how to make change coper in to gold by herbal plant leafs

4 ways to fertilize your garden with herbs herbal academy

4 ways to fertilize your garden with herbs herbal academy

We use herbs for nutrition and health but dont often consider that these same benefits can also extend to our gardens. Fertilizing with many of the herbs you already grow is a simple way to give the garden a boost and reduce the expense of purchased fertilizer. Many of the herbs that are already growing in your garden would make wonderful natural fertilizers, including nettle, horsetail, yarrow, and comfrey. Below youll find three especially useful herbs for fertilizer and some of the ways to use them as such.

Almost any herb that is known to have nutritive value can also be used to fertilize the garden, but the following three herbs are especially potent in their concentration of minerals essential to plant health. Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile), Russian comfrey (Symphytum x uplandicum), and dandelion (Taraxicum officinale) are high in their concentration of potassium, phosphorus, and calcium. Comfrey also concentrates magnesium. In addition, comfrey and dandelion accumulate copper and iron. When used appropriately, these herbs can enrich the soil that feeds our edible and medicinal plants which benefits us, too! Although there are many ways you can take advantage of using nutritious herbs to fertilize your garden, below are four ways to get you started.

When fresh or dried herbs are steeped in air temperature water for a period of time, the nutrients become more bioavailable to plants. Liquid fertilizers are useful for giving established perennials and fruiting vegetables a mid-season boost that is easy to assimilate even when the soil may be dry. To make liquid fertilizer, add dried plant material or freshly harvested green plant material to a bucket. Barely cover with water and let steep for 2-3 days out of direct sunlight. Strain the plant material and stir in a few heaping spoonfuls of blackstrap molasses for an additional mineral boost. Finally, water your plants with this nutrient-rich liquid fertilizer and watch them flourish!

You can use a wide variety of herbs to make liquid fertilizer, and a few common choices are coltsfoot, nettle, horsetail, dandelion, and yarrow. Comfrey is a very popular choice, and many long-term gardeners rave about the effects of concentrated comfrey tea in their gardens. Learn more in How to Make Comfrey Fertilizer and Herbal Tea for Plants: Information on Herb-Based Fertilizers.

Making your own compost is a super effective, eco-friendly way to transform your household waste into garden gold. This nutrient-rich hummus restores soil health and boosts plant vitality naturally. Composting is also good for the environment because when organic matter hits the landfill, it lacks the air it needs to decompose quickly. Instead, it creates harmful methane gas as it breaks down, increasing the rate of global warming and climate change.

When maintaining a compost pile, youll add a combination of food scraps, brown material (dried leaves, sticks, paper, cardboard), and green material (fresh grass, leaves, herbs). Oftentimes, the compost bin becomes full of dried, brown material, which can eventually slow down the composting process. To energize the compost with fresh, green plant matter, layer in chopped herbs. They will not only speed up composting, but they will improve the nutrient value of the finished compost.

If you find that you have an abundance of mineral-rich green perennial herbs, such as comfrey and nettle, then cut them back and spread the plant material across your compost pile. The worms will thank you come next spring!

Green manure typically refers to easy-to-grow, easy-to-till crops grown specifically to till back into the soil to retain productive soil properties and supportive nutrients. This method disperses fresh, chopped, green plant matter back into the upper layers of the soil where its used as a high-nitrogen fertilizer in place of animal manures. To use herbs as green manure, plant easy-to-till herbs as cover crops, such as clover or chickweed. Alternately, chop excess plants youve grown elsewhere into 3 to 4-inch pieces and mix these into the garden soil in the fall or at least two weeks before planting. As the season progresses, the plant material will break down and provide nutrients for your garden while also boosting the soils health and increasing water retention. Dive deeper into this topic in the blog post Learn More About Green Manure Cover Crops.

Mulch can help retain soil moisture and prevent erosion. As a green manure, chopped herbs are incorporated into the soil. Used as a mulch, the chopped plant matter is simply laid on the surface of the soil. It will naturally biodegrade and act as a slow-release fertilizer. Herbal mulch is best used under mature, fruiting plants such as tomatoes, peppers, or cucumbers. Herbs can also act as a living, permanent mulch when planted as cover crops under fruit trees or other perennials. Simply chop the herb plants back from time to time, or let them die back on their own.

