jordan high end small talc magnetic separator price

the 7 most useful manganese ore beneficiation methods | fote machinery

the 7 most useful manganese ore beneficiation methods | fote machinery

The data recorded by Statistics in 2020 shows that although in 2019 manganese ore price fell to the bottom, the price in 2020 still gets increased to 4.5 U.S. dollars per metric ton unit CIF even under the impact of COVID-19. Manganese ore prices are forecast to remain at global prices by 2020 over the next two years, which is good news to manganese ore suppliers.

Besides, Justin Brown, managing director of Element 25said Manganese has the traditional end uses in steel, and that market is fairly stable". As people's demand for laptops and electric cars increases, the output of lithium batteries has also soared, and the most important element in lithium batteries is manganese.

Manganese ore after the beneficiation process is applied in many respects in our daily lives. Of annual manganese ore production, 90 percent is used in steelmaking, and the other 10 percent is used respectively in non-ferrous metallurgy, chemical industry, electronics, battery, agriculture, etc.

In the metallurgical industry, manganese ore is mostly used for manganese-forming ferroalloys and manganese metal. The former is used as deoxidizers or alloying element additives for steelmaking, and the latter is used to smelt certain special alloy steels and non-ferrous metal alloys. Manganese ore can also be used directly as an ingredient in steelmaking and ironmaking.

When smelting manganese-based iron alloys, the useful elements in manganese ore are manganese and iron. The level of manganese is the main indicator for measuring the quality of manganese ore. The iron content is required to have a certain ratio with the amount of manganese.

Phosphorus is the most harmful element in manganese ore. The phosphorus in steel reduces the impact of toughness. Although sulfur is also a harmful element, it has a better desulfurization effect during smelting, and sulfur is volatilized into sulfur dioxide or enters the slag in the form of calcium sulfide or manganese sulfide.

Applications in Metallurgy Manganese content (%) Ferromanganese (%) Phosphorus manganese (%) Low carbon ferromanganese 36%40% 68.5 0.0020.0036 Carbon Ferro Manganese 33%40% 3.87.8 0.0020.005 Manganese Silicon Alloy 29%35% 3.37.5 0.00160.0048 Blast Furnace Ferromanganese 30% 27 0.005

In the chemical industry, manganese ore is mainly used to prepare manganese dioxide, manganese sulfate, and potassium permanganate. It is also used to make manganese carbonate, manganese nitrate and manganese chloride.

Since most manganese ore is a fine-grained or fine-grained inlay, and there are a considerable number of high-phosphorus ore, high-iron ore, and symbiotic beneficial metals, it is very difficult to beneficiate.

At present, commonly used manganese ore beneficiation methods include physical beneficiation (washing and screening, gravity separation, strong magnetic separation, flotation separation, joint beneficiation), chemical beneficiation (leaching method) and fire enrichment, etc.

Washing is the use of hydraulic washing or additional mechanical scrubbing to separate the ore from the mud. Commonly used equipment includes washing sieves, cylinder washing machines and trough ore-washing machine.

The washing operation is often accompanied by screening, such as direct flushing on the vibrating screen or sifting the ore (clean ore) obtained by the washing machine to the vibrating screen. Screening is used as an independent operation to separate products of different sizes and grades for various purposes.

At present, the gravity separation is only used to beneficiate manganese ore with simple structure and coarse grain size and is especially suitable for manganese oxide ore with high density. Common methods include heavy media separation, jigging and tabling dressing.

It is essential to recover as much manganese as possible in the gravity concentration zone because its grinding cost is much lower than the manganese in the flotation process, and simple operations are more active.

Because of the simple operation, easy control and strong adaptability of magnetic separation can be used for dressing various manganese ore, and it has dominated the manganese ore dressing in recent years.

Gravity-magnetic separation plant of manganese ore mainly deals with leaching manganese oxide ore, using the jig to treat 30~3 mm of cleaned ore can obtain high-quality manganese-containing more than 40% of manganese. And then can be used as manganese powder of battery raw material.

The jigging tailings and less than 3 mm washed ore are ground to less than 1mm, and then being processed by strong magnetic separator. The manganese concentrate grade would be increased by 24% to 25%, and reaches to 36% to 40%.

Adopting strong magnetic-flotation desulfurization can directly obtain the integrated manganese concentrate product; the use of petroleum sodium sulfonate instead of oxidized paraffin soap as a collector can make the pulp be sorted at neutral and normal temperature, thus saving reagent consumption and energy consumption.

The enrichment of manganese ore by fire is another dressing method for high-phosphorus and high-iron manganese ore which is difficult to select. It is generally called the manganese-rich slag method.

The manganese-rich slag generally contains 35% to 45% Mn, Mn/Fe 12-38, P/Mn<0.002, and is a high-quality raw material to manganese-based alloy. Therefore, fire enrichment is also a promising method for mineral processing for low-manganese with high-phosphorus and high-iron.

Manganese ore also can be recovered by acid leaching for production of battery grade manganese dioxide for low-manganese ores. Leaching of manganese ore was carried out with diluted sulphuric acid in the presence of pyrite in the temperature range from 323 to 363 K.

After processed by hydraulic cone crusher, the smaller-sized manganese ore would be fed to grinding machine- ball mill. It can grind the ore to a relatively fine and uniform particle size, which lays a foundation for further magnetic separation of manganese ore.

It is indispensable grading equipment in the manganese ore beneficiation plant. Because by taking advantage of the natural settling characteristics of ore, a spiral classifier can effectively classify and separate the manganese ore size to help control the amount of grinding required.

The flexibility of flotation is relatively high. You can choose different reagents according to the type and grade of the ore. Although the entire process of froth flotation is expensive, it can extract higher-grade manganese ore.

The magnetic separator is a highly targeted magnetic separation device specially developed for the properties of manganese ore. The device not only has the advantages of small size, lightweight, high automation, simple and reasonable structure, but also has high magnetic separation efficiency and high output.

If you want to beneficiate high-grade manganese ore and maximize the value of manganese concentration, Fote Company is an ore beneficiation equipment manufacturer with more that 35-years designing and manufacturing experience and can give you the most professional advice and offer you all machines needed in the ore beneficiation plant (form crushing stage to ore dressing stage). All machines are tailored to your project requirements.

As a leading mining machinery manufacturer and exporter in China, we are always here to provide you with high quality products and better services. Welcome to contact us through one of the following ways or visit our company and factories.

Based on the high quality and complete after-sales service, our products have been exported to more than 120 countries and regions. Fote Machinery has been the choice of more than 200,000 customers.

rp-4 gold shaker table sale

rp-4 gold shaker table sale

The RP-4 shaker table is the most widely used and most successful gold gravity shaking concentrating table worldwide, used by small and large mining operations and the hobbyist. The patented RP-4 is designed for separation of heavy mineral and gemstone concentrate. The RP-4 table can process up to 600 (typically 400) lbs. per hour of black sand magnetite or pulverised rock with little to no losses. The RP-4 uses a unique reverse polarity of rare earth magnets, which will cause the magnetite to rise and be washed off into the tails. This allows the micron gold to be released from the magnetite, letting the gold travelling to the catch. The RP-4 is compact and weighs 60 lbs. With a small generator and water tank, no location is too remote for its use. The RP-4 is a complete, ready to go gold recovery machine. THERE ARE NO SCREEN INCLUDED with the small shaking table. Use was reservoirsgreater than 250 gallon and recycle all your water. Only 400 Watt of power drawn by typical pump. The small RP4 gold shaking has a mini deck of 13wide x 36 long = 3.25 square feet of tabling area. The RP-4 is the best and longest selling small miner shaker table still on the market today. With many 1000s of units sold during the last 10 years! Review the RP-4 Operating Manual and Installation Guide lower on this page.

The RP-4 uses a unique reverse polarity of rare earth magnets which will cause the magnetite to rise and be washed off into the tails and allowing the micron gold to be released from the magnetite leaving the gold travelling to the catch.

When assembling the RP-4, it is very important to set it up correctly to get the best recovery. The unit needs to be bolted preferably to a concrete pad or bedrock when in the field. It can be weighted down with seven or eight large sandbags. Wooden stands will set up harmonics and vibrations in the unit. Vibrations will create a negative effect on the concentrating action of the deck and create a scattering effect on the gold. We would strongly advise getting the optional stand to mount it. See a detailed RP4 Shaker Table review.

Once you have the RP-4 mounted or weighted down, you will want to level it, place a level under the machine on the bar running attached to the two mounting legs. Use washers to get a precise level adjustment. Once mounted and leveled, use the adjustment screw to adjust the horizontal slope of the deck. It took me about 10 minutes of playing with the adjustment till you are satisfied the slope angle was where it needed to be. A general rule for good recovery is less grade for the table deck and as much water as possible without scouring off the fine gold particles.

