jaw crusher s picture

jaw crusher components & parts

jaw crusher components & parts

These are the parts and components that generate the crushing action and provide the energy needed to break the ore. Lets follow the chain of events within a crushing cycle to see how they all go together. The first component of the crusher is the drive motor. This will drive a reducer sheave that isattached to an eccentric shaft. On the other end of the shaft is the flywheel.

The purpose of the flywheel is to generate energy in the form of motion. Once the motor has the flywheel turning the momentum of the wheel will carry it through a crushing cycle. The motor then will only have to provide the energy necessary to propel the fly wheel.

That is where the energy comes from, the crushing action itself is generated by the eccentric shaft, and this shaft is called the pitman. This is simply a shaft with a portion of its length offset from the rest of the shaft. As the shaft is revolved that portion will travel in a greater arc. By attaching a bearing system called the pitman bearing and cap to it is possible to generate a motion whose direction is primarily up and down.

There is an arm extending from the pitman that the toggle plates sit in. The toggle plates are set at an angle to the arm and the swing jaw. As the pitman is revolved the arm is pulled up. This causes the toggle plates to come to the horizontal position. The movement of the toggle plate forces the swing jaw to be pushed outwards towards the stationary jaw thus crushing the ore.

Depending upon the make of Jaw crusher the Toggle plates may provide another very important function. With some designs the toggle plates are made up of two steel plates that are bolted together with what is known as SHEAR BOLTS. These are bolts that have a known shear strength. If something that the crusher cannot crush accidentally gets into the crushing chamber these bolts will shear off when the Jaw hits the unbreakable object. This will prevent damage to the rest of the crusher.

Unlike the gyratory crusher the main lubrication used on Jaw crushers is grease instead of oil. In using grease there may be several different ways that it will be fed to the necessary lubrication points. It could be manually with a grease gun. Or possibly grease pots or metering pump will be the system used. Whichever it is, the bearings will be a critical portion of the operators circuit checks.

what is a jaw crusher | advantages, types, parts and specifications | quarrying & aggregates

what is a jaw crusher | advantages, types, parts and specifications | quarrying & aggregates

The series of jaw crushers produced by Rayco are widely used in mining and aggregate crushing industries. They are specially developed for crushing the hardest ores and rocks, and are mainly used as primary crushers.

When working, the motor drives the belt and pulley to move the movable jaw up and down through the eccentric shaft. When the movable jaw rises, the angle between the toggle plate and the movable jaw becomes larger, thereby pushing the movable jaw plate closer to the fixed jaw plate, and the material passes through the two jaws. The squeezing and rolling between the plates realize multiple crushing.

When the movable jaw descends, the angle between the toggle plate and the movable jaw becomes smaller. The movable jaw plate leaves the fixed jaw plate under the action of the pull rod and the spring, and the crushed material passes through the discharge port in the lower jaw cavity freely under the action of gravity Unload.

When crushing high hardness and strong corrosive materials, C6X can accomplish the task very well. Its equipment structure, manufacturing technology and material selection determine the high strength of its body. Not only can it be used for coarse crushing of the hardest rocks and ore, but also can be continuously produced in the most demanding production environment on the ground and underground to ensure the maximum production efficiency of customers.

jaw crusher working principle

jaw crusher working principle

A sectional view of the single-toggle type of jaw crusher is shown below.In one respect, the working principle and application of this machine are similar to all types of rock crushers, the movable jaw has its maximum movement at the top of the crushing chamber, and minimum movement at the discharge point. The motion is, however, a more complex one than the Dodge motion, being the resultant of the circular motion of the eccentric shaft at the top of the swing jaw. combined with the rocking action of the inclined toggle plate at the bottom of this jaw. The motion at the receiving opening is elliptical; at the discharge opening, it is a thin crescent, whose chord is inclined upwardly toward the stationary jaw. Thus, at all points in the crushing chamber, the motion has both, vertical and horizontal, components.

It will be noted that the motion is a rocking one. When the swing jaw is rising, it is opening, at the top, during the first half of the stroke, and closing during the second half, whereas the bottom of the jaw is closing during the entire up-stroke. A reversal of this motion occurs during the downstroke of the eccentric.