As you can see, the nutritive value of herbs can be just as important and useful to our gardens as they are to us. Open your eyes to the herbs already growing in your garden. These natural herbal fertilizers will reduce expense and give your garden a fertilizing boost.

Please add your email addressbelow and click "Submit" to add yourself to our mailing list. Then check your email to find a welcome message from our Herbal Academy team with a special link to download our "Herbal Tea Throughout The Seasons" Ebook!

The Herbal Academy supports trusted organizations with the use of affiliate links. Affiliate links are shared throughout the website and the Herbal Academy may receive compensation if you make a purchase with these links. Information offered on Herbal Academy websites is for educational purposes only. The Herbal Academy makes neither medical claim, nor intends to diagnose or treat medical conditions. Links to external sites are for informational purposes only. The Herbal Academy neither endorses them nor is in any way responsible for their content. Readers must do their own research concerning the safety and usage of any herbs or supplements.

The Herbal Academy supports trusted organizations with the use of affiliate links. Affiliate links are shared throughout the website and the Herbal Academy may receive compensation if you make a purchase with these links.

Information offered on Herbal Academy websites is for educational purposes only. The Herbal Academy makes neither medical claim, nor intends to diagnose or treat medical conditions. Links to external sites are for informational purposes only. The Herbal Academy neither endorses them nor is in any way responsible for their content. Readers must do their own research concerning the safety and usage of any herbs or supplements.

there's gold in them thar plants | phytomining | live science

there's gold in them thar plants | phytomining | live science

Called phytomining, the technique of finding gold uses plants to extract particles of the precious metal from soil. Some plants have the natural ability to take up through their roots and concentrate metals such as nickel, cadmium and zinc in their leaves and shoots. For years, scientists have explored the use of such plants, dubbed hyperaccumulators, for pollution removal.

Fifteen years ago, Anderson first showed it was possible to get mustard plants to suck up gold from chemically treated soil containing gold particles. [The Deepest Man-Made Gold Mines & Wells (Infographic)]

The technology works something like this: Find a fast-growing plant with a lot of aboveground leafy mass, such as mustard, sunflowers or tobacco. Plant the crop on soil that contains gold. The waste piles or tailings surrounding old gold mines are a good place to look. Conventional mining can't remove 100 percent of the gold from surrounding minerals so some gets wasted. Once the crops reach their full height, treat the soil with a chemical that makes gold soluble. When the plant transpires, pulling water up and out through tiny pores on its leaves, it will take up the gold water from the soil and accumulate it in its biomass. Then harvest.

"Gold behaves differently in plant material," Anderson told LiveScience. If the plants are burned, some of the gold will stay attached to the ash, but some will disappear. Processing the ash poses difficulties, too, and requires the use of huge amounts of strong acids, which can be dangerous to transport.

The chemicals involved in making gold soluble also induce the plants to take up other soil contaminants such as mercury, arsenic and copper common pollutants found in mine waste that can pose a risk to humans and the environment.

"If we can generate revenue by cropping gold while remediating the soil, then that is a good outcome," said Anderson, who is currently working with researchers in Indonesia to develop a sustainable system for small-scale artisanal gold miners to use the technique to reduce the mercury pollution from their operations.

However, some scientists say the environmental risks associated with growing gold itself may be too high. Cyanide and thiocyanate, the same hazardous chemicals used by mining companies to get gold to leach out of rock, must be used to dissolve gold particles in soil water.

how to make an herbal tincture: 8 steps (with pictures) - wikihow

how to make an herbal tincture: 8 steps (with pictures) - wikihow

wikiHow is a wiki, similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. To create this article, 20 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This article received 13 testimonials and 96% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 361,744 times. Learn more...

Tinctures are concentrated herbal extracts that are made using alcohol and chopped herbs. The tincture is especially effective in drawing out the essential compounds of plants, especially those that are fibrous or woody, and from roots and resins.[1] X Research source James Wong, Grow Your Own Drugs, p. 34, (2009), ISBN 978-1-60652-119-9 Since this method ensures that the herbs and their nutrients can be preserved for a long time, it is often mentioned in herbal books and remedies as a preferred way of using herbs.

