how many palm kernel miningplants

how many tons palm kernels are needed to produce 1 ton palm kernel oil?_palm oil extraction faq how many palm kernel do we need for 1 ton of palm kernel oil?

how many tons palm kernels are needed to produce 1 ton palm kernel oil?_palm oil extraction faq how many palm kernel do we need for 1 ton of palm kernel oil?

Palm kernel is a high oil content crop, most palm kernels have an oil content between 50-55%. In general, in order to produce 1 ton of palm kernel oil, you need to process around 2.1-2.4tons palm kernels.

How many tons palm kernels are need to produce 1 ton palm kernel oil? It will be decided by the oil content rate of the palm kernle, the oil residue rate in the cake after pressing, palm kernel oil processing process and the palm kernel oil extarction machine configuration.

We Henan Doing Company can supply the palm kernel oil processing machine with good quality and lower oil residue rate, which is around 7-8%, means you can get more oil output after pressing. If you want to have a deep understanding to palm kernel oil processing business, please leave your requirements or contact us directly.

If you want to know more information about How many tons palm kernels are needed to produce 1 ton palm kernel oil?. pls kindly leave your phone number, We will back to you ASAP once we got your message.

how many tons of palm kernel does it need to produce 1 ton of palm kernel oil_palm oil extraction faq

how many tons of palm kernel does it need to produce 1 ton of palm kernel oil_palm oil extraction faq

Generally speaking, the oil content of palm kernels is 50-55%. When the residual oil ratio is less than 7%, 0.43-0.48 tons of palm kernel oil can be obtained by pressing 1 ton of palm kernels. Conversely, one ton of palm kernel oil needs to press 2-2.3 tons of palm kernels.In theory, this should be the case, but there are other factors that can affect this result.Let's explore these factors together.

Firstly, the oil content of palm fruit will affect the oil yield. And the oil content of palm kernels varies slightly depending on the place of origin. Customers need to find out the oil content of the palm kernel they used.

Secondly, the palm kernel processing machine will also affect the oil output . As the palm kernel is harder, it requires higher hardness of the processing machine and also requires stronger pressure. If being pressed with a conventional oil press, it will not only reduce the oil yield but also cause equipment wear. Therefore, it is necessary to use a special oil press for pressing palm kernels. For small scale palm kernel oil pressing machine, the best-selling is 500kg/h palm kernel oil expeller, which is designed by our company to process palm kernels especially. Our palm kernel oil expeller has improved in terms of presser and hardness. The pressure of the chamber is further increased, so as to achieve the efficiency of oil extraction and reduce the dry cake oil residue rate. Also the vulnerable parts are made of high-quality alloy steel, which can meet the hardness requirements and significantly improve the machine working life. Besides, our machine has been tested for many times, and the residual oil rate is less than 7%. The low residual oil rate guarantees the interests of customers. Due to the low residual oil rate, our palm oil expeller has received high praise from customers.

Last but not least, the auxiliary palm kernel oil processing machine will affect the oil output. In order to increase the oil output, some auxiliary processing machine needs to be used to make the palm kernel reach the best pressing state before pressing. Auxiliary palm kernel processing machine includes nut grading machine, cracker, crusher and cooker. Taking the cooker as an example, the cooker can adjust the temperature and moisture, increase the oil output of palm kernels, improve the quality of oil and reduce equipment wear.

To sum up, these three factors will affect the oil yield of palm kernel. Therefore, in order to increase the oil output of palm kernels, they should be taken into consideration. If you want to know more about palm kernel oil expeller and auxiliary palm kernel oil processing machine, please contact Henan Glory Company. Our company is not only professional in making palm kernel oil machinery, but also in palm kernel oil mill plant, installation, technical consultation, etc..

If you want to know more information about How many tons of palm kernel does it need to produce 1 ton of palm kernel oil. pls kindly leave your phone number, We will back to you ASAP once we got your message.

palm kernel oil - an overview | sciencedirect topics

palm kernel oil - an overview | sciencedirect topics

Palm kernel oil forms a eutectic with palm oil in a mixture containing about 30% palm kernel oil. This feature is used to improve the mouth feel (rapid melting) in the following formula:Palm oil 63%Palm stearin7%Palm kernel oil30%

Equal quantities of fully hydrogenated palm kernel oil and fully hydrogenated palm oil are interesterified. A margarine high in polyunsaturated fatty acids is made by blending 12% of this hard stock with 88% of a liquid oil such as sunflower oil.

