The most commonly used crushers and grinding mills in iron ore crushing and grinding process for iron ore mining are jaw crusher, cone crusher, hammer crusher and ball mill, ultrafine grinding mill, etc. In iron ore mining, miner usually choose a complete iron ore crushing plant for metallurgy. At present, the most popular iron ore production line consists of two jaw crushers. After beening crushed, the material will be transported for the magnetic separation, and then into the ball mill for grinding.
Jaw crusher for iron ore: Jaw crusher is used in primary crushing station. It can crush iron ore into small sizes. Thus, these small iron ore can enter into the iron ore mill such as ball mill for grinding.
Hammer crushers are widely used in small quarries with small capacities. That's because in such situation, the cost and the difficulty of changing and maintaining worn hammers are more acceptable to the quarry owners. However, once the quarry owners want to enhance the capacity to above 50-60t/h by one crushing plant, hammer crushers are no longer suitable. Using hammer crusher to do a big crushing work will lead to a passive situation of high consuming cost and frequent maintenance.
Cone crusher is the most common fine crusher, and usually used as final crushing machine. It has four types: spring cone crusher, CS cne crusher, hydraulic cone crusher, hcs90 cone crusher. Every cone crusher has their different applications.
Iron ore crushing plantAlmost all of the iron ore that is mined is used for making steel. So we need the extraction of a pure metal from its ore. The extract the metal from ores, several physical and chemical methods are used. The method used depending upon chemical properties and nature of the ore from which it is to be extracted. It involves four main steps:
In order to make the size of iron ore materials as fine as possible before entering into milling machine, the crusher must have an excellent fine crushing capability to reduce iron ore size. To achieve this crushing effect, two grades of jaw crushers and one fine crusher (high thin breaker machine) are applied in the crushing process. Two types of jaw crushers are coarse and fine jaw crushers. Tertiary fine crushing machine is the key of the whole production line.
Iron Ore crusher supplierHongxing is a iron ore manufacturer in Chian, and supplies rock crushers and grinding mills for ore beneficiation such as iron ore crusher, copper ore crusher, manganese ore crusher. Hongxing provides iron ore mining equipments in Australia, Brazil, India, Canada, USA, Ukraine, Liberia, Russia, Sweden, France, South Africa and other countries.
As the professional manufacturer of complete sets of mining machinery, such as rotary kiln,China mobile crusher,flotation machine,China spiral classifier, Henan Hongxing is always doing the best in products and service.
Keeping our roots deep into this industry of our customers, we have been richly engaged in giving out an optimum collection of Iron Fabrication Work. Above all, our company offers these services at the most genuine and economical prices and so we are provider of best Iron Ore Grinding Machine in India. Above all, our company ensures the delivery of these products in par with the delivery rates of our company. We also cater Turn Key projects in all our India.
Iron ore beneficiation begins with the milling of extracted ore in preparation for further operations to recoveriron values. Milling operations are designed to produce uniform size particles by crushing, grinding,and wet or dry classification. The capital investment and operation costs of milling equipment are high.
Crushing is a multistage process and may use dry iron ore feed. Typically, primary crushing andscreening take place at the mine site. Primary crushing is accomplished by using jaw crusher or gyratorycrushers. Primary crushing yields chunks of ore ranging in size from 6 to 10 inches. Oversize material is passed through additional secondary crushers and classifiers to achieve the desired particlesize.
In iron ore beneficiation operation, the raw iron ore materials will be first reduced to small particle size. It may require crushing the material tomaximize the production of minus 2mm. According to SBMs experience in crushing technology, we recommended the installation of acone crusher to reduce the minus 100mm pebblesand a VSI crusher machine to fine crush the cone crusherproduct.
The iron ore crushers with low price are also used in the industrial minerals, mining, recycling and general quarrying industries. A widerange of materials are processed through SBM iron crushers worldwide. SBM experts can customize crushing solution in iron ore beneficiation according to your requirements. Here are some popular iron ore crusher machine types. Please contact us for more information.
According to different final products applications, varioustypes of crusher equipment are required, such as jaw crusher for primary crushing, impact crusher and hammer crusher for secondary crushing, cone crusher for secondary and tertiary crushing. Iron ore crusher prices are different according to crusher types and production capacities.
