Minerals beneficiation via physical separation techniques is our forte, and providing our clients with customised solutions for their specific mineral beneficiation needs within this domain is what we do, and we do it well!
The head office and the nerve centre of our business is located in a 22000 square meter manufacturing worksin the developing town of Klerksdorp in the Matlosana region of the North West Province of South Africa.
Our manpower complement of approximately 200, includes seasoned managers, engineers, draftsmen, technicians, artisans and skilled labourers that offer a superior blend of skills that provide our clients with the unwavering service and dedication to excellence that they expect.
Bond Equipment offers practical mineral beneficiation solutions to junior miners, mid-tier andcorporate mining houses through the application of our process design, plant design, manufacturing, construction and commissioning acumen.
For this reason our equipment is designed and manufactured using the latest technologies and is fully tested in processing operations to ensure optimal performance. This means that when we release new process equipment you can be assured that it will be fit for purpose and cost effective.
The MG12 spiral gave us the opportunity to achieve maximum recovery from a multi-stage circuit making the plant smaller and easier to float. The spiral bank modules dropped into and integrated with the plant structure enabling a smooth construction process. It proved to be a very effective solution for a new ore body.Peter Dunn, Process Manager, North America
Our Australian facility is the world's largest manufacturing plant for spiral separators, producing over 20,000 starts per year on a partially automated production line. In-house manufacturing of key equipment such as fiberglass and polyurethane parts and electrical components are complimented by in-house equipment assembly and a large machine workshop with refurbishment capabilities for most of our equipment range.
Our dedicated Research & Development team works with equipment design, manufacturing and metallurgical teams, as well as external research bodies such as the CSIRO in the pursuit of improved equipment technologies to achieve optimum physical separation of fine mineral ores.
After crushing, grinding, magnetic separation, flotation, and gravity separation, etc., iron is gradually selected from the natural iron ore. The beneficiation process should be as efficient and simple as possible, such as the development of energy-saving equipment, and the best possible results with the most suitable process. In the iron ore beneficiation factory, the equipment investment, production cost, power consumption and steel consumption of crushing and grinding operations often account for the largest proportion. Therefore, the calculation and selection of crushing and grinding equipment and the quality of operation management are to a large extent determine the economic benefits of the beneficiation factory.
There are many types of iron ore, but mainly magnetite (Fe3O4) and hematite (Fe2O3) are used for iron production because magnetite and hematite have higher content of iron and easy to be upgraded to high grade for steel factories.
Due to the deformation of the geological properties, there would be some changes of the characteristics of the raw ore and sometimes magnetite, hematite, limonite as well as other types iron ore and veins are in symbiosis form. So mineralogy study on the forms, characteristics as well as liberation size are necessary before getting into the study of beneficiation technology.
1. Magnetite ore stage grinding-magnetic separation process The stage grinding-magnetic separation process mainly utilizes the characteristics of magnetite that can be enriched under coarse grinding conditions, and at the same time, it can discharge the characteristics of single gangue, reducing the amount of grinding in the next stage. In the process of continuous development and improvement, the process adopts high-efficiency magnetic separation equipment to achieve energy saving and consumption reduction. At present, almost all magnetic separation plants in China use a large-diameter (medium 1 050 mm, medium 1 200 mm, medium 1 500 mm, etc.) permanent magnet magnetic separator to carry out the stage tailing removing process after one stage grinding. The characteristic of permanent magnet large-diameter magnetic separator is that it can effectively separate 3~0mm or 6~0mm, or even 10-0mm coarse-grained magnetite ore, and the yield of removed tails is generally 30.00%~50.00%. The grade is below 8.00%, which creates good conditions for the magnetic separation plant to save energy and increase production.
2.Magnetic separation-fine screen process Gangue conjoined bodies such as magnetite and quartz can be enriched when the particle size and magnetic properties reach a certain range. However, it is easy to form a coarse concatenated mixture in the iron concentrate, which reduces the grade of the iron concentrate. This kind of concentrate is sieved by a fine sieve with corresponding sieve holes, and high-quality iron concentrate can be obtained under the sieve.