Palm kernel oil and coconut oil are obtained from the oil palm and the coconut palm, respectively. Whereas palm oil is derived from the fruit of the oil palm, palm kernel oil is extracted from the kernel. Palm kernel and coconut oils are classified as lauric oils due to their high levels of lauric acid (C12:0). They are unique, as no other commodity plant oil contains more than 1% lauric acid (Pantzaris and Basiron, 2002). Unlike other commodity oils, the lauric oils (particularly coconut oil) contain mainly saturated fatty acids, making them highly resistant to oxidation. Common food applications of the lauric oils include spreads, candies, and nondairy creamers. Lauric oils possess melting behavior similar to that of cocoa butter (Pantzaris and Basiron, 2002).

Palm kernel oil is an important source of lauric oil which is in great demand for lauric acid with the expansion of oleochemical industry worldwide. The supply of lauric oil from coconut is dwindling, partly due to its low yield and declining cultivation and palm kernel oil is one way to increase supply.

Screening of germplasm has revealed a considerable level of variation for kernel to bunch which could be the basis for exploitation of elite materials with high kernel content. High-yielding elite dura palms with high kernel to bunch contents have been introgressed to produce new planting materials with high kernel to bunch (over 10%) as compared to the current commercial planting materials with 6% kernel to bunch. Planting materials with high kernel contents will soon be released for commercial planting.

Palm kernel oil is extracted from the seeds (nuts) of the oil palm (see Chapter 4.2.1). The fruit bunches have a weight of 5065 kg. Up to 2000 nuts can be separated from it, accounting for 1015% of the bunch's weight. They are brown, oval, between 1 and 2 cm long and have a shell that is as hard as stone. The thousand-seed weight is 610 kg. For further processing, they are dried at 60C and then opened mechanically. Thus the dark brown kernels of hazelnut size, containing 450% oil, are obtained.

Production has shifted from Africa to Asia. With that change came the shift in importance to new varieties that have a higher portion of pulp and fewer nuts (Table 4.52). Coconut oil and palm kernel oil can almost completely substitute for each other. Therefore, to a certain extent, their prices are coupled. The amount of palm kernel oil decreases relative to palm oil as more and more new varieties with lower nut contents are grown. Worldwide production of palm kernels in 1994 was 4.35 MMT, of which more than two thirds was from five Asian countries.

Although the nuts account for 45% of the fruit's weight for African oil palm, it is only 7% for the more recent Asian varieties (Fig. 4.100). The aim is to breed new seedless varieties so that only the oil of the pulp is extracted (see also Chapter 4.2.1). Heavy promotion of the palm's use and the higher yield of the Asian species shifted the center of activity in palm oil production from Africa to southeast Asia; of course, palm kernel oil production is coupled to it.

Palm kernel oil (or in moderate climate, palm kernel fat) solidifies between 20 and 24C and is highly saturated (Fig. 4.101) with an iodine value of 1323. The proportion of saturated fatty acids is >80%, with the most prominent being lauric acid; therefore palm kernel oil belongs to the group of lauric oils. The proportion of lauric oil in the total oil rises to a maximum after 14 wk of ripening of the fruit bunch. Palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acid that constituted 80% of the total 10 wk after frutification are then reduced to 20% (Hartley 1957). In addition to the above, the minor fatty acids include up to 1.9% arachic acid and <0.6% palmitoleic acid. Of the triglycerides of palm kernel oil, 99% contain at least one molecule of lauric acid (La in Fig. 4.102).

The expelled palm kernel cake is not very cohesive and is therefore usually sold as flour. Although its protein content of 1719% is the lowest of all oilseed meals, it is well accepted as animal feed. In spite of this low protein content and an equally high content of crude fibers that do not add to the caloric value, it is very suitable for use as dairy fodder (Fig. 4.103).

Unlike palm oil, which is a pulp oil, palm kernels do not have to be processed close to the plantation. They are extremely hard and can be transported and stored without risk. Despite that, oil production is usually in the country of origin.

Palm fruit are harvested all year round. Because the fruit does not ripen symmetrically, the timing of harvest must be given attention. When the major part of the fruit is ripe, part of the fruit is already overripe and the top is not yet ripe. The fruit bunches are cut off with knives, collected and directly transported to the local mills for processing. Figure 4.104 shows the processing steps of palm kernel oil production.