The VSI crusher for iron ore beneficiation uses a unique rock-on-rockcrushing action whereby the feed materialgrinds and impacts against itself, minimizingwear costs and maintenance down-time. Thisis especially important in applications such asiron ore processing where the feed material istypically hard and abrasive and wear costs arepotentially very high.
Jaw Crusher Jaw crusher is available with stationary, mobile and portable applications. The jaw crushers combine a high reduction ratio and increased capacity with any feed materials: from extra hard rock to recycled materials. This is achieved through several unique features such as higher crushing speed, optimized kinematics, a longer stroke and easy adjustment.
Impact Crusher Impact crushers are based upon several decades of experience with the impact method. We offer a complete range of impact crushers for stationary, semi-mobile fully mobile applications in both primary and secondary crushing.
Cone Crusher Cone crusher is a stationary crusher. These crushers are hydraulic pressure crushers designed to crush a high ratio for high productivity. Cone crushers are ideal for secondary and fine crushing.
After crushing, grinding, magnetic separation, flotation, and gravity separation, etc., iron is gradually selected from the natural iron ore. The beneficiation process should be as efficient and simple as possible, such as the development of energy-saving equipment, and the best possible results with the most suitable process. In the iron ore beneficiation factory, the equipment investment, production cost, power consumption and steel consumption of crushing and grinding operations often account for the largest proportion. Therefore, the calculation and selection of crushing and grinding equipment and the quality of operation management are to a large extent determine the economic benefits of the beneficiation factory.
There are many types of iron ore, but mainly magnetite (Fe3O4) and hematite (Fe2O3) are used for iron production because magnetite and hematite have higher content of iron and easy to be upgraded to high grade for steel factories.
Due to the deformation of the geological properties, there would be some changes of the characteristics of the raw ore and sometimes magnetite, hematite, limonite as well as other types iron ore and veins are in symbiosis form. So mineralogy study on the forms, characteristics as well as liberation size are necessary before getting into the study of beneficiation technology.
1. Magnetite ore stage grinding-magnetic separation process The stage grinding-magnetic separation process mainly utilizes the characteristics of magnetite that can be enriched under coarse grinding conditions, and at the same time, it can discharge the characteristics of single gangue, reducing the amount of grinding in the next stage. In the process of continuous development and improvement, the process adopts high-efficiency magnetic separation equipment to achieve energy saving and consumption reduction. At present, almost all magnetic separation plants in China use a large-diameter (medium 1 050 mm, medium 1 200 mm, medium 1 500 mm, etc.) permanent magnet magnetic separator to carry out the stage tailing removing process after one stage grinding. The characteristic of permanent magnet large-diameter magnetic separator is that it can effectively separate 3~0mm or 6~0mm, or even 10-0mm coarse-grained magnetite ore, and the yield of removed tails is generally 30.00%~50.00%. The grade is below 8.00%, which creates good conditions for the magnetic separation plant to save energy and increase production.
2.Magnetic separation-fine screen process Gangue conjoined bodies such as magnetite and quartz can be enriched when the particle size and magnetic properties reach a certain range. However, it is easy to form a coarse concatenated mixture in the iron concentrate, which reduces the grade of the iron concentrate. This kind of concentrate is sieved by a fine sieve with corresponding sieve holes, and high-quality iron concentrate can be obtained under the sieve.
There are two methods for gravity separation of hematite. One is coarse-grained gravity separation. The geological grade of the ore deposit is relatively high (about 50%), but the ore body is thinner or has more interlayers. The waste rock is mixed in during mining to dilute the ore. For this kind of ore, only crushing and no-grinding can be used so coarse-grained tailings are discarded through re-election to recover the geological grade.
The other one is fine-grain gravity separation, which mostly deals with the hematite with finer grain size and high magnetic content. After crushing, the ore is ground to separate the mineral monomers, and the fine-grained high-grade concentrate is obtained by gravity separation. However, since most of the weak magnetic iron ore concentrates with strong magnetic separation are not high in grade, and the unit processing capacity of the gravity separation process is relatively low, the combined process of strong magnetic separation and gravity separation is often used, that is, the strong magnetic separation process is used to discard a large amount of unqualified tailings, and then use the gravity separation process to further process the strong magnetic concentrate to improve the concentrate grade.