The horizontal component of motion (throw) at the discharge point of the single-toggle jaw crusher is greater than the throw of the Dodge crusher at that point; in fact, it is about three-fourths that of Blake machines of similar short-side receiving-opening dimensions. The combination of favorable crushing angle, and nonchoking jaw plates, used in this machine, promotes a much freer action through the choke zone than that in the Dodge crusher. Capacities compare very favorably with comparable sizes of the Blake machine with non-choking plates, and permissible discharge settings are finer. A table of ratings is given.

The single-toggle type jaw crusher has been developed extensively. Because of its simplicity, lightweight, moderate cost, and good capacity, it has found quite a wide field of application in portable crushing rigs. It also fits into the small, single-stage mining operation much better than the slower Dodge type. Some years since this type was developed with very wide openings for reduction crushing applications, but it was not able to seriously challenge the gyratory in this field, especially when the high-speed modern versions of the latter type were introduced.

Due to the pronounced vertical components of motion in the single-toggle machine, it is obvious that a wiping action takes place during the closing strokes; either, the swing jaw must slip on the material, or the material must slip along the stationary jaw. It is inevitable that such action should result in accelerated wear of the jaw plates; consequently, the single-toggle crusher is not an economical machine for reducing highly abrasive, or very hard, tough rock. Moreover, the large motion at the receiving opening greatly accentuates shocks incidental to handling the latter class of material, and the full impact of these shocks must be absorbed by the bearings in the top of the swing jaw.

The single-toggle machine, like the Dodge type, is capable of making a high ratio-of-reduction, a faculty which enables it to perform a single-stage reduction of hand-loaded, mine run ore to a suitable ball mill, or rod mill, feed.

Within the limits of its capacity, and size of receiving openings, it is admirably suited for such operations. Small gravel plant operations are also suited to this type of crusher, although it should not be used where the gravel deposit contains extremely hard boulders. The crusher is easy to adjust, and, in common with most machines of the jaw type, is a simple crusher to maintain.

As rock particles are compressed between the inclined faces of the mantle and concaves there is a tendency for them to slip upward. Slippage occurs in all crushers, even in ideal conditions. Only the particles weight and the friction between it and the crusher surfaces counteract this tendency. In particular, very hard rock tends to slip upward rather than break. Choke feeding this kind of material can overload the motor, leaving no option but to regulate the feed. Smaller particles, which weigh less, and harder particles, which are more resistant to breakage, will tend to slip more. Anything that reduces friction, such as spray water or feed moisture, will promote slippage.

Leading is a technique for measuring the gap between fixed and moveable jaws. The procedure is performed while the crusher is running empty. A lead plug is lowered on a lanyard to the choke point, then removed and measured to find out how much thickness remains after the crusher has compressed it. This measures the closed side setting. The open side setting is equal to this measurement plus the throw of the mantle. The minimum safe closed side setting depends on:

Blake (Double Toggle) Originally the standard jaw crusher used for primary and secondary crushing of hard, tough abrasive rocks. Also for sticky feeds. Relatively coarse slabby product, with minimum fines.

Overhead Pivot (Double Toggle) Similar applications to Blake. Overhead pivot; reduces rubbing on crusher faces, reduces choking, allows higher speeds and therefore higher capacities. Energy efficiency higher because jaw and charge not lifted during cycle.

Overhead Eccentric (Single Toggle) Originally restricted to sampler sizes by structural limitations. Now in the same size of Blake which it has tended to supersede, because overhead eccentric encourages feed and discharge, allowing higher speeds and capacity, but with higher wear and more attrition breakage and slightly lower energy efficiency. In addition as compared to an equivalent double toggle, they are cheaper and take up less floor space.

