ifferent types of mining with images

what are the different types of astigmatism? (with pictures)

what are the different types of astigmatism? (with pictures)

There are two primary types of astigmatism: regular or corneal, resulting from the irregular surface of the cornea which should be smooth; and irregular or lenticular, resulting from the irregularly shaped lens behind the cornea. Regular astigmatism is composed of five different types, however. The difference occurs due to how each eye is classified. The level of nearsightedness, or myopia, and farsightedness, or hyperopia, determine the type of regular astigmatism in each eye. The degree of condition is determined by the severity of the distortion of the cornea or lens.

Regular astigmatism results from an oblong, or football-shaped, cornea. The misshapen cornea can distort an image into two points instead of just a single image. It is the determination of which eye is affected, or to which level, that will establish the type of regular astigmatism the patient has. If one eye is normal and the other is nearsighted, simple myopic astigmatism is the diagnosis. Simple hyperopic astigmatism results from normal vision in one eye, coupled with farsightedness in the other.

Compound myopic or compound hyperopic astigmatism occurs when both eyes are either nearsighted or farsighted, respectfully. When one eye is nearsighted and the other is farsighted, mixed astigmatism is diagnosed. Irregular astigmatism causes light to be distorted from the uneven surface of the cornea, which typically manifests as multiple images from a single object.

Both regular and irregular astigmatism can be hereditary. Therefore, parents with the condition should have children checked periodically. Many experts believe that everyone is born with some level of astigmatism; however, it is just a matter of whether it increases over time causing a moderate to severe condition, or remains the same as in the case of mild astigmatism. Studies have shown that this condition tends to be more or less prevalent in certain races.

Treatment for regular astigmatism can be achieved through the use of contact lenses or prescription eyeglasses. Although traditional hard lenses were used in the past, there are now soft lenses, called toric lenses, and rigid gas permeable lenses available. Laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis, or LASIK surgery, is also available for treatment.

Irregular astigmatism can generally only be corrected through the use of contact lenses or with refractive surgery. Refractive surgery is tailored to the individual, as the procedure must address the specific irregularities within the eye. No two patients will have identical abnormalities.

what are the different types of hemorrhages? (with pictures)

what are the different types of hemorrhages? (with pictures)

The least concerning hemorrhages are those characterized as minor traumatic bleeding. These result from small wounds, and the amount of blood loss is not considered dangerous. In addition, the bleeding stops on its own without the need for medical intervention. The only area of concern is the possibility of infection setting in, which is a concern with all types of hemorrhage.

Severe traumatic bleeding is a greater cause for concern. With severe hemorrhages, a cloth used to cover the wound will become soaked in blood within a manner of seconds. If the bleeding is not stopped and the wound is not tended to, the person can die within a few minutes from loss of blood.

Hemorrhages may also be categorized as externalized bleeding. This is characterized by blood flowing from orifices that are naturally found on the body, such as the ears, nose, mouth, urethra, vagina, or anus. With these hemorrhages, the bleeding starts internally and is caused by disease or trauma. This is not the same as internal bleeding, however, which refers to hemorrhages that occur inside the body and cannot be seen from the outside.

Common internal hemorrhages occur in the arteries, veins, and capillaries. Those affecting the arteries, which are responsible for carrying oxygen-rich blood to the heart, are referred to as arterial bleeding. These hemorrhages are difficult to control and are often life threatening.

Internal hemorrhages affecting the veins, which return the blood to the heart, are called venous bleeding. These are easier to control than arterial hemorrhages, and while they do require medical attention, they are not as serious arterial bleeding.

Bleeding from the capillaries, the smallest vessels in the body, is usually easier to control than arterial and venous hemorrhages. The slow nature of the bleeding from these vessels makes them highly susceptible to infection, however.

Brain hemorrhages are another form of internal bleeding. With this type of bleeding, the blood may collect in the spaces between the brain and its membranes or within the brain tissue. These hemorrhages may affect one part of the brain or be located in only one hemisphere. If not treated properly and immediately, they can be fatal or cause permanent damage.

7 different types of mining processes newsmag online

7 different types of mining processes newsmag online

Mining is used to extract many highly used resources in the world today. Mining unveils valuable minerals like coal, which is a source of electricity and heat, as well as in the manufacturing of cement and steel. As such, these minerals must be mined to supply the high demand for this resource, and there are many ways to do so.

Most mining operations combine different methods to extract minerals most efficiently. Initially, the mineral closer to the surface would be mined using a surface mining method. After the minerals have been exhausted that way, the coal found deeper in the seam would be mined using an underground mining method. This allows for the most minerals in an area to be extracted, using the most efficient methods.

The type of mining is based off of a variety of factors. The thickness and depth of the coal seam are very important in deciding which method will be used, as well as the terrain that is found on the surface above the coal. Economic factors also come into play, as some methods are more or less costly than others.

There are two main types of mining every method can be divided into either surface or underground. Logically, surface mining is used to gain access to minerals located closer to the earths surface. The place where minerals can be found is often called a seam. A seam is considered shallow if it is located closer to the earths surface, and deep if it is located further away.

Underground mining can be used for minerals in more shallow seams, but is more often used for deeper deposits.In order to access the minerals underneath, blasting is done. Blasting is an key part of surface mining, as it helps to prepare the terrain for mining. The rocks are broken up using explosives, and then cleared away using machinery.

