Lake Urmia is the name of a lake in northwestern Iran. According to the divisions of Iran, this lake is located between the two provinces of West Azerbaijan and East Azerbaijan Province. The area of this lake in 1998 was about six thousand square kilometers. This lake is the 25th largest lake in the world in terms of area. Lake Urmia is the largest inland lake in Iran. Also, the largest saltwater lake in the Middle East, and the sixth largest saltwater lake in the world. The water of this lake is very salty. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The name of this lake today is Lake Urmia. It is famous because of the city of Urmia. The capital of West Azerbaijan province. In Turkish it is called Ormo Gulu. In ancient Persian, this lake is called Chichest, which means radiant.
In the northwest of our country, there is a lake. It is located between the two provinces of West Azerbaijan and East Azerbaijan Province. This lake was also famous as the largest inland lake in Iran. It was also the second largest saltwater lake in the world before the drought. Since the mid-1980s, the lake has begun to dry up, losing about 88 percent of its area. Many of you have seen pictures of Lake Urmia in red and orange. This color change occurs due to the activity of microscopic organisms inside the lake. These organisms show a more colorful presence with decreasing lake water. Also, increasing salt concentration. To the extent that they have a significant effect on the color of water.
Due to the existence of unique plant and animal species, the name of Lake Urmia iran was registered in the list of national parks of Iran. The area of this national park was estimated at 462,600 hectares. It was also in the World Heritage List as a biosphere reserve. Biosphere reserves are international natural-bio-protected areas. This area have been formed to prevent irreversible changes and unsustainable exploitation of natural resources. For while requiring the exploitation of nature. And have become one of the most important divisions in the protection of the world.
The title Blue Jewel of Azerbaijan is for showing Lake Urmia and the spectacular effects of the only inland reservoir and its lagoons. These natural attractions have attracted many tourists to visit the area over the years. However, these days, with the outbreak of coronary heart disease, the number of tourists in it has decreased. But again, with the control of this disease, the process of visiting this lake has increased. Now the situation of Lake Urmia has been promising. These days, the revival of the waves in the lake, the beaches and the bridge have made it a place for summer tourists to stop and have fun. And you can smell the good smell of this beautiful ecosystem.
The best seasons to visit the lake are spring and summer. In spring and summer, the temperate climate heats up the travel market to Urmia lake. Also, in autumn and winter, as the weather cools, the air temperature drops significantly in the region. You can join our team, Iran Destination. And get more acquainted with this beautiful lake Iran. Iran travel agency, Iran Destination, will organize your trip to Iran. You can offer your tailor-made trip to Iran or visit our programs on the Iran tour page. You can contact to our Iranian travel agency, our agents are online to answer all your questions.
In the past, one of the interesting pastimes of Lake Urmia was boating and visiting its various islands. But with the drought in the lake, the fun gradually faded. But due to the water intake of the lake in recent years, this fun has revived and you can take a boat and discover the corner of this beautiful lake. Lake Urmia embraces 102 small and large islands. Each islands which has different characteristics. Some are relatively large and some are very small.
On the west shore of the lake, there is an area called Kazem Dashi. This place was famous as a peninsula before the lake dried up. But as the water receded, the lake became part of the shore and only part of it was submerged. During the growing season of wild anemones, this area becomes its most spectacular form. Also, it becomes the subject of photography for artists.
The water properties of Lake Urmia have made its mud suitable for the treatment of various rheumatic, skin and other diseases. The high concentration of salt in the lake also makes floating on the water bring relaxation to the person. Other therapeutic properties of Lake Urmia salt include the treatment of respiratory diseases. For example, as asthma and bronchitis and various types of sinusitis. Take advantage of the extraordinary healing properties of this lake. Of course, to use these properties. Do not do dangerous things and do not go too far from the shore of the lake.
The Urmia Lake Crossing Bridge is on Lake Urmia. It is part of the Shahid Kalantari Highway. So, the bridge connects the two provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan in northwestern Iran. This bridge is 1709 meters long. So, 1276 meters has been built inside Urmia lake. It is about 385 meters on both sides of the connecting stairs. By exploiting this route, the distance of 260 km between the two cities will be reduced by half. This bridge plays an important role in the development of tourism. Also, cultural and trade exchanges between the two provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan.