Traditionally palm oil is used for food. About 85 to 90% of palm oil is used in food application such as cooking oil, margarine, shortening, confectionery fats, etc. Only about 1015% of palm oil is used for non-food application. Out of this, about 70% is used as surfactant either in food or non-food application.

Palm oil is first converted into basic oleochemicals such as fatty acid, glycerol, methyl esters, fatty alcohols, and fatty amines. These basic oleochemicals will serve as building blocks for many other chemicals. The basic oleochemicals industry started in the West, United States, and Western Europe because of the availability of tallow and soybean as the feedstock, and this is why most of the technology to produce these basic oleochemicals established in Malaysian oleochemical industry is brought in by multinational investors. About a century later, we saw many of the industries relocated in the Asia Pacific region because of the availability of cheap raw material such as palm oil and palm kernel oil, cheaper operating cost, and a growing consumer market. Increased demand in consumer product markets promotes demand in oleochemical derivatives and thus opens up a challenge in research and development for these oleochemicals derivatives.

Palm kernel oil production at large scale mills is carried out by estates such as Okomu oil Palm Plc and PRESCO Plc. These mills have fresh fruit bunch processing capacities greater than 40 tonnes per hour. The kernel handling section has been described earlier. Dried kernels are fed into a crusher of about 15 tonnes of kernel per day to crush the kernels and then into the expeller with capacity of 17 tonnes of crushed kernel per day to expel the oil and also generate palm kernel cake. The expelled oil is transferred through plate and frame or pressure leaf filters into storage. Extraction rates of these imported machines are usually about 86% compared to locally fabricated variants with extraction rates of about 80%. The total capacity of the major large industrial crushers is estimated at about 3,718 tonnes per day or 1,115 million tonnes per annum (Omoti, 2009).

Total national output of palm kernel as of 2009 was 234,133 tonnes, and production by large estates accounted for about 11% (25,982 tonnes per annum). Palm kernel production from the wild groves and small/medium scale farmers was about 208,151 tonnes per annum (89% of total annual production). This accounts for the reason palm kernel oil production is dominated by small scale operators managing factories with throughput of 1.5 tonnes kernel per day. Palm kernel production factories are as dispersed as oil palm trees in the wild grove of the oil palm production belt of Nigeria.

Palm/palm kernel oils are well suited to modification by fractionation, interesterification, hydrogenation, and blending with other oils for specific applications in food use (Rossell, 1985). Examples include shortening, margarine, vanaspati, frying fat, and specialty fats (Berger, 2010). Refined, bleached, and deodorized (RBD) palm oil contains enough solid fat at 20C to function well in all-purpose baking shortenings in cakes, cookies, pastries, and bread. RBD oil has excellent creaming properties and the ability to incorporate and hold air in cakes, cream fillings, and icings. RBD oil has a beta prime stable crystal habit that allows creaming and imparts a smooth texture to baked goods. Fractionation of RBD oil yields an olein and a stearin portion. The oleins are well suited for deep fat frying as margarine/spread and shortenings. The stearins can also be incorporated into various fat blends. The oleins and stearins can be further fractionated to give added flexibility.

Palm kernel oil (PKO) contains primarily trigylcerides with short chain fatty acids. Nearly 64% consist of lauric (C12) and myristic (C14) acids. The melting profiles of PKO and stearins (PKOS) are very steep and sharply melting. As such, foods containing PKO give a pleasant cooling sensation on the tongue. Biscuits with cream fillings, whipped cream, and some confections benefit from this effect. PKO also has the unique property of forming eutectic mixtures with palm oil in margarine formulations. Other uses of PKO include replacements for butterfat. Coffee whiteners (both solid and liquid) require long shelf lives. Fully hydrogenated PKO fulfills this requirement. PKO performs well in ice cream. Other uses for PKO include vegetable oil-based mozzarella cheeses made with a blend of 70/30 palm kernel olein and palm oil. The short chain acids contribute to the pleasant flavor of pizza containing mozzarella cheese. Blends of PKO olein and PO oleins (40/60) serve as a spray oil for cream crackers by imparting a shiny appearance and forming a moisture barrier to extend shelf life. PKO serves well in sandwich-type cookies where the oil/sugar is applied to the bottom layer, allowed to set up, and the crown set. PKO-based icings set up quickly and are advantageous for sandwich cookies. PKO stearin (fully hydrogenated) has a solid fat profile very similar to cocoa butter and is considered a cocoa butter equivalent (CBE) and may be used in chocolates and coated ice cream bars.

