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Thank you, and good morning. We appreciate your continued interest in U.S. Steel and welcome you to our first quarter 2021 earnings call. On the call with me this morning will be U.S. Steel President and CEO, Dave Burritt; Senior Vice President and CFO, Christie Breves; and Senior Vice President and Chief Strategy and Sustainability Officer, Rich Fruehauf. After the close of business yesterday, we posted our earnings release and earnings presentation under the Investors section of our website. On today's call, we will walk through via webcast, select slides and our first quarter results. The link and slides for today's call can also be found on our website.
Before we start, let me remind you that some information provided during this call may include forward-looking statements that are based on certain assumptions and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties as described in our SEC filings, and actual future results may vary materially. Forward-looking statements in the press release that we issued yesterday, along with our remarks today are made as of today and we undertake no duty to update them as actual events unfold.
Thank you, Kevin. Good morning, everyone. Thank you for being a part of today's call and for your interest in U.S. Steel. Last quarter, you heard us reference optimism, optionality and opportunity for 2021. Well, those themes are confirmed in our first quarter performance and our outlook for the rest of the year and beyond. First on optimism. Our first quarter performance and expectations for record second quarter EBITDA margins for our Flat-Rolled and mini-mill segments confirm our optimism. Our operations are running well, and in a market where every single ton of quality steel produced matters, I am pleased to report record quality and reliability performance at numerous facilities across our footprint. Strong market conditions are great, but we are delivering on the fundamentals that keep our business resilient throughout the market cycle.
Second on optionality. Big River Steel's first quarter performance and early successes of our Best of Both footprint confirm the inherent optionality of our strategy. And opportunity, our Best of Both footprint created the opportunity for U.S. Steel to be the industry leader in sustainability launching our verdeX line of sustainable steels becoming the first North American producer to join ResponsibleSteel, and announcing our 2050 net-zero aspiration confirms our sustainability leadership role in American steelmaking. Rich, will detail how Best of Both footprint creates the foundation for a differentiated sustainable steels only available from U.S. Steel.
Let's get started on Slide 5. You heard us speak in January about our continued optimism for steel markets, while our optimism has been exceeded by what is happening in the market today. Today's robust demand long-lead times and insight from customers have us even more bullish. Further strengthening of the economy in a much-needed infrastructure bill would be catalyst for additional earnings growth.
Another factor informing our market perspective is today's supportive steelmaking costs. Costs for steelmaking inputs, particularly scrap and iron ore are supporting today's higher steel price environment. This is where U.S. Steel has a compelling competitive advantage. First in iron ore. Our low-cost fully integrated iron ore mines supply our blast furnaces with high-quality iron ore. Today's iron ore prices are near record highs, but U.S. Steel's iron ore input cost is the lowest in North America, providing a structural cost advantage in our Flat-Rolled segment.
Next in scrap. With Big River Steel fully consolidated with U.S. Steel, we're optimizing our scrap sourcing. The high-quality, prime scrap generated internally and our integrated operations is being used at Big River Steel to offset some of their need for prime scrap purchases. This opportunity has already saved approximately $5 million through April, and we are continuing to assess additional ways to optimize scrap flows for the remainder of the year.
Another reason we're bullish for a stronger for longer market are the low levels of steel in the supply chain. End customer demand has been so strong that most steel customers haven't had the opportunity to restock depleted inventories. This need will continue to support the future steel demand. While today's market is certainly driving significant earnings growth, our well-timed acquisition of Big River Steel is the real headline this quarter. We acted boldly to accelerate the purchase of Big River Steel and now are benefiting from the best-in-class performance in the first quarter. Expectations for a continued strong steel market makes our well-timed acquisition of Big River Steel even more compelling.
Slide 6 just begins to showcase our first quarter achievements at Big River Steel. From day one, Big River Steel has been proving the value of our strategy, including a highly variable cost structure, an entrepreneurial workforce and increased efficiencies from the Phase 2 expansion. Each of these driving factors contributed to Big River Steel's superior performance in the quarter.
Big River Steel delivered 32% EBITDA margin in the first quarter, or $362 of EBITDA per ton shipped. These are enterprise changing financial results that truly reposition our competitiveness and value creation potential. Average selling prices of $967 per ton in the quarter reflects Big River Steel's complementary commercial contract structure.
To put this in perspective, Slide 7 compares Big River Steel's superior margin performance to other domestic mini-mills. Big River's Phase 2 expansion has led to world-class labor productivity. With 651 employees capable of producing 3.3 million tons, that's 5,000 tons of quality -- high-quality, low emission steel per employee produced by a world-class team. We expect continued margin expansion in the second quarter as utilization and profitability per minute remain strong. At Big River Steel, it's not just about how much steel you can make, it's about how much money you can make per minute of the line time. Line time that is highly valued by customers and highly optimized in Osceola, Arkansas. Big River Steel's superior first quarter performance and differentiated capabilities confirm the optionality that Big River Steel and our Best of Both footprint provides. This optionality gave us the confidence to expand our commitment to sustainability.
In March, we announced a new line of sustainable steel solutions called verdeX. This is shown on Slide 8. Full ownership of Big River Steel together with U.S. Steel know-how, deep customer relationships, and proprietary finishing lines were the catalyst for this exciting product launch. Rich will provide more details on this differentiated product offering. Rich?
Thank you, Dave. We are pleased to announce our verdeX line of sustainable steels, the first-of-its-kind in the domestic steel industry. This is U.S. Steel's Best of Both strategy realized in a new game-changing product. verdeX combines the best of mini-mill production with the best finishing technology from our existing Flat-Rolled business. Through this combination we are now able to offer our customers some of our most proprietary grades of steel, including our XG3 grades of Generation 3 advanced high-strength steels, now with up to a 75% reduction in CO2 emissions. We are the market leader in Generation 3 advanced high-strength steels and we're ready to take the next step with customers by offering a green sustainable version of our most advanced steel products.
