high pressure presses

fully automatic high pressure pelletizing presshps - pellet presses - ruishenbao analytical (shanghai) co., ltd

fully automatic high pressure pelletizing presshps - pellet presses - ruishenbao analytical (shanghai) co., ltd

The HPS series is an entirely new type of automatic pelletizing press for high pressure input developed by RUISHENBAO Analytical (Shanghai) Co., Ltd to prepare high-quality pellets, which offers the full benefits of program-controlled sample preparation for x-ray fluorescence analysis.At present,the HPS pellet press is the only and first high pressure(60ton) press of sample preparation for XRF in market. There are two types for your requirement of which the operating pressure is individually up to 100ton and 120ton. A swing-out cross-head makes filling and cleaning of the die quick, simple and safe. A number of pressing variables can be selected, depending on the press tool employed. Precision press tools with a range of diameters and materials permit free pressing. Pelletizing parameters such as total pressing force, incremental increase and decrease of pressure as well as pressure holding time can be easily operated through a touch-screen LCD display. The pressure increase and decrease during pelletizing are controlled so that inner stresses within the sample are reduced. This allows the production of perfect pellets even with complicated sample material. The pelletizing process is controlled by the PLC program. This leads to substantial improvement in reproducibility of sample preparation and consequently more precise analysis results. The HPS pellet press is a high-quality, high pressure, precision and new engineering product with compact dimensions. It produces high-quality pressed pellets with mirrorlike surface necessary for optimal XRF results. It is ideally suited for laboratory requirements.

high pressure heating presses for consolidation - maschinenfabrik herbert meyer gmbh

high pressure heating presses for consolidation - maschinenfabrik herbert meyer gmbh

The consolidation presses from Meyer are discontinuously working laminating lines for thermoconsolidation and provide significantly higher pressures than continuously working laminating machines. Our economic concept allows temperatures up to 400C. The materials to be consolidated are stepped through the line and thereby accurately heated, compressed with extreme pressures and cooled down again. These consolidation systems are especially suitable for thermoconsolidation of carbon layers and all materials which demand particularly high pressures at high processing temperatures.

The materials pass through a stepped process with several heating and cooling presses. This discontinuous process makes it possible to selectively heat, compress or cool the materials in the individual steps according to the requirements to obtain the desired end product. This process can be done from roll to roll or processing panel material.

AHV-S for SheetsThe laboratory presses AHV-S can also be used as a consolidation line to produce thermoplastic Organo-Sheets. Therefore we have developed a solution in which several AHV-S presses are combined to maximize consolidation of fiber-prepregs. The prepregs are stepped through the presses by means of a transport system and thus heated to the required temperature and controlled cooled down again. High specific pressures and high temperatures guarantee optimal results.

Illustrations might show special features and are only symbolic. Noresponsibilityis accepted for the accuracy of given information. Modifications in design and construction are subject to change without notice.

Would you like to find out more about the technologies and machines that are suitable for you? Or do you want to test your products in our Test Center? Please contact us and we will be happy to assist you.

high-pressure press - all industrial manufacturers - videos

high-pressure press - all industrial manufacturers - videos

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... Cylinders - One-touch Operation - Considerable Clamping Force - Outstanding Precision - Good Ergonomics - Parallelism Measuring Function Why Die Spotting Press - It allows you to conveniently ...

... ergonomic position. High standard of configuration ensures the excellent performance of press, and all the main components for mechanical processing are manufactured by imported machining center, to ...

... ergonomic position. High standard of configuration ensures the excellent performance of press, and all the main components for mechanical processing are manufactured by imported machining center, to ...

toggle press capacity:5 kN stroke: 40 mm throat: 63 mm daylight: 40-213 mm Extras - please watch our video DP - precision ram adjustment HS - return travel lock Z - stroke counter TB ...

toggle press capacity: 7,5 kN stroke: 40 mm throat: 80 mm daylight: 55-375 mm Extras - please watch our video DP - precision ram adjustment HS - return travel lock Z - stroke counter TB ...

... platens Manual double flow pump Able to high sensitivity pressing force Aluminum construction Force display Stroke distance max. 150 mm Oil-hydraulic hand pump available for left-handed and ...

HIDRALMAC is successfully producing c-frame presses since more than 22 years. Some of our customers have more than 200 HIDRALMAC presses of that type in use. C-presses can be manufactured depending on customers requests. Tailor-made ...

... angle as long as you alter the position between two side cylinders. It has been made up to 4000ton capacity with 300MPa high-pressure unit, max. T-pipe diameter is325, 10S wall depth with carbon steel ...