The shaft may be an exact vertical or a near vertical drop into the mine, and an elevator or lift is installed to bring workers into and out of the mine. The mine will extend from this initial spot in all directions.

Also known as open pit mining, this is a method of surface mining where a large pit is made in the ground, and the coal is mined directly from that pit. This is a great method to use for a shallow coal seam and it is extremely productive.

Using specialized machines, longwall mining is an underground mining method that cuts out panels of the coal, which are then sheared down and brought to the surface. This method is highly mechanized, and is therefore a very safe type of mining.

It is a highly productive method as well, with a very low cost per ton as compared to some other methods. However, longwall mining does require highly specialized machinery, which can be very costly to start off. It also doesnt allow for very great selection of the grade of the ore.

The title given to room and pillar mining is very fitting, as it is an underground method of clearing out coal by creating roomlike spaces. Some material is left in pillars, which helps to support the roof so that ore around it can be removed.

These types of mining offer good ventilation a sought after feature in underground mining and high productivity. Its not a very flexible method, and doesnt offer a lot of selectivity, however it is better than some other methods. The room and pillar method does, however, limit the depth at which the ore can be mined.

With hydraulic coal mining, water is pushed at high pressure against the ores surface, breaking away the chunks bit by bit. The water, with the bits of coal in tow, are then pushed through a pipe to the surface, where the coal is filtered out of the water.

One of the major advantages of hydraulic coal mining is that the water minimizes the chances of fire and explosion, and it reduces the amount of dust, making it a safer and more healthy working environment. However, power consumption for these types of mining is very high.

NewsMag Online is an online news magazine, run by a team of part-time writers and journalists. Published on a biweekly schedule, we are eager to share a vast variety of news stories with our readers every month!

what are the different types of grapes? (with pictures)

what are the different types of grapes? (with pictures)

Originally, grapes were grown both in Eastern Europe and in the New World. Columbus brought back species that were then hybridized in Europe. Hybridized species became popular in the US and Australia. Historians believe most grape cultivation began in Greek and Turkish culture, and those brought to other parts of Europe from the New World areas of Mexico and South America were generally wild in origin.

Today, grapes are classified in two ways. They are defined as either table or wine grapes, and they are further separated by whether they are European or American. It is often difficult to tell, because of hybridization, what constitutes an American or European grape. Some fruits have been developed in Europe, but have gained popularity in America. In general, European varieties are classed as having originated from the cultivar Vitis vinifera. American originate from Vitis labrusca.

Grapes cultivated from Vitis labrusca tend to grow well on the East Coast of the US, yet most modern wine and table grapes were developed in Europe, particularly in Spain, Italy and France. Americans tend to prefer table varieties descended from Vitis vinifera, as these European grapes have a nice tight skin. Vitis labrusca have a looser skin that slips off more easily, which makes them ideal for peeling.

The primary wine grapes were classed by region in France. We know them in the US as Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Zinfandel, Muscat, Merlot and Cabernet. In general, they are seeded, and are not considered good substitutes for table grapes. They constitute most of those used for wines, though, in the US. Concords, of the Vitis labrusca variety, are preferred in juices.

Of these, Thompsons and Perlettes are the most popular green-skinned grapes. Both are sweet with a tight skin and an oblong shape. Perlettes are recognizable, as they are about 30% bigger than Thompsons. Both make excellent raisins, though Thompsons are the more popular type to use.

For color variety, the seedless Red Flames and Ruby grapes are quite popular. They have a taut flesh and more depth in flavor than the Thompson. Black Monnukas are seedless and have an almost black or dark blue skin when ripe. Their skin is less taut, but still provides a good crunch. They are larger and more oblong than round in shape. Monnukas can often be found in raisin form in natural food stores, and their color is appealing, particularly when combined with white and red varieties.

Some people prefer to add color with the black-fleshed Venus. People praise them for their sweetness, which is likened to the flavors in Muscat. Venus grapes are quite large and are excellent when added to fruit salads or served as is. Because of their size, they are ideal for fruit kabobs.

Less frequently available, but well worth looking for, are the tiny round champagne grapes. These may either have red or green flesh depending upon the variety. They are crunchy and very sweet. Though called champagne, they are not used in making champagne; rather their taste is likened to the finished taste of a good sparkling wine.

If one does not mind seeds, Concords are of course a classic choice. Similar to Monnukas in size, shape and color, they have large seeds that can be easily removed. Muscat grapes, though used in wine, are also ideal for eating. They are also seeded, so serving them should include providing a way for ones guests to discreetly dispose of the seeds.

For the adventurous palate, wine grapes are an interesting table choice. Virtually all wine varieties provide tastes similar to the wines they make, and most are seeded. Most important in choosing these, which may not be readily available, is to make sure they are fully ripe.

With the abundance and variety of grapes, there is always something new to try. Usually, those with the least number of chemical treatments taste better than ones that have been exposed to numerous pesticides. If one is purchasing fruits that have not certified organic, one may wish to serve them peeled, as the skin tends to retain pesticide flavor and can be bitter.

Tricia has a Literature degree from Sonoma State University and has been a frequent DelightedCooking contributor for many years. She is especially passionate about reading and writing, although her other interests include medicine, art, film, history, politics, ethics, and religion. Tricia lives in Northern California and is currently working on her first novel.

