rock crushers for gold mining

rock crushers - gold prospecting mining equipment detectors snake protection

rock crushers - gold prospecting mining equipment detectors snake protection

An Easier Way to Crush Rocks! Once primarily used by landscapers and contractors to crush rock for demolition, gold miners are now using them to both test material in the field, and recover gold back at home. In most cases, you can take your rock crusher straight from the shipping container and use it in less than half an hour. No wasted time trying to find the right pulleys or chains. Whether you need a manual rock crusher or a motorized version, you get everything you need to start crushing / pulverizing rock and getting the gold right away! A rock crusher can be an invaluable tool if it has been designed and built by miners for miners just like you'll find below. Tough machines built well and rigorously tested in the field means less work for you. Warranted by the manufacturers.

During the rush to the gold fields of the 1800s, a LOT of gold was removed from the rivers and banks of the Western US and Alaska. The old-timers used very ineffective methods, but a lot of gold was taken out of the streams and banks. That gold had been setting there for hundreds if not thousands of years. It takes time for the waterways and banks to "replenish" the gold that is recovered by miners. Mother Nature helps every year through floods and snowmelt.

Keep in mind that all the gold in any river came from "above" -- from the veins and outcrops that push up through the hillside and slowly, due to weathering (freezing and thawing, wind and rain) a chunk of gold bearing quartz is eventually broken off and tumbles downhill until it finds its way into the river where it is warn and shaped even more by the action of the water, sand, etc. Every time gold moves in the river, it goes deeper down, until it hits bedrock, and there the gold sits until it is found.

Over millions of years, the Earth has gone through many changes. Sometimes, a river that is laden in gold will be thrust up and dry out. That is why you may find placer gold high up in an exposed rock bed with obvious water-warn rock. Sometimes the river changes courses, and new rivers cut across the old channels. No matter how things change, the fact remains that the gold came from a vein, which eventually became an outcrop. Knowing this, many modern-day prospectors are switching from working barren streams to hard rock, and hunting for those outcrops with could lead to a very valuable vein. Even if you do not work it yourself, you may have a good discovery which could mean another person or company will buy or lease your find!

Rocks are rocks, unless they contain valuable minerals, metals, or elements. When a rock has values in it, it's then called ore. In order to liberate the minerals, it needs to be crushed down. In days of yore, a stamp mill was the primary form of crushing rock, but in the modern world, there are jaw crushers, impact mills and gyrator crushers, as well as ball mills. They all have their own pros and cons -- and price tags. Crushers take larger rock and break them down to smaller rocks, and then they are processed through an impact mill to reduce the ores to a finer particle. If the ore needs to be smaller yet, it's placed in a ball mill to reduce the materials to a slurry that has the consistency of muddy water.

Some mining companies have very large equipment, which can handle hundreds of tons or rock an hour. These businesses can effectively go after ores of lower grade materials because of the high volume they can process. For the average prospector, though, it's not feasible to crush down a ton of ore for only a few grams of gold. The average miner can instead purchase a CrazyCrusher manual rock crusher or an electric or gas powered rock crusher and get the gold out in smaller batches. Crushing rock to recover gold can be easier, faster, and much more profitable than prospecting in over-worked streams and rivers. With prices starting at less than $500 for a manual crusher, you may want to consider this time-saving method for getting the gold!

rock crusher history

rock crusher history

History tells us,it was in 1830, the firstUS patent was issued on a rock crushing machine. It covered a device which, in a crude way, incorporated the drop hammer principle later used in the famous stamp mill, whose history is so intimately linked with that of the golden age of mining. In 1840,another patent was issued, which comprised a wooden box containing a cylindrical drum apparently of wood also on which a number of iron knobs, or hammers, were fastened; the expectation was that this drum, when revolved at about 350 RPM, would shatter the rock fed into the top of the box. This device, although it was conceived as an impact crusher and thus would rate as a forerunner of the hammermill, bore a somewhat closer resemblance to the single sledging-roll crusher. There is no evidence that either of these early inventors carried their work through to fruition. Eli Whitney Blake invented the first successful mechanical rock breaker, the Blake jaw crusher patented in 1858. Blake adopted a mechanical principle familiar to all students of mechanics, the powerful toggle linkage. That his idea was good is attested to by the fact that the Blake type jaw crusher is today the standard by which all jaw crushers are judged, and the leading machine of the class for heavy duty primary crushing service.