In addition, many herbalists love tinctures for other beneficial reasons, such as their being easy to carry, their utility for long-term treatments, and their ability to be absorbed rapidly, as well as allowing for immediate dosage changes.[2] X Research source Humbart Santillo, Natural Healing with Herbs, p. 38, (1987), ISBN 0-934252-08-4 As well, should the tincture prove bitter, it's easily added to juice to disguise the flavor. Another benefit of tinctures is that they keep nutrients from the plants in a stable, soluble form and they retain the volatile and semi-volatile ingredients that are otherwise lost in heat-treatment and processing of dry herbal extracts.

spider mites on plants: 9 effective ways to kill spider mites

spider mites on plants: 9 effective ways to kill spider mites

Spider mites are tiny pests that can infest houseplants and outdoor plants. These plant pests look like tiny spiders and they can do a lot of damage to plants. The first sign of spider mites is their tiny webs on the plant. Other signs of spider mite damage include black or brown spots on the plant leaves.

The most common sign of a spider mite infestation is spider webbing. But if the plant is severely infested, spider mite damage can also include black or brown spots on plant leaves. If you suspect that spider mites are causing plant damage, put a piece of white paper under the leaves and gently shake the plant. Spider mites will look like specks of ground pepper.

This article is a comprehensive guide to getting rid of spider mites on plants. As well as natural spider mite treatments, youll find out about ways to control spider mites and prevent them from infesting your houseplants.

Spider mites look like minuscule white, red, tan, or black spiders. Spider mites are only about 1 mm long, so noticing them on plants is challenging. You probably see the telltale spider mite signwebbingbefore spotting the mites. You might only notice these tiny bugs if an infestation is large.

Looking at pictures of spider mites, youll see the tiny bugs have oval-shaped bodies. The tiny bugs have eight legs because they are a type of spider or arachnid, but they dont look like typical spiders. They spin webs just like spiders, which is the first clue to looking closely for them on plants.

If you have a few spider mites on houseplants, you probably wont see the web-spinning mites. They are generally no larger than the period at the end of sentences. If youve got a significant infestation, the mites look like tiny dots scurrying about under leaves.

The life cycle of spider mites starts as a tiny egg before turning into larvae and then becoming an adult. It takes between five and twenty days for spider mites to reach maturity and complete their life cycle. An adult spider mite can live for four weeks. Female spider mite can produce hundreds of eggs during its life.

Spider mites thrive and reproduce rapidly in hot, dry conditions. Within a matter of days, a female can grow to adulthood and start laying up to 20 eggs a day. In a bad spider mite plant infestation, there can be multiple generations overlapping.

Spider mites generally dont live in potting soil. They prefer the underside of leaves where they can go undetected for weeks. However, keeping the soil slightly humid can help control spider mites as they like dry conditions.

The easiest way to identify spider mites that infest plants is by their webbing. Spider mites produce thin webs to protect themselves and their young. Look for webs under leaves and at leaf joints. When infestations get out of control, you will see many tiny dot-like creatures crawling below the webs.

To help identify spider mite infestation, look for delicate strands of silk-like threads. At the start of an outbreak, you will only see a few web-like threads dangling from leaves. However, you probably wont be able to see any spider mites. As their activity intensifies, you will see more extensive areas of webbing and tiny white bugs on the webs.

Plant damage is another way to identify spider mites. Spider mites use their piercing mouth-parts to bite into plant tissue. You could identify spider mites if leaves become bleached, discolored, or yellow. When the damage caused by spider mites is so severe, youll probably see numerous of tiny white or brown dots under leaves.

For accurate spider mite identification, youll need a 10x hand lens. Looking closely at the moving dots should reveal an oval-shaped body with eight tiny legs. Spider mite eggs are identified as being round and transparent. At the first sign of plant webbing, its crucial to identify spider mites to get rid of the plant bugs.

Tapping the leaves is another way to identify spider mites. Put a piece of white paper under plant leaves. Tap the leaves to see if tiny spider mites fall on to the paper. If youve got spider mites, youll see the little bugs drop and look like ground pepper.