There are two methods for gravity separation of hematite. One is coarse-grained gravity separation. The geological grade of the ore deposit is relatively high (about 50%), but the ore body is thinner or has more interlayers. The waste rock is mixed in during mining to dilute the ore. For this kind of ore, only crushing and no-grinding can be used so coarse-grained tailings are discarded through re-election to recover the geological grade.
The other one is fine-grain gravity separation, which mostly deals with the hematite with finer grain size and high magnetic content. After crushing, the ore is ground to separate the mineral monomers, and the fine-grained high-grade concentrate is obtained by gravity separation. However, since most of the weak magnetic iron ore concentrates with strong magnetic separation are not high in grade, and the unit processing capacity of the gravity separation process is relatively low, the combined process of strong magnetic separation and gravity separation is often used, that is, the strong magnetic separation process is used to discard a large amount of unqualified tailings, and then use the gravity separation process to further process the strong magnetic concentrate to improve the concentrate grade.
Due to the complexity, large-scale mixed iron ore and hematite ore adopt stage grinding or continuous grinding, coarse subdivision separation, gravity separation-weak magnetic separation-high gradient magnetic separation-anion reverse flotation process. The characteristics of such process are as follows:
(1) Coarse subdivision separation: For the coarse part, use gravity separation to take out most of the coarse-grained iron concentrate after a stage of grinding. The SLon type high gradient medium magnetic machine removes part of the tailings; the fine part uses the SLon type high gradient strong magnetic separator to further remove the tailings and mud to create good operating conditions for reverse flotation. Due to the superior performance of the SLon-type high-gradient magnetic separator, a higher recovery rate in the whole process is ensured, and the reverse flotation guarantees a higher fine-grained concentrate grade.
(2) A reasonable process for narrow-level selection is realized. In the process of mineral separation, the degree of separation of minerals is not only related to the characteristics of the mineral itself, but also to the specific surface area of the mineral particles. This effect is more prominent in the flotation process. Because in the flotation process, the minimum value of the force between the flotation agent and the mineral and the agent and the bubble is related to the specific surface area of the mineral, and the ratio of the agent to the mineral action area. This makes the factors double affecting the floatability of minerals easily causing minerals with a large specific surface area and relatively difficult to float and minerals with a small specific surface area and relatively easy to float have relatively consistent floatability, and sometimes the former has even better floatability. The realization of the narrow-level beneficiation process can prevent the occurrence of the above-mentioned phenomenon that easily leads to the chaos of the flotation process to a large extent, and improve the beneficiation efficiency.
(3) The combined application of high-gradient strong magnetic separation and anion reverse flotation process achieves the best combination of processes. At present, the weak magnetic iron ore beneficiation plants in China all adopt high-gradient strong magnetic separation-anion reverse flotation process in their technological process. This combination is particularly effective in the beneficiation of weak magnetic iron ore. For high-gradient strong magnetic separation, the effect of improving the grade of concentrate is not obvious. However, it is very effective to rely on high-gradient and strong magnetic separation to provide ideal raw materials for reverse flotation. At the same time, anion reverse flotation is affected by its own process characteristics and is particularly effective for the separation of fine-grained and relatively high-grade materials. The advantages of high-gradient strong magnetic separation and anion reverse flotation technology complement each other, and realize the delicate combination of the beneficiation process.
The key technology innovation of the integrated dry grinding and magnetic separation system is to "replace ball mill grinding with HPGR grinding", and the target is to reduce the cost of ball mill grinding and wet magnetic separation.
HPGRs orhigh-pressure grinding rollshave made broad advances into mining industries. The technology is now widely viewed as a primary milling alternative, and there are several large installations commissioned in recent years. After these developments, anHPGRsbased circuit configuration would often be the base case for certain ore types, such as very hard, abrasive ores.