The gyratory principle was the basis of several rudimentary designs, patented between 1860 and 1878, noneof which embodied practical mechanical details at least, not in the light of our present-day knowledge of the art. Then, in 1881, Philetus W. Gates was granted a patent on a machine which included in its design all of the essential features of the modern gyratory crusher. The first sale on record antedates the patent by several months, a No. 2 crusher, sold to the Buffalo Cement Co. in 1880. That was the first of several thousand gyratory crushers which carried the name of Gates to the far corners of the earth. An interesting sidelight of these early days occurred in 1883 when a contest was staged between a Blake jaw crusher and a Gates gyratory crusher. Each machine was required to crush 9 cubic yard of stone, the feed-size anddischarge settings being similar. The Gates crusher finished its quota in 21 minutes, the Blake crusher in 65 minutes, which must have been a sad disappointment to the proponent of the Blake machine, who happened to be the challenger.

For some years after these pioneer machines were developed, requirements, viewed in the light of present practice, were very simple. Mining and quarrying, whether underground or open-pit, was done by hand; tonnages generally were small, and product specifications simple and liberal. In the milling of precious metal ores, stamp mills were popular as the final reduction machine. These were generally fed with an ore size that could be produced handily by one break through the small gyratory and jaw crushers which served as primary breakers. Even in large underground mining operations there was no demand for large crushers; increased tonnage requirements were met by duplicating the small units. For example, in 1915, at the huge Homestake operation, there were no less than 20 Gates small gyratory crushers sizes No. 5 and 6 to prepare the ore for the batteries of >2500 stamp mills.

Most commercial crushed stone plants were small, and demand for small product sizes practically non-existent. Many plants limited output to two or three products. Generally the top size was about 2.5 to 3 ring-size; an intermediate size of about 1.5 or thereabouts, might be made, and the dust, or screenings, removed through openings of about 0.25. In ballast plants the job was even more simple, one split and an oversize re-crush being all that was needed.

Many small process plants consisted of one crusher, either jaw or gyratory rock crushers, one elevator and one screen. Recrushing, if done, was taken care of by the same machine handling the primary break. The single crusher, when of the gyratory type, might be any size from the No. 2 (6 opening) to the No. 6 with 12-in. opening.

When demand grew beyond the capabilities of one crusher, it was generally a simple matter to add a second machine to take care of the recrushing or secondary crushing work. A popular combination, for example, consisted of a No. 6 primary and a No. 4 secondary, or possibly a 20- x 10-in., or 24- x 12-in. primary jaw, followed by one of the small gyratories. When the business outgrew the capacity of this sort of plant, it was not unusual to double up, either in the same building, or by erecting an entirely separate plant adjacent to the original one. Crusher manufacturers were not standing still during these early years. In the gyratory line, for example, the No. 2 was the first popular size, and larger machines were developed from time to time up to the No. 6, then the No. 7.5

The steam shovel began to change the entire picture of open-pit working. With the steam shovel came the really huge No. 8 crusher, with its 18 receiving opening. Up to this time the jaw crusher had kept pace with the gyratory, both from the standpoint of receiving opening and capacity, but now the gyratory stepped into the leading position, which it held for some 15 years. Once the ice was broken, larger and larger sizes of the gyratory type of crusher were developed rapidly, relegating the once huge No. 8 machine to the status of a secondary crusher. This turn toward really large primary crushers started just a few years before the turn of the century, and in 1910 crushers with 48 receiving openings were being built.Along about this time the jaw crusher suddenly came back to life and stepped out in front with a great contribution to the line of mammoth-size primary crushers: the 84 x 60 machine built by the now Joy Mining Machinery for a trap rock quarry in eastern Pennsylvania. This big crusher was followed by a No. 10 (24 opening) gyratory crusher for the secondary break. Interest created by this installation reawakened the industry to the possibilities of the jaw crusher as a primary breaker, and lines were brought up-to-date to parallel the already developed gyratory lines.