Spider mites can cause extensive damage to houseplants and outdoor plants. Apart from covering leaves in silky spider webs, their sap-sucking feeding damages leaves. First, brown or yellow blotches appear on damaged leaves, which eventually lose their color. If left uncontrolled, spider mite damage can result in the plants death.

Spider mite leaf damageTiny spots on leaves are the first telltale sign of spider mite damage. As the damage becomes worse, the dots can make an almost solid patterncalled stippling. In time, plant leaves can start to yellow, curl, and then fall off.

Spider mite damage on cropsSpider mites are also very destructive on outdoor plants and vegetables. A massive mite infestation can destroy crop leaves, leading to a lower yield. You can also notice spider mite leaf damage such as leaf spotting on roses, annual plants, legumes, soybeans, and sugar peas.

Unfortunately, spider mites are so tiny, and they can come from anywhere. The most common source of spider mites is bringing new plants into the home that are infested. However, spider mites can also come from unsterile potting soil, or get blown onto houseplants that are outside in summer.

Spider mites can also come into your home on your clothesespecially if youre just back from the local garden center. Or, spider mites can hitch a ride into your home on pets. However, the most common way that mites get into your house is on contaminated plants.

When battling a spider mite infestation on plants, the first step is always to isolate the affected plant. Removing the plant from other plants prevents the spider mite problem from spreading to more plants.

Prune affected plant leaves and stems that show signs of silk-like webbing to remove the spider mites naturally. Discard the infested plant parts in the trash outside your home to prevent contaminating other plants in your home or yard.

After pruning the affected leaves and stems, its still a good idea to treat the rest of the plant with natural spider mite control methods. These could involve hosing the plant with water, treating with neem oil, applying rubbing alcohol, or wiping leaves down with insecticide soap.

Hose off spider mites and remove unsightly spider webs by using your bathroom shower. The force of water should dislodge the annoying mites. You can also turn the hose on outdoor plants using a strong jet of water to get spider mites off your plants.

Get rid of spider mites from plants with soap such as Castile soap or other liquid dish soap. Mix 1 teaspoon of soap with 1 quart (1 l) of lukewarm water and shake well. Use the spider mite spray liberally on the plant leaves until all the mites are gone.

The soap works on contact to eliminate populations of plant spider mites. The soapy liquid coats their bodies and suffocates the little bugs, mites, or insects. The fatty acids in the soap also penetrate the pests and cause them to dehydrate and die. These insecticidal soaps are safe to use around children and pets and are suitable for organic gardening methods.

Neem oil is a natural solution for controlling all kinds of houseplant pests, including spider mites. Neem oil is also useful for spider mite prevention. Make a spider mite spray solution by mixing neem oil, a little Castile soap, and water. Spray on the infested plant leaves.

The neem oil recipe for a natural, organic spider mite spray is two teaspoons neem oil, one teaspoon Castile soap mixed with 1 quart (1 l) lukewarm water. To kill the tiny mites, spray liberally under leaves, on stems, and anywhere else you notice signs of spider mites.

Neem oil is a popular natural pesticide because it doesnt harm birds, worms, humans, or pets. The reason why neem oil can help kill spider mites is that it disrupts the hormones of pesky houseplant pests.

Make a spider mite spray by mixing 1/4 cup vinegar, 1 tablespoon baking soda and a few drops of liquid dish soap in 1 quart (1 l) of lukewarm water. Spray wherever you see evidence of spider mite activity until they are completely gone.

Rosemary extracts have a natural insecticidal activity that may be useful for controlling spider mites. Dilute a teaspoon of rosemary oil in 1 quart (1 l) water and fill a spray bottle to treat a spider mite infestation. Rosemary oil pest control is non-toxic for humans and pets but can be lethal on spider mites.

According to one scientific study, a commercial rosemary oil treatment was effective in killing off two-spotted spider mites on tomato plants. The natural product was safe to use on edible plants without any risk of toxicity. (1)

Rubbing alcohol effectively kills spider mites on contact. Just put some 70% isopropyl alcohol on a clean cloth and wipe the underside of the affected plant leaves. Alternatively, you can mix one-part rubbing alcohol with one-part water and kill the spider mites that are infesting your plant.

Use ladybugs, predatory mites, or lacewing to control outbreaks of spider mites in your garden. Beneficial insects feed on insect-like arachnids and can help to reduce their numbers significantly. You can use predatory mites in addition to other spider mite eradication methods.