The consumption of palm kernel oil in the EU has also shown a steady increase from about 317 000 tonnes in 1995 to a peak of 651 000 tonnes in 2007 (Fig.1.6). This increase has also been mirrored in the United States. Despite the fact that palm kernel oil was also classed as a tropical oil in the United States, the consumption of this oil was greater than or equal to that of palm oil up to 2004. However, some of this consumption would have been in personal care products rather than in foods for human consumption. Usage of palm kernel oil in the United Kingdom has been relatively low (less than 100 000 tonnes throughout the timescale considered) and has been in a more or less steady decline since about 1998.

Palm oil and palm kernel oil, single natural products, can be readily transformed into several components and products using fractionation and interesterification. The final step in formulation of a comprehensive set of products that substitute PHVO is component blending. Palm oilbased formulas are developed by determining the physical and chemical properties of specific PHVO products, followed by empirically matching these properties with blends of palm oil and/or palm kernel oil components. In addition to palm oil and palm kernel oil fractions, other liquid vegetable oils are used as components, further extending the range and functionality of the different finished products that can be made.

In order to make a large number of finished products on a commercial scale from a collection of individual components, any production facility must possess a component blending capability. This requires dedicated tanks for each component, with the ability to accurately deliver each type and proportion required for each component to the blend tank. An analogous approach was previously used for PHVO products, in which large-volume base stocks of commonly used partially hydrogenated components were blended to generate a large number of finished shortenings (Latondress, 1981). By combining fractions of palm oil, IOI Loders Croklaan has already produced more than 100 trans-free products based on palm oil that are available around the world as substitutes for PHVO products. Figure 6.2 shows a range of melting curves for several categories of bakery shortenings. The differences in the melting curves indicate the wide variation in formulations that enable the fats to be tailor made for a large number of applications. Although the fraction/component blending approach will continue to provide solutions for trans fat replacement, this approach is equally valid to support the innovation needs of the bakery industry in the future.

Palm oil and palm kernel oil, obtained from the pulp and seed, respectively, of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis), accounted for ~30% of global fats and oil production in 2008. Palm oil was the leading edible oil produced, overtaking soybean oil which accounted for ~23% of global production. In terms of exports, palm oil and palm kernel oil accounted for almost 60% of global exports. Furthermore, given that palm oil yield per hectare is roughly ten times the yield of soybean oil, this means that global palm oil output is obtained from less than 5% of the total arable land. These figures alone highlight the key role that palm oil plays in human nutrition today, and is likely to play in the immediate future. This widespread availability means that palm oil is finding ever increasing uses in the food sector. Fractionation procedures (discussed elsewhere in this book) produce an array of products which greatly expand palm oils usage in diverse food formulations. In addition, the presence of various minor components (micronutrients) in the crude oil, including carotenoids (some with vitamin A activity) and vitamin E (including a high concentration of tocotrienols), has resulted in palm oil becoming a global player in various public health initiatives. This chapter will discuss some of the nutritional aspects of palm oil and summarize key findings. These will be discussed primarily from the standpoint of palm oils fatty acid composition and the role of its minor components.

how many types of methods can be used to extract palm kernel oil?_how to produce palm kernel oil?_faq

how many types of methods can be used to extract palm kernel oil?_how to produce palm kernel oil?_faq

With the development of palm oil production industry, now most clients found that palm kernel also contains much oil and it is a good business idea to start palm kernel oil extracting. Here we are glad to guide you several methods of extracting oil from palm kernels efficiently.

To meet different customer's need, there are three types of palm oil extraction methods can be selected. According to capacity, we classified palm kernel oil extraction machine as 500kg/h small scale palm kernel oil presser machine, 500kg/h-5tph small scale palm kernel oil processing machine and 10tpd-600tpd large scale palm kernel oil processing machine. Different types palm kernel oil making machine have different features, which suitable for different scale of palm kernel oil production business.

The single palm kernel oil presser machine can process 500kg palm kernels per hour and it is especially designed for this strong and hard palm kernels. The single machine suits for starters with limited budget.

This small scale palm kernel oil production line is more efficient and convenient than single palm kernel oil presser machine. It mainly suitable for small scale palm kernel oil mill plant. The whole small scale palm kernel oil processing machine includes crushing, cooking, pressing and filtration. Main function of each palm kernel oil machine is as follows.