... /part ejector featuring dynamic control through four travel zones Light curtains guard the front and rear openings of the press; bolt-on expanded metal guarding cover side openings Kidney loop filter/cooler circuit ...

hip | we are high pressure | a leader in high pressure products

hip | we are high pressure | a leader in high pressure products

HiP's Staffordshire Hydraulics division recently completed a custom portable gas booster system for a customer that now were pleased to offer as a standard product. The system features a double acting, double head gas booster with max. output of 15,000psi mounted within a square tubular frame hand cart and supplied complete with air filter, air pressure regulator with pressure gauge and air shut off valve. This new portable gas booster system is a range of applications including charging accumulators, inflating high pressure tires, charging shock struts from lower pressure supply sources, transferring gas from a supply cylinder to another container, and actuating air chucks in machine tools.

High Pressure Equipment is offering discounts up to 65% on all Alco Instrumentation Valves currently In-Stock. The Alco line of instrumentation valves includes ball, check, manifold, needle, gauge, needle manifold and double block and bleed valves. Call us or email for details on stock valves and pricing!

HiP introduces the PT2020 first-of-its-kind Automated Controller System for air-driven high pressure hydraulic pumps. The PT2020 controller is designed to provide automated pressure control for a wide range of hydrostatic testing.

High pressure valves, fittings and tubing manufactured to the highest quality standards, delivered with the shortest lead times, and priced to make you money its been the focus at HiP throughout our 65 year history. This unwavering commitment to our loyal customers is the driving force behind our ongoing growth, most recently demonstrated by our passing the 4 million high pressure valves and fittings shipped milestone!

Today, we feature a broad product portfolio capable of handling pressures up to 150,000 psi and carry an extensive inventory allowing us to offer same day shipping of many items. In addition to our high pressure valves, we offer a complete line of reactors and pressure vessels and a recently expanded family of pumping systems and generators. And if you have special requirements, such as exotic alloys and custom manifolds, our technical/engineering team will help you find the ideal solution.

HiP is an ISO 9001 certified company and a preferred supplier within diverse markets such as waterjet cutting and cleaning, oil and gas, chemical and petrochemical, research and development, university, government, and general industry.

high pressure presses

high pressure presses

ISO 9001:2015 certified. Design, fabrication and installation of hydroforming, baling and elastoforming high pressure presses. Available in 60 to 3,000 tons hydroforming press capacity. Various features include monolithic, 4-column and housing frame styles, touchscreen graphic color displays, manifold and logic valve technology and single or dual shuttle tables. Suitable for automotive component, tank manufacturing, plumbing, aerospace and appliance applications. Used presses and inspection, repair, rebuild and upgrade services also provided.

Manufacturer of high pressure hydraulic presses. Presses are available in types including four post guided platen, straight side gib guided, C-frame, guided and unguided models, window frame presses, horizontal forcing or trimming, horizontal bulldozers, traveling gantry straightening, fixed frame straightening, C-frame straightening, heated platen presses and hot presses. Presses are available in different sizes and capacities up to 3,500 tons. Applications include presses for plastic-working, metal-working, specialty forming and powder compaction. Custom built hydraulic presses available. Made in the USA.

Turnkey system integrator for mechanical, servo-mechanical, hydraulic and servo-hydraulic presses. Types include single or two point gap and unitized frame and two point straightside presses. Some presses are offered with centered or full length slide guides, crank or link motion models, forced recirculating lubrication systems. Used presses are offered. Consulting, engineering, training, support, maintenance and repair services are also provided. Suitable for forging, sheet metal working, stamping, punching, deep drawing, embossing, transfer, hot and cold forming applications.

Manufacturer of hydraulic production presses including high pressure presses. Capable of presses from 50 to 2500 tons. Other features include automated control & data acquisition packages, multiple daylights, pressure cycling, automated loading & unloading systems & choice of platen heating & cooling methods. One year warranty.

Manufacturer of cold & warm isostatic presses to 150,000 PSI for ceramics & powder metallurgy; lamination presses for electronic circuit lamination to 10,000 PSI; standard & custom systems. ASME U, U2, & R certified.

Distributor and custom manufacturer of cold, hot and warm isostatic presses. Operating pressure ranges up to 600 Mpa. Dia. of more than 2 m also available. Various features include monolithic forged pressure vessels, threaded design, interchangeable furnaces, plug-in bottom heaters and pre-programmable cycling. Meets ASME U2 and ASME U3 standards.

Manufacturer of standard and custom high pressure automatic hydraulic part placer presses. Specifications include up to 6 in. stroke length and up to 9 tons force range. Features include vibratory feed track, bowl and supply hopper. Suitable for a variety of assembly application, including electrical assemblies, automotive components, robotic assembly, medical devices and test products, cell phone assembly, munitions, electrical box assemblies and many more. ISO 9001 certified. ITAR compliant.