Since the jaw crusher was pioneered by Eli Whitney Blake in the 2nd quarter of the 1800s, many have twisted the Patent and come up with other types of jaw crushers in hopes of crushing rocks and stones more effectively. Those other types of jaw crusher inventors having given birth to 3 groups:

Heavy-duty crushing applications of hard-to-break, high Work Index rocks do prefer double-toggle jaw crushers as they are heavier in fabrication. A double-toggle jaw crusher outweighs the single-toggle by a factor of 2X and well as costs more in capital for the same duty. To perform its trade-off evaluation, the engineering and design firm will analyze technical factors such as:

1. Proper selection of the jaws. 2. Proper feed gradation. 3. Controlled feed rate. 4. Sufficient feeder capacity and width. 5. Adequate crusher discharge area. 6. Discharge conveyor sized to convey maximum crusher capacity.

Although the image below is of a single-toggle, it illustrates the shims used to make minor setting changes are made to the crusher by adding or removing them in the small space between the crushers mainframe and the rea toggle block.

The jaw crusher discharge opening is the distance from the valley between corrugations on one jaw to the top of the mating corrugation on the other jaw. The crusher discharge opening governs the size of finished material produced by the crusher.

Crusher must be adjusted when empty and stopped. Never close crusher discharge opening to less than minimum opening. Closing crusher opening to less than recommended will reduce the capacity of crusher and cause premature failure of shaft and bearing assembly.

To compensate for wear on toggle plate, toggle seat, pitman toggle seat, and jaws additional shims must be inserted to maintain the same crusher opening. The setting adjustment system is designed to compensate for jaw plate wear and to change the CSS (closed side setting) of the jaw crusher. The setting adjustment system is built into the back frame end.

Here also the toggle is kept in place by a compression spring. Large CSS adjustments are made to the jaw crusher by modifying the length of the toggle. Again, shims allow for minor gap adjustments as they are inserted between the mainframe and the toggle block.

is done considering the maximum rock-lump or large stone expected to be crushed and also includes the TPH tonnage rate needing to be crushed. In sizing, we not that jaw crushers will only have around 75% availability and extra sizing should permit this downtime.

As a rule, the maximum stone-lump dimension need not exceed 80% of the jaw crushers gape. For intense, a 59 x 79 machine should not see rocks larger than 80 x 59/100 = 47 or 1.2 meters across. Miners being miners, it is a certainty during day-to-day operation, the crusher will see oversized ore but is should be fine and pass-thru if no bridging takes place.

It will be seen that the pitman (226) is suspended from an eccentric on the flywheel shaft and consequently moves up and down as the latter revolves, forcing the toggle plates outwards at each revolution. The seating (234) of the rear toggle plate (239) is fixed to the crusher frame; the bottom of the swing jaw (214) is therefore pushed forward each time the pitman rises, a tension rod (245) fitted with a spring (247) being used to bring it back as the pitman falls. Thus at each revolution of the flywheel the movable jaw crushes any lump of ore once against the stationary jaw (212) allowing it to fall as it swings back on the return half-stroke until eventually the pieces have been broken small enough to drop out. It follows that the size to which the ore is crushed.

The jaw crusher is not so efficient a machine as the gyratory crusher described in the next paragraph, the chief reason for this being that its crushing action is confined to the forward stroke of the jaw only, whereas the gyratory crusher does useful work during the whole of its revolution. In addition, the jaw crusher cannot be choke-fed, as can the other machine, with the result that it is difficult to keep it working at its full capacity that is, at maximum efficiency.

Tables 5 and 6 give particulars of different sizes of jaw crushers. The capacity figures are based on ore weighing 100 lb. per cubic foot; for a heavier ore, the figures should be increased in direct proportion to its weight in pounds per cubic foot.

The JAW crusher and the GYRATORY crusher have similarities that put them into the same class of crusher. They both have the same crushing speed, 100 to 200 R.P.M. They both break the ore by compression force. And lastly, they both are able to crush the same size of ore.

In spite of their similarities, each crusher design has its own limitations and advantages that differ from the other one. A Gyratory crusher can be fed from two sides and is able to handle ore that tends to slab. Its design allows a higher-speed motor with a higher reduction ratio between the motor and the crushing surface. This means a dollar saving in energy costs.

A Jaw crusher on the other hand requires an Ely wheel to store energy. The box frame construction of this type of crusher also allows it to handle tougher ore. This design restricts the feeding of the crusher to one side only.