This is something our competition cannot offer today. Big River Steel substrate, together with our world-class finishing assets that are being qualified with many customers and OEMs, creates a unique customer solution. We heard our customers. We understand their needs for more sustainable solutions and we are meeting their request to provide them with the sustainable steels to help them meet their own decarbonization goals. Our verdeX sustainable steels provide the best for our customers and the best for our planet.
Customers can convert today's steel orders into a sustainable, alternative and begin to market the green endless recyclability of the U.S. Steel verdeX sustainable solutions. Customers are looking to partner with the right suppliers. By offering tomorrow's sustainable steels today, we can help them get to their future faster. Today, U.S. Steel's offering our customers an opportunity to turn pledges into action by utilizing our new verdeX line of advanced sustainable steels. We look forward to boldly partnering with those that share our vision and value our differentiated customer value proposition.
Thanks, Rich. Our verdeX sustainable steel is just one of many announcements this year that reinforce our industry-leading sustainability proposition. The proof points on Slide 9, bill off our 2019 announcement to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions intensity by 20% by 2030 versus a 2018 baseline. We put our money where our mouth is by acquiring Big River Steel, the only lead certified steel mill in the United States and perhaps anywhere in the world. Next, we announced our line of sustainable steel solutions, so that we can partner with current and future customers as they meet their own decarbonization goals. And just last week, we expanded our commitment to sustainability by setting an ambitious 2050 net-zero carbon emissions goal.
Our 2050 goal announced last week is the catalyst to take our Best of Both strategy to the next level with our Best for All strategy, not just best for investors, best for customers, best for our employees, but best for the communities where we live and work and best for our planet. To reinforce our commitment to sustainability, we became the first North American-based steel company to join ResponsibleSteel, the industry's first global multi-stakeholder standard and certification initiative. Net-zero carbon emissions is the Big Hairy Audacious Goal, or BHAG, of this generation. That is why we announced our ambitions to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. We aspire to be part of this solution. Achieving this goal won't be easy. It requires us to reimagine the way we work. How we make steel, how we amaze and delight our customers, and how we allocate capital? That means, we have to make hard decisions.
Let's turn to Slide 10. Today, we're announcing one of those difficult decisions, one of those difficult choices. With a clear vision for our future, we have evaluated how we allocate capital through the lens of sustainability, value creation, and lower capital and carbon intensity across the footprint. When facts change, we must change, and as we step forward to meet the needs of a rapidly changing world, we must set aside the Mon Valley endless casting and rolling and co-generation project. This is not a decision we took lightly. But the events of the last year gave us the opportunity to reevaluate our capital allocation priorities. Based on today's Best of Both footprint and the global call to action of the emerging climate crisis, we know that this difficult decision is the right one for the business.
To be clear, the Mon Valley remains a structurally competitive steelmaking asset in our portfolio. It is our lowest cost steelmaking facility in our Flat-Rolled segment with advantaged logistics and energy costs. The Mon Valley will continue to serve strategic markets, including appliance and construction customers. We are also evaluating our quick cokemaking footprint and are announcing that we plan to permanently idle batteries one through three at our Clairton cokemaking operations by first quarter 2023. This timeline provides the opportunity to limit workforce impacts through regular attrition.
Today's Mon Valley announcements are informed by our expanded understanding of our steelmaking future, an accelerated approach to reducing our carbon and capital intensity. But to be very clear, this is not the end of the Mon Valley works. This highly competitive mill will continue to serve strategic customers today and into the future. We can decarbonize cost effectively with the right like-minded partners to create solutions for people and profits and planet. This means, everyone must step up, countries, companies, counties, competitors to do what's best for the planet.
Thanks, Dave. I'll begin on Slide 11. In the first quarter, we were basically strengthening the balance sheet and restoring financial flexibility. In total, we reduced U.S. Steel level debt by $1.2 billion. And as a result, we lowered our annual run rate interest expense by $100 million. We restored secured debt capacity at the U.S. Steel level by redeeming all of the 12% senior secured notes due 2025. And we extended our maturity profile by issuing $750 million of unsecured senior notes due 2029 to refinance near-term debt. The products we've made in advancing our Best of Both strategy gives us an opportunity to prioritize and better define capital allocation. The business is performing well and having the right capital allocation strategy is critical to delivering on our near-term and longer-term strategic goals.
In the first quarter, we took significant steps to enhance the balance sheet. In the second quarter, we believe we have the opportunity to further deleverage. As you will see in our 10-Q disclosure, we have already completed additional deleveraging actions in April, including open market repurchases of our 2025 and 2026 notes of approximately $32 million and approximately $60 million repayment of our USSK credit facility and $30 million repayment on the Big River Steel ABL facility today. In addition to the actions already taken in the quarter, we currently plan to opportunistically repay at least $500 million of additional debt and could increase that amount as the year progresses. As we think about potential investments, we have a bias for organic growth in existing competitive advantages and assets with strong strategic fit and investments that support our transition to a best for all future and drive lower capital and carbon intensity.
Now, turning to the quarter on Slide 12. Our first quarter adjusted EBITDA of $551 million came in stronger than our March 12 guidance of approximately $540 million. The better-than-expected results were driven by improved performance from our Flat-Rolled segment.
We ended the quarter with strong liquidity after repaying approximately $1.2 billion of debt. Ending liquidity for the quarter totaled approximately $2.9 billion. This includes cash and cash equivalents of $753 million.