When the table is set, wet down your black sand concentrates with water and a couple drops of Jet-Dry to help keep any fine gold from floating off the table. You are now ready to start feeding the RP-4.

DO NOT dump material into the feed tray. You want a nice steady feed without overloading the table. Use a scoop and feed it steadily. Watch the back where the small gold should concentrate. If you see fine gold towards the middle, adjust your table angle just a bit at a time till it is where it needs to be.

Run a few buckets of black sand tailings that already panned out just in case there might have been some gold left behind. Its a good thing, too, because I pulled almost three pennyweights of gold out of my waste materials. Thats a pennyweight per bucket!

You could run all of you concentrates over this awesome little RP-4 Gravity Shaker Table. Some ran bottles No. 1 and No. 2 over the table a second time and cleaned it up some more, getting out almost all of the sand in No. 1 and removing more than half the sand from No. 2. It was amazing to see a nice line of fine gold just dancin down the table into the bottle. And, to think you were was about to throw away all of that black sand that still had color in it! This machine is small enough for the prospector and small-scale miner who, like me, wants all of the gold for his or her hard work. The 911MPE-RP-4 Gravity Shaker Table is also big enough to clean up bucket after bucket of concentrates from a big operation! The RP4 people came up with the solution for getting all of the gold!

All RP4 shaker tables operate best when firmly secured to a dense solid mounting base. Wooden stands will set up harmonics and vibrations. Dense concrete or solid bedrock is preferred or a heavy braced steel table sitting on concrete. Mount shaker table to solid bed rock if possible when operating in the field. When that is not an option, six or seven sand bags may also be used if concrete or bedrock is not available for mounting.

Place a level on top of the steel bar that extends between the two bolts down mounting feet.Use flat washers installed under either end of the mounting feet for precise level adjustment in the long axis.

At no time should sand or slime be re-circulated back with mill water. Large, calm, surface areas are required to settle slimes. Buckets, barrels or any deep containers with turbulent water will not allow slimes to settle. Tailings should discharge into a tails pond or into a primary holding vessel before entering slime settling ponds. Surface area is more important than depth. A small 10 x 20 ft. settling pond can be installed in about 30 minutes. Shovel a 6 high retainer wall of earth and remove all gravel. Lay a soft bed of sand in the bottom. A small raised wall area (with the top approximately 2 blow water level) should be placed around the pump area. Roll out plastic liner and fill with water. Desert areas require a plastic cover to retard evaporation. Use a 24 wood across pond and lay plastic.

As with ponds, at no time should sand or slime be re-circulated back with mill water. A calm surface is needed in the final two barrels to settle slimes. (In lieu of the last two barrels, the discharge from barrel two may be directed to a settling pond as outlined above.)Turbulent water will not allow slimes to settle. Tailings are discharged into the first container.

A small compact tailings thickener introduces tailings feed at a controlled velocity in a horizontal feed design that eliminates the conventional free settling zone. The feed particles quickly contact previously formed agglomerates. This action promotes further agglomeration and compacting of the solids. Slowly rotating rakes aid in compacting the solids and moving them along to the discharge pipe, these solids are eventually discharged at the bottom of the unit. Under flow from the thickener 60-65% solids are processed through a vacuum filter and a90-95% solids is sent to the tailings area. Tailings thickeners are compact and will replace ponds. A 23 ft. diameter will process flow rates at 800 gpm or 50 tph.

Pine oils and vegetation oils regularly coat the surface of placer gold. Sometimes up to 50% of the smaller gold will float to the surface and into the tails. The pine oil flotation method for floating gold is still in use today. A good wetting agent will aid in the settling and recovery of oil coated gold.

Separation of concentrate from tails Minerals or substances that differ in specific gravity of2.5 or to an appreciable extent, can be separated on shaker tables with substantially complete recovery. A difference in the shape of particles will aid concentration in some instances and losses in others. Generally speaking, flat particles rise to the surface of the feed material while in the presence of rounded particles of the same specific gravity. Particles of the same specific gravity but varying in particle size, can be separated to a certain extent, varying in particle size, can be separated to a certain extent, removing the larger from the smaller, such as washing slime from granular products.

Mill practice has found it advantageous in having the concentrate particles smaller than the tailing product. Small heavy magnetite particles will crowd out larger particles of flat gold making a good concentrate almost impossible with standard gravity concentrating devices. The RP-4 table, using rare earth reverse polarity magnets, overcame this problem by lifting the magnetite out and above the concentrate material thus allowing the magnetite to be washed into the tails. This leaves the non-magnetics in place to separate normally.

No established mathematical relationship exists for the determination of the smallest size of concentrate particle and the largest size of tailing particle that can be treated together. Other factors, such as character of feed material, shape of particles, difference in specific gravity, slope or grade of table dock and volume of cross flow wash water will alter the final concentrate.

Size of feed material will determine the table settings. Pulverized rod mill pulps for gravity recovery tables should not exceed 65-minus to 100-minus 95% except where specific gravity, size, and shape will allow good recovery. Recovery of precious metals can be made when processing slime size particles down to 500-minus, if the accompanying gangue is not so coarse as to require excessive wash water or excessive grade to remove the gangue, (pronounced gang), to the tails. Wetting agents must be used for settling small micron sized gold particles. Once settled, 400-minus to 500 minus gold particles are readily moved and saved by the RP-4shaker table head motion. Oversized feed material will require excess grade to remove the large sized gangue,thus forcing large pieces of gold further down slope and into the middling. Too much grade and the fine gold will lift off the deck and wash into the tailings. Close screening of the concentrate into several sizes requires less grade to remove the gangue and will produce a cleaner product. A more economical method is to screen the head ore to window screen size (16-minus) or smaller and re-run the middling and cons to recover the larger gold. This concept can be used on the RP-4 shaker tables and will recover all the gold with no extra screens. A general rule for good recovery is less grade for the table deck and as much was water as possible without scouring off the fine gold. Re-processing on two tables will yield a clean concentrate without excess screening. Oversized gold that will not pass through window screen size mounted on RP-4 shaker tables, will be saved in the nugget trap. Bending a small 1/4 screen lip at the discharge end of the screen will trap and save the large gold on the screen for hand removal.

On the first run, at least one inch or more of the black concentrate line should be split out and saved into the #2 concentrate bin. This concentrate will be re-run and the clean gold saved into the #1 concentrate pocket. Argentite silver will be gray to dull black in color and many times this product would be lost in the middling if too close of a split is made.

The riffled portion of the RP-4 shaker table separates coarse non-sized feed material better than the un-riffled cleaning portion. Upon entering the non-riffled cleaning plane, small gangue material will crowd out and force the larger pieces of gold further down slope into the middling. Screen or to classify.

The largest feed particles should not exceed 1/16 in size. It is recommended that a 16-minus or smaller screen be used before concentrating on the RP-4 shaker table, eliminating the need for separate screening devices. Perfect screen sizing of feed material is un-economical, almost impossible, and is not recommended below 65-minus.

A classified feed is recommended for maximum recovery, (dredge concentrates, jig concentrates, etc.) The weight of mill opinion is overwhelmingly in favor of classified feed material for close work. Dredge concentrates are rough classified and limiting the upper size of table feed by means of a submerged deck screen or amechanical classifier is all that is necessary. A separate screen for the sand underflow is used for improved recovery when using tables.

Head feed capacity on the RP-4 tables will differ depending on the feed size, pulp mixture and other conditions. Generally speaking, more head feed material may be processed when feeding unclassified, larger screened sized material and correspondingly, less material may be processed when feeding smaller sized classified rod or ball mill pulps. Smaller classified feed material will yield a cleaner concentrate. Ultimately, the shape of the feed material particles and a quick trial test will determine the maximum upper size.

The width between the riffles of the RP-4 table is small and any particle over 1/8 may cause clogging of the bedding material. A few placer operators will pass 1/8 or larger feed material across the RP-4 table, without a screen, with the intent of making a rough concentrate for final clean up at a later date. This method will work, but excess horizontal slope/grade of the table deck must not be used as some losses of the precious metals will occur. Magnetite black sands feed material, passing a 16-minus screen (window screen size if 16-minus + or -) will separate without losses and make a good concentrate at approximately 500 to 600lbs feed per hour for the RP-4. Head feed material must flow onto the RP-4 screen, at a constant even feed rate. An excess of head feed material placed onthe table and screen at a given time will cause some gold to discharge into the tailings nugget trap. Head feed material should be fed at the end of the water bar into the pre-treatment feed sluice. Do not allow dry head feed material to form thick solids. The wash water will not wash and dilate the head feed material properly, thus allowing fine gold to wash into the tails.

Feed material should disperse quickly and wash down slope at a steady rate, covering all the riffles at the head end,washing and spilling over into the tails trough. A mechanical or wet slurry pump feeder (75% water slurry) is recommended for providing a good steady flow of feed material. This will relieve the mill operator of a tedious chore of a constantly changing concentrate line when hand feeding.