The best way to prevent spider mites is to inspect all plants before bringing them into your house. Also, high room humidity and regularly wiping leaves create an environment that prevents spider mites from thriving on houseplants. With regular houseplant care and vigilance, you can avoid spider mite infestations.

High humidity deters spider mite from setting up home on your houseplants. Regularly mist plant leaves, sit indoor plants on pebble and water trays or use a humidifier to prevent spider mites. Also, dont let houseplant soil dry out, but regularly water it to keep it slightly moist.

Prevent spider mites from getting into your home by thoroughly checking new plants. Closely look for signs of spider mite activity such as silky webs, brown leaf spots, or tiny dots on the underside of leaves.

Do you like to keep houseplants outside during the summer? Make sure and debug them before bringing them back inside. The last thing you want to do is bring spider mites into your house to infest other indoor plants.

Wiping houseplant leaves with a damp cloth helps keep spider mites away due to two reasons. First, wiping leaves with a wet cloth humidifies leaves. Second, regular plant leave wiping removes tiny mites before they get the chance to do any plant damage.

leaf problems in plants - reasons for plant leaves turning purple

leaf problems in plants - reasons for plant leaves turning purple

Nutrient deficiencies in plants are hard to spot and are often misdiagnosed. Plant deficiencies are often encouraged by a number of factors including poor soil, insect damage, too much fertilizer, poor drainage, or disease. When nutrients such as magnesium, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, and nitrogen are lacking, plants respond in a variety of waysoftentimes in the leaves.

Leaf problems in plants that are deficient in nutrients or trace minerals are common and may include stunted growth, drying, and discoloration. Nutritional deficiencies present differently in plants, and a proper diagnosis is critical in order to rectify the problem. One of the most commonly asked questions relates to having a plant with purple leaves or leaves turning reddish-purple in color.

When you notice a plant with purple leaves rather than the normal green color, it is most likely due to a phosphorus deficiency. All plants need phosphorus (P) in order to create energy, sugars, and nucleic acids.

Leaves turning reddish-purple in color is most often seen in corn crops. Corn with a phosphorus deficiency will have narrow, bluish-green leaves that eventually turn reddish-purple. This problem occurs early in the season, often due to cold and wet soil.

If you have a plant with purple leaves, it may also be due to elevated levels of anthocyanin, which is a purple-colored pigment. This pigment builds up when a plant becomes stressed and normal plant functions are interrupted. This problem can be very hard to diagnose as other factors can cause the pigment buildup such as cool temperatures, disease, and drought.

copper leaf plant care | eden's garden

copper leaf plant care | eden's garden

The copper leaf plant is a garden shrub that comes in an array of colors this garden beauty is a native of the South Pacific Islands and also goes by the name of Jacobs Coat or the Fire Dragon. What I love about copper leaf is that the color is in the leaves which means you can have constant colors throughout your garden and landscapes year-round which is a great benefit. I have worked with these plants on many garden projects. The variegated leaves of the copper leaf can really give that WOW, as for me my favorite color is dark red which is really amazing. This garden beauty can grow anywhere from 6-10 ft.

If you are searching for a plant that can add dazzling colors which is a garden favorite of many homeowners then the copper leaf is the plant for you, so continue reading this post and discover how to successfully grow the copper leaf that has made its mark among garden plants.

When it comes to disease I can honestly say that I have never had any issues, but be aware however that overwatering can and will lead to root rot so remember to give your copper leaves the right amount of water.

There are so many benefits to pruning such as controlling a plants growth and spread. Because the copper leave can grow pretty large it is best to keep a pruner on hand to ensure that your copper leaf keeps its natural form. Selective pruning will help in keeping your copper leaf plant nicely formed and growing healthy.

Growing copper leaf in a container is pretty cool. Copper leaves that are grown in containers can be moved around to protect plants from winter frost and other adverse conditions or for aesthetic purposes. When growing copper leaf in container use, a soil that has good drainage but is rich with organic as was discussed above.