Tricia has a Literature degree from Sonoma State University and has been a frequent DelightedCooking contributor for many years. She is especially passionate about reading and writing, although her other interests include medicine, art, film, history, politics, ethics, and religion. Tricia lives in Northern California and is currently working on her first novel.

I just returned from the Crimean region of the Ukraine were I tasted the most remarkable grape variety. It was golden, round, large, and tasted like an apple -- nothing like a grape at all. The woman who gave them to me said they are called "Muscat Italy". I've been unable to locate any information on such grapes. The taste is so sensational that someone with some business sense may be able to introduce them to US markets and make a lot of money. If anyone has information about what I've described, please share the information with the rest of us.

I've been unable to locate any information on such grapes. The taste is so sensational that someone with some business sense may be able to introduce them to US markets and make a lot of money. If anyone has information about what I've described, please share the information with the rest of us.

@EarlyForest -- That is a funny question -- I looked it up, and apparently the whole thing started with a grape mutation in the ancient Middle East. Although it's not known exactly how the vine was reproduced, people think that the ancient grape growers just took cuttings and it spread like that. In fact, that's the way it still works today -- people who want to grow seedless grapes have to get a cutting or bud from someone who already has one.

Although it's not known exactly how the vine was reproduced, people think that the ancient grape growers just took cuttings and it spread like that. In fact, that's the way it still works today -- people who want to grow seedless grapes have to get a cutting or bud from someone who already has one.

Although it's not known exactly how the vine was reproduced, people think that the ancient grape growers just took cuttings and it spread like that. In fact, that's the way it still works today -- people who want to grow seedless grapes have to get a cutting or bud from someone who already has one.

I am sure that there are tons of different types of grapes around the world, unique to a specific region. One that I came upon though, in the course of my travels, is a white, or rather golden grape. It is not the best grape to eat because it has rather tough skin, but it does make a good wine. As a matter of fact the wine won various awards in Europe. These grapes have been growing in that region for centuries and it generously supports most people of a small town. The grape and wine is called Zlahtina and grows, to my knowledge, only in one area of island Krk in northern Adriatic. It seems that the cool winters, and hot and rather dry summers are exactly what that type of grapes needs.

These grapes have been growing in that region for centuries and it generously supports most people of a small town. The grape and wine is called Zlahtina and grows, to my knowledge, only in one area of island Krk in northern Adriatic. It seems that the cool winters, and hot and rather dry summers are exactly what that type of grapes needs.

These grapes have been growing in that region for centuries and it generously supports most people of a small town. The grape and wine is called Zlahtina and grows, to my knowledge, only in one area of island Krk in northern Adriatic. It seems that the cool winters, and hot and rather dry summers are exactly what that type of grapes needs.

15 different types of grapes - home stratosphere

15 different types of grapes - home stratosphere

Unlike many of the odd hybrid fruits we see today (ever heard of aPlumcot?), grapes have been around for much longer, potentially as far back as 65 million years! Berries of the Vitaceae family, their first cultivation occurred around 8,000 years ago.

There are 60 species and a near 8,000 varietals of grapes found worldwide. We all recognize the lavish portrayal of grape consumption illustrated in Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics, and youd be lying if you said youd never held a bunch of grapes above your head and slowly fed yourself like a queen.

At the superstore, we normally have to choose between red or green grapes, but this simplification does a horrible disservice to this spectacular fruit! Out of the 8,000 types of grapes, were going to extrapolate on the favorite 15.

Blooming from June to September, Champagne grapes are some of the smallest grapes grown and they have a taste that is both sweet and tart. The grapes are crunchy and tender and they are small enough to give to kids without worrying about a choking hazard. Ironically, these grapes are not used for making wine or champagne but they are perfect for snacking on and eating raw.

If youve ever tasted pure grape juice, youve likely tasted a Concord grape. The grapes were developed in Concord, Massachusetts in the late 1840s and have a bright, crisp flavor and bluish-purple color. They bloom from August to September and they have large seeds and skin that is very easy to peel. If you love grapes, the Concord is one variety that youll definitely wish to sample.

Cotton Candy grapes (adorable!) are white in color and taste very similar to cotton candy, hence their name. They can only be grown in central California, the hot climate enables that ridiculously sweet quality. They bloom from mid-August to September. People are surprised at how they taste the same as cotton candy and once you give them a try, youll be hooked on them as well.

The simple red grape mentioned earlier, is actually a Crimson Seedless. They are incredibly juicy, sweet and they have been around since the late 1980s. With a rather have a firm texture, thick skin, they are usually a pale red color with occasional green streaks in them. They grow in California and can be harvested from August to November so they bloom a little later than many other grapes do.

Fry Muscadine grapes grow only in Georgia and can be harvested in September. They are approximately the size of a cherry tomato and they turn a lovely yellow as they ripen, yet they start out their lives as a golden-brown color. Born in 1970, Muscadine grapes are firm and crispy, resulting in a satisfying pop when bitten.

With a season that extends from July to September, these grapes can be found worldwide, coated in a dusty red skin with an almost translucent flesh inside. They can be eaten raw or made into white wine, in which case they turn almost clear in color. Gewrztraminer grapes are remarkably juicy and clean tasting, very similar to the quality of stone fruits.