Eight gallons of water per minute is considered minimum for black sands separation/concentration on the RP-4 shaker table. 15 gallons of water per minute is consideredoptimum and will change according to feed material size, feed volume and table grade. A 1 inch hose will pass up to 15 gpm, for good recovery, wash water must completely cover the feed material 1/4 or more on the screen.

The PVC water distribution bar is pre-drilled with individual water volume outlets, supplying a precision water flow. Water volume adjustment can be accomplished by installing a 1 mechanical PVC ball valve for restricting the flow of water to the water distributing holes. Said valve may be attached between the garden hose attachment and water distributing bar.

More water at the head end and less water at the concentrate end is the general rule for precise water flow. More feed material will occupy the head end of the RP-4 shaker table deck in deep troughs and less material will occupy the concentrate end on the cleaning plane. A normal water flow will completely cover the feed material over the entire table and flow with no water turbulence.

A rubber wave cloth is installed to create a water interface and to smooth out all water turbulence. This cloth is installed with holes. Holes allow water to run underneath and over the top of the cloth and upon exiting will create a water interface smoothing out all the water turbulence. Bottom of water cloth must contact the deck.

Avoid excessive slope and shallow turbulent water.For new installations, all horizontal grade/slope adjustments should be calculated measuring from the concentrate end of the steel frame to the mounting base. For fine gold, the deck should be adjusted almost flat.

All head feed must be fed as a 75% water pulp. Clean classified sand size magnetite will feed without too much problem when fed dry. Ground rod or ball mill feed material 65-minus or smaller must be fed wet, (75% water slurry by weight or more) and evenly at a constant rate, spilling over into the tails drain troughat the head end of the table. Feed material without sufficient water will not dilute quickly andwill carry concentrate too far down slope or into the tails. A good wet pulp with a deflocculant and a wetting agent will aid the precious metals to sink and trap within the first riffles, thus moving onto the cleaning plane for film sizing. Round particles of gold will sink instantly and trap within the first riffles. The smaller flat gold particles will be carried further down slope to be trapped in the mid riffles. Potential losses of gold can occur if the table deck is overloaded by force feeding at a faster rate than the smaller flat gold can settle out. Under-feeding will result in the magnetites inability to wash out of the riffles, thus leaving a small amount of magnetiteconcentrated with the gold. A small addition of clean quartz sand added to a black sand concentrate will force the magnetite to the surface and will aid in its removal. Slimes require a separate table operation.

In flotation, surface active substances which have the active constituent in the positive ion. Used to flocculate and to collect minerals that are not flocculated by the reagents, such as oleic acid or soaps, in which the surface active ingredient is the negative ion. Reagents used are chiefly the quaternary ammonium compounds, for example, cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide.

A substance composed of extremely small particles, ranging from 0.2 micron to 0.005 micron, which when mixed with a liquid will not gravity separate or settle, but remain permanently suspended in solution.

A crusher is a machine designed to reduce large rocks into smaller rocks, gravel, or rock dust. Crushers may be used to reduce the size, or change the form, of waste materials so they can be more easily disposed of or recycled, or to reduce the size of a solid mix of raw materials (as in rock ore), so that pieces of different composition can be differentiated. Crushing is the process of transferring a force amplified by mechanical advantage through a material made of molecules that bond together more strongly, and resist deformation more, than those in the material being crushed do. Crushing devices hold material between two parallel ortangent solid surfaces, and apply sufficient force to bring the surfaces together togenerate enough energy within the material being crushed so that its molecules separate from (fracturing), or change alignment in relation to (deformation), each other. The earliest crushers were hand-held stones, where the weight of the stone provided a boost to muscle power, used against a stone anvil. Querns and mortars are types of these crushing devices.

A basic alkali material, such as sodium carbonate or sodium silicate, used as an electrolyte to disperse and separate non-metallic or metallic particles. Added to Slip to increase fluidity. Used to aid in the beneficiation of ores, to convert into individual very fine particles, creating a state of colloidal suspension in which the individual particles of gold will separate from clay or other particles. This condition being maintained by the attraction of the particles for the dispersing medium, water, purchase at any chemical house.

Manner in which the intensity and direction of an electrical or magnetic field change as a function of time that results from the superposition of two alternating fields, (+/-) that differ in direction and in phase.

The smelting of metallic ores for the recovery of precious metals, requiring a furnace heat. Each milligram of recovered precious metal is gravimetric weighed and reported as one ounce pershort ton. Atomic Absorption (AA finish) is the preferred method for replacing the gravimetric weighing system.

A reagent added to a dispersion of solids in a liquid to bring together the fine particles to form flocs and which thereby promotes settling, especially in clays and soils. For example, lime alters the soil pH and acts as a flocculent in clay soils. Acid reagents and brine are also used as a flocculent.

The method of mineral separation in which a froth created in water with air and by a variety of reagents floats some finely crushed minerals, whereas other minerals sink. Separate concentrates are made possible by the use of suitable depressors and activators.

An igneous oxide of iron, with a specific gravity of 5.2 and having an iron content of 65-70% or more. Limonite crystals, sometimes mistaken for magnetite, occurs with the magnetite and sometimes may contain gold. Vinegar will remove gold locked in limonite coated magnetite.

In materials processing a grinder is a machine for producing fine particle size reduction through attrition and compressive forces at the grain size level. See also CRUSHER for mechanisms producing larger particles. Since the grinding process needs generally a lot of energy, an original experimental way to measure the energy used locally during milling with different machines was proposed recently.

A typical type of fine grinder is the ball mill. A slightly inclined or horizontal rotating cylinder is partially filled with balls, usually stone or metal, which grinds material to the necessary fineness by friction and impact with the tumbling balls. Ball mills normally operate with an approximate ball charge of 30%. Ball mills are characterized by their smaller (comparatively) diameter and longer length, and often have a length 1.5 to 2.5 times the diameter. The feed is at one end of the cylinder and the discharge is at the other. Ball mills are commonly used in the manufacture of Portland cement and finer grinding stages of mineral processing. Industrial ball mills can be as large as 8.5 m (28 ft) in diameter with a 22 MW motor, drawing approximately 0.0011% of the total worlds power. However, small versions of ball mills can be found in laboratories where they are used for grinding sample material for quality assurance.

A rotating drum causes friction and attrition between steel rods and ore particles. But note that the term rod mill is also used as a synonym for a slitting mill, which makes rods of iron or other metal. Rod mills are less common than ball mills for grinding minerals.

Screening is the separation of solid materials of different sizes by causing one component to remain on a surface provided with apertures through which the other component passes. Screen size is determined by the number of openings per running inch. Wire size will affect size of openings. -500=500 openings per inch is maximum for gravity operations due to having a solid disperse phase.

Long established in concentration of sands or finely crushed ores by gravity. Plane, rhombohedra deck is mounted horizontally and can be sloped about its axis by a tilting screw. Deck is molded of ABS plastic, and has longitudinal riffles dying a discharge end to a smooth cleaning area. An eccentric is used to create a gentle forward motion, compounded to full speed and a rapid return motion of table longitudinally. This instant reverse motion moves the sands along, while they are exposed to the sweeping and scouring action of a film of water flowingdown slope into a launder trough and concentrates are moved along to be discharged at the opposite end of the deck.

A material of extremely fine particle size encountered in ore treatment, containing valuable ore in particles so fine, as to be carried in suspension by water. De-slime in hydrocyclones before concentrating for maximum recovery of precious metals.

A mixture of finely divided, micron/colloidal particles in a liquid. The particles are so small that they do not settle, but are kept in suspension by the motion of molecules of the liquid. Not amenable to gravity separation. (Bureau of Mines)

Flotation process practiced on a shaking table. Pulverized ore is de-slimed, conditioned with flotation reagents and fed to table as a slurry. Air is introduced into the water system and floatable particles become glom rules, held together by minute air bubbles and positive charged edge adhesion. Generated froth can be discharged into the tailings launder trough or concentrates.

The parts, or a part of any incoherent or fluid material separated as refuse, or separately treated as inferior in quality or value. The gangue or valueless refuse material resulting from the washing, concentration or treatment of pulverized head ore. Tailings from metalliferous mines will appear as sandy soil and will contain no large rock, not to be confused with dumps.

A substance that lowers the surface tension of water and thus enables it to mix more readily with head ore. Foreign substances, such as natural occurring pine oils, vegetation oils and mill grease prevent surface wetting and cause gold to float. Addition agents, such as detergents, (dawn), wetting out is a preliminary step in deflocculating for retarding gold losses.

