Gold is a precious metal mined to create practical and ornamental pieces of work. Refined gold ore can be melted, poured and cast into almost any shape to make jewelry. There are numerous industrial applications for gold, as well. Many electronics and medical devices rely on golds ability to conduct electricity and resist corrosion.Gold in the ore were very low, in order to extract gold, the ore must be processed by gold mine processing plant. In this process, many gold mining types of equipment are used, such as gold refining and purifying equipment, but the ore firstly must be crushed and grinded, thus the gold is separated from the ore.
Raw Gold Ore Crushing Process:Large raw gold ore are fed to the jaw crusher evenly and gradually by vibrating feeder through a hopper for primary crushing. After first crush, the material will transferred to cone crusher by belt conveyor for secondary crush; the crushed gold ore stone will then transferred to vibrating screen for separating. After separating, the parts that can meet standard will be transferred away as final products, while the other parts will be returned to cone crusher, thus forming a closed circuit. Size of final products can be combined and graded according to your specific requirement.
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Grasberg mine has the single largest known gold reserve and the second largest copper reserves in the world. It is located 96km north of Timika, at Tembagapura in Irian Jaya the most easterly of Indonesias provinces on the western half of the island of New Guinea.
Grasberg minerals district includes open-pit and underground mines. It has produced 528 billion ounces of copper and 53 million ounces (Moz) of gold, including more than 432 billion ounces of copper and 46Moz of gold from the Grasberg open pit during 1990 to 2019.
Extraction of ore from the Grasberg Block Cave underground mine commenced in the second quarter of 2019, which is the same ore body mined from the surface in the Grasberg open pit. The mining of the final phase of the Grasberg open pit was completed in Q4 2019 and the mine transitioned from open-pit mining to large-scale underground mining.
Freeport McMoran and Rio Tinto sold a majority interest in Grasberg to Indonesias state-owned aluminium mining company, Indonesia Asahan Aluminium (Inalum). Prior to the $3.85bn transaction, Freeport held a 90.64% stake in the mine operation while Rio Tinto had a 40% participating interest. Under the deal, the government agreed to provide a special licence to Freeport to enable the company to continue the extraction of ore until 2041. To support the mine and its workforce, PT Freeport has built an airport, a port at Amamapare, 119km of access road, a tramway, hospital, housing, schools and other facilities.
The mine stands at the collision of the Indo-Australian and the Pacific tectonic plates. Two distinct phases of intrusion have led to the production of nested coaxial porphyry ore bodies and sulphide-rich skarn at the margins, while sedimentary strata include Eocene clastic carbonate limestone with siltstones and sandstones near the base.
The second intrusive stage, the Main Grasberg Stock (MG), is composed of non-fragmental, porphyritic monzodiorites, forming a quartz-magnetite dilational stockwork with veinlet-controlled copper-gold mineralisation. This is a high-grade resource, with averages of 1.5% copper and 2g/t gold.
The workings comprise an open-pit mine, an underground mine and four concentrators. The open-pit mine, which forms a mile-wide crater at the surface, is a high-volume low-cost operation, producing more than 67 million tonnes of ore and providing more than 75% of the mill feed in 2006.
Designed to be fully mechanised, using 6.2m Caterpillar R1700 load-haul-dump vehicles (LHDs) at the extraction level with a truck haulage level to the gyratory crusher, the Deep Ore Zone (DOZ) block cave mine is one of the largest underground operations in the world.
After 2004, when the DOZ mine averaged 43,600tpd, a second underground crusher and additional ventilation were installed to increase daily capacity to 50,000 tonnes. Ramp-up production has begun at the Deep Mill Level Zone (DMLZ) underground mine, which lies below the DOZ underground mine and to the east of the Grasberg ore body.
Production equipment includes 30m42m buckets, a 170-strong fleet of 70t330t haul trucks, together with 65 dozers and graders, with radar, GPS and robotics used in the mines state-of-the-art slope-monitoring system.
The ore undergoes primary crushing at the mine, before being delivered by ore passes to the mill complex for further crushing, grinding and flotation. Grasbergs milling and concentrating complex is the largest in the world, with four crushers and two giant semi-autogenous grinding (SAG) units processing a daily average of 240,000t of ore.
A flotation reagent is used to separate concentrate from the ore. Slurry containing 60-40 copper concentrate is drawn along three pipelines to the seaport of Amamapare, more than 70 miles away, where it is dewatered. Once filtered and dried, the concentrate containing copper, gold and silver is shipped to smelters around the world.
For production of building aggregates, SBM can offer such core crushing machines like jaw crusher, impact crusher, cone crusher and sand-making machine. So far, we have developed 10 series which include over 100 machine models that can be matched freely so as to meet various demands on yielding and types of building aggregates.
The PC Hammer Mill, MTW, MTM Medium Speed Trapezium Mill, Ball Mill and the LM, LUM Vertical Mill cover all requirements of crude, fine and ultrafine powder production in the industrial milling field. Production of free combination from 0 to 2500 meshes can be realized. No matter which industry you are in, chemistry, energy, construction material or metallurgy field, SBM will always meet all your demands.
