In the market, various kind of crusher plant is there and used in different industries for fulfilling the crushing needs but here we will talk all about the stone crusher plant. How stone crusher plant is working, what are the stone crusher machine is available in the market. Types of stone crusher plant available and kind of requirement plant fulfilled.
Earlier crushing plant is one-stop installation activities but nowadays as requirement changes, stone crusher plant technology, design, input, output, capacity changed. International brands continuously updating their product with technology, digitization, and artificial intelligence.
Stone crushing industry engaged in producing a crushed stone that used as a raw material for infrastructure projects like, road, highway, bridges, building canals, etc. All projects are considered as the core infrastructure work that gives the economy boom.
Stone crusher units are not alone. Along with these plants, stone mining also associated. In fact, stone mining is the primary activity, and the crushing plant is the secondary activity that can be considered.
The stone crusher plant will available from 50 TPH to 600 TPH (ton per hour). The plant can produce the 8 variants of material. Just to get the different variant material you also need to put the screening plant that just separates the different materials according to client or market demand.
Raw Material processed through the vibrating feeder to crusher gradually and crusher crushed the material into respective pieces. From Crusher material conveyed to belt conveyor for secondary crushing before went on vibrating screen plant. Vibrating screen plant separates the quality and qualified material to final products.
And unqualified material carried back to stone crusher and reprocesses it. Then again material went through the above process. The customer gets the required material according to the standard quality and different sizes.
To get the fine product from the crusher. We need to pass it through three types of crushers in stage-wise. First Primary Crusher in that direct material comes from mines. Secondary crusher process the primary crusher material that already crushed at material size reduced and tertiary crusher which reduces the material size further. The manufacturer gets the desired size. That can be further supply to users.
A jaw crusher is the compression kind of crusher and used for crushing rock between two heavy steel jaws. The movable jaw compresses the material against the fixed jaw and crushes material at the desired size. Material exits from the bottom of jaws.
Double toggle jaw crusher is heavier and lots of moving parts than the single toggle jaw crusher. The main difference is the position of eccentric between both of them. Jaw crusher available in three variant mobile, stationary, and portable design whatever customer suits and full fills there need may consider it.
Cone Crusher also called a gyratory crusher. Cone crusher also a compression kind of machine that reduces, squeezing, or compressing the material between a moving piece of steel and a stationary piece of steel. The material passed it through the bottom of the machine after passed the cavity.
The material gets in the feeder from the upper side and material output from the bottom. Cone crusher generally delivers the material 4:1 or 6:1 ratio. The below picture will clear more you about the Cone crusher.
It consists the two opposite direction driven cylinders that mounted on horizontal shafts. The gap between the both cylinders can be adjusted according to desired results. Generally both cylinders cover with the manganese steel liners.
There is two kinds of roller crusher 1, Double roll crusher. 2, Single roll crusher. Name itself clears you both work. In double roller two cylinders are set up while in single roller crusher only has a cylinder that move at one place attached with horizontal shaft and material grind between the cylinder and inside body.
Impact crusher is process the material by compression & force between two surfaces towards one another to crush the material caught between them. Material contain in the chamber that open according to desired result from bottom.
Vertical Shaft Impact Crusher is generally used in the last phase. VSI looks like a cone crusher from outside but working style different in both of them. In vertical shaft crusher, shaft putted in vertical way.
Production Requirement What actually production requirement you have. Many a time companies setup the plant especially for specific projects only. So you need to consider your whole project requirement.
Ore Characteristics Material you want to crush or output you want. That really impacts your decision like if you need the fine product then you may go for the roller crusher. So according to need of material you need to setup the plant.
Operational Considerations Operational consideration means you might have constraint in operation like location. Location might be the operational constraint or labour constraint. Plant may near to your mining that reduce your transpiration cost but you may not allow doing so.
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In the process of mineral processing, the operation of reducing the particle size to 20-5mm is called crushing, and the corresponding equipment is stone crusher. Commonly used stone crushing equipment are: jaw crusher, cone crusher, impact crusher, roller crusher, hammer crusher, etc.
The cone crusher can be divided into three types: coarse crushing, medium crushing and fine crushing according to its particle size range. It has the characteristics of large crushing ratio, uniform product size, high production efficiency, low energy consumption and easy adjustment of the discharge port.
The impact crusher has the characteristics of large crushing ratio, high crushing efficiency, low power consumption, less over crushing phenomenon, strong adaptability, small equipment volume, light weight, simple structure, easy manufacturing, convenient maintenance and so on. It is mainly used as medium and fine crushing equipment for various materials, and also as coarse crushing equipment.
The new type of sand making machine adopts modular structure design, which can be exchanged instantly. When processing materials, different crushing principles can be selected according to the properties of materials and the requirements of materials. There are two crushing forms of stone or stone iron, which can crush materials on demand.
Roller crusher can be divided into single roller, double roller, three roller and four roller according to the number of rollers. It has the characteristics of simple and compact structure, reliable operation, low cost, convenient adjustment of crushing particle size ratio and less over crushing particle size. Mainly used for medium and fine crushing of brittle and tough materials.
The composite crusher rotor adopts a new design structure, adopts the impact crusher steel disc structure and the hammer crusher's hammer disc staggered arrangement structure, and its structural design effectively enhances the crushing performance and improves the production efficiency of the equipment.
The material falls vertically from the upper part of the machine into the high-speed rotating impeller. Under the action of high-speed centrifugal force, it will shunt with another part in an umbrella form around the impeller to produce high-speed impact and crushing. After the materials collide with each other, they will be The material between the casings is crushed by multiple collisions and frictions formed by the eddy current between the materials, and is discharged directly from the lower part to form a closed circuit for multiple cycles. The screening equipment controls to reach the required finished product particle size.
Hammer crusher is similar to impact crusher in structure. It is mainly used for crushing medium hard and weak abrasive materials, such as limestone, coal, asbestos, cement clinker, metal slag, feed, etc.