On January 15, 2021, we acquired the remaining stake in Big River Steel for approximately $770 million. We acquired the newest, most technologically advanced steelmaking asset in the country. This is contributing strong earnings growth in cash flow, not additional pension and OPEB liabilities.
Our pension and OPEB ended 2020 well funded at 98% and 115%, respectively. Based on the rate environment and asset returns in the first quarter, those funded ratios have improved by approximately 3% to 5%, implying a fully funded status as the plans were remeasured today. We do not expect any mandatory contributions to our defined benefit pension plan in the next several years, based on our healthy well-funded status.
Turning to our operating segments. In our Flat-Rolled segment, our average selling price increased over 20%, and drove a significant improvement in our first quarter EBITDA. Higher market prices will continue to flow through our selling contracts and are expected to increase average selling prices further in the second quarter. Additionally, our Flat-Rolled segment is expected to benefit from reopening of the Soo Locks on the Great Lakes. Most of our iron ore pellets, either for our own consumption or for third-party sales travel through the Soo Locks.
First quarter EBITDA of $162 million in the Mini-Mill segment reflects our full ownership of Big River Steel from January 15 through March 31. EBITDA margin of 32% showcases the power of the Mini-Mill business model, a model we expect to drive further value in the second quarter. We expect our Flat-Rolled and Mini-Mill segments to set new records in the second quarter for EBITDA margin performance. In Europe, higher selling prices are also improving EBITDA performance in the segment.
Restarting the third blast furnace in January, improved efficiencies and increased shipments. We expect strong performance from our European segment in the second quarter from modestly higher shipments and higher average selling prices. Raw material costs, particularly higher iron ore costs remain a headwind.
In Tubular, market conditions are improving, rig counts have increased, distributor inventories are normalizing, and oil country tubular goods prices continue to increase. Their import levels remain high. These factors are driving improved customer pipe demand in the Tubular segment. We expect Tubular second quarter EBITDA to be near breakeven.
Thank you, Christie. Let's recap today's prepared remarks on Slide 13. First, our optimism for a stronger for longer environment is confirmed. First quarter performance was strong and the second quarter will be even stronger. Second, Big River's performance confirms the flexible optionality that a Best of Both footprint creates. And third, our sustainability leadership role in the United States is confirmed. We have the most recognizable brand in the industry and we now have the biggest voice in the industry about the opportunity, sustainability means for steel.
Hi. Good morning. Thanks for the time. Dave, you made some interesting comments about capital allocation and the debt pay down. Just on that front, I was interested in the trade-offs between using liquidity to pay down debt. It certainly sounds like you're going to reduce debt rather than replace it with some new debt. And then how that fits in relative to some investment options you have outside of Mon Valley, of course? And then also, in the last upcycle in 2018 you did do some cash payments to shareholders through buybacks. So just interested in the balance between those things?
Yeah. Thanks very much for that question, Karl. I'm going to make a comment, then I'll pass it to Christie for more information. I think first priority here is, of course, to make sure we keep this resilient balance sheet. We're obviously in a much different place than what we were a year ago, and it won't be long before people will be asking us, what are you going to be doing with all that cash, because we do have so much optimism for 2021 and beyond.
Okay. Yes, we have very clear priorities for the cash that we expect to be generated from the increased earnings in 2021. As we've often said, our first priority is to make sure we have a more resilient balance sheet. We believe that that will create a foundation to support future growth. And our guiding principles when we think about our capital structure is to maintain strong liquidity, financial flexibility, and make sure we have a supportive maturity profile. We also like investments, so that advance our Best of Both strategy. And we like investments that are in existing competitive advantages and assets that have a strong strategic fit. We also like investments that now are aligned with our sustainability objectives. You've heard our recent industry-leading sustainability announcements and these also are informing our future investment decisions. Obviously, we're targeting investments that lower our capital intensity, our carbon intensity and that are aligned with our 2050 net neutrality target.
Thanks, Christie. So very clearly, it's about the balance sheet, making sure we're in a good position on our balance sheet. There is going to be more action to make sure that we have that delevered and then we do have some opportunities with our Best of Both strategy to create value for our stockholders.
Got you. That's helpful. Yeah. I didn't hear much there about shareholder returns. So maybe I'll assume that's on the back burner for now. And then just shifting to your comment on sustainability in some ways point to focus on electric arc furnaces and the investment in Big River. So I just wanted to focusing on that. There was great performance from an earnings standpoint from the Big River asset in the quarter. There was a little bit more production from HRC than we're typically seeing there, some of that maybe represents the price and margin opportunity there. Has anything changed there in terms of what you're thinking long-term mix from that mill should be?
Karl, this is Kevin. I think that what you saw in the mix profile of Big River in the first quarter does indeed confirm the exposure that they have to this strong environment. I think you've heard us talk though about in the medium- to longer-term, transitioning some of those previously integrated-only grades of steel to Big River, where it makes sense to leverage their lower carbon footprint and to leverage our proprietary steel lines as we think about coming to market with our verdeX line of steel. So, as that accelerate, as we continue to engage with customers in all of our end markets about what sustainable steel solutions like verdeX could mean for their business, you could see a change in that mix, but we will continue to run Big River prioritizing profitability per minute on the line to ensure we're driving the right margin performance, the right EBITDA per ton performance and continue to generate value from that asset.