There are two kinds of mobile crushing plant--- the wheel-type and track-type plant respectively. But these two kinds have 7 series and 72 models in total. No matter what demands you put, we can always assemble a plant for you.
Auxiliary facilities are indispensable in aggregate production lines, so SBM attaches great importance to the development of these facilities including feeder, screen and sand washer. Until now, SBM has pushed out Y series and S5X series screen, ZSW series, F5X series and GF series vibrating feeder and XSD series sand washer successively.
There is no metal in the world that can intervene in human economic life like gold, and have such a major impact on human society. Its dazzling luster and unparalleled physical and chemical properties have a magical eternal charm. Although the social status of gold has experienced vicissitudes, ups and downs, and ups and downs in the history of human civilization for thousands of years. But so far, it still maintains a sacred aura among many people, the wealth that the world seeks together.
The process of gold ore processing and production mainly includes three processes: crushing, grinding and beneficiation.In the crushing process, the three-stage closed-circuit crushing is more modern and suitable for high-hardness gold ore crushing, which can complete the work of ore crushing and partial dissociation, thereby improving the subsequent grinding efficiency;In the grinding process, the second stage and one closed grinding is an efficient grinding process, which can make the gold ore grinding more fully;Among the beneficiation processes, the representative new processes that have emerged in recent years mainly include: gravity separation, amalgamation, cyanidation, flotation, etc.
Gold is loved by consumers around the world. Not matter placer gold, or rock gold, Eastman can provide products and technical support for large scale and small scale gold mining plants. Contact us to do free design.
Large pieces of gold ore are evenly sent to the jaw crusher or coarse crushing mobile station (primary crushing) by the vibrating feeder for coarse crushing; After coarsely crushed gold ore are screened by vibrating screens, they are sent to a single-cylinder hydraulic cone crusher (second crushing) for intermediate crushing; The crushed gold ore materials are sent to a multi-cylinder hydraulic cone crusher for fine crushing;
Jaw crusher is mainly used for medium size crushing of various ores and bulk materials. It can crush materials with a compressive strength of up to 320Mpa, divided into two types: coarse crushing and fine crushing. Eastman has PE and PEX series jaw crushers with complete product specifications. Its feed size is 125mm1020mm, and the single machine output is as high as 600TPH. It is an ideal choice for primary crushing equipment.View More>>>
The GP (single-cylinder) hydraulic cone crusher is widely used in the medium and fine crushing process of iron ore, copper ore, gold ore and other metal mines. Eastman single-cylinder hydraulic cone crusher is a high-efficiency crusher designed with advanced American technology and the performance of high-quality materials in the industry.Automatic control and easy operation: using PCL touch screen operation and hydraulic adjustment of the discharge method, the discharge port is easy to adjust, easy to maintain, and it is more convenient and efficient to remove and replace the fixed cone, reducing downtime.<
HP (Multi-cylinder) hydraulic cone crusher is a new generation of high-efficiency hydraulic cone crusher based on nearly 30 years of crusher research and development experience, combined with domestic and foreign advanced technology, after several generations of product development and application. On the basis of the traditional multi-cylinder hydraulic cone crusher spindle fixed, eccentric sleeve rotating around the spindle structure and laminated crushing principle, the HP series has carried out a breakthrough optimization of the equipment structure, which significantly improves the use performance and crushing capacity of the equipment. The hydraulic lubrication system is designed to ensure the reliable operation of the equipment, while the operation control is more intelligent and humane.<
The tire-type mobile crushing station is widely used in the crushing process of mines. It can overcome the obstacles that the crushing site, environment, complex infrastructure and complex logistics bring to customers crushing operations, and truly provide customers with efficient and low-cost project operation hardware facilities . Eastman mobile tyre crusher has been successfully applied to mine crushing projects at home and abroad and plays an important role.<
Ball mill is a commonly used and efficient grinding equipment. It is suitable for grinding various ores such as iron ore, gold ore, gold ore and lead-zinc ore in metal beneficiation, and is used to grind the ore to below 0.075mm for subsequent beneficiation processes. According to different ways of discharging, it can be divided into grid type and overflow type. The grinding method can be divided into dry and wet grinding methods.<
Spiral classifier is a kind of equipment for mechanical classification based on the principle that the solid particles have different specific gravity, so the speed of precipitation in the liquid is different. It can filter the powder ground out of the mill, and then screw the coarse material into the feed port of the mill using a spiral blade, and discharge the filtered fine material from the overflow pipe.<
The SF series flotation machine can suck air and pulp by itself. The tank body is forward inclined, which is conducive to the front return of the foam; the double-blade impeller has a good stirring effect on the coarse sand at the bottom.The BF series flotation machine is an improved version of the SF flotation machine, which is mainly used for the separation of minerals with a large proportion such as iron ore.<
The dryer is a commonly used equipment after the mine beneficiation. The drying drum adopts the principle of the drum forward and reverse to achieve the non-winding effect of the dried items, so that the moisture in the material can be removed.<