Kyoho grapes are grown in Japan and are a hybrid variety bred in the 1930s. The deep and luxurious color of plums, these puppies one of the largest varietals of grape. The thick and bitter skin is usually peeled away, but the effort required to access whats underneath is well worth it. They bloom from July to August, and they can grow as big as a plum. They can be juiced to pair with your morning coffee, are also perfect for sweetening dull desserts. What a versatile little treat!

Lemberger grapes originated in Germany, but growing practices have extended to various boreal climates. They bloom from August to September, are coated in a stunning sapphire skin with a sweet, slightly spicy flavor a unique varietal. If you use Lemberger grapes to make wine, youll also notice a hint of pepper as well.

Blooming from February to March, Moon Ball (so fun to say) grapes are grown in South Africa and they are large and green. A super high sugar content makes them almost oppressively sweet, and theyre enveloped in a thick and opaque lime green skin. Incredibly juicy and plump, these grapes are just heaving off of their branches.

Moon Drop grapes are a hybrid variety that took roughly 15 years to develop! They are a non-GMO (woohoo!) almost an eggplant purple, and similar in shape. They bloom from late July to late September and they have firm, crunchy flesh. In fact, many people agree that the Moon Drop grape tastes just the same as grape jelly with its sugary but not-too-sweet taste.

These grapes are known for their contribution to Champagne sparkling wine production, and theyve been described as having notes of cherry, caramel, and strawberry. These perfect dark purple orbs bloom from August to September and are paired nicely with cheese.

Riesling grapes can grow in many locations, from Germany to New York, and Canada too. Theyre ready for harvest from August to September, and depending on the conditions of the season, as late as the first frost in October. A wonderful harmony of sweetness and acidity, they have unique floral undertones. These characteristics are easily identified in their finished wine product.

Maturing from July to September, Sultana grapes are grown in California, Australia, and Turkey. Tiny and oval, these sugary grapes are most popularly used as raisins! When dried, their sweetness intensifies, and that pleasant spring green color grows more autumnal.

This varietal of hybrid hasnt been around very long, the first species being bred in 2012! They can grow to be as large and firm as an apple, and its fun to slice them similarly. Mid-August to early September is the prime time for consumption, and theyve grown in central California.

Valiant grapes (what a dubious title) grow from late August to September, and they earn their name due to the fact that they persevere through harsh conditions. Prospering through cold climates and less than fertile soil, theyre perfect for juicing and jams. Super high sugar content and midnight blue-skinned grapes can be found in Canada and Alaska rather indicative of their quality.

Short answer, yes! Grapes contain potassium fiber, and tons of other vitamins and minerals. Resveratrol is a chemical found in grapes, which has been observed to combat eye problems, cancer, and cardiovascular disease!

Tough question! Theyve been around for so long that its up to debate. However, most archeologists believe that humans began farming grapes as early as 6500 B.C during the Neolithic era. Its hard to say exactly where this began, but we know the practices were spread around this time throughout Asia Minor, Transcaucasia, and through the Nile Delta of Egypt.

the gallery of minerals with pictures and descriptions

the gallery of minerals with pictures and descriptions

The following are examples ofcommon mineralsthat are categorized by type. Each has a thumbnail picture of the specimen and a brief description of it. Clicking on the name of the individual specimen will take you to a page with a larger picture and a detailed description.

what are the different types of braids? (with pictures)

what are the different types of braids? (with pictures)

There are several different types of braids, but they are typically created with a few basic braiding methods. Three-strand braids, or over braids, are created by alternately crossing strands of hair over the center strand. Three-strand under braids are made by crossing the hair strands under the center strand. Micro braids, or cornrows, are three-strand under braids using very small strands. Some methods of braiding use only two strands of hair which are woven to form a distinct pattern. Most braids can be created on the scalp or off the scalp, and some extend off the head, while others do not. Braiding is commonly done on shoulder-length or longer hair, although cornrowing braids woven close to the scalp across the head can be done on shorter hair.

One of the most common over braids is the English braid. English braids are usually off the scalp and extend from the head. When creating an English braid, the hair is brushed back away from the face and gathered in one section at the nape of the neck. The hair may also be parted down the middle of the head from front to back and formed into two sections, one gathered behind each ear. Three strands are made from each section, and the right and left strands are crossed alternately over the middle strand, pulling the hair tight as the braid forms. Among all the various types of braids, English braids are one of the simplest to do.

A very popular type of over braid is the French braid. The French braid is also called an invisible braid, because it has an inverted appearance created by crossing the three strands over each other. French braids are most easily done on damp hair. The partings may be made either with the fingers or with the end of a tail comb, a long narrow comb that comes to a point. The French braid is created by weaving in strands from the head, adding more hair each time. This creates a braid close to the scalp as opposed to off the scalp braids.

The three-strand under braid, or Dutch braid, looks different from the French braid because the strands are crossed under each other, forming a visible rope-like pattern that sits on top of the hair. The under braiding method is also the one used to create cornrows or micro braids. These types of braids require extremely small sections divided into tiny strands. They usually begin at the crown of the head and are formed very close to the scalp. Cornrowing requires a high degree of finger dexterity. It is one of the most time-consuming and challenging types of braids to master. If done well, cornrows and micro braids have a beautiful, intricate effect. They can even be left in place while the hair is shampooed, allowing them to be worn a relatively long time.