HubZone certified manufacturer of standard and custom high pressure operated hydraulic presses. Types include four-column, C-frame and straight side presses. Available in different design and capacity models with materials processing capacities from 100 tons to 1000 tons and pressure ratings up to 3000 psi. All types of alloys, metals, exotic alloys, diamond plates and wear/corrosion resistant alloys are processed. Used for different metalworking applications such as embossing, drawing, forming, punching, stamping, sizing, swedging, trimming, blanking, coining, bottoming and air bending. 5-year parts warranty available. Made in the USA. On-site maintenance services available.

Manufacturer & designer of presses for a wide range of industrial applications, including the rubber, plastic, printed circuit board, metal working, plastic card, & composite industries. New/used equipment, repair/rebuilding services also available.

Manufacturer of high pressure screw presses. High pressure screw presses are available in various sizes & configurations. Specifications include sizes ranging between 7 in. & 13 in. Other specifications include horsepower ratings between 30 hp & 300 hp.

Manufacturer & distributor of standard & custom hydraulic presses for high pressure applications. Types include hydraulic bench presses & H-frame presses. Hydraulic bench presses are available in cylinder stroke ranging from 6-1/8 in. to 10-1/8 in. H-frame presses are available in cylinder stroke ranging from 6-1/8 in. to 16 in. & press rated load ranging from 10 tons to 100 tons. Applications include bending, straightening, holding, pressing & lifting jobs. Made in the USA.

ISO 9001 certified custom manufacturer of high pressure presses. Presses are available in various models & configurations. Specifications of presses include 10 tons to 200 tons loading capacity, 48.00 in. to 54.50 in. maximum daylight & width, 10,000 psi maximum operating range, 18.63 in. to 48.0 in. maximum bed width, 6 in. to 14 in. strokes, 0.90 seconds/in. to 41.20 seconds/in. speed.

Distributor of new & used presses & other metalworking machinery & plastic processing equipment including pressroom equipment, coil handling equipment & forging equipment. Available machinery includes cut to length lines, air & steam forging hammers, engine lathes, levelers, pipe testers, presses, ironworkers' punch-shears, plate bending rolls, rolling mills, bar & billet shears, slitting lines, sheet & strip straighteners & upsetters.

Manufacturer of double action, high pressure, forcing & hydraulic presses including bench presses, floor presses & open throat presses. Available in capacities ranging from 10 tons to 55 tons. Capabilities include computerized calibration systems using dead weights & ultra-precision load cells, metal fabrication, custom cable assembly & wiring, custom fixtures for mount load, computer-aided design & 3-D modeling. Also available calibration services meeting NIST standards, systems testing, tensile & compressive testing.

ISO 9001:2008 certified custom manufacturer of high pressure hydraulic presses. Types of hydraulic presses include vacuum, sideplate, column & clamshell presses, composite, die trim & compaction presses.

Custom manufacturer of hydraulic air over oil presses with electrically heated platens for high pressure applications. Presses are available in 5 tonnages ranging from 30 tons to 250 tons. Air over oil hydraulic presses feature 4 post frames, build up pressure & hold a vice-like grip for seconds, minutes or hours without motors, pumps, electrics or loss of tonnage. Applications include laminating, compressing, compacting, molding, pelletizing, forming, coining, testing, & trimming. Heated platens are available for molding.

Manufacturer of solids processing equipment and systems serving the food, chemical, and mineral industries. Equipment technologies include mixing, size reduction, drying, agglomeration, compaction and granulation specifically designed for industries such as the polymer and feed additive market segments. Specializing in bringing clients quickly and profitably into new and existing markets with technology developed specifically to meet customers requirements.

Manufacturer of high pressure presses. Hot isostatic presses are available with dia. ranging from 75 mm. to 800 mm., lengths ranging from 125 mm. to 1500 mm., compressor range from 3 hp to 100 hp, temperatures ranging from 2200 C to 1800 C & with 207 Mpa pressure. Cold isostatic presses are available with dia. ranging from 75 mm. to 600 mm., lengths ranging from 300 mm., to 1500 mm., 207 Mpa to 414 Mpa pressure, air driven or 10 to 40 hp pump & pin, breech or threaded style.

Custom manufacturer of high pressure presses. Features include tonnage capacity range from 1 to 2000 tons. Assembly, bench top, bulldozer, die cut, spotting-tryout, draw, gib-guided, and multi-ram presses are also available. Suitable for aerospace, agriculture, automotive, construction, defense, education, electronic, energy, food service, lighting, medical, mining, plastic and rubber, railroad, transportation, and waste management applications.

Manufacturer & distributor of hydraulic & pneumatic presses including high pressure & high speed presses. C-frame, H-frame, four-post, trimming, die cutting, forming, punching, straightening & assembly presses are also available.