The wear on a rolls surface is a function of the ores abrasivity. Increasing roll speed or pressure increases wear with a given material. Studs allowing the formation of an autogenous wear layer, edge blocks, and cheek plates. Development in these areas continues, with examples including profiling of stud hardness to minimize the bathtub effect (wear of the center of the rolls more rapidly than the outer areas), low-profile edge blocks for installation on worn tires, and improvements in both design and wear materials for cheek plates.
With Strip Surface, HPGRs improve observed downstream comminution efficiency. This is attributable to both increased fines generation, but also due to what appears to be weakening of the ore which many researchers attribute to micro-cracking.
As we tested , the average yield of 3mm-0 and 0.15mm-0 size fraction with Strip Surface was 78.3% and 46.2%, comparatively, the average yield of 3mm-0 and 0.3mm-0 with studs surface was 58.36% and 21.7%.
These intelligently engineered units are ideal for classifying coarser cuts ranging from 50 to 200 mesh. The feed material is dropped into the top of the classifier. It falls into a continuous feed curtain in front of the vanes, passing through low velocity air entering the side of the unit. The air flow direction is changed by the vanes from horizontal to angularly upward, resulting in separation and classification of the particulate. Coarse particles dropps directly to the product and fine particles are efficiently discharged through a valve beneath the unit. The micro fines are conveyed by air to a fabric filter for final recovery.
Air Magnetic Separation Cluster is a special equipment developed for dry magnetic separation of fine size (-3mm) and micro fine size(-0.1mm) magnetite. The air magnetic separation system can be combined according to the characteristic of magnetic minerals to achieve effective recovery of magnetite.
After rough grinding, adopt appropriate separation method, discard part of tailings and sort out part of qualified concentrate, and re-grind and re-separate the middling, is called stage grinding and stage separation process.
According to the characteristics of the raw ore, the use of stage grinding and stage separation technology is an effective measure for energy conservation in iron ore concentrators. At the coarser one-stage grinding fineness, high-efficiency beneficiation equipment is used to advance the tailings, which greatly reduces the processing volume of the second-stage grinding.
If the crystal grain size is relatively coarse, the stage grinding, stage magnetic separation-fine sieve self-circulation process is adopted. Generally, the product on the fine sieve is given to the second stage grinding and re-grinding. The process flow is relatively simple.
If the crystal grain size is too fine, the process of stage grinding, stage magnetic separation and fine sieve regrind is adopted. This process is the third stage of grinding and fine grinding after the products on the first and second stages of fine sieve are concentrated and magnetically separated. Then it is processed by magnetic separation and fine sieve, the process is relatively complicated.
At present, the operation of magnetic separation (including weak magnetic separation and strong magnetic separation) is one of the effective means of throwing tails in advance; anion reverse flotation and cation reverse flotation are one of the effective means to improve the grade of iron ore.
In particular, in the process of beneficiation, both of them basically take the selected feed minerals containing less gangue minerals as the sorting object, and both use the biggest difference in mineral selectivity, which makes the two in the whole process both play a good role in the process.
Based on the iron ore processing experience and necessary processing tests, Prominer can supply complete processing plant combined with various processing technologies, such as gravity separation, magnetic separation, flotation, etc., to improve the grade of TFe of the concentrate and get the best yield. Magnetic separation is commonly used for magnetite. Gravity separation is commonly used for hematite. Flotation is mainly used to process limonite and other kinds of iron ores
Through detailed mineralogy study and lab processing test, a most suitable processing plant parameters will be acquired. Based on those parameters Prominer can design a processing plant for mine owners and supply EPC services till the plant operating.
Prominer has been devoted to mineral processing industry for decades and specializes in mineral upgrading and deep processing. With expertise in the fields of mineral project development, mining, test study, engineering, technological processing.