Yeah. Thanks, Kevin. I think one of the things to keep in mind too, as we move through the integration of Big River, that mill was built with capabilities that are pretty unique for a Mini-Mill. For example, they have an RH degasser, where most mini-mills have vacuum degassers. That capability is something our U.S. Steel technical experts are working on with the Big River operators. And I think over time you'll see the ability to make even higher end products as that degasser comes online and really gets optimized. So, I think there's more to come. And as Kevin said, we've got -- we've expanded on the 14 grades that have been trialed successfully. We're working with customers on qualification of the verdeX line of products. And there's more to come, more opportunity over time to move up the margin in the mix.
I think, obviously, this is a new acquisition for us. We're learning a lot how this works. But if you get back to the Best for Both, and then -- Best of Both and then Best for All, to Rich's point, with this degasser, we're able to take the background, the experience, the knowledge from U.S. Steel and help work on that degasser, and at the same time, the nimbleness that Big River Steel's able to operate the entrepreneurial spirit, we're catching that virus with the integrated mill. So, it really does play off one another, and while you have a lot of issues when you first acquire a business, I could say, for the most part it's gone pretty well. And we understand what a great asset that Big River Steel has been to our portfolio, especially so early on and we expect it to get better, and what that mix of product is going to be. Is all going to really dependent upon how fast we can move with verdeX, with our 17 pre-qualified products and on and on? So there's a lot of opportunity, and as we said at the opening, we want to make sure we keep that optionality open, so that we can leverage U.S. Steel integrated with the mini-mill capabilities of Big River Steel.
Hi. Thanks for taking my questions. I actually just wanted to follow up on the capital allocation question. Obviously, with the canceling of the Mon Valley project and where prices are, there is, as you mentioned, quite a few options here and clearly, the focus on debt reduction liquidity and investments. Rather than assuming, is it reasonable to assume, or what is the policy toward cash returns to shareholders, specifically?
Yeah. Well, I think the way to think of this first off, David, as you get to the Mon Valley and you think about that, again, the capital allocation in terms of what are -- where we're putting the money, you can pretty much go pencils down on the $1.3 billion that remains at Mon Valley. That is not going to be spent. We have the endless caster that's -- the largest portion of that has been built. And so, we have optionality with where that might go.
So, as far as capex spend for the balance of this year we'll still be at the $675 million, but I would expect in the short-term here to continue to have out-sized returns. And as we sort through this new footprint that we're putting together, I think we'll see out-sized through cycle improvements in our margins. And frankly, we're figuring that out as we work through with Big River and what those next steps are, and I just have to say more to come.
Well, what we've said, I think is in our preferences for organic growth use, our existing footprint and look for those advantaged assets, whether either have a cost advantage or a capability advantage and spend the money there, expand the money there, grow the opportunity at Big River Steel, for example, and see what's possible as we continue this path of Best of Both, looking at the integrated, look at the mini-mill, we'll find where that least capital intensity, the highest optimize through cycle profitability is.
Good morning. So another question folks, again on capital allocation, but it's kind of the decarbonization strategy. Obviously, you leapfrogged some of your US peers announcing quite aggressive decarbonization targets over the last couple of decades. And a lot remains to be confirmed with regards to technology change. When you think about what's happened at Mon Valley, how do you consider the broader transition toward more EAF capacity? And also considering things like DRI and hydrogen. I think DRI was included in your announcement from last week. What scale of capex are you going to bracing for over the next decade or so? And do you think that U.S. Steel can fund this on your own, or to be an interest in working with partners to drive that decarbonization plus in the capex side?
Well, there is certainly a lot in that question. There is a lot of work for us to get to this 2050 goal. This BHAG we talked about, there is really the three categories that will be impacted, that's how we make steel. Who we partner with to achieve those common goals and who is going to line up with us to help us get there? And then where we allocate the capital? So, if you think about it in those three categories, that's where we have to figure it out. And again, our goal is to make sure we're the least capital-intensive organization possible as we make this transition from integrated and mini-mill to Best for All. But as far as the actual specific expenditures over the next 30 years, the next 20 years, obviously, across the whole industry, steel industry, it will be billions of dollars, and it won't be just all the individual companies. It will be countries and companies and competitors collaborating.
If you think about the BHAG thing, it's one of those things that, it's so big, it's so immense, it is going to take collaboration even with competitors to find the breakthroughs as to how to make steel and cement and decarbonize the planet. So there's a lot of thinking that has to go into this. We're in the beginning phases. We've been first out in terms of setting the goal because we know it's necessary for the planet. But as far as the opportunity and where those funds come, you have to wait and see. We have to wait and see. And we have to develop those partnerships.
As we saw with COVID-19 and the collaboration that we saw across competitors to develop the vaccine, there is going to be that kind of collaboration over time and we're going to have to have our suppliers pay, our customers pay, the government's pay, our county's pay, for those types of improvements that have to be made. Now, how that gets giddy-up is going to be up to the markets and the policymakers to decide.
Thank you. And just my follow-up simply on Mon Valley. Can you just, again, walk us through the development to date on the caster? In your earlier comments, I think you said that that could be allocate to different facility. Can you clarify? And again, for Mon Valley, any update on future volumes given the changes in capex?
Yeah. On that -- we spend on the caster about $170 million, and I think going toward the $250 million, so we have equipment in storage that could be repositioned elsewhere. And where that's going to be position, of course, that's under study.
Dave, I believe, Seth was asking about the production at the Valley without the -- with the capital expenditures. And this investment, just as a reminder, was never to expand capacity of the Mon Valley. So we expect that the capabilities of that facility from a volume perspective will be unchanged on a go-forward basis and we'll continue to serve quality steel to our strategic end markets like construction and appliance. So no change in that regard.