Due to the complexity, large-scale mixed iron ore and hematite ore adopt stage grinding or continuous grinding, coarse subdivision separation, gravity separation-weak magnetic separation-high gradient magnetic separation-anion reverse flotation process. The characteristics of such process are as follows:
(1) Coarse subdivision separation: For the coarse part, use gravity separation to take out most of the coarse-grained iron concentrate after a stage of grinding. The SLon type high gradient medium magnetic machine removes part of the tailings; the fine part uses the SLon type high gradient strong magnetic separator to further remove the tailings and mud to create good operating conditions for reverse flotation. Due to the superior performance of the SLon-type high-gradient magnetic separator, a higher recovery rate in the whole process is ensured, and the reverse flotation guarantees a higher fine-grained concentrate grade.
(2) A reasonable process for narrow-level selection is realized. In the process of mineral separation, the degree of separation of minerals is not only related to the characteristics of the mineral itself, but also to the specific surface area of the mineral particles. This effect is more prominent in the flotation process. Because in the flotation process, the minimum value of the force between the flotation agent and the mineral and the agent and the bubble is related to the specific surface area of the mineral, and the ratio of the agent to the mineral action area. This makes the factors double affecting the floatability of minerals easily causing minerals with a large specific surface area and relatively difficult to float and minerals with a small specific surface area and relatively easy to float have relatively consistent floatability, and sometimes the former has even better floatability. The realization of the narrow-level beneficiation process can prevent the occurrence of the above-mentioned phenomenon that easily leads to the chaos of the flotation process to a large extent, and improve the beneficiation efficiency.
(3) The combined application of high-gradient strong magnetic separation and anion reverse flotation process achieves the best combination of processes. At present, the weak magnetic iron ore beneficiation plants in China all adopt high-gradient strong magnetic separation-anion reverse flotation process in their technological process. This combination is particularly effective in the beneficiation of weak magnetic iron ore. For high-gradient strong magnetic separation, the effect of improving the grade of concentrate is not obvious. However, it is very effective to rely on high-gradient and strong magnetic separation to provide ideal raw materials for reverse flotation. At the same time, anion reverse flotation is affected by its own process characteristics and is particularly effective for the separation of fine-grained and relatively high-grade materials. The advantages of high-gradient strong magnetic separation and anion reverse flotation technology complement each other, and realize the delicate combination of the beneficiation process.
The key technology innovation of the integrated dry grinding and magnetic separation system is to "replace ball mill grinding with HPGR grinding", and the target is to reduce the cost of ball mill grinding and wet magnetic separation.
HPGRs orhigh-pressure grinding rollshave made broad advances into mining industries. The technology is now widely viewed as a primary milling alternative, and there are several large installations commissioned in recent years. After these developments, anHPGRsbased circuit configuration would often be the base case for certain ore types, such as very hard, abrasive ores.
The wear on a rolls surface is a function of the ores abrasivity. Increasing roll speed or pressure increases wear with a given material. Studs allowing the formation of an autogenous wear layer, edge blocks, and cheek plates. Development in these areas continues, with examples including profiling of stud hardness to minimize the bathtub effect (wear of the center of the rolls more rapidly than the outer areas), low-profile edge blocks for installation on worn tires, and improvements in both design and wear materials for cheek plates.
With Strip Surface, HPGRs improve observed downstream comminution efficiency. This is attributable to both increased fines generation, but also due to what appears to be weakening of the ore which many researchers attribute to micro-cracking.
As we tested , the average yield of 3mm-0 and 0.15mm-0 size fraction with Strip Surface was 78.3% and 46.2%, comparatively, the average yield of 3mm-0 and 0.3mm-0 with studs surface was 58.36% and 21.7%.
These intelligently engineered units are ideal for classifying coarser cuts ranging from 50 to 200 mesh. The feed material is dropped into the top of the classifier. It falls into a continuous feed curtain in front of the vanes, passing through low velocity air entering the side of the unit. The air flow direction is changed by the vanes from horizontal to angularly upward, resulting in separation and classification of the particulate. Coarse particles dropps directly to the product and fine particles are efficiently discharged through a valve beneath the unit. The micro fines are conveyed by air to a fabric filter for final recovery.
