The main structure of the wheel gearing is composed of fixed roll, movable roll, drive shaft, machine box, chassis, cover piece, and long gear cover. The motive power of the machine comes from the V-belt pulley of the electromotor, and a pair of middle reduction gear will make the fixed roll rotate, and then a pair of long gear drive on the other side of the fixed roll will drive the movable roll, and the two rolls perform relative movement to squeeze the materials.
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China Henan Hongxing Machinery Mining Machinery Co., Ltd. is a large-scale joint-stock enterprise mainly engaged in the production of heavy mining machines, as well as scientific research, production and sales. The crushing series machines produced by the company are widely used in metallurgical, ch
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Roll crushers, or crushing rolls, or double roller crushers, are still used in some mills, although they have been replaced in most installations by cone crushers. They still have a useful application in handling friable, sticky, frozen, and less abrasive feeds, such as limestone, coal, chalk, gypsum, phosphate, and soft iron ores.
The mode of operation of roll crushers is extremely simple, the standard spring rolls consisting of two horizontal cylinders which revolve towards each other. The set is determined by shims which cause the spring-loaded roll to be held back from the solidly mounted roll.
Smooth-surfaced rolls are usually used for fine crushing, whereas coarse crushing is often performed in rolls having corrugated surfaces, or with stub teeth arranged to present a chequered surface pattern. Sledging or slugger rolls have a series of intermeshing teeth, or slugs, protruding from the roll surfaces. These dig into the rock so that the action is a combination of compression and ripping, and large pieces in relation to the roll diameter can be handled. Their main application is in the coarse crushing of soft or sticky iron ores, friable limestone, coal, etc., rolls of 1 m diameter being used to crush material of top size 400 mm.
Wear on the roll surfaces is very high and they often have a manganese steel roll, which can be replaced when they are worn out. The feed must be spread uniformly over the whole width of the rolls in order to give even wear. One simple method is to use a flat feed belt of the same width as the rolls. Since there is no provision for the swelling of broken ore in the crushing chamber, roll crushers must be starvation fed if they are to be prevented from choking. Although the floating roll should only yield to an uncrushable body, choked crushing causes so much pressure that the springs are continually on the work during crushing, and some oversize escapes. Rolls should therefore be used in closed circuit with screens. Choked crushing also causes interparticle comminution, which leads to the production of material finer than the set of the crusher.
There are two types of roller crusher, smooth roller and tooth roller. Smooth roller crusher crushes materials mainly by extrusion of two rollers, meanwhile also has function of grinding, it is good for medium and fine crushing of medium hardness materials. While tooth crusher crushes material mainly by chopping, also has function of grinding, good for coarse and medium crushing of fragile and soft rocks.
Double roller crusher model is named by roller diameter and length, for example model 2PG0640, 2 means two roller, P stands for crusher, G stands for smooth roller, 06 stands for roller diameter 600mm, 40 stands for roller length 400mm. Similarly, 2PGC500x750, C stands for tooth roller.
Roll Crushers are designed to handle the primary, secondary and tertiary stage crushing of friable materials such as coal, salt, clay, bauxite, limestone and other minerals of similar characteristics in the mining, power generation and numerous other industries. Roll Crushers are one of the most widely used crushers in the mining industry and have numerous advantages, such as high capacity, low headroom, low horsepower, the ability to handle wet, sticky feeds and the generation of minimum fines while producing a cubical product.
The simplified design gives these units excellent reliability and requires very little maintenance. Roll Crushers are designed with built-in tramp relief that allows for the passing of uncrushable materials while continuing operation and returning to the initial product setting.
Since patenting the first Single Roll Crusher in 1894, McLanahan has become an expert and leader in the industry in the design and manufacture of single and two stage Roll Crushers. The selection process for each application is based on extensive equipment knowledge and a wealth of test data developed in our research lab or through on-site testing.
McLanahan offers belt-driven Roll Crushers in four designs: Single Roll, Double Roll, Triple Roll and Quad Roll Crushers, which provide a substantial return on investment by operating at low cost and maximizing yield by generating minimal fines. The rugged design, which incorporates a fabricated steel base frame lined with replaceable abrasion-resistant steel liners, stands up to the toughest mineral processing applications while providing safe and simple operation, including an automatic tramp relief system to allow uncrushable objects to pass while the crusher remains in operation. These crushers are also versatile, allowing for adjustments in roll speeds and gap settings to meet most any application requirement.
