process flow diagram of cement grinding plant

cement manufacturing process flow chart

cement manufacturing process flow chart

Generally speaking, the cement industry production is Portland cement. Portland cement is a kind of delicate, usually gray powder, which consists of calcium (from limestone), silicate, aluminate and ferrite(clay).

Mentioned cement production people will say "two grinding burn",that means cement production process mainly includes three stages: raw meal preparation, clinker burning and cement grinding. The cement manufacturing process flow chart is shown as follows:

In the cement manufacturing process, most material must be broken, such as limestone, iron ore, clay and coal etc. Limestone is the main raw material for cement production, each producing a ton of clinker needs about 1.3 tons of limestone, more than 80% of raw material is limestone. Our company has a variety of limestone crushers for your choice, such as jaw crusher, impact crusher, cone crusher, VSI crusher and hammer crusher,etc.

According to availability and chemical composition, additional components could be added towards the raw mix. These are referred to as "Secondary" raw supplies.In the cement manufacturing process, each producing 1 tons of cement grinding material at least 3 tons (including fuel, clinker, gypsum, mixture and all kinds of raw materials).

The stability of raw material composition is the premise of clinker burning system. Raw meal homogenizing system stabilizes the raw ingredients into the cellar of the final control action. Clinker burning The rotary kiln is a cylindrical steel vessel, that is inclined for the horizontal at 2.5% to 4.5%. The kiln slowly rotates at 0.5 4.5 revolutions per minute to allow the material to tumble by means of the kiln to ensure adequate residence time in the kiln to accomplish the needed thermal conversion processes. The finely ground coal is fed for the firing end of the kiln exactly where it really is burned to create a gas temperature of around 2,000C. A preheater consists of several stages contained in a tall preheater tower, which utilizes the heat produced by the flame at the firing end from the kiln to preheat the raw supplies as they move by means of the various stages of the tower. Kiln systems with preheaters are a lot more fuel effective than extended kilns, making use of up to 50% less energy.

Once the clinker has formed, and has arrived in the firing end from the kiln, it drops into a planetary cooler, exactly where the clinker is cooled to roughly 100C above ambient. It's then transported to the clinker storage silos.

cement manufacturing process | phases | flow chart | cement | engineering intro

cement manufacturing process | phases | flow chart | cement | engineering intro

Cement is the basic ingredient of construction and the most widely used construction material. It is a very critical ingredient, because only cement has the ability of enhancing viscosity of concrete which in returns provides the better locking of sand and gravels together in a concrete mix.

Cement uses raw materials that cover calcium, silicon, iron and aluminum. Such raw materials are limestone, clay and sand. Limestone is for calcium. It is combined with much smaller proportions of sand and clay. Sand & clay fulfill the need of silicon, iron and aluminum.

Generally cement plants are fixed where the quarry of limestone is near bye. This saves the extra fuel cost and makes cement somehow economical. Raw materials are extracted from the quarry and by means of conveyor belt material is transported to the cement plant.

There are also various other raw materials used for cement manufacturing. For example shale, fly ash, mill scale and bauxite. These raw materials are directly brought from other sources because of small requirements.

Before transportation of raw materials to the cement plant, large size rocks are crushed into smaller size rocks with the help of crusher at quarry. Crusher reduces the size of large rocks to the size of gravels.

The raw materials from quarry are now routed in plant laboratory where, they are analyzed and proper proportioning of limestone and clay are making possible before the beginning of grinding. Generally, limestone is 80% and remaining 20% is the clay.

Now cement plant grind the raw mix with the help of heavy wheel type rollers and rotating table. Rotating table rotates continuously under the roller and brought the raw mix in contact with the roller. Roller crushes the material to a fine powder and finishes the job. Raw mix is stored in a pre-homogenization pile after grinding raw mix to fine powder.

After final grinding, the material is ready to face the pre-heating chamber. Pre-heater chamber consists of series of vertical cyclone from where the raw material passes before facing the kiln. Pre-heating chamber utilizes the emitting hot gases from kiln. Pre-heating of the material saves the energy and make plant environmental friendly.

Kiln is a huge rotating furnace also called as the heart of cement making process. Here, raw material is heated up to 1450 C. This temperature begins a chemical reaction so called decarbonation. In this reaction material (like limestone) releases the carbon dioxide. High temperature of kiln makes slurry of the material.

The series of chemical reactions between calcium and silicon dioxide compounds form the primary constituents of cement i.e., calcium silicate. Kiln is heating up from the exit side by the use of natural gas and coal. When material reaches the lower part of the kiln, it forms the shape of clinker.

After passing out from the kiln, clinkers are cooled by mean of forced air. Clinker released the absorb heat and cool down to lower temperature. Released heat by clinker is reused by recirculating it back to the kiln. This too saves energy.

Final process of 5th phase is the final grinding. There is a horizontal filled with steel balls. Clinker reach in this rotating drum after cooling. Here, steel balls tumble and crush the clinker into a very fine powder. This fine powder is considered as cement. During grinding gypsum is also added to the mix in small percentage that controls the setting of cement.

Material is directly conveyed to the silos (silos are the large storage tanks of cement) from the grinding mills. Further, it is packed to about 20-40 kg bags. Only a small percent of cement is packed in the bags only for those customers whom need is very small. The remaining cement is shipped in bulk quantities by mean of trucks, rails or ships.

Widely used in highways, utilities, construction and other industries washing, grading, cleaning, as well as fine-grained and coarse-grained materials processing and other operations, the construction and gravel roads are particularly suitable. We feel proud to present ourselves as the well renowned importer and exporter of different Optimum Quality Engineering Equipments. Each and every product, forming part of our exquisite collection, has to go through different stringent quality checks so as to ensure that only finest quality product ultimately reaches the market.

analysis of material flow and consumption in cement production process - sciencedirect

analysis of material flow and consumption in cement production process - sciencedirect

The material flow route for a cement plant was obtained.Three mass balances for three cement production stages were established.Each ton of products requires 2.48, 4.69, and 3.41t of materials in three stages.Waste gas recycling rate in clinker production is higher than in other stages.Recycling waste gas discharged from raw and cement mills should be the focus.

Cement production, which is highly dependent on the availability of natural resources, will face severe resource constraints in the future. This is especially true for the cement industry in China. Thus, the industry is focusing on reducing the consumption of natural resources at both the manufacturing and operational stages. The aim of this article is to improve the management of resources used in the cement production process and mitigate their environmental effects. First, material flow routes for the cement manufacturing process are established, after which three mass balances are built during the three production stages using actual plant data received from an existing cement manufacturing facility. Finally, the material efficiency of the units and stages as well as the waste recycle rates during these stages is calculated. The results show that approximately 2.48t, 4.69t, and 3.41t of materials are required to produce a ton of the product in raw material preparation, clinker production, and cement grinding stages, and their waste rates are 63.31%, 74.12%, and 78.89%, respectively. The recycling rate of wastes during clinker production is remarkably higher than those during other manufacturing stages, wherein waste gases are directly discharged into the atmosphere. The material efficiency values for a raw mill, pyro-processing tower, rotary kiln, clink cooler, and cement mill are determined to be 36.69%, 34.24%, 39.24%, 29.76%, and 25.88%, respectively, whereas the waste recycling rates for these units are found to be 16.33%, 81.98%, 100.00%, 99.53%, and 0.00% respectively. These results will provide researchers with knowledge regarding the effectiveness and efficient use of natural resources in the cement sector. These important findings can also be used to influence the development of national and industrial policies in relation to the goal of achieving sustainable development in the cement industry.

Related Equipments