sun gold mining equipment in the philippines

masbate gold mine - mining technology | mining news and views updated daily

masbate gold mine - mining technology | mining news and views updated daily

It is a brownfield site with established infrastructure including an airstrip, dedicated jetty, roads, accommodation, offices, clubhouse, workshops, assay laboratory and bunker fuel tanks, all of which require various degrees of rehabilitation.

B2Gold Group acquired the mine in January 2013 from CGA Mining. The mine is jointly operated by Filminera Resources (FRC) and Philippine Gold Processing and Refining (PGPRC).B2Gold indirectly owns Philippine Gold, which holds a 40% stake in Filminera while the remaining 60% is held with Zoom.

A 4Mtpa processing plant was constructed by Leighton Contractors, which was commissioned in February 2009. The processing plant was expanded to increase throughput to 6.5Mtpa. A further expansion of the processing plantwas proposed in November 2018 to increase the capacity to 9Mtpa.

The Masbate gold deposits are centred on a northwest-to-southeast mineralised volcanic belt, 5-7km wide, which is bounded by two northwest-trending fault zones, the Pinanaan Fault to the east and the Malubi-Lanang-Balete Fault to the west.

The principal host rock to the gold mineralisation is a fractured andesitic-dacitic, tuffaceous agglomerate. Mineralisation occurs in quartz veins within the agglomerate, and also within associated altered and quartz stockworked wall rocks and breccias. The gold is generally finely distributed, with a suggested grain size of 5-20 microns.

Production started in 2009 and the first gold was poured in May 2009. On 17 November 2009, a record daily production of 17,123t milled was achieved. Average annual gold production over the first eight years of the mines life was forecast at 200,000oz/y.

The exploration drilling at the Masbate gold project began in April 2010 and was carried out until April 2011. It included 55,000m of drilling and 15,000m trenching. On 12 April a new exploration license was granted to the project. The new permit extends 52.3km and is contiguous to the tenements currently mined.

The processing plant is a conventional carbon-in-leach (CIL) type facility consisting of primary crushing, two-stage grinding, leaching, adsorption and thickening process stages; elution, electrowinning and smelting gold recovery stages; and a cyanide detoxification stage treating process plant tails before disposal in a new tailings storage facility, being built 3km from the plant.

Power is being supplied by three Sulzer units to provide a 32MW capacity on site. The units were chosen for reasons of lower operating costs (due to the efficiencies of the equipment) and to retain ownership of power supply from the start of operations. Poyry Energy was chosen to construct the power unit, which was commissioned in April 2009. The ongoing operations and maintenance are being undertaken by Wartsila Philippines.

Reclaim water recycled from the tailings storage facility provides the bulk of the process plant water supply. When this is not available, raw water is pumped from the existing Guinobatan River dam for general process use. Potable water is drawn from existing and new deep-well bores next to the river.

The mine was developed by Leighton Contractors (Philippines), a wholly owned subsidiary of Leighton Holdings of Australia. CGA originally had a six-year agreement with Leighton that covered the supply of all mining and earth-moving equipment, maintenance and personnel to mine the ore and associated waste material. This contract was renewed and extended to support the 2011 expansion programme.

method of gold extraction using borax -small scale miners no mercury

method of gold extraction using borax -small scale miners no mercury

TheGravity-Borax Method GBM is still unknown to most Artisanal and small-scale gold miners(ASGMs) worldwide as most still use mercury to extract gold. Whole-ore amalgamation is a technique that requires the use of1025 g of mercury to produce 1 g of gold. Within the last eight years, it has become evident that this technique is more widely used than earlier anticipated, and artisanal small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is now considered the single largest contributor to global mercury pollution with the environmental release of 2,000,000 lbsof mercury per year. The United Nations Environment Programme has estimated that ASGM contributes a 37% share of the anthropogenic emission of mercury to the atmosphere.

Whole-ore amalgamation is commonly practiced in the Philippines. The ore is mixed with water and crushed in a rod mill (a rotating drum with metal rods inside), after which mercury is added and milled with the ore. The gold dissolves in the mercury and forms amalgam. After the milling, the content is poured into a tub where the mercury (holding the gold) sinks to the bottom. Excess mercury is recovered, and by blowtorching the remaining bit of amalgam, the mercury evaporates leaving behind the gold.

In Benguet province, a group of miners have been using the mercury-free gravity-borax method (GBM) for gold extraction for decades. This method basically requires the same equipment as the amalgamation methods. However, after the rod milling, an ore concentrate holding the heavy minerals is produced by using a launder (gold sluice) and a gold washing pan. The heavy mineral concentrate is mixed with borax powder. By blowtorching the mix, the borax melts and the gold sinks to the bottom. It has recently been demonstrated that under identical conditions, GBM yields more gold than the traditional amalgamation method. Despite this advantage, GBM is not widely used outside Benguet. No earlier studies have documented that GBM can be implemented in an area using whole-ore amalgamation. Earlier technology transfer projects have promoted retorting of amalgam as a preventive technology in ASGM.