RP4 shaker table for sale mini gold shaker table RP4 shaker table instructions RP4 shaker table dimensions RP4 gold shaker table RP 4 gravity shaker table utech RP4 shaker table RP 4 gravity shaker table price used RP4 shaker table for sale

Global mining solutions warrants that all mining equipment manufactured will be as specified and will be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of one year for the RP-4. Providing that the buyer heeds the cautions listed herein and does not alter, modify or disassemble the product, gms liability under this warranty shall be limited to the repair or replacement upon return to gms if found to be defective at any time during the warranty. In no event shall the warranty extend later than the date specified in the warranty from the date of shipment of product by GMS. Repair or replacement, less freight, shall be made by gms at the factory in Prineville, Oregon, USA.

All bearings are sealed and no grease maintenance is required. Do not use paint thinners, or ketones to clean your deck. A small amount of grease should be applied to the adjustable handle which is used for the changing the slope of the deck.

Do not allow the RP-4 to stand in direct sunlight without water. Always keep covered and out of the sun when not in use. Heat may cause the deck to warp. Do not lift or pull on the abs plastic top, always lift using the steel frame. Do not attach anything to the abs plastic top. Do not attach PVC pipe to concentrate discharge tubes, constant vibration from the excess weight will cause stress failure of the plastic.

air jordan - aliexpress - buy air jordan from aliexpress | sneakers

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industrial metal detection equipment | bunting

industrial metal detection equipment | bunting

The most common of foreign material within processing is metal. Bunting Metal Detection equipment senses and removes the presence of ferrous, non-ferrous and stainless metals in the process flow in-line, in free-fall applications, and in conjunction with conveyors. These units also find metal encapsulated in the individual particle.

Bunting Metal Detectors utilize triple coil design for the search head. This is comprised of windings around an aperture opening, whether round, or rectangular. There is a transmitter in the center, and two receivers (one at entrance of the search head, and one at the exit). Within the aperture opening, an electromagnetic field is created. When a piece of metal passes through the coil opening, a signal is generated and calculated at each and activates further operations or devices.

All search heads are filled with a catalyzed epoxy. There are no empty voids inside the housing, thereby eliminating the possibility of water intrusion to the coil, making them easy to clean. This exclusive epoxy also reduces the effect of vibration to the search head. Coils and electronics can be rated from IP54, to IP66 and IP69K.

Additionally the search head is manufactured with a special shielding against outside interferences. This allows Bunting Metal Detectors to perform better in difficult environments, and require shorter metal free zones than our competition.

Depending on the level of electronics you select, Bunting Metal Detectors have recording and reporting functions within the software. Optional features allow your organization to network detectors for remote monitoring, reporting or control.

In our pipeline series, we have two styles, the pipeLINE system is used for liquids or pastes in pressure conveying lines. The meatLINE system is also used for liquids or pastes but it uses simple integration with a vacuum filter.

In our pipeline series, we have two styles, the pipeLINE system is used for liquids or pastes in pressure conveying lines. The meatLINE system is also used for liquids or pastes but it uses simple integration with a vacuum filter.

Using the most advanced controls, our metal detectors and metal separators deliver superior results with ease of use. They are equipped with 1 of 3 different versions of controls and displays that are specific to the system type and application needs: Simple 03 controls to full color 07 controls that allow ease of use, accessibility of information and traceability of products.

Using the most advanced controls, our metal detectors and metal separators deliver superior results with ease of use. They are equipped with 1 of 3 different versions of controls and displays that are specific to the system type and application needs: Simple 03 controls to full color 07 controls that allow ease of use, accessibility of information and traceability of products.

These Flat Coil Detectors prevent costly repairs and production downtime. Units are self-monitoring for added reliability. The ProfiLine features advanced circuitry which reduces false signals and product waste.

These Flat Coil Detectors prevent costly repairs and production downtime. Units are self-monitoring for added reliability. The ProfiLine features advanced circuitry which reduces false signals and product waste.

These Flat Coil Detectors prevent costly repairs and production downtime. Units are self-monitoring for added reliability. The ProfiLine features advanced circuitry which reduces false signals and product waste.

These Flat Coil Detectors prevent costly repairs and production downtime. Units are self-monitoring for added reliability. The ProfiLine features advanced circuitry which reduces false signals and product waste.

history of air jordan | foot locker

history of air jordan | foot locker

Modern sneaker culture had its roots in the air; that is, the original Air Jordan that released in 1985. Nike, and subsequently the Jordan Brand, has honored this iconic silhouette numerous times since with releases of the Retro 1.

The Chicago Bulls used their third overall draft pick on Jordan, a 1982 NCAA champion who would go on to win Olympic gold later in the summer of 1984. Jordan signed a five-year endorsement deal with Nike, reportedly worth $2.5 million (plus royalties), an enormous outlay for an athlete who hadn't yet proven himself on the professional level.

The NBA banned the original Air Jordan for not meeting the league's stringent policy on uniforms and colors. Jordan wore them anyway and faced a $5,000-per-game fine as a result. Recognizing a unique marketing opportunity when it presented itself, Nike happily paid the fine. And MJ rocked them all the way to his Rookie of the Year honor.

This Air Jordan was the only one in the series to feature the familiar Nike Swoosh logo. And predating the Jumpman logo, the OG shoe featured the Wings logo - a basketball with wings stretching from both sides and "Air Jordan" printed above the ball. Nike filed the Wings logo as a trademark on May 7, 1985.

Nike faced a unique challenge following the unprecedented success of the original Air Jordan; how to follow it up. The popularity of the shoe's namesake, Michael Jordan, already had begun outgrowing his home country, and Nike went to Italy to produce the Air Jordan II.

While this nod to internationally renowned Italian style was the first - and to date, only - Air Jordan produced in that country, it wasn't the only first for the franchise. Bruce Kilgore, who also had designed the Air Force One, made the AJ II the first to not feature Nike's familiar Swoosh logo. "Nike" appeared across the top of the heel counter, and the Wings logo of the original Air Jordan was on the tongue.

The AJ II shared a silhouette with the Nike Air Python that released in 1987, including a faux lizard skin upper and swooping lines that resembled those of a sports car (which would factor prominently into the Jordan line in years to come). Known among sneaker collectors as the first "luxury" basketball shoe, the AJ II paved the way for the heat that would accompany the Air Jordan III.

In the testing phase for the AJ II, Jordan wore a prototype that featured the upper of the original Air Jordan fused with the cushioning of the AJ II. The new edition included a full-length Air-Sole unit meant to add extra cushioning for Jordan's sore feet. He only got to wear the AJ II for 18 games due to a broken foot.

If the basketball world was still getting to know Michael Jordan, the ad campaign surrounding the Air Jordan III introduced one prominent playground baller who knew MJ, and MJ's increasingly prominent shoes, all too well.

Released in 1988, the rollout of the AJ III included TV spots featuring actor/director Spike Lee as Mars Blackmon, from his 1986 film "She's Gotta Have It" sparking a series of catch phrases heard 'round the sneaker world.

Architect-turned-designer Tinker Hatfield took the lead on this, the first of more than two dozen Air Jordans he would go on to design. Hatfield sparked some style trends on the AJ III that have continued well into the 21st century. Most notably, he introduced elephant print overlays on the upper that have resurfaced periodically - in reissues of the AJ III as well as other Jordan models - ever since.

Prior to the AJ III, basketball shoes were mostly just basketball shoes. Hatfield knew Jordan was into luxury and rolled that into the designs for Jordan's signature shoes. While the Air Jordan II featured luxurious elements reflected in its Italian construction, Hatfield took this concept to a new level, even involving Jordan in the search for the right leathers to use on the shoe.

Finally, the shoe was the first Air Jordan to feature a visible Air-Sole unit under the heel. It retained Nike's "Air" embroidery on the heel, encapsulated Air in the forefoot, and a polyurethane midsole for cushioning.

Jordan averaged 35 points per game while wearing the AJ III to a fourth straight All-Star Game. There, among the game's elite, MJ earned MVP and a second straight Slam Dunk title, this time by flying in from the free-throw line.

The sneaker world was introduced to nubuck with the upper of the Air Jordan IV. The AJ IV featured mesh for the first time, increasing breathability. Multiple areas of the AJ IV featured plastic. A lean triangular plastic piece attached to the nubuck heel was connected to a hard plastic lace holder. The lace holder at the forefoot added lockdown.

Wearing the AJ IV, MJ was voted to his fifth consecutive All-Star game and won the league scoring title for the third consecutive year. One of the most memorable AJ IV moments was when Michael hit the series-clinching, hanging jumper over Cleveland's Craig Ehlo in the first round of the playoffs - better known as "The Shot"

The Air Jordan V was a statement of Michael Jordan's aggressive nature on the court. Released in February 1990 for $125, the AJ V featured a sharktooth design on the lateral (outer) midsole that designer Tinker Hatfield drew from a World War II P-51 Mustang fighter plane.

Hatfield also reflected the attitude of "aggression" both in the traction the shoe offered, and by molding foam into the upper. The AJ V also introduced the concept of "iced" outsoles of translucent rubber, as well as the inclusion of lace-lock toggles.