Some types of braids, including fishtail, or fish bone, and herringbone braids, are done with two strands of hair instead of three. They are created on the scalp by alternately crossing one strand over the other. The hair is pulled tightly after each cross is made, and the strands are usually quite small, 1/2 inch (1.27 cm) to one inch (2.54 cm) thick. The smaller and more even the strands in a two-strand braid, the more woven, or herringbone-like, the effect will be. Two-strand braids done tightly with small strands also resemble the skeleton of a fish, which is where the names fish bone and fishtail came from.

I don't make my hair into a braid very often but when I do, it's always an English braid. It's so easy to make and works great for long hair. Indian women with long hair usually make an English braid. Their braids are so long and beautiful. I have seen many pictures and some Indian women have braids down to their hip.

@SarahGen-- Fishtail braid is beautiful, it just requires patience because it takes considerably longer to make. I think that fishtail braids are easier to do with fine hair. Also, make sure that you are not working with a large chunk of hair. Fishtail braid works best with a small section of hair. People with very fine, long hair can make a fishtail braid with all of their hair. But those with thick hair need to section out smaller parts. Fishtail braids are very easy to make. You just need to section out hair into two equal sections. Take a very small amount of hair from the bottom part of one section, pull it over and add it on top of the other section. Repeat this for each section and make sure to pull the strands thigh after each time to keep the braid together and neat. Since it takes a while to finish this type of braid, I suggest tying your hair and pulling it forward so that you can work on it more easily. If you try to make this braid with your hair in the back, you might give up half way because your arms will be tired.

I think that fishtail braids are easier to do with fine hair. Also, make sure that you are not working with a large chunk of hair. Fishtail braid works best with a small section of hair. People with very fine, long hair can make a fishtail braid with all of their hair. But those with thick hair need to section out smaller parts. Fishtail braids are very easy to make. You just need to section out hair into two equal sections. Take a very small amount of hair from the bottom part of one section, pull it over and add it on top of the other section. Repeat this for each section and make sure to pull the strands thigh after each time to keep the braid together and neat. Since it takes a while to finish this type of braid, I suggest tying your hair and pulling it forward so that you can work on it more easily. If you try to make this braid with your hair in the back, you might give up half way because your arms will be tired.

I think that fishtail braids are easier to do with fine hair. Also, make sure that you are not working with a large chunk of hair. Fishtail braid works best with a small section of hair. People with very fine, long hair can make a fishtail braid with all of their hair. But those with thick hair need to section out smaller parts. Fishtail braids are very easy to make. You just need to section out hair into two equal sections. Take a very small amount of hair from the bottom part of one section, pull it over and add it on top of the other section. Repeat this for each section and make sure to pull the strands thigh after each time to keep the braid together and neat. Since it takes a while to finish this type of braid, I suggest tying your hair and pulling it forward so that you can work on it more easily. If you try to make this braid with your hair in the back, you might give up half way because your arms will be tired.

Fishtail braids are very easy to make. You just need to section out hair into two equal sections. Take a very small amount of hair from the bottom part of one section, pull it over and add it on top of the other section. Repeat this for each section and make sure to pull the strands thigh after each time to keep the braid together and neat. Since it takes a while to finish this type of braid, I suggest tying your hair and pulling it forward so that you can work on it more easily. If you try to make this braid with your hair in the back, you might give up half way because your arms will be tired.

Fishtail braids are very easy to make. You just need to section out hair into two equal sections. Take a very small amount of hair from the bottom part of one section, pull it over and add it on top of the other section. Repeat this for each section and make sure to pull the strands thigh after each time to keep the braid together and neat. Since it takes a while to finish this type of braid, I suggest tying your hair and pulling it forward so that you can work on it more easily. If you try to make this braid with your hair in the back, you might give up half way because your arms will be tired.

Since it takes a while to finish this type of braid, I suggest tying your hair and pulling it forward so that you can work on it more easily. If you try to make this braid with your hair in the back, you might give up half way because your arms will be tired.

Since it takes a while to finish this type of braid, I suggest tying your hair and pulling it forward so that you can work on it more easily. If you try to make this braid with your hair in the back, you might give up half way because your arms will be tired.

I love the look of fishtail braids. I think that this type of braid looks very neat and chic. I have tried it with directions I got off the net but it didn't work out. My braid did not look as it should, it was loose and in fact, came undone very quickly. Is there a trick to getting the fishtail braid right?

@Glasis - Unless you have excellent mirrors and are extremely nimble, you probably won't be able to do a French braid on your own. If you don't have someone to help you and still want to do a fancier braid, you could try making two side braids and clipping them together with a hair tie or barrette so they appear to wrap around to the back. There are also products available to help one person do an updo or elaborate buns.

If you don't have someone to help you and still want to do a fancier braid, you could try making two side braids and clipping them together with a hair tie or barrette so they appear to wrap around to the back. There are also products available to help one person do an updo or elaborate buns.

types of kites - 8 popular single liners

types of kites - 8 popular single liners

On this page, the focus is definitely on single-liners, and 'flat' kites in particular. However, I like to include designs withbowed sparsordihedralin the 'flat' category. Not to mention Deltas, despite the small amount of billow in their sails which helps to keep them stable.

