Rock crushers usually hold the rocks to be crushed in between two solid surfaces and apply a force that forces the molecule of the materials to separate or change alignment. Rock crushers are extensively applied in the mining sector where rocks containing the ore are crushed before the mineral is extracted.
In most cases, mining operations may have more than one crusher depending on the desired outcome of the crushing process. The primary crusher handles course rocks while the secondary, tertiary and sometimes the quaternary works on finer gradations that can allow for effective extraction of minerals.
Unlike the alluvial gold found in river beds, most of the gold mined underground is found in hard rocks that contain a lot of other materials. To get pure gold from these gold-bearing rocks has to be processed. The first stage is to crush the rocks to smaller fine gravels that will allow for gold molecules to be extracted.
The crushing of gold-bearing rocks is not as easy as it may seem. This is because the rocks have to be crushed to very fine gravels that can allow for gold molecules to be dissolved in mercury or any other chemical used to extract gold from the ore. What this means is that in large scale mining the mines may have more than one crusher (primary, secondary and tertiary crushers) in order to achieve the desired crushing levels.
This type of rock crusher employs the compressive force to break up larger rocks into smaller pieces. The crusher has two vertical jaws; a fixed jaw and a swing jaw. The rocks to be crushed are filled into the crushing chamber (the gap between the two jaws) and then a weighted flywheel is used to create an eccentric motion in the swing jaw to provide the required inertia to crush the rocks.
Jew crushers are designed to be heavy duty machines used as the primary crushers in many mining operations. Because of this, the crushers are robustly constructed. The outer shell of the crusher is made from strong steel or cast iron while the jaws are fashioned from hardened cast iron with a Ni-hard or manganese steel removable lining.
Dodge crushers are designed with the swing jaw fixed at the lower end enabling material to be crushed progressively as they move down the crushing chamber. Dodge crusher as more effective in crushing tough and abrasive rocks.
The gyratory crusher works on the same principle as the jaw crusher but has a conical head and a concave surface. The crushing chamber is lined with a hardened manganese steel material. The rock crushing is caused by a circular movement in the crushing surface and the materials are progressively crushed until they are of a smaller size that can fall off the narrow end of the chamber. The gyratory crusher is often used as either primary or secondary crusher in many mining operations as it delivers sufficient force to crush large ore bearing rocks.
The cone crusher is the most widely used crusher in mining operation across the world. The crusher is designed in a similar fashion as the gyratory crusher but the crushing chamber is less steep with the sides near parallel.
Crushing is done by a gyrating spindle as the rocks move from the wider upper section until they are small enough to fall off the lower narrow opening. Cone crushers are perfect for hard to mid hard ore bearing rocks and are highly productive making it perfect for use in crushing intensive mines. There four major types of Cone Crushers
The Symons cone crusher is widely used to crush medium harness to very hard rocks. Its size allows it to be used as a secondary or tertiary crusher in mining operations and as a mobile crusher in building and construction and chemical industries.
As the name suggests a single cylinder hydraulic cone is made up of a single crushing cone, a hydraulic control system, an eccentric shaft, bowl liner, adjusting sleeve and a hydraulic safety system. It is perfect as a secondary or a tertiary crusher in mining.
Impact crushers do not use pressure to crush rocks but rather employ impact. The material is placed in a cage where an impact is used to crush them. The cage has narrow openings to allow crushed rocks of the right size to escape. There are two major types of impact crushers:
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Application Area: It is widely used in ore crushing, railways, highways, large-scale water conservancy and hydropower, construction engineering, machine sand production, dry mortar, concrete mixing stations, and other fields.
The technological process for the metal ore designed by Zhongxin Heavy Industry, satisfies the clients requirement greatly for the various metal ores crushing. The metal ore will be evenly conveyed by vibrating feeder to jaw crusher for primary crushing, the crushed material will be conveyed by belt conveyor to cone crusher for further crushing, material after being crushed will be conveyed to vibrating screen for screening, and material with qualified particle size will be conveyed by belt conveyor to final product pile; material with unqualified particle size will be back from vibrating screen to cone crusher for secondary and tertiary crushing, to achieve a closed circuit. Particle size of final product can be combined and graded according to the requirement of client.
PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY: Copper ore processing production process include: crushing, grinding, ore dressing three processes. Crushing process, the three sections of the closed-circuit is the most modern high-hardness copper ore crushing, to complete the ore crushing and partial dissociation of the work, thereby improving the follow-up grinding efficiency; grinding process, two-stage closed grinding efficient grinding process, you can make the copper mill more fully.
PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY: According to the category and characteristic of ore, there are many different processes for iron ore dressing. In general, ore dressing plant may use primary, secondary and tertiary crushing processes for crushing iron ore. Jaw crusher is usually used for primary crushing; cone crusher is used for secondary and tertiary crushing. Through primary crushing, and then by secondary and tertiary crushing, ore will be crushed to the suitable size for feeding ball mill.
PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY: Silver is commonly extracted from ore by smelting or chemical leaching. Silver involved in mixing silver ore, salt, copper sulphide, and water. A method called the cyanide, or heap leach, this process has gained acceptance within the mining industry because it is a low-cost way of processing lower-grade silver ores.