Kaolinite is a non-metallic mineral, mainly composed of kaolinite, halloysite, hydromica, illite, montmorillonite and quartz, feldspar and other minerals, often mixed with pyrite, limonite, anatase, quartz, chalcedony, alum, etc. Kaolin is widely used in ceramics, paper, rubber, plastics and refractory industries due to its excellent processabilities such as plasticity, cohesiveness, sinterability and fire resistance. There are three main types of the genesis of kaolin deposits: weathering, sedimentary and hydrothermal alterations.
The processing of kaolin ore depends on the nature of the ore and the end-use of the product. There are two processes used in industrial production: the dry process and wet process. Usually, hard kaolin is produced by the dry process, and soft kaolin is produced by a wet process.
The kaolinite dry mining process is a simple and economical process. The ore is crushed to 25.4mm by a hammer crusher and fed into the cage mill to reduce the particle size to 6.35mm. The hot air in the cage mill reduces the moisture of the kaolin from about 20% to 10%. The crushed ore is further ground by a blown-type Raymond mill equipped with a centrifugal separator and a cyclone. This process removes most of the sand and the product is commonly used in low-cost fillers in the rubber, plastics and paper industries. When used in the paper industry, the product can be used as a filler in the filler layer with an ash content of less than 10% or 12%. At this time, the brightness of the product is not high.
When the dry beneficiation method requires high whiteness of the product, the product produced by Raymond mill must be dry iron removed. The dry process has the advantages of eliminating the dehydration and drying process, reducing the loss of ash powder, short process flow, low production cost, and is suitable for drought and water shortage areas. However, it is necessary to rely on the wet beneficiation process to obtain high-purity kaolin.
The wet process includes three stages of ore preparation, ore beneficiation processing and product processing. The beneficiation stage may include hydraulic grading, flotation, selective flocculation, magnetic separation, chemical treatment (bleaching), etc. to remove different impurities.
The prepared slurry pulp is first desanded by the rake type washing box, floating tank classifier or cyclone, and then divided into two grades of coarse and fine by the continuous centrifuge, hydraulic cyclone, hydraulic separator or vibrating fine sieve (325 mesh).
The fine-grained grade of the classifier is fed into HGMS (high-gradient magnetic separator) to remove iron-titanium impurities. The product is detached by stirring and scouring and then leached by iron oxide. The clay which is high enough in brightness and has good coating properties can be magnetically removed. Stripped and sent directly to the leaching operation. After leaching, alum is added to the slurry to coagulate the clay minerals to facilitate dehydration.
The bleached clay is dewatered using a high-speed centrifuge, a rotary vacuum filter or a filter press. Dewatering by filter or filter press. The filter cake is redispersed into a slurry of 55% to 65% solids and then spray dried to make a loose dry product. Part of the dry product was mixed into the dispersed slurry to make 70% solids and shipped to the paper mill.
The final product, which is not selected, has low brightness and can only be obtained by magnetic separation, froth flotation or selective flocculation in the process. However, these independent operations have their own advantages and disadvantages, so the industry usually uses a combined process of two or three of these processes for the comprehensive utilization of clay resources.
Related post: Whats High Gradient Magnetic Separator? The dyed impurities in kaolin (such as hematite, etc.) have weak magnetic properties and can be removed by a high gradient magnetic separator. In the United States, the PEM-84 wet high gradient magnetic separator can reduce Fe2O3 in kaolin ore from 0.9% to 0.6%, and Ti2O3 from 1.8% to 2.0% to 0.8%. This high-gradient magnetic separator uses stainless steel wool as a medium. When the field strength is 1.5 to 2.0T, it consumes 270-500kw.
China has carried out wet research on Hunan acid, Lingyang, Boluo and Hengling soils, and all of them have obtained good test results, especially the removal of iron and titanium in kaolin by vibration high gradient magnetic separation. Very good test indicators. From the comparative test results of Chinas CLY500 vibrating high gradient magnetic separator and the US PEM-84 high gradient magnetic separator, the high gradient magnetic of China is seen from the iron and titanium impurities and whiteness. The machine performance is better than the United States.