The processing process of large scale palm kernel oil processing plant is quite complicated, usually customers need to confirm various details with our engineers. Then our engineers will design suitable palm kernel oil processing solution for customers. If you happen to have a need to start a large scale palm kernel oil processing business, welcome to contact us.

Henan Doing Machinery is a palm kernel oil processing machine manufacturer of great experience. If there are any questions about palm kernel oil production, we can provide you with detail information for you. If you or your friends are interested in how to extract oil from palm kernel, please feel free to ask us.

If you wanna to get more details about How many types of methods can be used to extract palm kernel oil?. you can send E-mail to [email protected] And you also can leave a message in below form. We will back to you ASAP once we got your message.

some important facts about palm kernels

some important facts about palm kernels

Palm kernel is among the tropical fruits that is attracting much attention both within and outside the African continent. Although it is a popular fruit especially on the African continent due to its cooking oil, yet many people pay less attention in understanding what this fruit is all about.

Palm kernel is the edible seed of the oil palm tree and thefruit is commonly known for its usefulness in producing two types of oil; palm kernel oil from the kernels and palm oil from the fleshy parts of the fruit.Palm kernel is originally from Africa especially Nigeria, Guinea, Angola and the Gambia before spreading to other parts of the world such as Central America, Madagascar, Pacific Oceans, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indian Islands, Sumatra and the West Indies. Ideally, a matured palm kernel tree grows up to 20 m tall and is usually single-stemmed.

The palm kernel tree is characterised by a stout trunk that grows up to 75 cm in diameter with an external root system. Normally, the palm tree grows approximately 30-100 leaves or palm fronds, which are spirally arranged at the top of the tree. Theirleaflets are arranged on either side of the stem, especially in pairs that are opposite to each other and the leaves tend to grow between 3-5 m long. The palm kernel flowers are usually densely clustered with small flowers that have three sepals and three petals.

Healthier species of palm kernel fruit is the Elaeis guineensis popularly known as akwu ojukwu by the Ibos. Traditionalists believe that this species is very sacred because of its tendency tocure certain diseases as well as neutralise poisons and charms. Moreover,researchers agreethat it is capableof curing certain illnesses and its oil is highly medicinal.Other palm kernel species that produce palm oil include Elaeis oleifera and Attalea maripa.The palm tree can reproduce for approximately 25-35 years and live up to 200 years. Thefruits take approximately 5-6 months to mature from the onset of pollination to maturity.

A normal palm kernel produces approximately 30 leaves annually and each fruit comprises of a pericarp, which is an oily, fleshy outer layer of the fruit, with a single seed (palm kernel), which is also used for producing palm kernel oil. The tree undergoes pollination and afterwards the female inflorescences transform into big kernel bunches bearing approximately 150-500 fruits. A palm kernel tree can produce between 2 to 7 bunches of kernels in a year. Palm kernels are characteristically fibrous in texture, reddish in colour with an oval shape and they grow up to 2-5 cm long and do grow in big bunches. They are the primary source of palm oil and are rich in saturated vegetable fats.

Until 1934, Nigeria has the world's largest palm kernel and palm oil industry while in 2011, was recorded the third-largest producer in both large and small scale. The demand for palm oil is rapidly growing since the 1990s and it is currently among the worlds leading vegetable oils. The palm kernel has a thin epicarp with an oily and fleshy mesocarp and a thick endocarp, which contains an oily endosperm.

The palm kernel bunches are usually harvested 3 to 4 years after cultivation. The bunches are usually harvested by cutting them off from the tree when the fruits are ripe. After processing the oil, the pulp is produced into palm kernel cake, which is used as a high-protein feed for feeding chicken, sheep, cattle and for generating light as local lanterns. Palm oil production is expected to increase tremendously by the year 2020 as the world's population increases.

Palm kernel oil is produced from the palm nuts while the red palm oil is usually semi-solid at room temperature and more saturated than palm oil. Palm kernel oil is usually stable at high cooking temperatures and the oil can be preserved longer than other vegetable oils.

PALM OIL FACTS1. Palm oil production has received wide recognition especially in the tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world. 2. Palm oil is produced from palm fruit, which is one of the fatty fruits in the world.3. Approximately 50 percent of palm oil is saturated making it easier on arteries.4. The reddish colour of palm oil suggests that it contains a reasonable quantity of carotenoids.5. Palm oil is an excellent source of oleic and palmitic acid and it is usually extracted from the fleshy mesocarp.6. Studies reveal that it is the second most consumed vegetable oil in the whole world.

