Each company or site should have clear safety guidelines outlining best practices for the entire site, as well as when working with crushers. Before even stepping on site to work with your sites crusher, employees and operators must be trained on all safety procedures of your site and crusher.
For instance, is the operator clear on warning signs to look for, emergency stop locations and appropriate walkaways? Make sure the operator or maintenance personnel perform a hazard analysis before each new operation. Conditions such as time of day, weather and area around a piece of equipment can all affect the operation about to be performed.
It is also a good idea to have a fresh set of eyes look at conditions. Even when someone is experienced and well trained, it is very easy to see the same thing day after day and accept the way things are or even miss something.
The aggregate industry is heavily regulated, but regulations alone will not make managers, workers, contractors and others safer or better safety stewards. If a company wants to achieve high safety and environmental standards, that company and the communities in which it does business cannot achieve these goals through fear of retribution for non-compliance.
To be successful, the industry must rise above the mentality that it is simply complying with regulations, inspections and penalties, and instead focus on these areas because it is the right thing to do. A good place to start is to provide effective signage, keep the site clean, walk the site daily and maintain quarry faces and haul roads.
Dont allow yourself to turn a blind eye to a hazard or a hazardous situation. Dont allow yourself to say, Its not my job or Im not the one who left it there or someone else will fix it. Every incident, accident or event should be investigated. Through these investigations, recommendations should be made to improve safety and to prevent the event from occurring again.
While new technologies and equipment are emerging every day to make the workplace safer, your best resource is your workforce. Its not only important to make sure employees are trained on the safety procedures of the workplace, but also on the proper use of their machine.
Untrained, unknowledgeable work staff can lead to an unsafe work environment. Just because a person is on your site working with other equipment doesnt necessarily mean they are trained on the proper use of a crusher or a breaker. Do they know proper feed size and capacity? Not knowing these can lead to oversized material entering the crusher and cause malfunction.
Safety on a crusher starts with the person feeding the plant. The person feeding the plant needs to be trained on best practices specific to the crusher they are working with. An operator may have years of experience operating and loading a cone crusher, but that doesnt translate into experience loading and operating a jaw crusher.
Operators need to be trained on what to look for to prevent unnecessary maintenance. Spending the time and resources to train your operator not only leads to a safer workplace, but it ultimately increases production. The safer you are, the more productive you are.
When operators proactively keep their crusher running safely and effectively, they increase production. A couple of minutes spent on cleaning or maintenance can lead to hours of productivity later and an overall safer working machine. Operators should also keep detailed records of maintenance and other issues.
Make sure your operator is in protective clothing. Also, when you reach the crusher, make sure all guards and safety devices are in place, secured and functional before operating. Be sure to review and follow all lockout, tagout and tryout procedures for the crusher when performing equipment maintenance, repairs or adjustments.
Additionally, keep your crusher working safely and efficiently by performing regular maintenance inspections. This allows you to pinpoint problems that may make the machine unsafe to use. Some tips to keep a safe crusher: Operate at the appropriate capacity. Keep platforms and areas around the machine clean. Ensure lubrication, flow, temperature, wear and pressure are monitored.
Safety is something that can be practiced and planned daily, monthly and yearly. Try to make yourself or your workspace safer every day. Clean up hazardous debris. Walk to your workstation a different way to see if you notice anything unsafe.
In our industry, hazards are everywhere due to the nature of our business and the equipment and tools we use. When less-than-desirable housekeeping practices are present, they add unnecessary hazards to the workplace. Housekeeping takes a lot of time if it is practiced once in a while, but it takes virtually no time at all if it is practiced continuously.
Its important to make sure your crusher operator follows all operational guidelines and that all safety best practices are in place. But also take the time to make sure your entire site is properly trained on site safety procedures and best practices. Hold regular safety meetings to review new procedures or address any safety concerns. Set yearly safety goals and commend operators on years of safety excellence.
Since 1970, the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) has provided employers with workplace safety and health standards that protect more than 130 million employees in the United States today. No matter the industry, every employer is responsible for maintaining a safe workplace. Appropriate signage supports this by providing important warnings and promoting safe work practices. Safety signs also help meet regulatory requirements.
Here is a brief overview of the signs and labels you need to meet OSHAs general industry standards for a safe and compliant workplace outlined in Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910.
Everyone deserves to work in a safe environment and know they have protection. Employers must inform employees of their safety rights under the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Act by displaying OSHAs Job Safety and Health: Its the Law poster.
Employers with an OSHA-approved plan in their state may use a specific version of the OSHA poster. Download them free from OSHAs website or order a print copy. Display the poster in a place where all employees can see it, like a break room or other common area.
The OSHA 300 log is the first document that is necessary during an OSHA inspection. Its a tool and federal requirement to help businesses log records of injuries or illnesses that occur in the workplace.
OSHA regulates most workplaces and requires safety signs at most locations where a hazard threatens the safety of a worker. Each safety sign is classified by hazard risk to help determine what sign to use, including DANGER, WARNING, and CAUTION.
Caution signs indicate potentially hazardous situations that may result in minor or moderate injury if they arent avoided. Use them to caution against potential injuries from unsafe practices, or where a combination of injury and equipment damage is possible.
Would more wayfinding improve recognition of important items like emergency equipment, PPE, and first aid kits? Do employees know where tools should be put away after use? Consider these additional safety signs to use to improve awareness.
OSHA requires employers to provide fall protection, but do not specify any signage requirements. Help communicate where fall protection is required and notify visitors and other employees of areas that require specific PPE before entering using notice and warning signs.
Employers must provide safety data sheets (SDSs) that are readily accessible to all workers. Make SDSs easy to find with wayfinding and floor tape. Clearly guide workers to locations of SDS books and binders with bold yellow and black printed floor tape, floor signs, and 2-way or 3-way wall signs.
If you have outdoor workers, its crucial to have a heat illness prevention plan to protect them from the risk of heat-related illnesses, like heat stroke. OSHA recommends posting heat illness posters on worksites as reminders and for training, available to download on their website. Ensure awareness of all seasonal work hazards including cold stress and post warnings for icy sidewalks and parking lots.
Consistent training and visual communication are crucial for keeping a safe and efficient operation. Managers must make a conscious effort and commitment to stay on top of changes, updates, and transformations in the facility to adjust visual communication as necessary to maintain safety and compliance.
Kelsey Rzepecki is a guest writer for Safesite and a full-time writer for Graphic Products, makers of the DuraLabel line of industrial label and sign printers. For more information about customized visual communication, visit www.GraphicProducts.com or call 800.788.5572.