The containers or decorative pots should have drain holes for all water to drain. Keep the soil somewhat moist, allow the soil to dry out between watering, and then give your copper leaf a good drink. Fertilize as stated earlier and keep an eye out for garden insect pest that was also mentioned above and remember to place your container in a location that gets full or partial sun.

Growing copper leaf indoors can be a challenge because these garden shrubs need bright indirect light to keep them growing at their best. Using an organic soil mix that has good drainage is a must. The container that is used should be large enough so your copper leaf can sit comfortably.

The container should have drain holes and a saucer so water that drains can be collected. Empty the saucer that collects this water. Keeping the soil somewhat moist is a must, fertilize with a liquid fertilizer once a month and follow the manufacturers label on how to fertilize. In the case of insects, pest issues follow as directed above.

Making the copper leaf a part of your garden or landscape will give your garden the boost that it needs. This beautiful shrub can work wonders, I have used many of them in garden designs. So if you are looking for a plant that will provide you with beautiful colors year-round then give the copper leaf a try.

Norman loves being in the garden, both at home and for his job.... he is 'Natures Little helper' being outdoors, growing his vegetables and flowers from an early age. Now having spent over 22 years in the profession he want to give some of his knowledge to others... his vast array of hints and tips you will find scattered over this site will help you no end growing plants in your garden.

culinary mint medley - finegardening

culinary mint medley - finegardening

When I think of mint, the first thing that enters my mind is its inimitable fragrance. One whiff of a crushed mint leaf and menthol fills my nose with a coolness that invigorates me, opening my sinuses, awakening my senses, and clearing out the cobwebs in my mind.

Just the thought of mint in my mouth makes my tongue tingle. Peppermint penetrates the taste buds with a lively pepperiness; spearmint permeates them with a subtle sweetness. Mention mint and I think of tea. This soothing beverage is so simple-just mint leaves infused in boiling water. Mint takes me to a casbah in Marrakech, sipping hot, sweet tea poured from an ancient copper pot into gold-rimmed glasses.

Mint is exotic and yet a part of our everyday lives. Can you imagine growing up in America without tasting chocolate chip mint ice cream? What would tabbouleh be without mint? And what of our grandparents and the mint candies hidden in their pockets or set out on the coffee table? Menthol, which gives mint its well-known scent and flavor, is found in foods and medicines worldwide. Its used commercially in toothpaste, chewing gum, and mouthwash. Menthol has soothed many a stomach, and its an antiflatulent to boot.

Varieties to savor in the kitchenThere are about 25 well-defined species in the genus Mentha, and there are more than 500 named varieties. Many of these are variants or hybrids of the 25 species, demonstrating mints tendency to hybridize readily. All mints have square, branching stems and oval or lance-shaped leaves with finely serrated edges. All contain volatile oils that create the aromas mints are known for. My three favorites for cooking are peppermint, spearmint, and orange or bergamot mint.

Peppermint (Mentha x piperita Mitcham). The best-tasting peppermint is found under various names throughout the country: Mitcham, black-stemmed, Blue Balsam, and even chocolate mint. It is highly mentholated, almost hot, and full of flavor. The plant has a deep purple-blue cast to the stem, and the leaves are a bit larger and rounder than those of other peppermints. Its strong taste holds up well in cooked dishes. Its also good in drinks and desserts where you want intense flavor. Chocolate mint works well with chocolate-in cookies, cakes, brownies, and ice cream.

Spearmint (Mentha spicata). There are many kinds of spearmints; most have hairy leaves that are a light, bright green. Spearmint is milder and sweeter than peppermint and makes wonderful mint tea, sauces, and jellies. It is the mint I choose for fresh pea soup and broiled summer tomatoes. Because spearmint is similar to the mint found in the Mediterranean, I use it when I prepare dishes characteristic of that region: rice salad, couscous, and tabbouleh. I also like to candy the small leaves for desserts. Curly mint (Mentha spicata Crispa) is sweet and fragrant, with curly leaves. Use it in the same manner as the other spearmints. Kentucky Colonel is a mild-mannered spearmint. Put it in a mint julep or any summertime beverage.

Orange mint (Mentha aquatica). This attractive plant has small, oval, bright-green leaves and small, lavender blossoms that make a tasty edible flower. Orange mints intense perfume, which is reminiscent of Earl Grey tea, boosts its strong citrus flavor. It is delicious with fruits, especially the stone fruits of summer like peaches, nectarines, plums, and apricots, and it works well in drinks, sauces, preserves, and desserts.