Offering Design, Engineering, Mfrg. In The Sugar Mill Industry, With Additional Specialties In Boring Tools, Stokers, Presses, Contract Machinery, Hydraulic Systems & Controls, Plus Machine Rebuilding Worldwide

Manufacturer of high pressure presses including pneumatic & manual presses. Pneumatic presses featuring dual hand anti-tie-down/anti-repeat controls,cylinders with nonmetallic bearings for nonlube operation, 3 in. strokes & solenoid valves with built-in adjustable flow controls. Manual presses include lever presses, throat lever presses, precision toggle presses, adjustable lever presses, variable ratio presses, cam operated presses & deep throat lever presses. Applications include precision assembly work, shearing, shaping & punching of light gauge stock, metals & plastic. Capabilities include CAD models, machining & turn key systems.

Manufacturer of high pressure presses including manual compression presses. Available in capacities from 20 tons to 50 tons. Features include heavy duty frame columns, solid steel plates structurally joined to the solid steel bolsters, 2-stage hydraulic pump for automatically converting from low pressure/high volume to high pressure/low volume, 2-stage decompression & dump valves. Compression presses are available with optional slow pressure readout gages, solid state temperature controllers & indicators & adjustable timers, intermediate platen & steam heated steel platens in materials including aluminum & stainless steel.

Copyright 2021 Thomas Publishing Company. All Rights Reserved. See Terms and Conditions, Privacy Statement and California Do Not Track Notice. Website Last Modified July 8, 2021. Thomas Register and Thomas Regional are part of Thomasnet.com. Thomasnet Is A Registered Trademark Of Thomas Publishing Company.

advances in the use of paris-edinburgh presses for high pressure neutron scattering - ios press

advances in the use of paris-edinburgh presses for high pressure neutron scattering - ios press

Affiliations: [a] Sorbonne Universit, IMPMC, UMR 7590, 4Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris, France. E-mails:[emailprotected],[emailprotected] | [b] Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL), 71 Avenue des Martyrs, 38042 Grenoble, France. E-mails:[emailprotected],[emailprotected],[emailprotected],[emailprotected]

Paris-Edinburgh (PE) presses are nowadays the dominant high pressure devices for neutron scattering in the 10GPa range and above. Here, we present developments of gasket-anvil assemblies with 30% improved pressure performance and considerably increased lifetime compared to the currently used single-toroidal anvils, and giving nevertheless a similar signal-to-background ratio. We also present an improved Bridgman seal package which makes the low-temperature operation of the PE press significantly more reliable. Asystematic investigation of background sources in the equatorial scattering geometry is reported.

Since its development in the early 1990s, the Paris-Edinburgh press (cell) has become the main workhorse for neutron scattering in the 10GPa range, both at continuous and pulsed neutron sources [1,7]. The PE press is a compact hydraulic press with a mass of typically 30kg (for a VX5 type as used in the context of this study) and high capacity of some 100t [7]. It uses an opposed anvil technique first applied by Bridgman. For neutron scattering, the most widely used anvil geometry is a toroidal profile [6,13] with a central deepening to increase the sample volume (Fig.1). Over the past two decades, a single-toroidal profile and encapsulating TiZr gasket [11] with a sample volume of 50mm3 [12] has become a standard in many neutron sources. Such a sample volume is sufficient to obtain refineable diffraction patterns even on low-intensity sources such as SINQ (Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland), if the sample is a reasonable neutron scatterer.

Acomplication arises in a scattering geometry where both the incident and diffracted beams pass through the gasket. This is the case in constant wavelength diffraction, for example, but also in inelastic neutron scattering on triple axes spectrometers. In this case, a significant amount of gasket and anvil material is in the direct beam, typically equivalent to the sample volume, and cannot be shielded properly. It generates a significant level of neutron background incoherent background from the TiZr gasket, reflections from the anvils, scattering from the pressure transmitting medium. These contributions drown small Bragg reflections of the samples and hence present a major limit for the data analysis. One aim of this study is to get a better understanding of the sources and composition of the background generated by the immediate sample environment. Another aim is an improvement of the pressure-load efficiency: The current single-toroidal anvils profile is able to generate 89GPa at a load of 100t which is not far from the upper limit of the VX5 PE press (max. load 130t) and its ancillary hydraulic equipment. At such loads, the life-time of cubic boron nitride (cBN) anvils is very short, typically 3 loadings, depending on the type of sample. cBN is a hard sinter material which produces no Bragg reflections due to the strong neutron absorption cross section of boron. Whereas this material is relatively robust to loadings of solid powders in standard pressure transmitting fluids like methanol-ethanol mixtures or NaCl, cBN anvils rarely survive loadings with gases. Also, the commercial availability of such anvils depends on a single company located in eastern Europe and alternative anvil material sources would therefore be highly desirable. Finally, the low-temperature operation of the PE cell is currently not optimal. The current design [7,9] of the Bridgman seal for the compressed He gas as the pneumatic fluid to drive the piston often starts to leak below 120K which terminates frequently measurements at low load.