Since some iron impurities in some kaolin mines exist in the form of silicates, the magnetic properties are very weak, and titanium exists in the form of rutile, the magnetic separation method is difficult to work, so the process is usually accompanied by flotation, selective flocculation and other operations. To improve the quality of the product. In recent years, superconducting magnetic separators have been successfully applied to kaolin sorting, which not only reduces energy consumption, but also greatly increases the field strength, and the quality of kaolin concentrate is also higher. The Eriez superconducting magnetic separator features a rapid magnetic lift, achieving the highest design field strength (5T) in 60 seconds, while the degaussing time is short, which greatly reduces the time required to flush magnetic impurities from the magnet during the load cycle. Its energy consumption is low, about 80% less than conventional magnetic separator, and the processing capacity is large, up to 100t/h.
The United Kingdom has tested a reciprocating helical superconducting magnetic system that is similar in design to a conventional can magnetic filter, except that it retains the superconducting magnet in an excited state during the duty cycle without switching control. Continuous operation. The 3048mm superconducting high gradient magnetic separator designed by Humboldt of Germany has simple structure, low operation and maintenance cost and good stability.
The purpose of the flotation operation is to float titanium impurities from the kaolin. Since the impurity particles are extremely fine, a carrier flotation process is usually employed. The carrier mineral may be calcite or silica sand (-325 mesh), and the amount of the carrier mineral is generally 10% to 20% by weight of the kaolin, and a part of the carrier may be reused after being recycled.
The agents used in the flotation process include dispersant sodium silicate, pH adjuster amine hydroxide and caustic soda collector Tal oil, fatty acid and calcium petroleum sulfonate. However, flotation has many disadvantages. The hydrophobization of the carrier requires a large number of chemicals. The flotation process can only be effective at a lower concentration of the slurry, thereby increasing the cost of dewatering. The loaded body must be removed from the clay product as much as possible. Recycling in the product for recycling.
Chemicals and carrier minerals remaining in the clay are detrimental to the final product. Cundy and Yong et al. studied a flotation process that does not require a carrier and floats anatase directly from kaolin, which is characterized by the presence of dispersants (such as sodium silicate) and pH adjusters (usually amine hydroxide). Under high conditions, high pulp concentration (40% to 60% solids) is scrubbed to remove surface contaminants. At the same time, scrubbing also disintegrates anatase and hematite from kaolin minerals, and then traps a small number of activators and fatty acids. The slurry is added together with the slurry, and the anatase covered by the collector forms selective agglomeration under high shear stirring conditions, so that the particle size is significantly increased, and the slurry after high shear stirring and slurry is diluted to 15%~ Flotation is carried out with 20% solids, and alum in kaolin can also be removed by flotation.a You may interest in buying flotation machine, 7 Factors Affecting Froth Flotation
At pH 8~11, selective agglomeration of iron-titanium impurities was observed by adding alkaline earth metal ions such as Ca2+ and Mg2+ to the kaolin slurry, and then selective flocculation was carried out with a weak anionic polyelectrolyte. The process requires a slurry concentration of less than 20%, so a large amount of moisture must be removed in subsequent operations, and the residual flocculant also affects the quality of the final product.
Selective flocculation of kaolin with high-molecular flocculant, the kaolin particles flocculate to the bottom, and the iron-titanium impurities are reddish-brown in the suspension in the upper part due to the fine particles, and the upper suspension can be removed. Most of the iron-titanium impurities are removed and processed by other operations (such as magnetic separation) to obtain high-quality kaolin. Suzhou Kaolin Company has achieved good indicators using a new process of selective flocculation. The use of selective flocculation and high gradient magnetic separation to treat kaolin also obtained satisfactory indicators.