Air Magnetic Separation Cluster is a special equipment developed for dry magnetic separation of fine size (-3mm) and micro fine size(-0.1mm) magnetite. The air magnetic separation system can be combined according to the characteristic of magnetic minerals to achieve effective recovery of magnetite.
After rough grinding, adopt appropriate separation method, discard part of tailings and sort out part of qualified concentrate, and re-grind and re-separate the middling, is called stage grinding and stage separation process.
According to the characteristics of the raw ore, the use of stage grinding and stage separation technology is an effective measure for energy conservation in iron ore concentrators. At the coarser one-stage grinding fineness, high-efficiency beneficiation equipment is used to advance the tailings, which greatly reduces the processing volume of the second-stage grinding.
If the crystal grain size is relatively coarse, the stage grinding, stage magnetic separation-fine sieve self-circulation process is adopted. Generally, the product on the fine sieve is given to the second stage grinding and re-grinding. The process flow is relatively simple.
If the crystal grain size is too fine, the process of stage grinding, stage magnetic separation and fine sieve regrind is adopted. This process is the third stage of grinding and fine grinding after the products on the first and second stages of fine sieve are concentrated and magnetically separated. Then it is processed by magnetic separation and fine sieve, the process is relatively complicated.
At present, the operation of magnetic separation (including weak magnetic separation and strong magnetic separation) is one of the effective means of throwing tails in advance; anion reverse flotation and cation reverse flotation are one of the effective means to improve the grade of iron ore.
In particular, in the process of beneficiation, both of them basically take the selected feed minerals containing less gangue minerals as the sorting object, and both use the biggest difference in mineral selectivity, which makes the two in the whole process both play a good role in the process.
Based on the iron ore processing experience and necessary processing tests, Prominer can supply complete processing plant combined with various processing technologies, such as gravity separation, magnetic separation, flotation, etc., to improve the grade of TFe of the concentrate and get the best yield. Magnetic separation is commonly used for magnetite. Gravity separation is commonly used for hematite. Flotation is mainly used to process limonite and other kinds of iron ores
Through detailed mineralogy study and lab processing test, a most suitable processing plant parameters will be acquired. Based on those parameters Prominer can design a processing plant for mine owners and supply EPC services till the plant operating.
Prominer has been devoted to mineral processing industry for decades and specializes in mineral upgrading and deep processing. With expertise in the fields of mineral project development, mining, test study, engineering, technological processing.
The damp mill is an improved design based on the ball mill. It adopts a unique feeding and discharging method to solve the movement problem of semi-dry and semi-wet materials in the mill. Generally, the ball mill can be divided into the wet type and dry type, with water and air as the carrier for forced material discharge or grid plate discharge. They seldom deal with semi-dry and semi-wet materials. Damp mill, as its unique structure, can efficiently grind the material containing certain moisture. It has three main features: forced feeding, peripheral discharging, and rubber lining.
As the main equipment in iron ore pelletizing plants, a damp mill is mainly used for the damp grinding of iron ore to provide materials for the pelletizing disc. It can deal with the iron ore with a water content of 8-13%, not only increase the surface area of the ore particles but also make the ore fully mixed and ground to shorten the whole pelletizing process. Besides, it can also reduce the production energy consumption, increase the strength of green pellets, and improve the metal recovery rate, so it has been widely used in pelletizing plants.
The damp mill is mainly composed of a feeding part, main bearing, cylinder, gear device, reducer, main motor, low-speed driving unit, jacking device, lubricating device, electric control device, and other parts.
The damp mill is a kind of single chamber and peripheral discharge ball mill. The equipment cylinder with grinding medium (steel ball) inside is driven to rotate through the main motor, reducer, and gear device. After materials enter the cylinder through the quill shaft, the grinding medium is lifted to a certain height under the combined action of lining plate friction and centrifugal force, and then falls, giving the material a certain impact force so that the large-sized materials are broken. After the materials are fully ground and mixed, they are discharged from the damp mill through the discharge holes around the cylinder.
AGICO Group is an integrative enterprise group. It is a Chinese company that specialized in manufacturing and exporting cement plants and cement equipment, providing the turnkey project from project design, equipment installation and equipment commissioning to equipment maintenance.