This paper reports significant improvements concerning these three issues. They grew out of a development program supported by ILL through 5 days of beam time at the D20 high intensity diffractometer over the period 20162019, as well as financial support from the SINE2020 Sample Environment work package.

All diffraction data shown here were obtained at D20 using a VX5 PE press in air (without cryostat). Figure1 shows schematically the general setup of the D20 diffractometer. Most important features are (a)a vertically focusing monochromator (not shown), (b)a microstrip detector which covers 160 degrees in 2-theta, and (c)an oscillating radial collimator (ROC) which removes unwanted background in the immediate environment of the sample. More specific details can be found in [5]. Horizontal and vertical collimation of the beam is achieved by diaphragms in the evacuated beam tube and by 2mm thick Cd slits at the front of the nose whose distance to the sample position can be adapted to the experiment. In all tests reported here, the position of the nose was set to 160mm (corresponding an operation of the PE cell in its cryostat), the vertical slit size to 20mm, and the horizontal slit size to 6 and 8mm, which is adapted to a sample of 4 and 6mm, respectively. The vertical slit size is adapted to the vertically focusing monochromator which has a height of 300mm and is located 3200mm from the sample position.

In many cases we used -Fe2O3 (hematite) as test sample. Hematite is a crystal with typical scattering power. It shows several magnetic reflections at low scattering angles and a spin-flop transition at 2GPa (Morin transition) which can be used as a sensor for non-hydrostatic conditions [10]. Its equation of state is well known [3] and it can hence be used as a pressure marker.

Schematic setup of the flightpath at D20 between monochromator (left, not shown) and the sample. Numbers give distances in mm with respect to the sample position. The vertically focusing monochromator (height of 300mm) is located at 3200mm distance from the sample.

Figure2 shows drawings of the anvil profile and corresponding encapsulating gaskets [11] which are a result of the SINE2020 development program and to which we refer in this paper. The profile resembles closely to what is known as double-toroidal profile (which has been used for neutron scattering to 25GPa [8]) where the outer toroid has been removed. The starting material of such anvils are wire-drawing sintered diamond dies of type WD960C from Sumitomo. These are smaller than the currently used COMPAX5913 sintered diamond dies from Sandvik Hard Materials and consequently less expensive. Due to the smaller grain size, their hardness and toughness is also superior.

Top row: anvil profile (left) and corresponding gaskets (right) for sintered diamond anvils presented in this work (SD SINE anvils). Bottom row: standard single-toroidal profile & gaskets for comparison.

To investigate the sources and composition of background, SINE anvils were used with TiZr gaskets and a mixture of MgO and NaCl as sample. Figure3 shows patterns obtained with (a)shutter closed, (b)shutter open but beam blocked at r= 320mm by 15mm B4C plates plus a 2mm Cd sheet, (c)beam on anvils (no gaskets), (d)beam on anvils+ gasket, and (e)beam on anvils+ gasket+ sample+ pressure transmitting medium (PTM, 4:1 deuterated methanol-ethanol mixture). Note the three strong reflections produced by diamond of the sintered diamond anvils. The anvil gap was in each case 1.6mm (measured with a gauge or given by the gasket dimensions) which is the situation at 0GPa, and the conical faces of the anvils were covered by 0.3mm thick Cd sheets up to the interface between WC and sintered diamond (diam. 16mm).

Diffraction patterns accumulated for 15 minutes each, at different configurations. From bottom to top: shutter closed, shutter open but beam blocked at r= 320mm (Fig.1), only anvils, anvils+ empty gasket, anvils+ gasket+ sample+ PTM.

From these data, it becomes clear that the instrumental background (i.e; beam on up to r= 320mm) represents approximately 15% of the total background. It is similar in size to the contribution of the anvils and the PTM. The major source of background is clearly the TiZr gasket which produces more than half (60%) of the observed neutron background.

In an attempt to reduce the background of the gasket, various tests with improved horizontal collimation close to the sample were conducted (the vertical collimation is guaranteed by the Cd shield on the conical surface of the anvils). The most efficient horizontal collimation was a Cd collimation of 4.5mm width at a distance of 10mm from the sample position which reduced the background by approximately 10%, i.e. only insignificantly. The conclusion of these tests was that the collimation implemented on D20 (diaphragms+ collimation nose) is already rather efficient and can only be marginally improved. Additional horizontal collimation would necessarily be located as close as possible to the sample and hence be attached to the anvils or the load frame. Such a device would however reduce flexibility since it would exclude a change of rotation angle of the pressure cell with respect to the incident beam. Future improvements could include the development a ROC with smaller gauge volume or some collimation on the diffracted beam side, close to the sample.

The SINE anvils allow only a 50% smaller sample volume compared to the standard single-toroidal anvil profile, i.e. 30 versus 50mm3. But since the amount of TiZr is also reduced as well as the absorption of the neutron beam due to the reduced gasket dimensions, the signal-to-background ratio was expected to remain approximately equal.