Yeah, hi. Thanks for taking my questions. So given that you have had Big River for over three months now. Can you talk about the synergies that you have identified and maybe quantify it for us, please? Also, with the lower utilization in 1Q, were there any one-off costs related to the weather or ongoing ramp in 1Q? And how much volume improvement should we expect into 2Q?
Sure. So Sathish, this is Kevin. Let me address the second part of your question, first, and then I'll hand it over to Rich to talk a little bit about the progress we've made on the integration of Big River into U.S. Steel. So, on the utilization rate, I think it's really important for -- to everybody to understand how we look at loading that facility and consistent with our prior remarks. It's not just about how much steel you can make, it's about how much money you can make per minute of line time that you have. So, while you see utilization rates may be trending a bit lower, that's really a function of some of the mix and how we choose to allocate line time in order to maximize profitability. So, while there were some weather disruptions in the middle of the quarter that impacted production, we feel like the utilization rates we had, the way we loaded the facility in the first quarter, the products we chose to make and sell into the marketplace were the right ones. And I think that's validated by the 32% EBITDA margin performance and the $362 a ton of EBITDA generated at Big River. So, let's look, utilization made with [Phonetic] the green is solid [Phonetic], it's a secondary measurement at least for the Mini-Mill segment in our view, and what we should be focused on as the EBITDA margins and EBITDA per ton.
Yeah. Thanks, Kevin. I think, Big River is the cornerstone of the Best of Both. And what you see with Big River is, what we've always thought it would be, which is we're using the know-how, the proprietary substrate technology that U.S. Steel has, plus our deep customer relationships and leveraging those with Big River's process, expertise and that's under the verdeX umbrella of product opportunities for green steels, plus other areas. So there is value coming from that.
And I think on a more precise and specific value of this capture we've had is with respect to our scrap sourcing. I think Dave touched on it. We've been able to optimize scrap sourcing by sending some of our high-quality prime scrap generated internally at our integrated footprint to Big River Steel to offset their scrap purchase needs to some degree. So that saved about $5 million through April, and we expect that to continue. We talked a little bit about the RH degasser already and the opportunities there to come. So, we're seeing a lot of great opportunities. We're capturing some value already. And we think there's a lot more to come.
So, Sathish, I think we've continued to make really good progress, monetizing our iron ore position, which includes selling those into the kind of the third-party market. We haven't disclosed any new agreements, but I think everybody should be confident that we continue to find opportunities that are EBITDA positive for our business and opportunistically sell into the market leveraging our low-cost iron ore position. So, that's an active part of the strategy that we continue to execute against.
Yeah. Hey. Good morning, guys. I wanted to ask a bunch about the second quarter, but I'm kind of stuck on this Mon Valley announcement. So I wanted to ask my first question really about that. When it was announced a couple of years ago, it was described as game-changing, really crucial. And so, I'm still kind of trying to understand what it means to not have that project. And I know at the time you also said that it was over an 82-year-old hot strip mill that had to be replaced. So, can you just help us understand what not having that update does for Mon Valley? And you also said it was a critical operation. So, can you help us reconcile that, please?
So, Timna, this is Kevin. So I think when we disclosed this project two years ago, we were taking a very good facility and increasing its capabilities. So that's a very good facility that we're serving as the foundation for this investment remains in place. And we were talking about potentially transitioning to different strategic markets based on the technology, the endless casting and rolling would provide. However, we remain very confident that the existing capabilities at the Mon Valley will allow us to compete in the end markets that the Mon Valley has always served and has served at high levels of profitability going forward and those include appliance, construction, service centers, etc. So, I don't think that going forward, this will have a material impact on the existing performance of the Mon Valley, which is our lowest cost producer, which is our -- one of our most efficient operations, and is one of our most profitable facilities within the Flat-Rolled segment.
So, we were obviously showcasing and highlighting back during the announcement some of the capability increases that would be made. But going forward, we're highly confident in the existing operations at the Mon Valley. I mean, we just started a blast furnace outage there today for 25 days to make some investments in the blast furnace. So we remain committed to that facility going forward. We'll continue to allocate capital toward it. And we continue to believe it will generate strong earnings and strong cash flow for the business.
Okay. Thanks for that. And then looking forward, if I could, on the margins for your blast furnace operations. Just thinking about the margin structure, costs were a little bit higher in the first quarter than we expected. So just wondered if you could provide any detail on cost inflation that you're seeing? And then similarly, along the lines of the margin opportunity going forward. Can -- in the past when prices spiked, there were some revisiting of contracts for annual customers. Obviously, they've got a pretty good price relative to spot market lately. I'm just wondering if there is any talk of revisiting any contracts? Thanks a lot, guys.
Yeah. Sure. Thanks, Timna. So, I mean, from a quarter-over-quarter perspective, in the first quarter, one thing that we always be mindful of is the seasonal impacts of -- on the mining operations, which certainly richer this quarter. Obviously, scrap on the raw material side is a headwind for the Flat-Rolled segment as we highlighted in our quarter-over-quarter bridge charts. And then we had some other costs, including kind of variable comp and things like that the business always incurs in the first quarter, it also was a headwind quarter-over-quarter.
Going forward in this type of environment, we -- the good news about and the great thing about our commercial strategy is that, we're negotiating contracts really throughout the year. We have some contracts and more heavily weighted to earlier in the year. But nonetheless, we have the opportunities to engage with our customers throughout the year on fixed price contracts and we'll continue to do so. So, we keep those discussions between us and our customers, but we're optimizing the way we engage, we negotiate contracts every quarter of the year and that will continue to be the case in 2021. So, more to come on that.