Apart from those 2 types, we hope you enjoy getting educated about some others that are notquiteas well known. Like another Japanese design, the Rokkaku. Or the Sode, which you can see in the photo up there.

I've never seen a trulylargeSled of the 2-stick variety, but have often seen smaller ones flying here and there. Usually with inflatable spars, as in the photo. In parks, down at the beach, even at Kite Festivals.

A bit of research on these types of kites turned up an amazing variety of configurations for such a seemingly simple design. Extra spars, vents, cutouts, you name it. Whatever its exact form, the attractive thing about these kites is the built-in transportability and instant setup. Pure convenience.

It seems every second kid's show on T.V. and every second children's book has an image or 3 of thisextremelywell-known kite shape. It seems that, in the West at least, the word 'kite' is almost synonymous with the shape 'diamond'.

As a family we have often seen a Diamond kite of some description floating on the breeze. Usually, the person taking an opportunity to fly a kite is hidden by the houses and trees of suburbia here in Adelaide.

Interestingly, all our building and flying of simple Diamonds has underscored the basic reliability and idiot-proof nature of these types of kites!Manyother designs can have their quirks and give trouble when built from scratch by inexperienced fliers. No wonder the Diamond is so popular. The larger ones which break down for transport are very quick to set up too.

The 3-spar Barn Door doesn't make it into my top 3 types of kites. However, a little browsing around the Web reveals that a number of keen kite people take pride in making and flying large examples of these types of kites.

I have to admit, I've never seen a Barn Door kite flying here in Australia! Apart from our own MBK versions of course. There must be a few around though, since the term '3-sticker' has been in use for many years.

These types of kites are everywhere, from small ones turned out from children's kite-making workshops right through to large expensive air-brushed versions for sale in kite shops. There's always a few big Roks floating around at our local kite festival each year.

I've seen a Rok Battle at a kite festival, and have to say it's not a bad spectator sport! The competitors try to force all the other kites to the ground, any way they can. Well, not quite, I'm sure firearms would be against the rules ;-) Personally, I'm not so much into kite fighting, and prefer to fly my Rokkakus up to 400 feet in light wind and thermal conditions.

Rokkaku kitesare quite forgiving to construct and fly. They are very stable and a tail is needed only for some of the tiniest versions. Like the 29cm (12") MBK 1-Skewer Rok. The larger Roks can be built for light conditions only, like mine, or for more testing conditions like those used for modern Rok Battles.

TheSode kite, otherwise known as theKimonokite due to its resemblance to that Japanese garment, has often been copied in the West. It's not unknown for a large Sode to be spotted at a kite festival. The rectangular areas of sail make a good canvas for artistic expression!

The Japanese originals fly without tails, and useWashipaper for the sails. Apparently, some tragically keen Japanese fliers still make their own Washi paper from mulberry bushes. Beat that for 'building from scratch'!

The Delta is easy to launch, flies on the lightest of breezes, and almost always sits at a good steep line angle. These characteristics have pushed along the popularity of this design to huge levels, despite having only a fraction of the history of the Diamond and perhaps even the Sled kite.

The vast majority ofDelta kitesare bought from a shop, since they are not nearly as straight-forward to construct as the Diamond or Sled. However,building Delta kitescan be very rewarding, as I can attest!

Dan Leighhas been designing light wind kites since 1974, and specializes in the Delta configuration. Customers rave about the quality and performance of Dan's Delta kites. Mind you, theydon'tcome cheap!

Our MBK Rollers are reliable fliers, based on the Pearson Roller, with the 2-Skewer one quite capable of going overhead on 90 meters (300 feet) of line. Despite its very modest size. The even smaller 1-Skewer design once caught the eye of a German blogger who marveled at how a Roller could be so cheap!

Hardly a common design, the Dopero kite is however much appreciated with theKite Aerial Photographycrowd. This design is capable of hoisting camera gear aloft in light winds better than other designs of similar sail area.The original kite was actually inspired by the idea of overlapping 2 Pearson Rollers. Hence DOuble PEarson ROller or 'Dopero'.

Our Doperos are ratherlooselybased on the original! These types of kites generally have drag-pockets under the trailing edge, but ours have twin keels. Also, ours have much lower aspect ratios. To put that in entirely non-technical language, ours are 'stumpy' compared to the more 'graceful' types of kites that were originally made. I have my reasons for this, and it doesn't stop the 2-Skewer version going directly overhead on 120 meters (400 feet) of line...

These types of kites are everywhere, and you are certain to see a variety of them if you ever attend a kite festival. Like the multi-line parafoils that pull surfers across the water at beaches, the single-liner has an upper and lower surface, divided into a number of cells that are open at the front. Flowforms also let air out the back. Air pressure keeps the kite's shape pumped up as it flies. Just see big the photo down there, which shows a Flowform in the foreground and a couple of ram-air Sleds behind it....

But here's the point - you are not going to slap one of these together in an hour or 2 on your kitchen table, from plastic bags! Also, with no spars, bamboo doesn't come into it either. Perhaps I could give it a shot, and call it the 'MBK Zero-Skewer Parafoil' ;-)

Finally, might you be interested in some fascinating in-depthkite history?At this site, click on KITE HISTORY on the right hand side to browse time-lines of kite development, and peek into the activities of some early kite pioneers. The web-master is a historian by profession, and has done a ton of research on various types of kites, and the individuals behind them.