Comparison of a diffraction pattern of Fe2O3 collected with cBN anvils with standard geometry (50mm3 sample volume, blue) and with SINE anvils (30mm3, red), at low (01GPa, upper panel) and high pressure (6.4GPa, lower panel). The lines through the data (dots) are Rietveld fits. Note that 3 Bragg reflections from diamond were excluded in the red patterns. Accumulation time is 20 minutes in each case.

This is demonstrated in Fig.4 which shows diffraction patterns of Fe2O3 at low pressure 1GPa, in cBN anvils with 50mm3 sample volume, and SD SINE anvils with 30mm3 sample volume. The signal-to-background ratio (averaged over all reflections) is very similar for both cases, independent of the pressure (compare upper and lower panel), and might be even more favorable for the latter setup. The only disadvantage appears to be the presence of three strong Bragg reflections of diamond from the anvils. ARietveld analysis of the pattern where the 3 diamond reflections were excluded show very similar statistical errors on the refined structural parameters. Table1 gives the refined crystallographic parameters including estimated standard errors (in brackets) which confirm that the precision obtained in the two type of anvils are very similar.

It should be noted that anvils made of SD are obviously more transparent to neutrons than cBN anvils. For the WD960 dies used to machine the SINE anvils, the absorption length for = 2.0 neutrons is approximately 8mm [7], whereas for cBN it is 0.1mm at most. For a given anvil geometry and a given gap between the anvils it means a slightly larger neutron window for SD anvils and hence an increased signal. The gain will be larger for SD anvils with SiC instead of Co binder for which the absorption length is about 50% larger [7]. Since SiC-SD dies are not easily available, expensive to machine, and with mechanical properties likely to be inferior, Co-containing WD960 were used to machine the SINE anvils reported here.

Refined structural parameters of -Fe2O3 (hematite) in single-toroidal anvils cBN and SINE anvils, at low and high pressure (hexagonal setting; is the angle of the spin with respect to the c-axis, m is the magnitude of the magnetic moment)

This was measured in two runs using a mixture of MgO and NaCl in the first loading and Fe2O3 in the second loading, both with 4:1 methanol-ethanol PTM. The pressure was determined from the known equations of state of NaCl [2], MgO (Birch-Murnaghan equation with B0= 160GPa and B= 4.2 [4]), Fe2O3 (BM equation with B0= 201GPa, B= 4.3 [3]). In the run with MgO+NaCl, the quality of the diffraction patterns above 9GPa degraded, most likely due to the freezing of the PTM. As a result of this, the pressure reading (by Rietveld refinement) from the MgO became less reliable, and the pressure values derived from NaCl appeared to increase more rapidly with load. The plot of Fig.5 shows also a comparison with standard single-toroidal anvils made of cBN (dashed line). There is a 30% increase in pressure efficiency which is obviously an effect of smaller gasket dimensions.

Pressure-load characteristics of SD SINE anvils derived from two loadings with (NaCl+MgO) and Fe2O3, both with 4:1 methanol-ethanol PTM. The dashed line is the typical behavior for standard single-toroid anvils [7].

There is some limited information on life time of SD SINE anvils. From a total of 8 loadings, all of them to pressures above 8GPa, three suffered a violent blow-out. One of them occurred in the upstroke and was a result of overloading the sample space, or a gasket which was too thick. The two others occurred during decompression of the samples shown in Fig.5 at a load of 28t. All of the anvils survived without any visible damage. We attribute this robustness against blow-outs to the superior hardness of SD compared to cBN, combined with the fact that the forces on the anvils are generally smaller with the SINE anvils. If this trend is confirmed, routine operation with SD SINE anvils may be less expensive than with cBN anvils, despite their considerably higher initial costs (approximately 2000versus 1000per anvil).

The ILL low-temperature PE press uses compressed helium as a pneumatic fluid which needs a special seal between the gliding piston and the cylinder. This is a well-known technical challenge given the very low viscosity of helium. In the PE press, it is so far achieved by a Bridgman unsupported seal using a Teflon-Pb-Teflon sandwich with 0.520.5mm thickness [9]. Experience over the last 10 years of user operation show that such as seal is perfectly leak tight from ambient temperature to approximately 130K. But below, small leaks occur frequently at low load (pressure) which often cannot be compensated by the compressor. To improve its reliability, an additional layer of indium was inserted between two separated Pb seals to give a Teflon-Pb-In-Pb-Teflon sandwich with thickness 0.51.01.81.00.5mm as shown in Fig.6.

Low temperature piston (left) of PE VX5 press with its improved Bridgman seal (middle and right). The picture shows the seal after repeated compression to 80t at 300K. The layers of Pb and In are not distinguishable.