DISCLAIMER This post is for enlightenment purposes only and should not be used as a replacement for professional diagnostic and treatments. Remember to always consult your health care provider before making any health-related decisions or for counselling, guidance and treatment about a specific medical condition.

REFERENCES1. Asuquo, J. E., Anusiem, A. C. I. and Etim, E. E. (2010), Extraction and characterization of Shea butter oil.World journal of Applied Science and Technology Vol. 2, No.2, pp.282-286.2. Adzimah S. K. and Seckley E. 2009), Modification in the design of an already existing palm nut - fibre separator, African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology Vol. 3(11), pp. 387-399.3. Ogburubi, I. U., Ezem, R. E., Eluu, S., Oduma, S., Anosike, P. O., Asogu, G. O. and Okafor, M. C. (2009), Practical Manual in General Laboratory Technology, P. 404. Okoroigwe, E. C., Ofomata, A. C., Oparaku, N. F. and Unachukwu, G. O. (2013), Production and evaluation of activated carbon from palm kernel shells (PKS) for economic and environmental sustainability, International Journal of Physical Science, Vol. 8 No. 19, pp. 1036-1038.5. Oriaku E. C., Agulanna, C. N., Edeh J. C., Nwannewuihe H.U, (2013), Determination Of Optimal Angle Of Projection And Separation Of Palm Nut Shell And Kernel Using A Designed Cracker/Separator Machine, International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, Vol. 2, Issue 10,6. Rezaee, M., Basri, M., Rahman, R. N. Z. R. A., Salleh, A. B., Chaibakhsh, N. and Karjiban R. A. (2014), Formulation development and optimization of palm kernel oil esters-based nanoemulsions containing sodium diclofenac, Int J Nanomedicine, 9: 539543.7. Thompson A. (2010), The World Bank's Palm Oil Mistake, The New York Times.

how many tonnes of palm kernel nuts does it take to produce one tonne of palm kernel oil?_palm oil extraction faq

how many tonnes of palm kernel nuts does it take to produce one tonne of palm kernel oil?_palm oil extraction faq

Theoretically, if you process 1 ton palm kernel, you will get around 0.44 ton CPKO (crude palm kernel oil), in other words, if you want to get 1 ton CPKO, you need to process 2.3 tons palm kernel. The specific calculation is based on the following rules. The oil content rate of palm kernel is 50%, the residual oil rate is 6%, so normally, you can get 44% oil from palm kernel.

If you still want to improve the final oil extraction rate, I recommend you configure the crusher, roaster and plate filter besides the palm kernel oil expeller machine. These machines can adjust the palm kernel to the best condition before pressing, which can ensure us get more palm kernel oil.

About crusher machine, It can crush palm kernel into small pieces, which is beneficial to increase the contact area of the oilseeds and facilitate the transfer of temperature and moisture during palm kernel roaster process.

About palm kernel roaster, our machine has been tested for many times and got the best raw material humidity ratio: palm kernel with 8-10% humidity is the most suitable. What's more, palm kernel roaster can fully destroy the cell structure of the palm kernel, so as to improve the oil yield and improve the quality of oil and cake.

In a word, we can get 1 ton CPKO by process around 2.3 tons palm kernel. As a professional manufacturer of palm kernel oil processing machine, we can provide you the most suitable machine for you, if you have any questions about the calculate method and machine, contact us! Henan Glory Oils & Fats Engineering Co., Ltd will give you most professional suggestions about palm kernel oil processing business.

If you want to know more information about How many tonnes of palm kernel nuts does it take to produce one tonne of palm kernel oil?. pls kindly leave your phone number, We will back to you ASAP once we got your message.

the business of palm kernel in nigeria

the business of palm kernel in nigeria

Good sir, Thank you for the great information given. You are a blessing. Apart from land acquisition,can i know the range of fund needed to buy a foreign palm oil production machine and other information needed.

Brian is an oil palm consultant, who has seen most of the ups and downs of the business of oil palm production. The palm permutation blog is his means to point out those ups and downs, that nobody will tell you about when you get started. He an avid researcher and business developer. One who believes in the belief of sharing his researched information "So that you can make an informed decision"

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