located in Cobar, central-western New South Wales, Australia. The mine initially started in 1871 with an erratic production history until 1964, when Broken Hill South Ltd began large-scale production. Since 1965 the mine has extracted substantial quantities of zinc, lead, silver and copper, but today, CSA focuses on mining copper, with a silver co-product. The mineproduces over 1.1 million tonnes of copper ore and in excess of 185,000 tonnes of copper concentrate per annum. The concentrate contains approximately 29% copper and is exported to smelters in India, China and Southeast Asia. With 4.3% copper grade in reserves, this mine holds fourth place in our list of highest-grade underground copper operations.

Hudbay Minerals Reed underground copper mineis in Manitoba, Canada. Reed is a small high-grade copper deposit that commenced initial production in September 2013 and achieved commercial production at the end of the first quarter of 2014. It is located 120 kilometres from Flin Flon, where ore is trucked to the Flin Flon concentrator for processing. 4.1% copper grade in reserves puts the Reed mine fifth on the list.

Data retrieved from the IntelligenceMine database. Experts since 1989, the IntelligenceMine team analyze mining news and hundreds of documents daily to keep you on top of global mining. Get access to more than 12,000 listed and private company profiles, 33,000 mines, projects and processing facilities and 1.6m regulatory and source documents. IntelligenceMine also provides powerful multi-faceted search with comparative result grids, sorting and download capabilities, an online interactive mapper and more.

Bravo and Congratulation for you KGHM and your Partners for successive mining operation at the richest polymetallic deposit. Mining discussion are open, if any.Save yourselv, and be happy, Szczesc Wam Boze. W. Jura