Leaching is carried out in the presence of a weakly acidic solution (pH 3 to 4) in the presence of a reducing agent (NaS2O4) to keep the dissolved iron in the Fe2+ state, avoiding the formation of Fe(OH)3, and washing it with water to separate it from the kaolin. In order to remove the dark organic matter, it can be bleached with a strong oxidizing agent (hydrogen peroxide, sodium hypochlorite, etc.), and the Suzhou Kaolin Company has obtained high-quality kaolin products by oxidative bleaching. It has been reported that the treatment of kaolin with microorganisms can significantly improve the quality of the product.
The selected clay is stored in a slurry tank for 6-8 hours, and the pH is adjusted to 3-4, which is close to the zero points of the clay, so that the clay particles are easily agglomerated. The addition of alum to the pulp helps the agglomeration of the clay particles and promotes dehydration. The cylinder filter is a commonly used dewatering device which increases the slurry concentration to 55% to 60%. One of the important functions of the filtration operation is to remove chemicals from the clay.
To enhance this work, the water spray is often used. Spray drying has become a very effective process in the clay industry, but it is expensive. In recent years, a new filtration process utilizing the electrophoretic properties of charged particles in an electric field has emerged. The kaolin particles are negatively charged at pH > 3 and are surrounded by an oppositely charged ion mist to form an electric double layer.
In the electric field, the clay particles move toward the anode, and the counterions in the ion mist move toward the cathode. When the particles reach the anode, they are used to protect the filter cake formed on the anode film of the electrode. The anode filter cake is further dehydrated by electroosmosis, and the excess water is pumped out through the negatively charged filter cake capillary by the electroosmotic principle.
The dehydrating agent is used to agglomerate the kaolin particles into large particles, which can accelerate the precipitation rate of the particles, facilitate the dehydration, and reduce the kaolin loss of the fine particles. Therefore, the development of new high-efficiency dehydrating agent for kaolin is also one of its research directions.
1 The raw ore mined from the mine is coarsely selected on-site, and a large number of tailings are discarded in the mine. This not only solves the filling of the goaf but also reduces the stockpiling and transportation of the ore in the ore dressing plant. Concentrates of each roughing plant;
3 high-concentration pulping, dispersing agent is added to the pulp during the sorting process, the flocculating agent is added during the dehydration process, and the filter press or vacuum filter product can be sold as a product without drying;
4 In addition to the hydrocyclone classification, the beneficiation operation also uses a centrifugal classifier, a sand mill, a high gradient magnetic separator, and a flotation machine to improve product fineness and reduce impurities such as iron, titanium and sulfur;
5 The chemical bleaching process is commonly used in major kaolin producing countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, and the former Soviet Union to produce high-whiteness kaolin products, but the cost is high;
6 Kaolin products are sold in bulk, coarse powder, fine powder and paste form. The manufacturer supplies different products according to the requirements of the users. There are many types of drying equipment for the products, but most applications are spray drying, because the cost is relatively low;
7 Concentrators not only have large production capacity, but also many varieties, and are standardized products. It can meet the needs of different users. China Kaolin Company has four categories and 34 varieties. These products are widely used in paper fillers and coatings, ceramics industry raw materials, rubber and plastic fillers and reinforcing agents, white cement oil felts, roofing coatings and waterproofing agent ingredients, fiberglass ingredients, ink pigments, cosmetics and soaps. Fillers, carriers of pesticides and fertilizers, binders for abrasive materials, synthetic molecular sieves, petroleum catalysts, atomic energy reactors, etc.
1 The carrier flotation process makes it possible to select fine-grained kaolin. The advantage is that the kinetic energy of the particles is increased, but the consumption of the agent is high, and the use and processing cost of the carrier mineral is further increased.
2 The activation of polyvalent cations without a carrier can also cause anatase to float, but the consumption of fatty acid-matched collectors is higher than that of other industrial minerals, which may be due to the large surface area of the particles.