Initial laboratory tests of this seal in the range 77300K showed perfect leak tightness at ambient temperature and no leak down to 90K if the gas pressure remains above 80bar (6t load, approximately 0GPa for use with SINE anvils). An increase in load to 200bar at this temperature did not result in leaks, as expected. Asubsequent decrease in load at 95K led systematically to a leak at 100bar. Such a behavior is typical for Bridgman seals, i.e. leak tightness in the upstroke and occurrence of leaks on pressure release. Further tests were then carried out with the ILL VX5 and its associated cryogenic equipment. With an initial He gas pressure of 200bar applied at 300K, no leaks were detected down to 5.3K.

Background: The major source of background in neutron scattering in the equatorial plane of the anvils is from the incoherent scattering of the TiZr gaskets. Our data show that there is limited means for improving this, at least at D20. Abandoning null-scattering TiZr as gasket material would be an interesting possibility to explore, in particular for measurements using relatively long wavelengths (23), where there are no Bragg reflections at small scattering angles (large d-spacings).

Anvils: The anvil set up presented here (SINE anvils) has clear advantages compared to the currently used single-toroidal cBN anvils: (a) 30% higher pressure-load efficiency at comparable signal-to-background level, (b)availability of raw dies, (c)increased life-time and possibly lower costs in long-term use. The additional scattering from diamond seems to be a minor problem. The availability of such anvils would allow the use of smaller PE load frames, for example the 10kg (mass) VX1 press. With its 50t capacity it would allow pressures of 8GPa with the same anvils (Fig.5).

The work described was performed as part of the world class Science and Innovation with Neutrons in Europe 2020 (SINE2020) project, which was funded from the European Unions Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No.654000.

Inspirees International (China Office) Ciyunsi Beili 207(CapitaLand), Bld 1, 7-901 100025, Beijing China Free service line: 400 661 8717 Fax: +86 10 8446 7947 [emailprotected]

galaxy press, neptune press | heat presses factory

galaxy press, neptune press | heat presses factory

Galaxy Auto/Manual Clam Slider GS-105HS is the most popular model among our Galaxy Family, not just from the outlook but the function. GS-105HS is the 6th version since GS-101, this machine is clearly shows how our GALAXY PRESS to be here today since the first beginning.

Galaxy Here GS-302 is named as GALAXY HERO which means that it is with the most heavy duty design, most stable structure, higher pressure to apply which can work with all types of Dye-sub materials, Laser transfer and all different types of transfer for Garments decorators.

GS-803 is new member of Galaxy hobby press family. A3 size heat platen makes more print items available by GS-803 for customers choice. Not only this,GS-803 is added with latest self-developed"RAMSPIN"system,which makes GS-803 have auto-open control and manual control function in one machine.

Galaxy Press GS-302M is the manual type press based on GS-302, the reason why we developed the manual type is some customer who need to use very high pressure to print very sensitive transfer, they prefer the manual released one for it may effect the transfer if it is auto-open.

choosing rosin presses: hydraulic vs pneumatic vs electric

choosing rosin presses: hydraulic vs pneumatic vs electric

Rosin is also uniquely versatile in the fact that it can be manipulated into almost any type or texture of concentrate. From shatter and sugar to budder and wax, rosin has many adaptability options, making it an awesome product for extraction artists to experiment with.

The heat from the plates loosens the resinous glands, or trichomes, that contains all of the plants cannabinoids while the pressure effectively squeezes it from the flower. This basic process is the foundation for rosin presses and the technology that makes them run.

Since rosin is produced without the use of solvents, which can change the flavor and finished product, its preferred by users who dont want any chance of having lingering, man-made chemicals in their concentrates.

The very best rosin, referred to as live rosin is pressed from plants that are freshly harvested, thereby maximizing the integrity of the cannabinoids and terpene compounds which collectively as an entourage effect help create a superior high when compared to more harsh extraction processes.

This extraction technique has been used by other industries for thousands of years. Imagine squeezing the oil out of olive or the juice from a grape. The rosin process presses the starting material until it produces a potent, solventless concentrate.

If your flowers, dry sift, or hash is terpene-rich, a lower temperature is needed. This is because the terpenes squeezed out of the trichome glands during the initial press act as a natural solvent to facilitate the rosin process.

You may think that more heat will result in larger yields. This is not true! Using too much heat will burn off terpenes and other compounds that make rosin so sought after. You should stick to lower heat.

The pressure needed will depend on the temps you use, but, also on what youre pressing. Flower needs more pressure, somewhere between 600-1000 PSI. Dry sift/kief or hash will require less pressure because it is more concentrated. You should shoot for between 300-800 PSI.

*Because pressure requirements will change depending on the temperatures you use, the specific flower being pressed, and the volume, it is useful to look for rosin presses that have fine-tunability when it comes to exact pressures.