Although his machines never came into general use in the industry, Thomas A. Edison ranks as a pioneer in the development of the large primary breaker and credited with the announcement of a very interesting and constructive bit of reasoning, which was the basis of his development. Concerned at the time with the development of a deposit of lean magnetic iron ore where he was using a number of the small jaw crushers then available for his initial reduction. Realizing that to concentrate this ore at a cost to permit marketing it competitively meant cutting every possible corner, he studied the problem of mining and crushing the ore as one of the steps susceptible of improvement.

In approaching the problem, Edison reasoned that the recoverable energy in a pound of coal was approximately equal to the available energy in one pound of 50% dynamite; but the cost per pound of the dynamite was about 100 times that of the coal. Furthermore, a large part of the dynamite used in his mining operation was consumed in secondary breaking to reduce the ore to sizes that the small primary crushers would handle. The obvious conclusion was that it would be much cheaper to break the large pieces of ore by mechanical rather than by explosive energy.

With that thesis as a starting point, he set out to develop a large primary breaker, a development which culminated several years later in the huge and spectacular 8 x 7 Edison rolls. A description of the action of this machine will be found in a later section of this series. During the early years of the present century these giant machines created considerable interest, and several were installed in this country. However, they never became popular, and interest swung back to the more versatile gyratory and jaw types. Edison rolls were also developed in smaller sizes for use as secondary and reduction crushers. In his own cement plant Edison used four sets of rolls operating in series to reduce the quarry-run rock to a size suitable for grinding.

rock crushers at kellyco | gold prospecting equipment

rock crushers at kellyco | gold prospecting equipment

In order to crush rocks and extract gold, you will need the right equipment that can achieve this quickly and efficiently. That being said, utilizing rock crushers will help prevent you from missing the opportunity of hitting paydirt. Portable rock crushers will change the way you prospect for gold and with several options available, making sure that you select the correct product will be invaluable.

The term itself is pretty self-explanatory. These machines are designed to crush any type of stone from quartz to limestone and everything in between. How much is able to be processed per hour will depend on the model you purchase.

The intention of small rock crushers, such as those we have here at Kellyco, is to allow you to extract more gold instead of leaving any paydirt behind. The amount of gold that can be contained within rocks in areas you didnt know were there may surprise you. However, without a rock crusher in your arsenal, you will never be aware of what was left behind.

Portable rock crushers use a very simple approach, power. With various sized engines available depending on the model, these machines are designed to take small rocks and, thanks to a huge amount of pressure and power, crush them down and allow you to process them through your sluice box.

The aim of any small rock crusher for sale is to be able to break that rock down into a fine powder. In doing so, it will be able to pass through a classifier before going through the sluice box and any gold can then be separated. Even relatively small pieces of rock that are left intact could lead to you missing out on some gold, and when you know you have hit paydirt then you hardly want to leave anything behind.

Most models, including the Keene G-Force rock crusher, will use a hopper box with gravity to move the rocks through the crusher. The rock is fed into the hopper box and then moves into the central compartment of the crusher. A huge amount of force effectively smashes the rock at high speed and the greater the force then the finer the powder. With that in mind, the power of the engine contained within the rock crusher will be important.

With several options available, knowing which are the best rock crushers for sale will make your job of identifying the right product for you easier. Of course, budget may play a part but Kellyco does have a number of small portable rock crushers for sale across a wide price range.

There are several key points to consider when looking at purchasing a portable rock crusher. First, there is the volume of rock that can process for up to an hour. With some capable of producing over 2 tons of powder, also known as grind, this should be more than adequate for the majority of treasure hunters.

Another point to remember is the size of rock that the crusher can handle. These kinds of rock crushers for sale are not designed to take large boulders and break them down on an industrial scale. Instead, we are talking about rocks that are around one inch in size that can be effectively smashed in seconds. Once again, we recommend that you check the maximum size that the model you are looking at can take before making your purchase.

The best rock crushers for sale will contain a large hopper box, be capable of crushing a substantial amount of rock in one hour, and break things down into an easy to manage powder. As long as those points are met, then you should not have any problem extracting as much gold as possible from your expedition.

There are several additional features that deserve to be mentioned with a rock crusher. For example, you need to examine how a particular model is powered. With both gas and electric available as options, it should be easy for you to get things started. As a side-note, the gas version is often regarded as being cheaper to operate. Also, we have to think about transportation. These machines are not the lightest around which is why there are lighter models, such as the Keene trailer mounted crusher, on the market. This does make it easier to get to those more remote areas that you may wish to venture to on your expeditions.