Whether the application requires a single-stage or two-stage crusher, the forces necessary to perform the crushing remain the same: a combination of impact, shear and compression. The impact force occurs as the material enters the crusher and is impacted by the rotating roll. Shear and compression forces occur as the feed material is pulled between the crushing plate and/or crushing rolls.
Depending on the feed size, material is fed into the crushing chamber and encounters a single or a pair of rotating rolls. If a two-stage reduction is required, either a Triple or Quad Roll configuration can be used. In this scenario, the top stage of the crusher performs the primary reduction either by crushing the material between the roll and crushing plate or between a pair of rolls. The material is then fed directly between the two bottom-stage rolls for additional processing.
If a single-stage reduction is required, then depending on the feed-to-product-size ratio of reduction, either a Single or Double Roll Crusher can be selected. Regardless of the crusher type selected, Roll Crushers allow for the material to fracture along naturally occurring cleavage lines, which helps with minimizing fines generation.
Yes, it will. When a wet, sticky feed is fed to a two-stage crusher, you run the risk of plugging the crusher between the top and bottom stages. If a wet, sticky feed is anticipated and the ratio of reduction requires two stages of crushing, it is recommended that two separate single stages be used.
A good rule of thumb is: Single Roll Crushers have a 6:1 ratio of reduction, Double Roll Crushers have a 4:1, Triple Roll Crushers have a 6:1 on the top stage and a 4:1 on the bottom stage, and Quad Roll Crushers have a 4:1 on both the top and bottom stage.
Single Roll Crushers are typically used as primary crushers that provide a crushing ratio of up to 6:1. They crush materials such as ROM coal, mine refuse, shale, slate, gypsum, bauxite, salt, soft shale, etc., while producing minimal fines. Designed with intermeshing roll teeth and a curved crushing plate, they are extremely effective in reducing slabby feeds.
Double Roll Crushers provide a 4:1 reduction ratio. They are typically used as a secondary or tertiary crusher for materials such as ROM coal with refuse, limestone, gypsum, trona, shale, bauxite, oil shale, clean coal, coke, salt, quicklime, burnt lime, glass, kaolin, brick, shale and wet, sticky feeds. Each machine is custom engineered with roll elements and tooth patterns selected depending on theapplication requirements to produce a cubical product with minimal fines.
Triple Roll Crushers are ideal for producers who want to accomplish two stages of reduction in one pass. They can be used in coal, salt, coke, glass, and trona operations, among others. Triple Roll Crushers combine a Single Roll Crusher with a Double Roll Crusher to form a crusher that is capable of achieving a 6:1 reduction ratio in the primary stage and a 4:1 reduction in the secondary stage while producing a cubicle product at high capacity.
Quad Roll Crushers are ideal for producers, including those with preparation plants, who want to accomplish two stages of reduction in one pass. They can be used in coal, salt, lime, pet coke and potash operations, among others. Quad Roll Crushers are capable of achieving a 4:1 reduction ratio before feeding the crushed material to the secondary stage for an additional 4:1 reduction to make the final product.
TAKRAF roll crushers are designed for capacities of up to 14,000 t/h and are driven by powerful drive units in order to even crush hard or ductile material without stalling. The crushing process creates a minimum of fines in the product and can also handle sticky and/or wet material without clogging of the rolls. The machines can be employed for medium hard material types up to 200 MPa compressive strength; for example: coal, ore, limestone, overburden and oil sands.
Roll crushers are often fed by apron feeders that direct feed material between a fixed and a moveable roll. The two crusher rolls, equipped with crushing segments, rotate inward and crush oversized material, while fine material passes the crusher without additional crushing. The adjustable gap between the crusher rolls defines the size of product material that exits the other side and falls towards the outlet chute.
If tramp or oversized material is fed to the crusher, one hydraulically supported roll (moveable roll) will disengage or release temporarily to let the foreign material pass and then return to its normal position and resume operation. If the foreign material is unable to pass, the moveable roll will remain in its extended position while sending a signal to stop the feeding process. In addition, a safety coupling can also react in the event of shock loads.
Our largest roll crushers are equipped with TAKRAF designed and developed gearboxes that are specifically applicable to heavy-duty crushing applications at up to 1,500 kW of motor power. Each gearbox is manufactured and tested at our workshop in Lauchhammer, Germany.
Based on TAKRAF's significant experience in crushers and crushing plants, the world's second largest roll crusher for ductile and abrasive oil sands, with hard rock of up to 200 MPa, was successfully installed into four separate existing crushing plant locationsto crush lumps of up to 2,500 mm down to a conveyable size.