My name is Sarvin Niroomand. Working at Iran Destination travel agency. I love travelling all over the world. I have seen so many countries such as Russia, Turkey, Dubai, Thailand and etc. And also there are many beautiful places in my country that i like to see in future.
Lake Urmia, Persian Darycheh-ye Ormyeh, lake in northwestern Iran that is the largest lake in the Middle East. It covers an area that varies from 2,000 to 2,300 square miles (5,200 to 6,000 square km). Like the Dead Sea, it is remarkable for the extreme salinity of its waters. Since 1967 it has enjoyed the status of a wetland protected region, and efforts have been made by the Iranian government to increase its wildlife.
The lake lies in the bottom of the large central depression of the Azerbaijan region in northwestern Iran, at an elevation of 4,183 feet (1,275 m) above sea level. The basin is surrounded by mountains in the west and north, by plateaus in the south, and by plateaus and volcanic cones in the east. The lake is about 87 miles (140 km) long and 25 to 35 miles (40 to 55 km) wide, with a maximum depth of 53 feet (16 m). In its southern portion there is a cluster of about 50 tiny islands. The shoreline varies with the lake level; when the water is high, it extends into large salt marshes to the east and south. The lakes shores are largely uninhabited.
The governing factor of Lake Urmias hydrography is its lack of an outlet. It forms the dead end of a large drainage system that covers an area of about 20,000 square miles (52,000 square km) and is subject to great seasonal variation. The main affluents are the Talkheh (j) River in the northeast, which gathers the melted snows from the Sabaln and Sahand massifs, and the twin rivers Zarneh (Jagtu) and Smneh (Tatavi) in the south.
The volume of water discharged into the lake by these rivers varies considerably during the year: during the spring the Talkheh River and Smneh River may each discharge about 2,000 cubic feet (57 cubic m) per second, while the rate drops to only 130 or 60 cubic feet (3.7 or 1.7 cubic m) per second in the dry summer. This variation causes the lake itself to rise and fall, fluctuating by 2 to 3 feet (0.6 to 0.9 m). In addition to seasonal variations, there are also longer periods of fluctuations, lasting from 12 to 20 years, with water-level fluctuations of 6 to 9 feet (1.8 to 2.7 m).
Because Lake Urmias waters have no outlet, they are highly saline. The lake is one-fourth as salty as the Dead Sea, with a salt content ranging from 8 to 11 percent in the spring to 26 or 28 percent in the late autumn. The main salts are chlorine, sodium, and sulfates.
Organic life in the lakes waters is limited to a few salt-tolerant species. Copious algae provide food for brine shrimp and cause a bad smell along the lakes shores. There are breeding populations of sheldrake, flamingo, and pelican, as well as migratory birds.
It has lost nearly 95% of its volume in the past two decades, upending what was once a thriving resort economy, a healthy brine shrimp population, crucial wildlife and bird habitat, and critical mineral extraction industries.
Its Lake Urmia, nearly 6,900 miles away from the Great Salt Lake. But the two are now connected as efforts to save this lake deliver unique lessons as Utah grapples with a way to preserve and save its salty landmark from a similar fate.
Researchers from Utah and Iran teamed up to determine how these complex saline lakes can overcome the rapid desiccation that has put them in a chokehold, threatening a way of life, an indelible identity.
In Utah, the drying up of Great Salt Lake is a more than $1.3 billion problem for the state, which can boast of having the largest natural lake west of the Mississippi and the largest saline lake in the Western Hemisphere.
Three years ago, she traveled to Utah on a scholarship from the Salt Lake City-based Semnani Family Foundation to collaborate with Utah State Universitys water resources professor David Rosenberg, who is an expert in integrated water management and water conservation in western U.S. river basins, including rivers that feed the Great Salt Lake.
We cant say that restoring the lake to some magic number will improve the overall situation, Rosenberg said. Instead, we need to consider how the lakes ecosystem services are interconnected and how a varying lake level will impact those systems over time.
Those eight areas of impacts playing out in Iran for Lake Urmia are: salinity, brine shrimp, flamingos, islands connection to each other, islands connection to the shore (land bridges), lakebed dust, magnesium, and finally, ecotourism.
We have to embrace lake level variability and focus our restoration efforts where it makes sense, Sima said. Restoration is not an easy task. It is everyones responsibility, and well need public support to make meaningful change.