You may wish to consider looking at the process that the rock crusher uses in order to deliver the powder. Different models may put the rock through various processes with each stage resulting in something even finer than before.

Finally, there has to be the question of replacing parts even when you are out there in the wild. Cleaning the machine and clearing it of debris is important or it may result in becoming clogged. However, models that have been manufactured by Keene will all be easy to adjust and maintain so this shouldnt be a problem.

If rock crushers are something of interest to you, but you are unsure of what to do next, then feel free to reach out to our customer service team. Contact us directly via our customer care department and our team of expert gold prospectors will be able to advise you on the best rock crusher for your needs and answer any questions that you may have.

rock crushers for commercial gold mining operations

rock crushers for commercial gold mining operations

Rock crushers usually hold the rocks to be crushed in between two solid surfaces and apply a force that forces the molecule of the materials to separate or change alignment. Rock crushers are extensively applied in the mining sector where rocks containing the ore are crushed before the mineral is extracted.

In most cases, mining operations may have more than one crusher depending on the desired outcome of the crushing process. The primary crusher handles course rocks while the secondary, tertiary and sometimes the quaternary works on finer gradations that can allow for effective extraction of minerals.

Unlike the alluvial gold found in river beds, most of the gold mined underground is found in hard rocks that contain a lot of other materials. To get pure gold from these gold-bearing rocks has to be processed. The first stage is to crush the rocks to smaller fine gravels that will allow for gold molecules to be extracted.

The crushing of gold-bearing rocks is not as easy as it may seem. This is because the rocks have to be crushed to very fine gravels that can allow for gold molecules to be dissolved in mercury or any other chemical used to extract gold from the ore. What this means is that in large scale mining the mines may have more than one crusher (primary, secondary and tertiary crushers) in order to achieve the desired crushing levels.

This type of rock crusher employs the compressive force to break up larger rocks into smaller pieces. The crusher has two vertical jaws; a fixed jaw and a swing jaw. The rocks to be crushed are filled into the crushing chamber (the gap between the two jaws) and then a weighted flywheel is used to create an eccentric motion in the swing jaw to provide the required inertia to crush the rocks.

Jew crushers are designed to be heavy duty machines used as the primary crushers in many mining operations. Because of this, the crushers are robustly constructed. The outer shell of the crusher is made from strong steel or cast iron while the jaws are fashioned from hardened cast iron with a Ni-hard or manganese steel removable lining.

Dodge crushers are designed with the swing jaw fixed at the lower end enabling material to be crushed progressively as they move down the crushing chamber. Dodge crusher as more effective in crushing tough and abrasive rocks.

The gyratory crusher works on the same principle as the jaw crusher but has a conical head and a concave surface. The crushing chamber is lined with a hardened manganese steel material. The rock crushing is caused by a circular movement in the crushing surface and the materials are progressively crushed until they are of a smaller size that can fall off the narrow end of the chamber. The gyratory crusher is often used as either primary or secondary crusher in many mining operations as it delivers sufficient force to crush large ore bearing rocks.

The cone crusher is the most widely used crusher in mining operation across the world. The crusher is designed in a similar fashion as the gyratory crusher but the crushing chamber is less steep with the sides near parallel.

Crushing is done by a gyrating spindle as the rocks move from the wider upper section until they are small enough to fall off the lower narrow opening. Cone crushers are perfect for hard to mid hard ore bearing rocks and are highly productive making it perfect for use in crushing intensive mines. There four major types of Cone Crushers

The Symons cone crusher is widely used to crush medium harness to very hard rocks. Its size allows it to be used as a secondary or tertiary crusher in mining operations and as a mobile crusher in building and construction and chemical industries.

As the name suggests a single cylinder hydraulic cone is made up of a single crushing cone, a hydraulic control system, an eccentric shaft, bowl liner, adjusting sleeve and a hydraulic safety system. It is perfect as a secondary or a tertiary crusher in mining.