Double Mint (Mentha x gracilis Madalene Hill).This plant was brought to herb authority Madalene Hill in the mid- to late-1960s from Southeast Asia and was originally called red-stem applemint. This remarkable natural hybrid is a wonderful and unusual mint, packed with the fragrance and flavor of both spearmint and peppermint.

Applemint (Mentha suaveolens). This fuzzy-leaved mint, which comes in both green and variegated types, has a mild flavor and a very slight applelike aroma. Its good with fruit salads, in beverages, or as a garnish.

Ginger mint (Mentha x gentilis Variegata). Ginger mint adds zest to cool summer soups and vinaigrettes. It is tasty in baked goods like scones and gingerbread, and it is good in beverages, from tea to lemonade and fruit punch.

Yerba Buena (Satureja douglasii). This plant with its pale-green, minty leaves is found in Latin America, Mexico, and the southwestern United States, where it is used in tea, soups, stews, and desserts.

Growing mintMint has a reputation as a bit of a rambunctious traveler; plainly put, it can be an aggressive spreader. That shouldnt dissuade you from growing it, as there are ways of dealing with mints waywardness. First, think carefully about where you plant mint because it will send out runners and propagate quickly. Put it where you dont mind its spreading tendency, or contain it in pots, tubs, or even chimney flues.

Since planting mint from seed is variable, its best to buy plants from a reputable source or to propagate mint from stem or root cuttings. (Try Richters Herbs orThe Thyme Garden.) Propagating mint is easy to do, and you can be sure of getting what you see. Mints hybridize readily, so its often difficult to identify the many variations.

Once you have an established plant, mint is easy to care for: It needs water, good drainage, and well-fertilized soil. It does best in full sun in most climates, but it will grow in partial shade, especially in hot, dry areas.

Fresh ways to use mintMint brightens just about any dish, from a couscous salad to new potatoes tossed with mint and shallots, from lamb with a mint jelly glaze to homemade peppermint ice cream. For a refreshing touch, rub the leaves around the rim of an iced tea or lemonade glass before serving. Keep freshly cut stems in a glass or vase of water on the kitchen counter and youll have mint leaves at your fingertips when you need them. They last a good week this way, specially if you change the water every few days. In fact, the stems might even start to root.

To prepare fresh mint leaves for a recipe, rinse the leaves and stems and pat or spin them dry. Remove any spotted or bug-eaten leaves. Keep fresh-cut stems in water until ready to use, then remove the leaves from the stems. This can be done a few hours in advance, if necessary, and the leaves can be kept in a slightly dampened paper towel in a plastic bag in the refrigerator.Chop the leaves just before you are ready to use them, because they will darken and lose flavor once they are cut, just like basil leaves.

Create new flavors in some of your old standby recipes by adding mint. Add 14 to 12 cup of chopped mint leaves to your favorite chocolate or yellow cake recipe; the result will be a refreshing new taste. Or, try adding 12 cup finely chopped orange mint or peppermint to your sugar cookie dough before rolling it out. Add tiny mint leaves to a green salad for a pleasant zing or use some in a vinaigrette.

For a tasty dressing for fresh fruit, combine 2 cups vanilla yogurt with 14 cup fresh orange juice, 1 tablespoon lemon juice, and 3 tablespoons minced orange mint. This simple and delicious dressing can be made ahead and kept in the refrigerator until youre ready to use it. Vary the dressing a little by using different mints. Dont be afraid to experiment.