The ore enters from the top and the swing jaw squeezes it against the stationary jaw until it breaks. The broken ore then falls through the crusher to be taken away by a conveyor that is under the crusher.Although the jaws do the work, the real heart of this crusher is the TOGGLE PLATES, the PITMAN, and the PLY WHEEL.

These jaw crushers are ideal forsmall properties and they are of the high capacity forced feed design.On this first Forced Feed Jaw Crusher, the mainframe and bumper are cast of special alloy iron and the initial cost is low. The frame is ribbed both vertically and horizontally to give maximum strength with minimum weight. The bumper is ruggedly constructed to withstand tremendous shock loads. Steel bumper can be furnished if desired. The side bearings are bronze; the bumper bearings are of the antifriction type.

This bearing arrangement adds both strength and ease of movement. The jaw plates and cheek plates are reversible and are of the best-grade manganese steel. The jaw opening is controlled by the position of an adjustable wedge block. The crusher is usually driven by a V-to-V belt drive, but it can be arranged for either V-to-flat or fiat belt drive. The 8x10 size utilizes a split frame and maybe packed for muleback transportation. Cast steel frames can be furnished to obtain maximum durability.

This second type of forced feed rock crusher is similar in design to the Type H listed above except for having a frame and bumper made of cast steel. This steel construction makes the unit lighter per unit of size and adds considerable strength. The bearings are all of the special design; they are bronze and will stand continuous service without any danger of failure. The jaw and cheek plates are manganese steel; and are completely reversible, thus adding to their wearing life. The jaw opening is controlled by the position of an adjustable wedge block. The crushers are usually driven by V-to-V but can be arranged for V-to-flat and belt drive. The 5x6 size and the 8x10 size can be made with sectionalized frame for muleback transportation. This crusher is ideal for strenuous conditions. Consider a multi jaw crusher.

Some jaw crushers are on-floor, some aboveground, and others underground. This in many countries, and crushing many kinds of ore. The Traylor Bulldog Jaw crusher has enjoyed world wide esteem as a hard-working, profit-producing, full-proof, and trouble-free breaker since the day of its introduction, nearly twenty years ago. To be modern and get the most out of your crushing dollars, youll need the Building breaker. Wed value the privilege of telling you why by letter, through our bulletins, or in person. Write us now today -for a Blake crusher with curved jaw plates that crush finer and step up production.

When a machine has such a reputation for excellence that buyers have confidence in its ability to justify its purchase, IT MUST BE GOOD! Take the Type G Traylor Jaw Crusher, for instance. The engineers and operators of many great mining companies know from satisfying experience that this machine delivers a full measure of service and yields extra profits. So they specify it in full confidence and the purchase is made without the usual reluctance to lay out good money for a new machine.

The success of the Type G Traylor Jaw Crusheris due to several characteristics. It is (1) STRONG almost to superfluity, being built of steel throughout; it is (2) FOOL-PROOF, being provided with our patented Safety Device which prevents breakage due to tramp iron or other causes of jamming; it is (3) ECONOMICAL to operate and maintain, being fitted with our well-known patented Bulldog Pitman and Toggle System, which saves power and wear by minimizing frictionpower that is employed to deliver increased production; it is (4) CONVENIENT to transport and erect in crowded or not easily accessible locations because it is sectionalized to meet highly restrictive conditions.

Whenever mining men need a crusher that is thoroughly reliable and big producer (which is of all time) they almost invariably think first of a Traylor Type G Jaw Crusher. By experience, they know that this machine has built into it the four essentials to satisfaction and profit- strength, foolproofness, economy, and convenience.

Maximum STRENGTH lies in the liberal design and the steel of which crushers parts are made-cast steel frame, Swing Jaw, Pitman Cap and Toggles, steel Shafts and Pitman rods and manganese steel Jaw Plates and Cheek Plates. FOOLPROOFNESS is provided by our patented and time-tested safety Device which prevents breakage due to packing or tramp iron. ECONOMY is assured by our well-known Bulldog Pitman and Toggle System, which saves power and wear by minimizing friction, the power that is used to deliver greater productivity. CONVENIENCE in transportation and erection in crowded or not easily accessible locations is planned for in advance by sectionalisation to meet any restrictive conditions.