9 essential types of webpages every seo pro needs to know

9 essential types of webpages every seo pro needs to know

In that sense, that makes optimizing the home page easy because when you type in the name of the company, the home page of that business should be more relevant than any page on a competitors website.

Any industry- or product-related keywords that are qualified with company, business, agency, firm, office, bureau, or similar types of keywords are ready-made fits for the About Us page. And lets face it, trying to fit these keywords anywhere else is difficult.

What they actually do with that information is anyones guess. Maybe theyll send you an email, maybe theyll call, or maybe they just want to know where youre located. And its this last option that provides us with prime optimization fodder.

This is a primary engagement page. If too many people visit your Contact Us page and dont engage, that could be a sign that youre making it difficult, demanding too much information, or simply not providing the right contact options.

In the buying cycle, these pages most frequently serve those who are in the shopping phase. That means those visitors have a good idea of what they want but are looking to learn more about the options available to them.

On an SEO level, these pages are an optimization gold mine. The keywords that these pages cover are generally not so broad that they lose all value, but not so specific that they lose all search volume. Consider them the SEO sweet spot.

Pages need content in order to be optimized, but visitors on these pages dont want content, they just want to see the products. At least thats what many believe. I, on the other hand, dont subscribe to this theory.

There are many ways to add content to pages without hiding it or the products. How you do it and how much content each page needs is up to you. Just make sure youre giving all visitors what they need.

When it comes to optimizing product pages, keyword research almost becomes irrelevant. Thats because there are so many variables that its impossible to focus the content of these pages on every potential variable in any traditional way.

As with any page, you want to optimize the tags: title, description, alt, headings, etc. But where most other pages require a custom approach, product pages can easily be optimized en masse by using dynamic keyword insertion.

The more links you have to your product detail pages, the more link authority you drain from your other pages. However, that also means the more link authority you give to these pages, which are often the highest converting.

16 data mining techniques: the complete list - talend

16 data mining techniques: the complete list - talend

Organizations have access to more data now than they have ever had before. However, making sense of the huge volumes of structured and unstructured data to implement organization-wide improvements can be extremely challenging because of the sheer amount of information. If not properly addressed, this challenge can minimize the benefits of all the data.

Data mining is the process by which organizations detect patterns in data for insights relevant to their business needs. Its essential for both business intelligence and data science. There are many data mining techniques organizations can use to turn raw data into actionable insights. These involve everything from cutting-edge artificial Intelligence to the basics of data preparation, which are both key for maximizing the value of data investments.

Data cleaning and preparation is a vital part of the data mining process. Raw data must be cleansed and formatted to be useful in different analytic methods. Data cleaning and preparation includes different elements of data modeling, transformation, data migration, ETL, ELT, data integration, and aggregation. Its a necessary step for understanding the basic features and attributes of data to determine its best use.

The business value of data cleaning and preparation is self-evident. Without this first step, data is either meaningless to an organization or unreliable due to its quality. Companies must be able to trust their data, the results of its analytics, and the action created from those results.

Tracking patterns is a fundamental data mining technique. It involves identifying and monitoring trends or patterns in data to make intelligent inferences about business outcomes. Once an organization identifies a trend in sales data, for example, theres a basis for taking action to capitalize on that insight. If its determined that a certain product is selling more than others for a particular demographic, an organization can use this knowledge to create similar products or services, or simply better stock the original product for this demographic.

Classification data mining techniques involve analyzing the various attributes associated with different types of data. Once organizations identify the main characteristics of these data types, organizations can categorize or classify related data. Doing so is critical for identifying, for example, personally identifiable information organizations may want to protect or redact from documents.

Association is a data mining technique related to statistics. It indicates that certain data (or events found in data) are linked to other data or data-driven events. It is similar to the notion of co-occurrence in machine learning, in which the likelihood of one data-driven event is indicated by the presence of another.

The statistical concept of correlation is also similar to the notion of association. This means that the analysis of data shows that there is a relationship between two data events: such as the fact that the purchase of hamburgers is frequently accompanied by that of French fries.

Outlier detection determines any anomalies in datasets. Once organizations find aberrations in their data, it becomes easier to understand why these anomalies happen and prepare for any future occurrences to best achieve business objectives. For instance, if theres a spike in the usage of transactional systems for credit cards at a certain time of day, organizations can capitalize on this information by figuring out why its happening to optimize their sales during the rest of the day.

Clustering is an analytics technique that relies on visual approaches to understanding data. Clustering mechanisms use graphics to show where the distribution of data is in relation to different types of metrics. Clustering techniques also use different colors to show the distribution of data.

Graph approaches are ideal for using cluster analytics. With graphs and clustering in particular, users can visually see how data is distributed to identify trends that are relevant to their business objectives.

Regression techniques are useful for identifying the nature of the relationship between variables in a dataset. Those relationships could be causal in some instances, or just simply correlate in others. Regression is a straightforward white box technique that clearly reveals how variables are related. Regression techniques are used in aspects of forecasting and data modeling.