The Great Salt Lake, like its sister lake in Iran, has been the focus of intense studies over the years as groups of diverse interests band together to arrive at a solution. One such research effort concluded the lake has been reduced in size by 48% and its levels diminished by 11 feet since pioneers first arrived in Utah in 1847.
Continued diversions from its main tributaries threaten to drop the lake even lower, and those drought-challenged rivers will not deliver any sense of hope especially this year as Utah experiences record low runoff from the mountain snowpack.
In a virtual forum earlier this week hosted by several organizations that include the Sierra Club and Audubon, the challenges at the Salton Sea were detailed, with many participants acknowledging lack of progress over the years to confront the problem head-on.
While those restoration efforts at Lake Urmia have been hyper-focused on reaching one target level for lake elevation, researchers concluded lack of data and inconsistent monitoring demonstrate the community should rethink that approach.
Instead, more variability and flexibility should be built into restoration efforts through a process that includes more modeling and additional research that specifically targets salinity, lake evaporation, illegal use of the water and agricultural return flows.
I think the main thing that we really learned and certainly me in particular is that managing salt lakes are quite complex things, he said, adding there are natural connections in play in so many sectors.
On an arid, salty lake bed in northwestern Iran, an eerie and apocalyptic landscape greets visitors. Miles from a struggling port town and the shore of a once-mighty lake, an abandoned ship sits wedged against a pier that leads nowhere. Rows of swan-shaped pedal boats lie on the white, salt-crusted basin, a sign of devastating water loss in what was once the largest lake in the Middle East, and the sixth-largest salt lake on the planet.
Lake Urmia (also spelled Oromieh) is shared between the Iranian provinces of West Azerbaijan and East Azerbaijan, and is surrounded by rugged red mountains. Urmia is also the name of a nearby city in West Azerbaijan. The nearly six million people who live in the Urmia basin have deep social and economic ties with this shrinking body of water. The Turk-Azeri people, who live around the lake, treasure it as a symbol of their identity, calling it the turquoise solitaire of Azerbaijan.
Once a thriving tourist destination, Lake Urmia provided a livelihood to countless people, including my mothers family. My grandfather ran a lakefront motel in the touristy port city of Sharafkhaneh, where my grandparents still live today. Less than a decade ago, my grandfather hosted dozens of tourists a day in the summers. I spent all my childhood summers on the shore of the salt lake, in my grandparents house. When the lake was still a popular destination, bathers would immerse themselves in the saline water and smear their bodies with its legendary black mud. I cherish those memories and still remember the sound of the waves, the chatter of beachside vacationers, the sulphur smell of the dark mud, and the salty breeze in the mid-afternoon heat.
As Lake Urmia dried up, local tourism and agriculture suffered. Like so many structures in the area, my grandfathers motel now lies in ruins. The port town is now a sparsely populated village that young people flee for nearby cities, and most of the residents who have stayed are elderly. Neither port town nor salt lake resembles the place of my childhood memories.
In its heyday, this lake was the largest natural habitat for Artemia brine shrimp, which are uniquely adapted to saline environments, as well as an essential stopover point for migratory birds such as flamingos and pelicans. It remains a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, but the lake has lost about 88 percent of its surface area during the past three decades. A recent study concluded that increasing temperatures and a changing climate helped to dry out the lake, combined with booming agriculture in the region.
The vast consequences of this environmental catastrophe have finally triggered a coordinated effort to save the lake. The Iranian government has created a national lake restoration committee and aims to invest $5 billion over 10 years. In the past two years, above-average precipitation has helped to turn the tide.
Experts say it may take decades for the lake to return to its former glory, but the improvements are giving hope to residents living around the lake. I lived my whole life beside the lake, says Rahmani, a farmer who points a finger at the lake from his nearby farm. I could always see the sunset glistening on the water from my house on the hills. I never thought the lake could become a salt desert.
Rahmani was one of the first farmers who signed up for a sustainable agriculture project. When the water level went down, the cost of irrigating farms increased, which meant we need to change our old farming ways, he says. In this region, most farmers have changed to a sprinkler watering system, and every year, we change the crop pattern: one year wheat, another year pumpkin.
The vanishing of Lake Urmia is much more than an environmental hazard; it is an emotional wound in the memory of people. For those of us who remember what this place once was, the lake is much more than a receding blue spot on the world map. It is a part of our identity, and we can only hope that it does not vanish forever.
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