Unfortunately, this method is ineffective in areas using whole-ore amalgamation, since up to 90% of the mercury is lost to the tailings (the waste product consisting of fine sand) and only 10% is lost by blowtorching of amalgam. Thus, only a small fraction of the mercury spill from whole-ore amalgamation can be recovered with a retort. Introduction of cyanidation techniques has also been suggested as a way to reduce or eliminate the use of mercury in ASGM. Although most cyanide compounds decompose into nontoxic forms, cyanide itself is highly toxic and exchanging one toxic chemical with another may be regarded as a controversial solution.

We present the results of a project in which GBM was introduced in two mining communities in the Philippines where whole-ore amalgamation was widely practiced. The main objective of the project was to reduce mercury pollution from small-scale gold mining by encouraging ASGMs to use a mercury free method.

Obtain the Full Story:Mercury Pollution from Small-Scale Gold Mining Can Be Stopped by Implementing the Gravity-Borax Method A Two-Year Follow-Up Study from Two Mining Communities in the Philippines.

It is estimated that between 10 and 15 million artisanal and small scale gold miners worldwide, including 4.5 million women and 600,000 children. According to UNIDO, as much as 95 percent of all mercury used in artisanal gold mining is released into the environment. UNIDO estimates that mercury amalgamation from this kind of gold mining results in the release of an estimated 1000 tons of mercury per year.

stone gold mining briquetting plant in philippines

stone gold mining briquetting plant in philippines

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gold mining dredge | dredge for sale | shell dredging

gold mining dredge | dredge for sale | shell dredging

Our 15 Shell dredge is the largest suction dredge in Alaska, 123 ft. in length and 25 ft. wide, setting 3 ft. above water line to deck. This dredge is capable of processing 400 cubic yards per hour and generates 500 KW to run the concentrators and electrical controls.

gold tools manila - tools philippines

gold tools manila - tools philippines

Gold Tools Manila is the leading industry distributor of Power Tools and Accessories for trade, industry professionals and private individuals within the Philippines. We supply those individual markets and end-users with top brands like Bosch, Makita, DeWalt, Ingco, DCA, Stanley and lesser-known brands like Lotus, Showfou and others.

That is the reason why more and more people know how to find us over the past years and we would like to thank our existing clients for that since they referred us to their friends. But also we, after so many years of being in the business, we decided it is finally time to sell our tools online, also to reach out to a larger audience who never heard of us before.

That larger audience means for us within the Philippines as that is also our tools service area. Our website is currently showing 85% of our products and in the coming months, we will still add some lesser-known products to make that 100%.

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philippines | history, map, flag, population, capital, & facts | britannica

philippines | history, map, flag, population, capital, & facts | britannica

Philippines, island country of Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. It is an archipelago consisting of some 7,100 islands and islets lying about 500 miles (800 km) off the coast of Vietnam. Manila is the capital, but nearby Quezon City is the countrys most-populous city. Both are part of the National Capital Region (Metro Manila), located on Luzon, the largest island. The second largest island of the Philippines is Mindanao, in the southeast.

The Philippines takes its name from Philip II, who was king of Spain during the Spanish colonization of the islands in the 16th century. Because it was under Spanish rule for 333 years and under U.S. tutelage for a further 48 years, the Philippines has many cultural affinities with the West. It is, for example, the second most-populous Asian country (following India) with English as an official language and one of only two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia (the other being East Timor). Despite the prominence of such Anglo-European cultural characteristics, the peoples of the Philippines are Asian in consciousness and aspiration.

The country was wracked by political turmoil in the last quarter of the 20th century. After enduring more than a decade of authoritarian rule under Pres. Ferdinand Marcos, the broadly popular People Power movement in 1986 led a bloodless uprising against the regime. The confrontation resulted not only in the ouster and exile of Marcos but also in the restoration of democratic government to the Philippines

Contemporary Filipinos continue to grapple with a society that is replete with paradoxes, perhaps the most obvious being the presence of extreme wealth alongside tremendous poverty. Rich in resources, the Philippines has the potential to build a strong industrial economy, but the country remains largely agricultural. Especially toward the end of the 20th century, rapid industrial expansion was spurred by a high degree of domestic and foreign investment. That growth, however, simultaneously contributed to severe degradation of the environment. The Philippines also emerged as a regional leader in education during the late 20th century, with a well-established public school and university system, and by the early 21st century the country had one of the highest literacy rates in Asia.