Prediction is a very powerful aspect of data mining that represents one of four branches of analytics. Predictive analytics use patterns found in current or historical data to extend them into the future. Thus, it gives organizations insight into what trends will happen next in their data. There are several different approaches to using predictive analytics. Some of the more advanced involve aspects of machine learning and artificial intelligence. However, predictive analytics doesnt necessarily depend on these techniques it can also be facilitated with more straightforward algorithms.

This data mining technique focuses on uncovering a series of events that takes place in sequence. Its particularly useful for data mining transactional data. For instance, this technique can reveal what items of clothing customers are more likely to buy after an initial purchase of say, a pair of shoes. Understanding sequential patterns can help organizations recommend additional items to customers to spur sales.

Decision trees are a specific type of predictive model that lets organizations effectively mine data. Technically, a decision tree is part of machine learning, but it is more popularly known as a white box machine learning technique because of its extremely straightforward nature.

A decision tree enables users to clearly understand how the data inputs affect the outputs. When various decision tree models are combined they create predictive analytics models known as a random forest. Complicated random forest models are considered black box machine learning techniques, because its not always easy to understand their outputs based on their inputs. In most cases, however, this basic form of ensemble modeling is more accurate than using decision trees on their own.

Statistical techniques are at the core of most analytics involved in the data mining process. The different analytics models are based on statistical concepts, which output numerical values that are applicable to specific business objectives. For instance, neural networks use complex statistics based on different weights and measures to determine if a picture is a dog or a cat in image recognition systems.

Data visualizations are another important element of data mining. They grant users insight into data based on sensory perceptions that people can see. Todays data visualizations are dynamic, useful for streaming data in real-time, and characterized by different colors that reveal different trends and patterns in data.

Dashboards are a powerful way to use data visualizations to uncover data mining insights. Organizations can base dashboards on different metrics and use visualizations to visually highlight patterns in data, instead of simply using numerical outputs of statistical models.

A neural network is a specific type of machine learning model that is often used with AI and deep learning. Named after the fact that they have different layers which resemble the way neurons work in the human brain, neural networks are one of the more accurate machine learning models used today.

Although a neural network can be a powerful tool in data mining, organizations should take caution when using it: some of these neural network models are incredibly complex, which makes it difficult to understand how a neural network determined an output.

Data warehousing is an important part of the data mining process. Traditionally, data warehousing involved storing structured data in relational database management systems so it could be analyzed for business intelligence, reporting, and basic dashboarding capabilities. Today, there are cloud data warehouses and data warehouses in semi-structured and unstructured data stores like Hadoop. While data warehouses were traditionally used for historic data, many modern approaches can provide an in-depth, real-time analysis of data.

Long term memory processing refers to the ability to analyze data over extended periods of time. The historic data stored in data warehouses is useful for this purpose. When an organization can perform analytics on an extended period of time, its able to identify patterns that otherwise might be too subtle to detect. For example, by analyzing attrition over a period of several years, an organization may find subtle clues that could lead to reducing churn in finance.

Machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) represent some of the most advanced developments in data mining. Advanced forms of machine learning like deep learning offer highly accurate predictions when working with data at scale. Consequently, theyre useful for processing data in AI deployments like computer vision, speech recognition, or sophisticated text analytics using Natural Language Processing. These data mining techniques are good for determining value from semi-structured and unstructured data.

With a wide range of techniques to use during data mining, its essential to have the appropriate tools to best optimize your analytics. Typically, these techniques require several different tools or a tool with comprehensive capabilities for proper execution.

Although organizations can use data science tools such as R, Python, or Knime for machine learning analytics, its important to ensure compliance and proper data lineage with a data governance tool. Additionally, organizations will need to work with repositories like cloud data stores in order to perform analytics as well as dashboards and data visualizations to provide business users with the information they need to understand analytics. Tools with all of these features are available, but its important to find one or multiple that fit your business needs.

Cloud computing technologies have had a tremendous impact on the growth of data mining. Cloud technologies are well suited for the high speed, huge quantities of semi-structured and unstructured data most organizations are dealing with today. The clouds elastic resources easily scale to meet these big data demands. Consequently, because the cloud can hold more data of various formats, it requires more tools for data mining to turn that data into insight. Additionally, advanced forms of data mining like AI and machine learning are offered as services in the cloud.

Future developments in cloud computing will surely continue to fuel the need for more effective data mining tools. Within the next five years, AI and machine learning will become even more commonplace than they are today. With the growth rate of data increasing exponentially everyday, the cloud is the most appropriate place to both store and process data for business value. Consequently, data mining approaches will rely even more on the cloud than they currently do.

Organizations can get started with data mining by accessing the necessary tools. Because the data mining process starts right after data ingestion, its critical to find data preparation tools that support different data structures necessary for data mining analytics. Organizations will also want to classify data in order to explore it with the numerous techniques discussed above. Modern forms of data warehousing are useful in this regard, as are various predictive and machine learning/AI techniques.

Organizations will benefit from using a single tool for all of these different data mining techniques. By having one place to perform these different data mining techniques, companies can reinforce the data quality and data governance measures required for trusted data.

As a comprehensive suite of apps that focuses on data integration and data integrity, Talend Data Fabric streamlines data mining to help businesses gain the value most from their data. Try Talend Data Fabric today to reveal your businesss data-driven insights.

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