The Grape Purple/Emerald colorway was the first time those colors had appeared on a basketball shoe. And it brought even further attention to MJ and his sneakers at a time when his game already was turning heads.

During that season, Jordan earned his sixth straight All-Star Game appearance, won his fourth straight league scoring title, and was named to the All-NBA First Team and All-Defensive First Team. He and his Bulls were not able to get past Detroit in the conference finals, but they were knocking on the proverbial door to something truly special.

While the sports world focused its attention on MJ's emotional first embrace of the coveted Larry O'Brien trophy, with his father looking on proudly, the sneaker world was trying to catch glimpses of what was on his feet.

Carrying over from the AJ V were the sculpted midsole, Vis-Air heel cushioning, and translucent ("frosty") outsole. And while the original releases consisted of leather, the Black/Infrared colorway included rich suede.

Years later, Ray Allen and Vin Baker would wear the White/Navy/Red colorway at the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. But the shoe's popularity reached well beyond the hardwood, as comedian Jerry Seinfeld wore it on early episodes of his eponymous sit-com, "Seinfeld".

While MJ wore the shoe, he averaged 31.5 points per game on his way to a fifth straight scoring title. He also earned first-team All-NBA, first-team All-Defense, and a seventh straight All Star appearance to go along with the league MVP honor. And to cap it off, MJ earned Finals MVP, all of which likely paled in comparison to clutching that trophy.

It also incorporated Nike's Huarache technology - named for a Mexican style of sandal - as a neoprene inner booty to improve comfort and fit. This helped eliminate extra weight and made it one of the lightest basketball shoes at the time.

The visual paid homage to west African tribal art, featuring bold lines on the midsole. A USA colorway released later that year commemorated the "Dream Team," Team USA that went on to dominate international competition. This was white, trimmed in blue, red, and gold.

Among other changes in the Air Jordan series, ads shifted from MJ's collaboration with Mars Blackmon to Michael and Bugs Bunny. One commercial featured the duo both wearing the AJ VII beating another team in a game of hoops.

MJ wore the Olympic-inspired colorway to a gold medal with the incomparable "Dream Team" at the 1992 summer games in Barcelona. That pair featured the number 9 on the heel, MJ's jersey number on Team USA. He won his sixth straight scoring title while wearing the AJ VII and was again named first team All-NBA, first team All-Defense and an All-Star for the seventh consecutive time. He was voted league MVP for the second straight year and won his second NBA Championship ring and Finals MVP with Chicago.

Earlier, in February, MJ saw the launch of his Air Jordan VIII. This edition of his signature footwear, the heaviest ever in the line, featured a splash of color along the heel and on the midsole and outsole.

The shoe consisted of a thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) support and a polycarbonate plate, along with anti-inversion crossing straps to lock down the foot. Extra padding added protection but also added weight.

Jordan originally produced three colorways of the AJ VIII: White/Black/Red (leather), and two suede versions, Black/Red and Black/Aqua. The Aqua, which MJ wore in the February 1993 All-Star Game, remains highly sought after, selling out immediately when it was reissued in 2007.

The player netted first-team All-NBA, first-team All-Defense, and made his eighth consecutive All-Star Game. Wearing the AJ VIII, MJ scored 32.6 points per game to garner his seventh straight scoring title and was named NBA Finals MVP for the third straight year.

He signed with the Class AA minor-league Birmingham Barons the following February, and as he worked his way through the bus leagues, Nike prepared the Air Jordan IX to hit the hardwood without him. Penny Hardaway, Kendall Gill, B.J. Armstrong, and Mitch Richmond each wore an exclusive version of the shoe during the 1993-94 season. And, a decade later, a high school senior named LeBron James wore the White/Green/Gold colorway to commemorate his school, St. Vincent-St. Mary in Akron, Ohio.

Nike built the AJ IX's upper with leather, nubuck, and mesh. The nubuck area wrapped around the toe and included reflective sparkles in three of the four original colorways. The inner booty sockliner carried over from the previous two Air Jordans. A one-pull lacing system debuted with the AJ IX.

A polyurethane midsole sat atop the rubber outsole in a tooth-like design. The back of the shoe featured a molded plastic globe graphic with a Jumpman logo. The sole of the shoes featured words in different languages, symbolizing MJ's popularity expanding globally.

He wore number 45 for the remainder of that season - his 23 had been retired, though he defiantly put it back on for game 2 of that years Eastern Conference semifinals - and wore the next shoe in his signature line, the Air Jordan X.

The AJ X's design was very simplistic. It featured clean lines, lightweight cushioning, and an outsole that commemorated his career to that point. The original "steel" version was designed with a stitched toe piece, which MJ didn't like. So all subsequent colorways of the AJ X had a clean toe cap.

The AJ X featured a padded collar, pull tab at the heel, and an elastic band lacing system. Nike built the midsole of the AJ X of Phylon lightweight foam. It was connected to a rubber outsole that listed Jordan's career achievements on alternating stripes.

The other original colorways were part of the city series that featured five color schemes of NBA teams: Chicago, Orlando, New York, Sacramento, and Seattle. These have become some of the most sought-after Air Jordans. The "Chicago," for example, has sold for thousands of dollars online.

Nine days after Jordan told the world "I'm back," he walked into Madison Square Garden and singed the Knicks for 55 points. MJ guided his Bulls back to the playoffs, but the Orlando Magic - led by Penny Hardaway and Shaquille O'Neal - dismissed them in six games in the Eastern Conference semi-finals.

Thanks to great performance coupled with an innovative design, the Air Jordan XI (particularly the Concord colorway) is one of the most-loved sneakers ever. Sole Collector magazine voted the XI the top shoe of all time.

Tinker Hatfield watched video of Michael Jordan and noticed MJ's foot would roll off the foot bed on hard cuts. So Hatfield took that opportunity to blend substance with style, adding patent leather for the first time on a basketball shoe. Patent leather was stronger, and it fit MJ's reported desire to have a shoe that could be worn with a suit.

The upper consisted of a polymer-coated, thin nylon ballistic mesh material. The collar and tongue were padded for ankle comfort. The translucent - 'frosty' - outsole lay atop the shank plate for extra spring. The shoe also included a full-length Air-Sole unit.

MJ wore the Black/Varsity Royal/White version in the movie Space Jam. Jordan also wore the same "Air Jordan XI Space Jam" shoe in the playoffs. Many Jordan brand athletes have worn the AJ XI over the years; Ray Allen sported a White/Green/Gold version during the Celtics' 2008-09 season.

The AJ XII was clean and simple. The rich leather upper was stitched to resemble a rising sun, while faux reptile leather comprised the toe and accent overlays. The AJ XII featured the slogan "TWO 3" down the tongue, metal lace loops with Jumpman logos, and a pull tab that ran up the entire heel that read, "QUALITY INSPIRED BY THE GREATEST PLAYER EVER."

This was the first Air Jordan to feature an ultra-responsive Zoom Air unit, as well as lateral and medial support panels designed to work together to create one of the most durable shoes in the signature series. The shoe also had a full-length carbon fiber shank like its predecessor.

Originally released in five colorways, the AJ XII's offerings included the Black/Red that MJ wore during Game 5 of the 1997 NBA Finals against the Utah Jazz, a game that came to be known as "The Flu Game." Michael had fallen ill in the middle of the night prior to that game, and his appearance was questionable as he lay on a table in the locker room right up until game time. But he dragged himself up and onto the court. Not only did he play, he created a performance for the ages as he led all scorers with 38 points, including a big 3-pointer that put Chicago up for good with 25 seconds to play. The shoe he wore during that game is known among collectors as "Flu Game XII."

Other colors of the AJ XII saw the floor during that season as well. Jordan wore the Black/White shoe during 1997 playoffs. With the AJ XII on his feet, MJ made his 11th All-Star game, won his ninth NBA scoring title, and was named first-team All-NBA and first-team All-Defense. He won his fifth NBA title and NBA Finals MVP while wearing the XII.

Michael Jordan attacked the court - and opponents - with the quickness, power, and ferocity of a predatory cat. Tinker Hatfield tapped into this feel for the Air Jordan XIII, not even realizing at the time that some of MJ's friends already had been calling him the "Black Cat."

Released on Nov. 1, 1997, the Air Jordan XIII was loaded with both performance and design elements. Perhaps the most prominent feature was a hologram on the upper that resembled the eye of a panther, while the outsole featured a paw-like design. The XIII also featured Zoom Air in the heel and forefoot, and a Phylon lightweight-foam midsole. That and podular tooling made this possibly the most comfortable Air Jordan in the series.

The XIII originally was released in five colorways for the mid and two for the low. MJ favored the white-based colorways at home and the black-based on the road. He wore the mid through the 1997-98 season and into the playoffs (until he introduced the AJ XIV in the 1998 finals against Utah, beating the Jazz for a third straight championship).