The Philippine archipelago is bounded by the Philippine Sea to the east, the Celebes Sea to the south, the Sulu Sea to the southwest, and the South China Sea to the west and north. The islands spread out in the shape of a triangle, with those south of Palawan, the Sulu Archipelago, and the island of Mindanao outlining (from west to east, respectively) its southern base and the Batan Islands to the north of Luzon forming its apex. The archipelago stretches about 1,150 miles (1,850 km) from north to south, and its widest east-west extent, at its southern base, is some 700 miles (1,130 km). The island of Taiwan lies north of the Batan group, the Malaysian portion of the island of Borneo is to the south of Palawan, and the eastern islands of Indonesia lie to the south and southeast of Mindanao. Only about two-fifths of the islands and islets have names, and only some 350 have areas of 1 square mile (2.6 square km) or more. The large islands fall into three groups: (1) the Luzon group in the north and west, consisting of Luzon, Mindoro, and Palawan, (2) the Visayas group in the centre, consisting of Bohol, Cebu, Leyte, Masbate, Negros, Panay, and Samar, and (3) Mindanao in the south.

Outstanding physical features of the Philippines include the irregular configuration of the archipelago, the coastline of some 22,550 miles (36,290 km), the great extent of mountainous country, the narrow and interrupted coastal plains, the generally northward trend of the river systems, and the spectacular lakes. The islands are composed primarily of volcanic rock and coral, but all principal rock formations are present. The mountain ranges for the most part run in the same general direction as the islands themselves, approximately north to south.

The Cordillera Central, the central mountain chain of Luzon, running north to the Luzon Strait from the northern boundary of the central plain, is the most prominent range. It consists of two and in places three parallel ranges, each with an average elevation of about 5,900 feet (1,800 metres). The Sierra Madre, extending along the Pacific coast from northern to central Luzon, is the longest mountain range in the country. That range and the Cordillera Central merge in north-central Luzon to form the Caraballo Mountains. To the north of the latter, and between the two ranges, is the fertile Cagayan Valley. The narrow Ilocos, or Malayan, range, lying close along the west coast of northern Luzon, rises in places to elevations above 5,000 feet (1,500 metres) and is seldom below 3,500 feet (1,000 metres); it is largely volcanic. In the southwestern part of northern Luzon are the rugged Zambales Mountains, consisting of more or less isolated old volcanic stocks (rock formed under great heat and pressure deep beneath the Earths surface).

Most of the central plain of Luzon, about 150 by 50 miles (240 by 80 km), is only about 100 feet (30 metres) above sea level. The greater part of southern Luzon is occupied by isolated volcanoes and irregular masses of hills and mountains. The highest peak is Mayon Volcano (8,077 feet [2,462 metres)]), near the city of Legaspi (Legazpi) in Albay province on the islands Bicol Peninsula in the southeast.

The island of Palawan is about 25 miles (40 km) wide and more than 250 miles (400 km) long; through it extends a range with an average elevation of 4,000 to 5,000 feet (1,200 to 1,500 metres). Each of the Visayan Islands except Samar and Bohol is traversed longitudinally by a single range with occasional spurs. Several peaks on Panay and Negros reach a height of 6,000 feet (1,800 metres) or more. Mount Canlaon (Canlaon Volcano), on Negros, rises to 8,086 feet (2,465 metres).

There are several important ranges on Mindanao; the Diuata (Diwata) Mountains along the eastern coast are the most prominent. To the west lies another range that stretches from the centre of the island southward. Farther west the Butig Mountains trend northwestward from the northeastern edge of the Moro Gulf. A range also runs northwest-southeast along the southwestern coast. Near Mindanaos south-central coast is Mount Apo, which at 9,692 feet (2,954 metres) is the highest peak in the Philippines. A number of volcanic peaks surround Lake Sultan Alonto (Lake Lanao), and a low cordillera extends through the Zamboanga Peninsula in the far west.

Although volcanoes are a conspicuous feature of the landscape, there is relatively little volcanic activity. There are altogether about 50 volcanoes, of which more than 10 are known to be active. Mount Pinatubo on Luzon, once regarded as extinct, was in 1991 the site of one of the worlds largest volcanic eruptions of the 20th century. All gradations of volcanoes can be seen, from the almost perfect cone of Mayon, which has been compared to Mount Fuji in Japan, to old, worn-down volcanic stocks, the present forms of which give little indication of their origin. The several distinct volcanic areas are in south-central and southern Luzon and on the islands of Negros, Mindanao, Jolo, and elsewhere. Tremors and earthquakes are common.