3 High-shear agitation plays a two-fold role in the flotation. One is to dissociate the anatase from the kaolinite, and the other is to induce shear flocculation between the anatase particles covered by the collector.
4 High-gradient magnetic separation technology has greatly changed the appearance of the kaolin industry. Especially the vibration high-gradient magnetic separation can effectively remove the iron-titanium impurities in kaolin, but has little effect on the particle size composition and physical and chemical properties of the product. Produce high-quality kaolin products. Dry high gradient magnetic separation treatment of hard kaolin can eliminate product dehydration and reduce product loss, which is suitable for dry and low water areas. The superconducting high gradient magnetic separator has low energy consumption and large processing capacity. The product purity is high and will be widely used in the kaolin industry.
We know that not all Iron Ore deposits are the same and changing commodities prices are placing higher demands on producers to sweat the assets through process improvements, and increase revenues by converting tailings. Thats why understanding your project objectives and opportunities is our first step in developing solutions that transform your ores into valuable commodities. This holds true for all projects that we are involved in and forms the basis for our ongoing work in developing and delivering innovative and cost effectiveprocess solutionsacross the project lifecyclethat transform your ore bodies into valuable commodities.
To be confident in investing in a project, you need to know that the separation process will work on start-up and throughout the life of the operation. We give you certainty by testing representative samples and analysing the results beyond basic calculations to deliver innovative and cost effective process flowsheets that maximise the grade and recovery of valuable minerals including Magnetite, Hematite and Goethite.
Customers value our 75 years experience in metallurgical testing, whether performed in our extensive metallurgical test laboratory in Australia or, under our direction, in partner test laboratories in the USA, South Africa, Brasil and India.
We routinely test samples as small as 100 grams for characterisation and specific gravity fractionation, through to larger samples up to 2000 kg for bench and pilot scale testing and flowsheet development. We also have the capability to create multi-stage pilot scale circuits to treat bulk samples (80-100 tonnes) for process testing and circuit optimisation and our test equipment includes the latest gravity, electrostatic and magnetic equipment.
High grade concentrates and high recovery of iron ore can be achieved using effective feed preparation systems (typically controlled crushing, screening, milling, classification and slimes removal) in combination with cost effective, efficient metallurgical separation.
Hard rock hematite deposits often require a combination of milling, screening and on occasion, fine classification to prepare a finely sized (-1.0mm), liberated feed for beneficiation by gravity separation. This is typically followed by re-grinding of the tailings to liberate more hematite for further iron unit recovery by magnetic separation.
WHIMS are also often employed to recover fine hematite from spiral circuit tailings. The inclusion of medium intensity magnetic drum separation (MIMS) in combination with jigging may be considered for the beneficiation of the 6-1mm fraction of some friable ore bodies.
Having developed an effective and optimised flowsheet, you need a plant that safely and effectively applies this flowsheet to the ore body to extract high grade iron ore whilst delivering high availability, with low capital and low operational expenditure.
For this reason our equipment is designed and manufactured using the latest technologies and is fully tested in processing operations to ensure maximum performance. This means that when we release new process equipment you can be assured that it will be fit for purpose and cost effective.
A good example is the engineering we completed for ArcelorMittals projects in Canada and Africa. The specific ore required our teams to design a High Capacity wash water spiral which becames the HC33.
As a world leader in process solutions we have delivered some of the largest and most complex projects including design of the worlds largest wet concentrating plant at the ArcelorMittal project, and the design and supply of two tailings treatment beneficiationplants for Arrium in Australia.
For over 45 years, weve been driven by one primary goal: helping customers get more from their ore. We partner with our clients to drive continuous process optimisation to their plant with application-specific mineral processing solutions that:
For over 45 years, weve helped the worlds biggest mining houses maximise process efficiency and plant uptime, increase levels of product quality, consistency and reliability, and enhance product speed to market.
Multotec is active across the world. Through our global presence, we deliver local expertise, with engineered solutions and services tailored to the unique mineral processing requirements of each region.