That season, MJ was voted to his 12th All-Star Game, where he again earned MVP. He also won his record-setting 10th straight league scoring title and was named first-team All-NBA and first-team All-Defense. MJ's sixth NBA championship would net him his sixth NBA Finals MVP honor as well.

MJ hit the famous "Last Shot" in the Black/Red colorway of the AJ XIV, sinking the Utah Jazz for the second straight time in the finals. Seven years later, Jordan brand athletes rocked the Retro XIV when it began hitting retail shelves. One hot OG colorway, the Indiglos, have yet to be re-released.

Hatfield and Smith modeled the XIV after MJ's love for exotic sports cars, inspired specifically by a Ferrari. The AJ XIV featured a Ferrari-like shield featuring a Jumpman logo, just one of seven Jumpman logos on each shoe; a total of 14 per pair. The logo is visible on the side heel, outsole, insole, back heel, toe, and on the metal lace tips.

The shoe's asymmetrical collar was designed to blend ankle support with flexibility, while Hatfield and Smith worked breathable mesh vents into the outsole. They also included dual Zoom Air units into the outsole, and the low-profile heel and forefoot gave the AJ XIV a sleek silhouette as well as a comfortable ride.

Michael Jordan announced his retirement on Jan. 13, 1999, prior to the beginning of the lockout-shortened season. So designer Tinker Hatfield was once again challenged to design a shoe that MJ would never wear on the court. Hatfield again tapped an aspect of MJ's playing style, this time drawing inspiration from the X-15 fighter plane, which set speed and altitude records through the 1960s.

Like its inspiration, the AJ XV had an aggressive, sharp-edged silhouette. The upper was built with a woven Kevlar material, it had a fully molded Pebax reinforced heel counter, and it incorporated a large mesh tongue that stuck out (mimicking MJ himself). The heel counter featured numbers significant to MJ's career: 23.6.15 represented his jersey number, the number of titles he won, and the shoe model. The heel counter extended to the outsole and read 2.17, Jordan's birthday.

The XV featured a hidden speed-lacing system, a seamless dynamic-fit sleeve, rubber herringbone traction pods, an injected thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) external heel counter and a breathable leather pattern. The XV also featured a full Zoom Air for low-profile cushioning.

The original was released in four colorways in 1999-2000. The XV was also released in player-exclusive colors including White/Green, White/Carolina Blue, White/Red and White/Purple. Several Team Jordan athletes sported the Air Jordan XV: Mike Bibby, Michael Finley, Ray Allen, Derek Anderson, and Reggie Miller.

Much like the man himself, the Air Jordan line went through a transition with the AJ XVI. Michael Jordan transitioned into his role as a part owner and the president of basketball operations with the Washington Wizards, and Wilson Smith III moved into the role of lead designer for the Air Jordan XVI.

Smith drew inspiration from marching boots, high-performance automobiles, and architecture. He designed the upper of the AJ XVI with lightweight mesh and included a full-length inner booty for sock-like comfort.

The shoe was styled with the boardroom in mind. It had a patent leather toe rand - taken from the AJ XI - and the full-grain leather and breathable mesh upper was covered by a unique removable shroud that allowed the AJ XVI to transition from the hardwood to the halls of power. The shroud was the first such lace cover on an Air Jordan since the AJ VIII and began a run of five Air Jordans that would cover the laces. The XVI included a magnetic fastening cover for added lockdown.

The square toe box was very roomy compared to previous Air Jordans, and the shoe returned to the visible Air-Sole cushioning and the frosty (translucent) outsole that was featured on Air Jordans V, VI and XI. The AJ XVI introduced a blow-molded heel and forefoot Zoom Air to the line as the Air Jordan progressed toward performance basketball.

Four colorways of the AJ XVI were released in 2001. The Black/Red and White/Navy versions featured patent leather toes and the wheat model had a rich suede upper. The Cherrywood color consisted of full-grain leather. Two low versions were released as well: White/Red and Black/Black.

When Michael Jordan resigned as the Washington Wizards' president of basketball operations and returned to the court, he did so in the Air Jordan XVII. Wilson Smith III made a return as well, as the designer of the AJ XVII.

Smith had a couple of inspirations for this shoe. About the time sketching for the AJ XVII started, the Jordan brand signed jazz musician Michael Phillips. Smith elicited the smooth lines and flow of a jazz solo as his theme for the AJ XVII. He also incorporated the fine details of the luxurious Aston Martin automobile, and the outsole design is said to resemble the fairways, sand traps, and greens of a golf course - testament to one of MJ's favorite pastimes.

The XVII featured a thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) heel stabilizer, heel and forefoot Tuned Air (pods that adjust the amount of air they contain, a first for the Jordan line), a dynamic-fit sleeve, hidden quick-lace system, lace locks, a full-length composite shank plate, and variable-width lacing for a more snug fit. Among Smith's innovations was the inclusion of a removable midfoot cover, which allowed the wearer to choose whether the laces would be visible. This was a visual carryover from the AJ XVI.

A CD-ROM and metal briefcase also were included, contributing to making the AJ XVII the priciest Air Jordan ever produced at the time, with a suggested retail price of $200. It was the first and only Air Jordan to break the $200 barrier for all versions until the XX8 in 2013.

The AJ XVII had multiple versions. Three colorways were released for mids: White/Blue, Black/Black, and White/Red. Another AJ XVII featured metallic copper and faux alligator leather on the heel. Three lows were released, including a White/Lightning All-Star version. Capping the AJ XVII run were three colorways of super low mule slip-ons.

In Jordan's first year back on the court with the Wizards, he averaged nearly 23 points per game. In January 2002, he scored his 30,000th point - fittingly against the Chicago Bulls - while wearing the AJ XVII. At his 13th All-Star Game, he wore the Air Jordan XVII Low in White/Lightning.

The Air Jordan XVIII marked another transition for Michael Jordan and the design team for the brand that bears his name. The shoe's release year, 2003, saw MJ's final NBA game, and Tate Kuerbis stepped in to design the 16th edition of MJ's signature shoe.

The senior footwear designer drew inspiration from high-end automobiles: sleek racing lines, F1 race cars and race driving shoes. Fine Italian dress shoes also inspired the stitching on the AJ XVIII's outsole.

It featured a one-piece leather upper, a carbon fiber comfort control plate incorporated into the midsole, a hand-stitched outsole, dual-layer heel and low-profile Zoom Air cushioning in the forefoot. The AJ XVII was released in a pull-out box with a cut-out "18" on the lid. It included a brush for the black suede colorway, a towel for cleaning, and the Air Jordan XVIII Driver's Manual booklet. The brand did a "Love" campaign surrounding the release of the AJ XVIII, celebrating MJ's career and final NBA season.

Jordan released three colorways of the AJ XVIII in 2003. The Black/Royal was made of suede, while the White/Royal and White/Red were leather. Two lows were released in Black/Black and White/University Blue. Along with the mids and lows, Jordan released the Air Jordan 18.5. The primary difference in design was a perforated Jumpman logo on the side of the upper.

In 2002-03, Michael Jordan wore the AJ XVIII and was selected to his 14th and final NBA All-Star Game. Other NBA players wearing the shoe included Richard Hamilton, Scottie Pippen, Ray Allen, Mike Bibby, Michael Finley, and Carmelo Anthony.

Senior Designer Tate Kuerbis returned to lead a team of Jason Mayden, Wilson Smith III, Josh Heard, and Suzette Henri in designing the Air Jordan XIX. The team drew from the deadly black mamba to reflect MJ's aggressive on-court persona. The AJ XIX featured lightweight, supportive Tech Flex material on the upper to create the lightest, most breathable Air Jordan to date. Tech Flex made the AJ XIX flexible while retaining support and comfort.

It featured a carbon fiber shank plate for torsional rigidity, a Phylon lightweight-foam midsole, patent leather toe box, a Velcro heel strap, and plastic lace-locks. A double-stacked heel and full-length Zoom Air ensured responsive, low-profile cushioning.

The AJ XIX's unique box opened from the middle, and each shoe came in a netted bag. Five colors of the original AJ XIX included the Black/Red, White/White/Grey, White/Black, White/Red, and White/Navy. Four AJ XIX SE colorways were released, as were four low-top models.

The shoe featured a ventilated sphere lining, an integrated midfoot support strap, a floating ankle leash, and an impact distribution plate. The midfoot strap offered lockdown while hiding the lacing system. Jordan introduced in the AJ XX the Independent Podular Suspension, a free-moving targeted cushioning technology.

The heel bore the numbers 85 and 05, signifying the year the Air Jordan line was born and the year the XX released. The outsole of the XX included 20 herringbone pods that displayed the heritage of the Air Jordan franchise. An interesting highlight of the AJ XX was the laser-etched logo treatment on the strap, created by Mark Smith, to pay homage to Jordan's life.