Many of the worlds greatest mining companies have standardized upon the Traylor Type G Jaw Crusher. Most of them have reordered, some of them several times. What this crusher is doing for them in the way of earning extra dollars through increased production and lowered costs, it will do for you! Investigate it closely. The more closely you do, the better youll like it.

jaw crushers by siebtechnik tema. crushing & milling equipment

jaw crushers by siebtechnik tema. crushing & milling equipment

Jaw crushers are used for coarse grinding brittle, medium-hard to hard materials up to a Mohs hardness of approx. 8.5. Here reduction ratios of up to 1:100 are possible depending on the actual model concerned.

The crushing jaws are executed by us in two versions: In a laboratory model with integrated control system, feeding funnel and collecting tank, and a version for installation in plants. Omitted from this latter version are the feeding funnel, collecting tank and the control system.

Comminution in the jaw crusher takes place in a wedge-shaped crushing chamber between a fixed and flexible crushing jaw. In the upper suspension, the flexible crushing jaw is driven via an eccentric shaft and supported underneath by an infinitely lockable eccentric shaft. This special geometry enables the crushing jaw to execute an elliptically rotary movement, both in the upper suspension, as well as at the discharge opening. As an upshot of this sequence of movements, the crushing chamber is reduced in size with each rotation, which leads to material comminution, but enlarged as well, so that the material is loosened up and can slide down.

The crushing chambers wedge shape and the lift specified by the eccentric shaft facilitate the material sliding deeper down into the crushing chamber with each rotation until it can be crushed to conform to the opening set.

At the same time, the set-up of the flexible crushing jaw makes a high throughput rate and high attainable fineness of the finished product possible, while this set-up apart from the design is dependent on the size of the discharge opening set on the crusher and the size reduction behaviour of the crushed material.

big jaw crusher picture - binq mining

big jaw crusher picture - binq mining

There isn't a tremendous variation in jaw crushers, the primary differences is in their size. This force is also put on the shaft itself so they are constructed with large Click on the picture to open a seperate window with a larger view. Cutaway

(Crusher Manufacturer)big stone crusher price-On this Product Details Page, You Can Find Comprehensive and in-Depth jaw crusher as the primary crushing plant, it can crush stone with any compression. The stone crusher pictures: Big

Find used jaw crusher crushing & screening for sale locally, in your state or stock picture- The Our crusher QJ341 has been designed to meet the needs of the With a large feed opening and unique high crushing speed it is capable of

Aided design of Jaw Crusher by Sobhan Kumar Garnaik has been carried out under my . opening of 22" by 30", a 46 x 46 jaw crusher has a opening of 46" square. Generally primary 9. http:///images/jaw-diagram-600. jpg

jaw crusher manufacturer from china-On this Product Details Page, You Can Find Comprehensive and The angle between movable jaw and bracket turns big when the movable jaw goes upward, field picture of jaw crusher

what is a jaw crusher? (with pictures)

what is a jaw crusher? (with pictures)

A jaw crusher refers to a type of crusher. A crusher is a machine that breaks material, usually rocks, into smaller pieces. Jaw crushers are most often seen in mining or disposal, where they are used to break objects into smaller pieces. Used in processing facilities and on construction sites, jaw crushers can be found as stationary machines installed in a building, portable machines that can be relocated where they are needed, or as bucket extensions to excavator digging machines.

In mining, a jaw crusher is used to reduce large rocks into smaller pieces of rock, like gravel. A jaw crusher is usually the first part of a system of several crushing machines that break down the material into the desired shape and size. Large rocks are inserted into the mouth of the crushing chamber, where hydraulic pressure is applied to the material to crush it into a roughly uniform smaller size. There are essentially two types of jaw crushers: overhead eccentric and double-toggle. Each type of jaw crusher uses a different method to power the crushing chamber of the jaw crushing unit.