Thank you very much. Just switching away from Mon Valley to also Granite City for a moment. You've previously said that you obviously operate your blast furnaces based on your overall order flow not necessarily on high prices, but there's obviously been a lot of talk about demand being strong and growing and you mentioned [Indecipherable] and distributor is being better and rig count is being better. Can you just remind us -- these blast furnace A is still down. Can you just remind us what is the status of blast furnace A? How quickly could it be started up? What kind of markets does it usually service? Is it energy? And maybe you have any kind of updated thinking on that? That would be great. Thank you.
In the current market environment, Granite City is operating very well to service existing customer base and maximizing earnings. There is currently no plans to turn on blast furnace A. It's got great cost capabilities right now. And in terms of the markets that it's serving, so we think it's well positioned for now. And again, no plans actually to add another blast furnace.
Yeah. That's right, Andreas. It typically serves the energy market. And so, while the energy market is improving, it's still below where it was a year ago. So, I think that's an important consideration. So, yes, exposure in the energy market and while the market is starting to improve, it's still at pretty low levels. And the Tubular market in general continues to be impacted by high levels of imports. So, we'll just -- as Dave mentioned, no changes to the footprint at this time.
Yeah, thank you. Good morning, everyone. So if [Phonetic] you can comment about the end market, particularly the auto sector. We read your comments on Page 19 of your yesterday's presentation. But given the announcement that some of the automakers had made particularly forward -- very weak second quarter production rates on the back of the semiconductors problems that they are facing. What can you elaborate on that regard? And what are you hearing from the auto customers? And how do you see your order book in that end market?
Well, obviously, the market has been impacted by the semiconductor, the chips. This has gotten some global attention in terms of making the improvements, but for our business and where we see ourselves now, we're in a good place. And, in fact, I wouldn't be surprised if the second quarter would double the first quarter, I don't think that's unrealistic. So, clearly, the markets V shaped recovery, there is going to be some dips and starts and stops and all that kind of thing, but we continue to be optimistic that it will be sorted through, but it will probably take a couple of years. Again, with our theme of stronger for longer.
I would say just overall for the -- we had $551 million, we could see as much as double. I don't think it's unrealistic to think that we would double EBITDA in the second quarter from the first quarter.
All right. Understood. Great. And then just coming back to the prior question from Andreas. How -- for how long can you take -- can you keep Great Lakes indefinitely idle without maybe you completely decommission it and spend money to renovate [Phonetic] the site? And right now how much is the cost of keeping that plant idle?
Well, keeping the plant idle is, it's not a material amount at this point. If conditions were right and they have to really change dramatically because we don't see those blast furnaces coming on. We believe it will be down indefinitely until we see more from our customers in terms of what they're willing to do with us and we still keep the finishing side that's operational and that's very good asset for us, especially as it relates to the advanced high-strength steel. So, those facilities are operating fine in today's environment and again, we don't expect to turn on the blast furnaces anytime soon.
Hey, everyone. I'm loving the BHAG, I think I haven't heard that one. My first question is on the Clairton announcement. Just wanted to get a few sort of clarifications around it. So, idling battle -- permanently closing batteries one through three, if that's a 4.3 million facility with 10 batteries, is that about $1.2 billion or $1.3 billion capacity? And then, is that capacity that kind of was running and you just consolidating kind of idle batteries anyway or is that coke that coming out of the market? And then lastly, is there a environmental remediation charge associated with closing those facilities?
All right, Matt, so this is Kevin. Let me talk a little about Clairton. So 4.3 million tons of annual capacity at Clairton. Batteries one through three make up approximately 700,000 tons of that capacity, about 17% of the overall production at Clairton. Those batteries are operating currently. And as we said, we are targeting Q1 2023 date, so that we can continue to serve customers with third-party coke, steelmaking operations and manage attrition, so that will occur at the appropriate time in the future, about 17% of the overall capacity of Clairton is made up of the one through three batteries.
And then appreciate Christie's guidance about debt repayment in the quarter or repayment in the quarter and then the comments about paying down another $500 million opportunistically over the year. After you guys do that and pay down another $500 million, is that -- do you feel like now you've got the balance sheet in a good place going forward and there needs to be no further debt reduction after that $500 million or do you still feel like there is more wood to chop on the balance sheet in 2022 and beyond?
Yeah. Matt, I think that Christie's remark size $500 million is kind of the minimum opportunity in our mind that we plan to execute against in the near-term, but we'll continue to evaluate the acceleration, the cash flow generation of the business to the extent that we think the time is right and conditions are supportive. I think that there is likely an opportunity for us to increase that amount of deleveraging. So, we'll continue to watch how the business performs. We'll continue to kind of maintain the resiliency, the balance sheet and ensure we have kind of the right debt structure given the -- through -- our view of through cycle earnings of the business and making sure remain strong. So, I think it's the minimum and there potentially to do -- potential to do more through 2021 and beyond.
Thanks, everyone, for your interest in U.S. Steel. Before we conclude, allow me to take the time to thank employees for their continued focus on safety and on our customers. Today's strong steel demand environment has not distracted you from what matters most, your safety, and our promise to deliver quality products to our customers. Year-to-date in 2021 you are maintaining near record safety levels achieved last year. Your actions and commitment to safety are the drivers to our continued strong safety performance. You've maintained that same level of commitment to serving our customers. In the first quarter, you achieved record low customer claims performance in both the Flat-Rolled and European segments, you also delivered record reliability performance in our Flat-Rolled segment. Your focus on safety and the customer continues to be a priority. Thank you.
In thsi 2018 file photo, Randy Feltmeyer checks a giant ladle that has poured red-hot iron into a vessel in a furnace at the U.S. Steel Granite City Works plant in Granite City. A Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act notice filed Friday by U.S. Steel said the company may lay off as may as 737 workers at the factory.