Impact crushers do not use pressure to crush rocks but rather employ impact. The material is placed in a cage where an impact is used to crush them. The cage has narrow openings to allow crushed rocks of the right size to escape. There are two major types of impact crushers:

rock crusher - eastman rock crusher

rock crusher - eastman rock crusher

Granite is not easy to crush to sand, main equipment has PE-7501060 jaw crusher (coarse crusher), HP300 cone crusher (fine crusher), bin, 490110 vibrating feeder, B1000x22 conveyor belt, B1000x30m conveyor belt, B800x31 conveyor belt, 4YK2460 vibrating screen, etc. contact us!

In this case, we recommend the use of a PCZ1308 heavy hammer crusher with a feed size of 930x650mm, the feed particle size is less than 600mm, the motor power is 4P 132Kw, and the processing capacity of the equipment is 100-180t/h.

Eastman is a typical direct selling enterprise with green and standardized production plants. All the delivery of the equipment will be completed within the delivery period signed by the contract to ensure the smooth commissioning of the equipment.

Rock crushers have a wide range of suitable material to choose from, whether its soft or hard, or even very hard, rock crushers can reduce those large rocks into smaller rocks, gravel, or even rock dust.Here are some typical materials that break or compress by industry crushers, such as Granite, quartz stone, river pebble, limestone, calcite, concrete, dolomite, iron ore, silicon ore, basalt and other mines, rocks and slag.

Understanding the stages of crushing process and the types of crushers that best fit each stage can simplifies your equipment selection. Each type of crusher is different and used to achieve a certain end result.

Similarly, a certain output is expected at the end of each crushing stage for the next phase of the process. Aggregate producers who pair the correct crusher to the correct stage will be the most efficient and, in turn, the most profitable.

A jaw crusher is a compression type of crusher. Material is reduced by squeezing the feed material between a moving piece of steel and a stationary piece. The discharge size is controlled by the setting or the space between those two pieces of steel. The tighter the setting, the smaller the output size and the lower the throughput capacity.

As a compression crusher, jaw crushers generally produce the coarsest material because they break the rock by the natural inherent lines of weakness. Jaw crushers are an excellent primary crusher when used to prepare rock for subsequent processing stages.

Although the chamber is round in shape, the moving piece of steel is not meant to rotate. Instead, a wedge is driven around to create compression on one side of the chamber and discharge opening on the opposite side. Cone crushers are used in secondary and tertiary roles as an alternative to impact crushers when shape is an important requirement, but the proportion of fines produced needs to be minimized.

An impact crusher uses mass and velocity to break down feed material. First, the feed material is reduced as it enters the crusher with the rotating blow bars or hammers in the rotor. The secondary breakage occurs as the material is accelerated into the stationary aprons or breaker plates.

Impact crushers tend to be used where shape is a critical requirement and the feed material is not very abrasive. The crushing action of an impact crusher breaks a rock along natural cleavage planes, giving rise to better product quality in terms of shape.

Most aggregate producers are well acquainted with the selection of crushing equipment and know it is possible to select a piece of equipment based solely on spec sheets and gradation calculations. Still, theoretical conclusions must always be weighed against practical experience regarding the material at hand and of the operational, maintenance and economical aspects of different solutions.

The duty of the primary crusher is, above all, to make it possible to transport material on a conveyor belt. In most aggregate crushing plants, primary crushing is carried out in a jaw crusher, although a gyratory primary crusher may be used. If material is easily crushed and not excessively abrasive, an impact breaker could also be the best choice.

The most important characteristics of a primary crusher are the capacity and the ability to accept raw material without blockages. A large primary crusher is more expensive to purchase than a smaller machine. For this reason, investment cost calculations for primary crushers are weighed against the costs of blasting raw material to a smaller size.

A pit-portable primary crusher can be an economically sound solution in cases where the producer is crushing at the quarry face. In modern plants, it is often advantageous to use a moveable primary crusher so it can follow the movement of the face where raw material is extracted.

The purpose of intermediate crushing is to produce various coarser fractions or to prepare material for final crushing. If the intermediate crusher is used to make railway ballast, product quality is important.

In other cases, there are normally no quality requirements, although the product must be suitable for fine crushing. In most cases, the objective is to obtain the greatest possible reduction at the lowest possible cost.

In most cases, the fine crushing and cubicization functions are combined in a single crushing stage. The selection of a crusher for tertiary crushing calls for both practical experience and theoretical know-how. This is where producers should be sure to call in an experienced applications specialist to make sure a system is properly engineered.

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