Jaw crushers can also reduce the size of crushable trash, making it easier to load and transport. Crushed material is significantly easier and safer to load, transport, and dump. This option is frequently used in the construction or demolition business, when large amounts of breakable material, like concrete, require processing in order to efficiently remove the debris.

One notable difference between the two types of jaw crushers is the location of the pivot point on each crusher. The pivot point is the moving joint at which the metal walls of the crushing chamber are connected. On an overhead eccentric jaw crusher, the pivot point is at the bottom and a rotating wheel is used to guide the moving parts of the crushing chamber. With a double-toggle jaw crusher, the jaw pivots on the top. Double-toggle jaw crushers are often preferred because they tend to be easier to use and consume less energy than overhead eccentric jaw crushers.

Important things to remember when considering types of jaw crushers includes the size of the crushing chamber opening and the length of the crushing chamber. The crushing chamber opening should be large enough to fully and easily fit the original material to be crushed. With jaw crushers, the longer the crushing chamber is, the more crushing power the jaw crusher exerts. Long crushing chambers are ideal for extremely hard material that requires more strength to crush.

jaw crushers | rock crushers | aggregate crusher | lippmann-milwaukee

jaw crushers | rock crushers | aggregate crusher | lippmann-milwaukee

All Lippmann heavy-duty jaw crushers feature an oversized, heat treated shaft forged of special alloy to provide an exceptionally large eccentric throw. These heavy-duty shafts are paired with two dynamically balanced flywheels, effectively reducing vibration on both portable and stationary crushers. The overhead eccentric configuration does not rely on gravity alone to move material through the chamber. Rather, the inward and downward movement of the swing jaw provides for a forced-feeding motion to maximize output. All shafts are machined and put through a rigorous inspection process before they enter production.

In order to optimize bearing life, only tapered roller bearings are used in Lippmann jaw crushers. The tapered bearings offer a combination of features that spherical bearings are unable to provide. When considering the adjustable clearance, line contact, true rolling motion and ability to carry both radial and thrust loads, the tapered roller bearing is an obvious choice for all jaw crushers. Lippmann proudly stocks a large inventory of all bearing sizes.

The automatic hydraulic toggle has greatly reduced the time it takes to change a jaw crushers setting. As jaw dies wear, the hydraulic toggle can be easily adjusted to maintain a constant closed side setting while in continuous operation. An added benefit of the Lippmann hydraulic toggle package is the ability to provide tramp release once an un-crushable has entered the crushing chamber. Nitrogen-powered automatic hydraulic toggles are available on all mid-sized to large model jaw crushers.

The automatic hydraulic toggle has greatly reduced the time it takes to change a jaw crushers setting. As jaw dies wear, the hydraulic toggle can be easily adjusted to maintain a constant closed side setting while in continuous operation. An added benefit of the Lippmann hydraulic toggle package is the ability to provide tramp release once an un-crushable has entered the crushing chamber. Nitrogen-powered automatic hydraulic toggles are available on all mid-sized to large model jaw crushers.

The automatic hydraulic toggle has greatly reduced the time it takes to change a jaw crushers setting. As jaw dies wear, the hydraulic toggle can be easily adjusted to maintain a constant closed side setting while in continuous operation. An added benefit of the Lippmann hydraulic toggle package is the ability to provide tramp release once an un-crushable has entered the crushing chamber. Nitrogen-powered automatic hydraulic toggles are available on all mid-sized to large model jaw crushers.

jaw crushers - meka crushing & screening plants

jaw crushers - meka crushing & screening plants

Precision-machined, drop-forged, heat-treated Cr-Si-Mn-Mo SAE 4140 (42Cr, Mo4) steel eccentric shaft. The larger eccentricity of pitman shaft provides a motion that forces the material to the bottom of the jaw plate.

Spherical, self-aligning roller bearings, straight-bore pitman bearings and tapered-bore body bearings provide maximum strength to the pitman shaft and bearings for a long extended maintenance life.

The jaw crusher is one of the most indispensable and preferred machines because of its performance and durability. Depending on plant layout, jaw Crusher can be produced on wheels, skid-mounted or fixed to the concrete foundations.

Related Equipments