GRANITE CITY U.S. Steel on Friday reported it plans to lay off several thousand employees nationwide, including about 700 at Granite City Works. However, a much smaller number is expected to be laid off.
On Friday, a Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act notice was received by the Madison County Board office. The federal act requires employers with 100 or more employees to provide 60 days notice of plant closings and mass layoffs.
Dan Simmons, president of USWA Local 1899 which represents about 1,900 workers at the mill and related businesses, said the union expects just under 100 to be laid off at this time. He said most are probationary workers who had been at the plant for a few months or less; some had been there for about a year.
Included in the nationwide shutdowns will be the A blast furnace at Granite City, which had been down for maintenance and will not be restarted as originally scheduled, and blast furnaces at Gary Works and Mon Valley Works. The B blast furnace at Granite City will continue operations.
Other affected facilities include iron ore production and steel processing at a number of plants. The notice came as U.S. Steel announced a net loss of $391 million for the first quarter of 2020, compared to earnings of $54 million in the first quarter of 2019.
Over the past several weeks, we have announced a series of actions in response to the coronavirus pandemic and the significant changes in the global oil and gas markets, said U.S. Steel President and CEO David B. Burritt in a written statement.
As the impacts from these unprecedented market dynamics became apparent, we adjusted our footprint, fortified our balance sheet and aggressively cut costs, he said. While these decisive actions helped us exceed our first quarter guidance, we have quickly turned our attention to the second quarter to not only ensure the safety and health of our employees but also to preserve cash and liquidity.
According to the American Iron and Steel Institute, an industry trade organization, both actual steel production and capability utilization, which measures the percentage of steel making capability actually being used, are down dramatically from last year.
Fuhrmann said what is happening is a trickle-down effect. As stores remain closed and people dont purchase things, eventually manufacturers slow down. Then that impacts the companies that make raw materials like steel.
According to the AISI, domestic raw steel production for the week of April 25 was 1.25 million tons, down by slightly more than one-third from last years 1.892 million tons. For the same period the capability utilization rate was 55.8 percent, down from 81.3 percent last year.
The plant was idled about two years ago during a nation-wide downturn in steel production, and reopened in April 2018. Since then U.S. Steel has been hiring large numbers of workers. Simmons said they had a group getting ready to go in in April, but that was stopped as part of the slowdown.
When the steel industry hit the skids three years ago, one of the biggest signals of woe was the shuttering of U.S. Steels mill in Granite City, Illinois in 2016. That mill took iron ore from the Mesabi Range. Company officials cited its closure as one of the reasons for the idling of Keewatin Taconite.
Yesterday, U.S. Steel announced that it was re-opening its Granite City Works in Granite City, Illinois, just across the river from St. Louis, Missouri. More than 500 workers are going back to work. The company cites improved demand for steel amid news of President Trumps tariffs on all foreign steel and aluminum. Reports indicate Trump may implement the tariffs today.
Of course, this all sounds good for Iron Range mines, but the truth is that the regions taconite mines were all back up and running last year. The steel market uptick we see now began near the end of the Obama Administration. Some argue that Trump supercharged the boom. Others say it was happening anyway with Chinas decision to stop dumping cheap steel.
In fact, thats the rub of the entire tariff issue. China was beginning to behave the way we wanted them to. Their share of the U.S. market was below 4 percent. The tariffs will hit our allies in Canada and Europe much harder than the country most responsible for the problem.
The surge of demand and higher prices for domestic steel will positively affect some communities around the Rust Belt. But what it offers the Iron Range is a temporary infusion of job security, not so much job growth. U.S. Steels mines at Minntac and Keewatin Taconite, were already running full and will continue to do so.
As I wrote recently, Iron Rangers regard Trumps tariffs positively. Over time, however, we will begin to experience the negative effects of a trade war. That will be the true test of the policy. Should steel tariffs trigger inflation and a market collapse, as they did in 1932, nobody on the Iron Range will benefit. Indeed, well be growing potatoes in our back yards.
Fact is, we have economic disparities throughout the Iron Range. Those problems sit outside the purvey of steel tariffs. Thats because even with red hot iron ore production, most people dont work in mining. Those days are forever gone. But weve been over this.
My personal read is that the complexities of the modern economy will render the tariff debate as clear as mud, seen by different political actors as representative of what they already believe. In other words, were still paying Trumpball. And the only rule of Trumpball is there are no rules, only chaos.
Aaron, come on. People with an arms length understanding of the steel and iron ore industry might buy what your trying to sell. The iron range currently has millions of iron units that are still off line compared to three years ago. I know your smart enough to understand how China gets their steel into this country beyond the 5% number you indicate. Would you have wrote this same piece if these same tariffs were initiated by President Obama, I doubt it.
Elanne The Magnetation plants which are all still shut down produced about 3 million tons from what I remember and Mesabi Nugget which is also down produced a value added iron nugget to the tune of hundreds of thousands of tons per year. These operations still being down is costing the area hundreds of direct hire jobs and hundreds of support industry jobs along with the millions of dollars cut from our local economies from lost vender purchases.
True, I was more vocally pro-tariff in 2016 when we were getting dumped on by China. The tariffs were more effective than I thought then, which I copped to here: http://minnesotabrown.com/2016/07/steel-tariffs-working.html
But the market continues to change. China is supplying itself now. In fact, China doesnt give a shit about us. It dumps because dumping is a way to keep its people working and they dont care about the consequences on our markets or workers. So yeah, theyll also sell to Vietnam who then dump because they also dont give a shit about our workers. So were striking hard at China now, at a time when it wont affect them, but actually being much harder on our allies. OH WAIT. Now I see the president is hemming and hawing about Canada and Mexico, and will probably acquiesce to Europe before the end fo the day. So what are we doing?