The most important rivers of the Philippines are the Cagayan, Agno, Pampanga, Pasig, and Bicol on Luzon and the Mindanao (Ro Grande de Mindanao) and Agusan on Mindanao. The northern plain between the Sierra Madre and the Cordillera Central is drained by the Cagayan, while the central plain is drained in the north by the Agno and in the south by the Pampanga. The Pasig, which flows through the city of Manila, was once commercially important as a nexus for interisland trade but is no longer navigable except by small craft; heavy pollution has required significant cleanup efforts. Most of the Bicol Peninsula lies in the Bicol basin. On Mindanao the Agusan drains the fertile lands of the islands northeastern quadrant, while the Mindanao River drains the Cotabato Valley in the southwest. One of the Philippines most unique waterways lies underground, emerging directly into the ocean at Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park on the island of Palawan; the park was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1999.

The largest lake in the archipelago, with an area of 356 square miles (922 square km), is Laguna de Bay, on the island of Luzon. Also on Luzon and just to the southwest of Laguna de Bay is Taal Lake, which occupies 94 square miles (244 square km) inside a volcanic crater; a volcanic cone emerges from the lakes centre. Lake Sultan Alonto on Mindanao is the countrys second largest lake, covering an area of 131 square miles (340 square km).

The alluvial plains and terraces of Luzon and Mindoro have dark black cracking clays, as well as younger soils that are especially suitable for rice cultivation. Much of the land of the hilly and mountainous regions consists of moist, fertile soils, often with a significant concentration of volcanic ash, that support fruit trees and pineapples. Oil palms, vegetables, and other crops are grown in the peatlike areas, as well as in the younger, sand-based soils of the coastal plains, marshes, and lake regions. The dark, organic, mineral-rich soils of the undulating terrain of the Bicol Peninsula, much of the Visayas, and the northwest tip of Luzon are used to grow coffee, bananas, and other crops. Highly weathered, often red or yellow soils are prominent in the central and southern Philippines and are typically planted with cassava (manioc) and sugarcane; these soils also support forests for timber harvesting. The poor, precipitation-leached soils of Palawan and the eastern mountains of Luzon are largely covered with shrubs, bushes, and other secondary growth that typically emerges in areas that have been cleared of their original forest cover.

The climate of the Philippines is tropical and strongly monsoonal (i.e., wet-dry). In general, rain-bearing winds blow from the southwest from approximately May to October, and drier winds come from the northeast from November to February. Thus, temperatures remain relatively constant from north to south during the year, and seasons consist of periods of wet and dry. Throughout the country, however, there are considerable variations in the frequency and amount of precipitation. The western shores facing the South China Sea have the most marked dry and wet seasons. The dry season generally begins in December and ends in May, the first three months being cool and the second three hot; the rest of the year constitutes the wet season. The dry season shortens progressively to the east until it ceases to occur. During the wet season, rainfall is heavy in all parts of the archipelago except for an area extending southward through the centre of the Visayan group to central Mindanao and then southwestward through the Sulu Archipelago; rain is heaviest along the eastern shores facing the Pacific Ocean.

From June to December tropical cyclones (typhoons) often strike the Philippines. Most of these storms come from the southeast, their frequency generally increasing from south to north; in some years the number of cyclones reaches 25 or more. Typhoons are heaviest in Samar, Leyte, south-central Luzon, and the Batan Islands, and, when accompanied by floods or high winds, they may cause great loss of life and property. Mindanao is generally free from such storms.

November through February constitutes the most agreeable season; the air is cool and invigorating at night, and the days are pleasant and sunny. During the hot part of the dry season in most placesespecially in the cities of Cebu, Davao, and Manilathe temperature sometimes rises as high as 100 F (38 C). Overall temperatures decline with elevation, however, and cities and towns located at higher elevationssuch as Baguio in northern Luzon, Majayjay and Lucban south of Manila, and Malaybalay in central Mindanaoexperience a pleasant climate throughout the year; at times the temperature in those places dips close to 40 F (4 C).

surplus city - the largest military surplus store and military museum on the west coast

surplus city - the largest military surplus store and military museum on the west coast

Surplus City is the largest Military Surplus Store and Museum on the West Coast, which spans over 15 acresof outdoors and 10,000 Sq. Ft. of indoor merchandise. We carry a variety of products. The following is justsome of the items we have in stock: Pallet Racking, Forklifts, Rail Road Ties, Ammo- Cans, Military Trucks & Trailers, Generators, MREs, Duffle Bags , Backpacks & Pouches, Camping Equipment, Bunk beds, Lockers, Office Furniture, Foam, Barrels, Gold Mining Equipment and the list goes on and on.

. 4515 Pacific Heights Rd. Oroville, CA. 95965 Ph (530)534-9956 Fax (530)534-1170 E-Mail Us Business Hours: Monday through Saturday; 8:00AM to 5:00PM Closed Sundays We accept the following forms of payment Click on the image above for the Credit Card Authorization Form This site has been designed and maintained byG K Copyright 2006 by Surplus City. All rights reserved

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