To brew mint tea Moroccan-style, youll need a tea kettle to boil water in, a teapot, some green tea leaves, and a bunch of fresh spearmint. Put the water in the kettle on to boil, and rinse the teapot with hot water to warm it. Add 1 teaspoon green tea leaves or one tea bag per person to the teapot. Rinse fresh spearmint, if necessary, and add enough to fill the pot at least half full of spearmint leaves. When it boils, add water to the pot, one cup per person, along with about 2 teaspoons of sugar per person. Stir and cover. You can use less sugar, but traditionally this tea is served very sweet. Let the tea steep for 5 to 10 minutes. Put a fresh sprig of spearmint in each cup and pour the tea. Get the complete recipe

Dry mint for year-round useTo dry mint, cut the stems and tie them together in bunches, then hang them in a shady place with good air circulation. To dry small amounts, strip the leaves from the stems and spread them on screens or flat baskets. Keep the drying leaves out of direct sunlight and away from moisture. They should dry in a week to 10 days. You can tell the leaves are dry if they crackle when rubbed between your fingers; if they are pliable, they still have moisture in them. Pack completely dried whole leaves in glass jars and store away from direct light. To make a delicious dried mint tea, use equal parts peppermint, spearmint, and orange mint.

The ratio for substituting dried mint for fresh is about one to three; in other words, if a recipe calls for 3 tablespoons fresh mint, you would substitute 1 tablespoon dried mint leaves. The volatile oils are much stronger in a dried herb than in a fresh herb, since all of the moisture has evaporated. It is best to dry or buy whole mint leaves and crumble them into the dish you are making just before using. When you crush a dried herb leaf you release the essential oils, which you want to flavor the dish.

When using dried mint, the menthol comes through, but the subtle fragrance and flavor nuances are missing. Nevertheless, you can use dried mint successfully in tabbouleh, salads, dressings, teas, and baked goods. Dry or fresh, mints cool flavor goes a long way in food and drink.

7 homemade fungicides that will save your garden plants

7 homemade fungicides that will save your garden plants

Craig is a self-sufficiency gardener who lives in Auckland, New Zealand. He has six vegetable gardens, a 7-meter glass house, and 35-tree orchard that provide food for his family. All spray-free. He is a prepper who likes strange plants and experiment with heritage plants to save seeds.

If youre like me, you hate losing your precious plants to fungal infections, but you dont want to use harsh chemicals around the foods youre growing. If thats the case, homemade fungicide sprays could be the solution youre looking for.

Effective and safe fungicide treatments are easy to make at home and can save you a lot of money. You dont need any special ingredients. In fact, you probably have all you need in your cupboard right now.

You can use most homemade fungicide sprays on your ornamental plants, veggies, herbs, and perennials, and not only are they better for your health and the planet, but theyll also save your plants from those nasty fungi. Ready to get started?

You can whip up basic homemade fungicides in a few minutes, or you can make more complicated ones with multiple ingredients. I prefer the basic recipes, but sometimes you need to hit a fungicide with the big guns.

Powdery mildew is the bane of all gardeners. It strikes plants like cucumber, squash, melon, zucchini and pumpkin, roses, apples and many more. Its recognizable as a powdery, ashy layer on the leaves of your plants. Not only is it unattractive, but it eventually weakens and kills plants.

Mix all the ingredients together and pour into a spray bottle. Spray all infected leaves top and bottom, ensuring the liquid is so thick it drips off the leaves. Spray the entire plant, not just infected leaves, because even if you cant see the fungus, it could be hiding.

Tomatoes are one of those plants most of us love to grow, but theyre often susceptible to fungal diseases like early blight, late blight, leaf mold, fusarium wilt and more. Heres how to stop the fungi that attack tomato plants.

This wonder drug that has helped people for centuries is also a wonder in the garden. Ive seen many ratios of this fungicide spray, but through trial and error, Ive found this recipe gives me the best result.

Crush the aspirin into a powder and add it to the water. Spray liberally on your plants every couple of weeks throughout the growing season. This is a good mixture to spray every two weeks or so as a preventative, as well.

Pyrethrin comes from the dried leaves of the painted daisy. Its an easy plant to grow and is quite a potent fungicidal spray. Simply dry a few handfuls of flowers and grind to a powder. Soak for 24 hours in 4 gallons of water.

I have a couple of favorite homemade fungicides that I use as preventative sprays, rather than waiting for an infection to strike. Natural sprays are perfectly fine to use as a preventative measure every couple of weeks or so because there are no harsh chemicals.

Remember to use safe, natural ingredients and dont be afraid to experiment. Ive lost many plants to fungal disease and like all gardeners, will continue to do so. While you can never stop fungus altogether, you can limit the damage and save as many plants as possible, but you need to do some playing around to find out what works best for your plants.

Related Equipments