The XX released in three original colorways: White/Red/Black, Black/Black/Red, and White/Black/Red. Three regional colorways also were released: Chutney/White/Black, Red/White/Black, and University Blue/White/Black. A low and a 3/4 also were released in 2005.

D'Wayne Edwards began a two-shoe run as a lead designer on the Air Jordan line, taking the helm for the Air Jordan XX1. Maintaining the theme of sporty and/or luxurious automobiles that was popular throughout the Jordan line, Edwards drew his inspiration from a Bentley Continental GT coupe.

The embodiment of premium style and elegance featured a seamless diamond-quilted bootie, clean upper, and a lower foot air grille. The double-lasted Phylon lightweight-foam midsole lent a low-profile feel, while a carbon fiber shank plate allowed for maximum midfoot and arch support.

Two original colorways of the Air Jordan XX1 released in 2006. The White/Red model consisted of full-grain leather, while the Red/Black was constructed of rich suede. Two low versions also were released in white and in black.

The commercial for the AJ XX1 featured young athletes reenacting famous moments from Michael's career, including the shot on Craig Ehlo, recreations from the Slam Dunk contests, the "Last Shot," and the "Michael shrug." The tagline of the commercial was "Let your game speak."

D'Wayne Edwards returned for his second turn as the lead designer for a Jordan signature model. For the Air Jordan XX2, he drew his inspiration from the F-22 Raptor fighter jet, an apt embodiment of the lethal speed and agility of the game's greatest player.

The sharp lines of the XX2's upper were patterned after the sharp maneuverability of the F-22, and the shoe's efficient sculpted design and a stable extended heel counter made it lightweight and supportive, similar to the jet.

The shoe featured a triangular quilted pattern on the collar and a seamless bootie that maximized comfort and breathability. It featured zigzag stitching inspired by the jet. The first titanium-coated shank plate was built into the XX2, as were titanium lace loops/lace locks. An invisible Independent Podular Suspension system, updated from the previous Air Jordan cushioning system, offered responsive double-stacked Zoom Air low-profile cushioning or shock-absorbing encapsulated Air. A fresh chevron pattern was introduced to the outsole to improve traction.

The XX2 was released during the 2007 All-Star weekend on MJ's 44th birthday, Feb. 17. Fifteen original colorways of the XX2 included a special edition made out of basketball leather. Other colorways represented Atlanta, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, and Seattle.

Joe Johnson, Josh Howard, Carmelo Anthony, Richard Hamilton, and Ray Allen all wore the XX2 during the 2007-08 season. At the 2007 All-Star game in Las Vegas, Hamilton and Allen each wore an XX2 Player Exclusive.

Since Michael Jordan made 23 one of the most famous numbers in sports history, it made sense that the Air Jordan XX3 would be one of the most anticipated sneakers in footwear history. Tinker Hatfield returned to lead the design, and his take included new technology and craftsmanship to deliver a timeless addition to the Air Jordan lineage.

The XX3 was the first basketball shoe to incorporate the Nike Considered construction system, which was developed to reduce waste and use environmentally friendly materials without affecting the performance of the shoe. MJ's initials are stitched on the upper of each colorway. The shoe features a hand-stitched upper, articulated chassis, full-length quilted bootie, carbon fiber shank plate, and reinforced quarter panels.

It has the lowest-profile midsole of any of the Air Jordans, adding a responsive performance element. Zoom Air and tuned IPS pillars combined to lend cushioning. The tongue of each shoe features different logos: the left has a Jumpman and the right has a "23" logo. The outsole was modeled after MJ's thumbprint. This also was seen on the inside of the tongue to represent the impact and identity of the man himself, whose signature was included on the toe box.

To create buzz around the XX3, 23 pairs of the Titanium model were released at the top 23 locations in the United States, retailing for $230 on Jan. 25, 2008. An All-Star colorway was released that February, and other colorways included the White/Red, Grey/White/Black/Gold, and Stealth that released shortly after. A series of three more versions were produced to commemorate MJ's three teams: Black/University Blue/White for UNC, Black/Red/White for the Bulls, and Black/Royal/White for the Wizards. After the general releases, 23 pairs of a Black/Red XX3 were released at the top 23 locations just like the Titanium launch.

Chris Paul, Ray Allen, and Carmelo Anthony wore the XX3 in the NBA All-Star game. The XX3 was the last numbered Air Jordan shoe in the series for a while, as the next four Air Jordans would be named for the year each was created.

After the Air Jordan XX3, the Jordan brand continued the iconic Air series but transitioned away from the numbered system. Each of the next four Air Jordan game shoes would be named after the year it was released. Senior Footwear Designer Jason Mayden was given the task of designing the Air Jordan 2009, his first lead effort after working with the design team on the XIX.

Focusing on MJ's defensive game, Mayden drew inspiration from the sport of fencing, where skill, strategy, and athleticism are key to success. This design also is influenced by the Air Jordan I, and the use of panache leather hearkens to the style of the AJ XI. The 2009 was the second Air Jordan to use the Nike Considered process, which focuses on low waste, and on water-based solvent materials that don't harm the environment.

The AJ 2009 has a Phylon lightweight-foam midsole for impact absorption and forefoot Zoom Air for cushioning. The design of the thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) chassis is inspired by blown glass, lending a unique look to every shoe. The carbon fiber arch plate assists midfoot support and performance by lending torsional rigidity.

As with the XX3, Articulated Propulsion Technology cushioning allows for quick lateral movement on the court. The herringbone outsole includes flex grooves for natural motion and multi-directional traction.

The 2009 launched in two colorways: White/Black/Grey and Black/Varsity Red. It was then released in the Black/Metallic Gold S23 colorway, which was limited to 2,009 pairs. Later in 2009, the Black/Varsity Red/White/Metallic Gold Hall of Fame colorway was released to commemorate MJ's induction.

In 2010, the Air Jordan line turned 25. Coming off the AJ 2009 designed by Jason Mayden, the Jordan brand tapped the vision of renowned designers Tinker Hatfield and Mark Smith to craft the 25th Air Jordan.

The two had collaborated on the AJ XIV, and continuing the unique style of the Air Jordan line, they went with a clear window on the side of the shoe meant to symbolize looking inside of Michael Jordan and his game. The midsole features a hidden quote from MJ. It looks like random texturing, but upon close inspection, it spells out a famous line from one of his commercials: "I've failed over and over again in my life. And that is why I succeed." The asymmetrical collar makes a return to the Air Jordan line with a higher medial (inner) side of the collar and the lateral (outer) side dropping lower than normal.

The 2010 has a clean toe and features a forefoot that is independent from the rest of the shoe, though a six-row stitch holds the toe piece together. It features clear thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) in only the essential areas on the shoe. The Phylon lightweight-foam midsole is carved out and contoured for the best on-court performance. A full-length Zoom Air unit is bottom-loaded into the outsole for low-profile shock dispersion. This was borrowed from the world of running shoes and hadn't been seen in basketball until now.

Light and low to the ground, the 2010 was built to feel broken-in on the first wear. It has a thinner Zoom Air bag that provides the player with a better ability to feel the floor. The sneaker caters to the modern basketball player who needs to get up and down the court faster and more often. It features a comfortable, glove-like fit assuring the shoe fits snugly against the foot. The protruding outrigger provides excellent lateral stability.

This 25th Air Jordan is another Considered product, which avoids using harmful toxins and is built using fewer glues, and less stitching, energy, and waste while using environmentally friendly materials.

The pair crafted several unique elements of the Jordan 2011 that highlight the high-quality craftsmanship, such as the fade of color in the leather, which can be hand-buffed for a change in color. In addition, the Jordan 2011 features a distinctive perforated pattern on the upper, a dynamic fit system and two mesh windows for breathability. This attention to detail is what makes the 2011 such an extraordinary product. To top it off, the 2011 features a crazy lacing system - set up like "five little seatbelts" - and a brilliant insole/cushioning system.

The veteran design team from the Air Jordan 2011 joined creative forces again as Tinker Hatfield and Tom Luedecke teamed up to create the Air Jordan 2012. The pair drew inspiration from the dancing shoes of the 1920s and 30s, when jazz was all the rage. The people who danced in these wingtip shoes were considered bold, confident, and youthful. That was the thought the designers wanted in the AJ 2012.

The AJ 2012 was a next-step evolution of the optional insoles of the AJ 2011, being designed around the idea of One Shoe, Three Flights. This is a reference to the three midsole cushioning options that allow ballers to control the game based on their individual playing styles.

-The Fly Over midsole is for the player who relies on elevation and off-the-ground explosiveness to impact the game. This midsole has a Zoom Air unit in the forefoot and an encapsulated Air Sole unit in the heel for a soft landing.

Like the midsole options, the choice of which innersleeve to use depends on your style of play. The low-cut sleeve works well for the quick player seeking a greater range of motion. The high-cut sleeve enhances overall ankle support, stability, and foot protection.