Yeah, Iron Range mines have unused capacity now. They also have huge capital investments to make. How much capacity did United lose with its various problems these last two years all related to aging infrastructure and a way overhyped mustang pellet. And we still are wedding to blast furnaces for the foreseeable future something that will eventually bite us in the ass like an alligator.
The mines got a huge tax cut this year. And theyre going to get some kind of tariffs which certainly wont hurt them. This is probably their last chance to upgrade for value added and direct reduced iron or were just whistling past the graveyard here. Theres only so much that tariffs can do, and if we are going to use tariffs it would be great if we could have a cohesive strategy rather than the shambling chaos were getting.
Having an overriding attitude of anti-Trump has turned many, many good people into hyper-hypocritical, narcissistic cynics. Unfortunately, the older one gets the greater probability cynicism becomes a one-way path, and once taken the way back is lost forever. CNN is the poster child of this attitude, and look whats happened to their viewership. Sad..
In the long run, the value of the tariffs to the Range will ride on the balance that results between higher prices for American ore due to the tariffs versus the loss of sales by end users facing higher costs for steel and aluminum as well as retaliatory tariffs and the impact of deals like the TPP. If end users like Caterpillar lose significant amounts of business to Japanese, Scandinavian, and German rivals in the international market due to higher prices for their products and foreign tariffs blocking purchases, miners actually start to lose money instead of gaining. Multiply this by hundreds of other end user businesses and you see what happens.
So the Trump voters in Hibbing are drunk with the glory of his benevolent and godly leadership ! The trade off figures are potentially a net loss for Minnesota even larger then the gain for the range. But who cares as long as Trumpers are deluded into thinking they get theirs. The problem is as he dances through scandal to misstep to utright foolishness the lack of a plan, a coordinated strategy to avoid tragedy. Full speed ahead to wealth everything else be damned. There I was in the Cobb Cook schools playing duck and cover games in the mid 1950s. The duck and cover of today is hiding under the shell from reality. Yea still a shell game. I walked away from the range with a healthy skepticism drilled into me by city elders fed up with the lies of the mining supporters. I would suggest that the digging that needs to be done is into the BS being propagated around this tariff nonsense as this article does so well. Return to deep skepticism oh northern woods. Oh yea and I guess we now know the reason the daughter went to the Olypmics at the last minute. The question is what or who did she give away for the misdirect to cover the collusion ? But I digress. In the range of old that is the kind of conversation you could hear at Cheecos. Skepticism, doubt, reading between the lines searching for the back story. A- the boys sang, dont get fooled again
By Aaron Brown A 21st century memoir of a place and a people: (Buy now on Amazon) -- The Iron Range is a string of blue collar towns along an iron formation in northern Minnesota, many of which ... Read More
The Great Northern Radio Show features music, comedy & stories about modern life off the beaten path: Written, produced & hosted by Aaron J. Brown with a talented supporting cast and Minnesota musicians and guests. Each episode broadcasts from a different location. The next Great Northern Radio Show is Saturday, Nov. 9, 2019 at 5 ... Read More
Houston US Steel could be the next steelmaker to announce additional production curtailments amid growing demand deterioration related to the coronavirus pandemic and an oil price war between Russia and Saudi Arabia, according to market sources this week.
The steelmaker announced the indefinite idling of two tubular facilities on Tuesday. Production cuts at its Granite City, Illinois, facility were a growing possibility as the mill supplies hot-rolled coil to the soon-to-be idled Lone Star Tubular Operations in Texas, sources said.
"I think integrated mills were already in a cash-conservation mentality heading into the year, or entering that mentality. So, I think they will evaluate speedier closures," KeyBanc analyst Phil Gibbs said during an S&P Global Platts webinar on Tuesday. "US Steel is likely going to idle a couple more furnaces, we think as well, and Granite City could be in play."
One service center source said the probability was high that US Steel would eventually curtail production at Granite City, after being informed directly from a contact at the company. Another service center source said a production curtailment had not been confirmed by the US Steel sales team, but that there had been discussions about blowing down one of the furnaces at the mill.
A third service center source said he had heard from contacts at the company that they expected a Granite City idling soon. Still, the facility could be tapped to help supply US Steel's West Coast operations with coil, added the source.
Earlier this year, the steelmaker announced it had acquired the remaining 50% stake of USS-Posco Industries (UPI) from POSCAL a subsidiary of South Korean steelmaker POSCO. UPI, which is located in Pittsburg, California, produces hot-rolled pickled and oiled steel, cold-rolled sheets, galvanized sheets and tin mill products. UPI's annual production capability is about 1.5 million st.
US Steel has idled and restarted production at Granite City over the past five years. Depressed oil prices were one of the primary reasons the steelmaker idled both furnaces at the mill in 2015. "As the primary flat-roll supplier of the oil and gas industry, the idling is part of an ongoing adjustment of steelmaking operations throughout North America to match customer demand," the company said in November 2015.
The S&P Global Platts US HRC price bottomed at $365/st in Q4 2015 amid the oil collapse. While the Platts TSI US HRC index is currently 52.6% higher at $560/st than in 2015, the ongoing price war between oil producing nations Saudi Arabia and Russia has caused severe reductions across the oil and gas sector.
More recently, Granite City has fallen outside US Steel's "best of both" strategy, which focuses on its three core assets: its joint-venture with Big River Steel; Mon Valley Works and Gary Works. The strategy resulted in the indefinite idling of iron and steelmaking operations at the company's Great Lakes facility scheduled for early second quarter.