Rectangular plates work best. The ideal plate structure of a rosin press is longer and narrower. This is because this shape maximizes the perimeter of your press. A rectangular plate will normally outperform a square one.

The cannabis industry is a tight knit one, not just because the law forces it to be, but because fundamentally cannabis is a communal herb and therefore it makes sense to also support local/domestic equipment manufacturers whenever possible.

With quality indicators out of the way you should start thinking about the volume of plant material you plan on processing in the next 1-5 years because there is no harm in buying a press that you can grow into.

Typically entry-level presses are manual presses and pressure is generated by a pull-down lever or through a twist-operation. Manual presses are going to be the best bang-for-buck options in the $300 price range.

Dont let our emphasis on price scare you away from the Ju1ceBox manual press. This little guy is popular with small-time extractors and DIY enthusiasts alike because of its simplicity, versatility, and well, affordability.

The lightweight heat press machine by Taidda is compact, weighing less than 10 pounds, but that doesnt mean its lacking in any way. The double heat plate is easy to operate chances are youll figure it out without even needing to read the manual.

In terms of features, there really arent too many outside of the rubber grip handle and timer. This press isnt designed for commercial applications and is more of a hobbyist/DIY extraction tool for home growers and enthusiasts to experiment with.

Hydraulic rosin presses are probably the most common type of rosin press on the market. As opposed to manual pressing, these use hydraulic pressure, generated either by a hand pump, foot pump, or even an electric pump. These can be used by both home growers and commercial extractors.

This press features 6x10 food-safe aluminum plates and PID temperature controls that maintain a high thermal mass for consistent temperature. Its equipped with a power frame capable of withstanding the whopping 25 tons of force this thing delivers.

All of that pressure and the precision heating allow you to press at the lowest temperatures and preserve rich, valuable terpenes. This is a hybrid press and can be operated via hydraulic hand pump, pneumatic foot pump or with an electric pump. All of which are, unfortunately, sold separately.

On top of having one of the best names, the Sasquash V2.0 can press up to two ounces of flower at once! It features huge 10 x 5 dual heated plates, and provides over 25 tons (10,000 psi) of pressure.

Nugsmasher presses are most popular for home DIY types and those looking to extract from their own personal grow operations. The hobbyist-friendly price points and the all-in-one solution design is what makes these popular with home growers.

This isnt to say a small cultivar couldnt also use Nugsmasher presses, as they do have units of varying sizes and pressures, including a massive Nugsmasher Pro that would be perfect for a boutique rosin company looking for a reliable piece of equipment to help establish their new brand.

Nugsmahser sells bundles which is why they are popular as plug-n-play solutions. These bundles or extraction kits have everything you need including the press, extraction bags of varying sizes, a rosin collection plate, tools, molds, and containers for finished product.

*Bonus Inclusion: Rosinbomb Rocket and Rosinbomb M60 presses are often held in the same regards as Nugsmasher, both being made in the USA and both having fiercely loyal fan bases among growers and extractors.

Pneumatic Rosin Presses are top of the line Rosin Presses that use a pneumatic cylinder that requires no oiling or maintenance and through their unique design are able to achieve 5 to 25 tons of pressure with the use of an air compressor.

These industrial machines are capable of pressing high volumes all day every day. If the hand presses are handguns and the hydraulics are rocket launchers then these are full blown tanks, capable of obliterating any flower yield with ruthless efficiency and precision.

The ultimate rosin press, built for true commercial capabilities, and now with a fully automated upgrade option. Based on the award winning Pikes Peak, the Longs Peak offers twice the processing output and 60% more force for incredibly consistent results at high volume.

Electric rosin presses are great because they dont require a pump that can take up extra space just plug it into a wall. This style of rosin press is sort of new to the extraction industry, but is quickly gaining favor, especially with hobby growers and home extractors.

Sure, you cannot process as much volume as the abovementioned hydraulic and pneumatic options but for those small boutique companies focused on providing the absolute highest quality extracts these little guys make a great option.

The small form factor also makes them PERFECT for research and development as you dont have to dedicate a large space on your production floor to a giant extractor, these can usually fit neatly in the corner of an existing work bench.

The new Electric Heat Press eliminates the need for a pneumatic compressor. This plug and play, user-friendly heat press puts you in full control with its built in electronic pressure controller. The Electric Heat Press gives off a sleek and clean design that is perfect for any work space.

Choosing the right press comes down to your business or personal goals. If you are looking to expand to dominate your states market, then wed recommend sticking with hydraulic and pneumatic options as they are the most reliable and bullet-proof options.

One thing for sure is these are all well-built machines that will last, and since the cannabis extracts market is only continuing to grow at lightning speed youre pretty safe off buying just about any sized press because it wont be too hard to sell it used when the time comes to upgrade.

Herb CEO is a participant of the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites like this one to earn modest fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.

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