Of course, the AJ 2012 couldn't be a high-performance sneaker without a well-built outer shell. Hatfield and Luedecke brought several performance innovations to the shoe, which included the debut of a Jordan-specific carbon-weave shank plate for superior midfoot stability. The wingtip on the toe-box has tight double stitching and perforations in the shape of an "M" as a reference to the man himself. Thin lines throughout the midsole give the shoe some extra style while also serving as scratch marks that represent Jordan's "Black Cat" nickname.

The latest installment in the lineup of the legendary brand named for Michael Jordan, was designed by Tinker Hatfield and released in February 2013. It returned to the numbered naming convention of the Air Jordan series I through XX3, as the brand had gone with the year from 2009 through 2012.

The XX8 featured all the cushioning and stability technologies one might expect from Jordan's flagship model. But it all lived behind a shroud, zippered to enable the wearer to decide just how much to reveal.

Several AJs, from the XVI through the XXI, featured a shroud or a lace covering. The sock-like shroud of the XX8, comprised of a high-end material from Schoeller textiles in Switzerland, featured a zipper front that folded down neatly to reveal a "2" on the medial (out) side of one shoe and a "3" on the medial of the other (denoting MJ's iconic jersey number). It offers a blank slate that the Jordan brand promised to use for a variety of eye-catching colorways during the shoe's life cycle.

Designers started with a Nike Shox plate, added air bags, and knew they were getting close. It evolved to consist of a carbon fiber plate designed to deflect force and maximize the Zoom Air and its low-profile responsiveness. This enabled the separation of the forefoot and heel for the first time in the Air Jordan lineage.

The revolutionary upper consisted of a performance-woven single piece, designed to eliminate excessive layering. This finish allowed a wide-open design canvas, which debuted - and continued in some colorways - with an oversized Jumpman logo.

"It's actually made in a special weaving machine," Hatfield said at the official unveiling on April 17, 2014. "Which does create a web of fibers, and it all comes together in one sort of seamless process."

Hatfield designed this upper to allow structure, support, interior comfort, and exterior abrasion resistance in a style inspired by an Italian label manufacturer. This upper alleviated an issue in previous versions, where the old practice of adding layers could create problem areas.

"In previous shoes, way back when," Hatfield added, "in order to make a shoe stronger, we would have to add another layer of something else and then that might create a hotspot, right? I mean, you could feel it."

The flexible, sock-like feel for which Hatfield aimed in the AJ XX9 came from Flight Web tunnels and strategic panels of stiffer and softer flex material. These were engineered to enhance natural motion, while webbed straps wrapped the foot and integrated with the laces at the midfoot to move with the foot.

In guiding the Air Jordan line of signature sneakers into the future, Tinker Hatfield drew his direction from the past. It was an image of Michael Jordan soaring to the hoop during the 1988 slam dunk contest that inspired Hatfield as the legendary designer partnered with Mark Smith to develop the Air Jordan XXX.

Released on February 12, 2016, the AJ XXX served as an evolutionary step from the AJ XX9, which introduced a single-piece woven upper to the Jordan family. Hatfield pointed to the AJs III, IV, and V - and the barely noticeable differences in the midsole and outsole among the three models - as proof that Jays will carry over tooling that has worked previously.

- Traction - While the FlightPlate of the XX9 became the FlightSpeed of the XXX, Hatfield and Smith described the difference as being little more than "the cut." It's important to maintain much of what works, they said, so they're not asking one of Jordan's top athletes, Russell Westbrook, to start from scratch as a test pilot every year.

- Material - Hatfield and Smith struck a careful balance between maintaining the performance features that worked, while pushing the design envelope as Jordan brand fans have come to expect. The upper is a soft and breathable mix of woven and knit materials. The "lofted knit" that lends padded comfort to the supportive ankle collar is the first such appearance in the Jordan line, according to Smith. A visual element on the midsole also offers a fresh look, adding a "galaxy" image to the shoe.

- Fit - This one-piece upper was designed to carry over the flexible feel of the XX9, and while the downsized FlightSpeed plate was intended to bring along the technology that enabled the wearer to be quick on the court.

At the beginning of a new decade of Air Jordan on-court performance shoes, designer Tate Kuerbis took a page from the past. For the Air Jordan XXXI that the Jordan brand unveiled to the public in July 2016 and released that September, he drew heavily from the original Air Jordan for the silhouette of the XXXI.

Benefits of infusing the original Air Jordan included its added ankle support with the higher top, and that its lower-profile midsole put the foot low to the ground. This allowed the wearer to be more responsive on the court, shifting one way before breaking the other, according to the designer.

One way the AJ XXXI looked to the future was in the way it incorporated old-school leather with the latest technology, Flyweave. Born of aerospace technology, Flyweave uses old-school weaving of space-age fabric for an upper that is lightweight but strong.

The ankle collar trimmed down the amount of foam, removing some unneeded weight while leaving enough to focus padding and support where the ankle needs it. That gave the shoe a one-to-one fit and added to the lockdown the wearer would need, Kuerbis said.

The combined woven-and-leather upper also lent itself to interesting color blocking, which the Jordan brand put on display with its first Black-Red ("Bred") Chicago-inspired release. Again borrowing from the look of the original, the AJ XXXI interspersed black and red threads throughout the weave, creating a subtle fade pattern that gave way to black on the heel. That set an ideal backdrop for the familiar red Jumpman logo that MJ made so famous. Incorporated into the weave was a subtle Nike Swoosh, the first logo to adorn MJ's signature shoes. But the second, and MJ's first personal logo, was the Wings logo, which is embossed on the medial/inner side of the ankle collar.

It all sits atop a color gradient midsole. And while most of the AJ XXXI's colorways follow this general template, some go for a more monochromatic look. And others, like the Black/Metallic Silver/Black, include a translucent "frosty" outsole.

Before taking its next step forward, the Jordan brand first cast its gaze to the past. Tate Kuerbis, who designed the Air Jordan XVIII, XIX, and XXI, drew inspiration from the Air Jordan II in conceptualizing the Air Jordan XXXII.

That meant revisiting the first Air Jordan to be manufactured outside the United States, in Italy. It was by visiting Italia that Jordan was able to find the refined mastery of processes that it wanted in order to convey the sense of premium styling that was so important to MJ.

"Our goal with the AJ XXXII was to combine the essence of the AJ II with today's best innovation," said David Creech, Nike's VP of Design, "to create a distinct design language both on and off the court."

Most noticeable is the way the XXXII emulates the sloping lines of the II. The horizontal fins across the Achilles on the II are blown out on the XXXII, covering a larger area and flowing into the rest of the design.

Typical of the Air Jordan line, the AJ XXXII is a premium blend of high performance with luxurious aesthetics. For the first time, an AJ features a Flyknit upper. It's comprised of high-tenacity yarn that combines stretch, support, and zonal lockdown. This ribbing offers a deeper texture than recent Air Jordan models that also featured woven uppers. Visually, it blends the ideas of flexibility, comfort, and performance.

Even the traction got new detailing. A herringbone traction pattern consisting of a wiper-blade look was designed to add a tried-and-true grip on the court. But through the frosty outsole you'll see the familiar Jumpman logo.

The Air Jordan lineup has always been about blending form and function, style and substance. And when the Air Jordan XXXIII debuted on Oct. 18, 2018, it continued this tradition by unveiling Nikes new FastFit technology.

Designer Tate Kuerbis drew from the utilitarian design of space suits for the AJ XXXIII. The shoe highlights the pull cord and ejection cord, and it includes a small circular window in the outsole that reveals the inner mechanism of the FastFit system.

The AJ XXXIII also continued use of the FlightSpeed technology that has been a part of the Air Jordan lineup since the XXX. The carbon fiber plate contained microscopic high-tensile fibers that served as springs. When paired with Zoom Air, this plate is designed to enhance your energy return and rebound, keeping you fresh in the fourth.

Throughout, Kuerbis adhered to a Flight Utility philosophy that meant maintaining that Jordan brand mindset of creating performance art. Kuerbis goal was to design for the future with both innovation and function in mind.

Designer Tate Kuerbis returned for his fourth consecutive Air Jordan, and sixth overall, having also designed the 18 and assisted with the 19. He cited athletes who noted a desire to improve traction and cut weight as being a starting point for the 34.

The Jordan platform has long been a launching pad for innovative performance tech, and the AJ XXXIV introduces the Jordan Eclipse Plate. This evolution of the Jordan Flight Speed Plate consists of two Pebax polyurethane plates that form a hollow core where foam would traditionally be. This design removes non-essential material to cut weight, creating one of the lightest Jays ever at 13.1 oz. (mens size 9). And it gives you a smooth transition from midfoot to forefoot that keeps your foot in control into and out of hard breaks.

MJs signature sneakers have been turning heads since he first hit the hardwood with them in 1985. This latest entry continues that with a colorful upper that catches your eye first. Then there are the details:

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