Sumitomos business history begins in 1585 with the birth of our founder, Masatomo Sumitomo. It continues through the founding of the Besshi Copper Mine in the 1690s, the founding of the cryogenics business in the mid-20th century, and the creation of the SHI Cryogenics Group in 2002.
During his years as a businessman, Sumitomo develops a set of business precepts; the foremost of these being that business should never be done carelessly, but should be conducted with sincerity, courtesy and prudence. He later passes on these precepts to his family and employees, and they become the center point of the Sumitomo corporate spirit "Monjuinshiigaki".
After Masatomo Sumitomos brother-in-law, Riemon Soga, perfects western-style copper refining techniques, the Besshi Copper Mine is discovered in Shikoku Island, Japan. The Sumitomo family receives exclusive mining rights in 1691, and continues mining operations until 1973.
Sumitomo officially formulates a set of Business Principles, based upon Masatomo Sumitomos original precepts. Article 1 explains the necessity of acting in good faith in order to maintain the other partys trust. Article 2 points out that social trends should be studied so that social changes can be met with active responses. Moreover, one should never be dazzled by short-term profits and not hastily drawn to the promise of profits before investigating business feasibilities.
Sumitomo establishes its cryogenics business at the Hiratsuka Research Laboratory in Hiratsuka City, near Tokyo. The lab is headed by Professor Hiroshi Nagano from the University of Tokyo. Together with SHI, he obtains several education contracts for the joint development of helium recondensers, the foundation of cryogenics at Sumitomo.
APD introduces Displex cryocooler systems. Displex technology features a pneumatic drive, which limits the number of wear parts in the refrigerator. Combined with state-of-the-art design features, Displex technology is used today in SHIs CH-Series Cryocoolers and Marathon CP Series Cryopumps.
SHI begins production of 10K cryocoolers for MRI and cryopumps. A merger between Sumitomo Heavy Industries and Nittoku Metal Industries results in the establishment of the Precision Business Division, which today includes the Cryogenics Group.
IGC-APD Cryogenics becomes a subsidiary of Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd., which eventually leads to the creation of the SHI Cryogenics Group. This adds two Sumitomo (SHI) Cryogenics of America, Inc. offices in Allentown, PA, and Sunnyvale, CA, as well as a second European office, Sumitomo (SHI) Cryogenics of Europe, Ltd. (SCEL), in Basingstoke, UK.
Sumitomo Heavy Industries (Shanghai) Management, Ltd. [now Sumitomo (SHI) Cryogenics Shanghai, Ltd. (SCSL)] opens in Shanghai, China. The same year, SHI acquires Daikin Industries, Ltd.s cryogenics business, expanding its global sales and service reach.
SHI develops two new cryopump lines. The SICERA cryopump system is a unique, energy-saving product designed especially for the semiconductor industry. Marathon CP Cryopumps meet the needs of high vacuum processes, including vacuum coating systems and custom laboratory equipment.
During the 2015 SHI Innovation Awards, the SHI Cryogenics Group wins a silver medal in Technology Development, for advancements in 4K pulse tube design, and a bronze medal in Sales and Service, for contributions to the growth of the after-market MRI business.
The SHI Cryogenics Group acquires Ferran Technologies, which provides leading-edge vacuum measurement and control instrumentation to the micro-electronics manufacturing industries. This creates the fifth US location, in San Diego, CA.
When you come to Korea, you probably have your itinerary planned around Seoul. Have you considered going to Suwon? If you miss this place youll miss a dramatic yet golden sequence of Korean history. Youll find Suwon a historical town that has grown into a multicultural city, a place to remember the old and enjoy the new. Even better, Suwon city is just a subway ride away from Seoul and easy to get to.Read on to find out all the things to do in Suwon in this Suwon travel guide.
Now lets dive into a selection of things to do in Suwon. Suwon has a lot to offer, so while choosing activities to introduce we decided to keep a balance between historical and modern sites. Read on to find out what to do in Suwon.
Hwaseong Fortress is the most famous location in Suwon city. Constructed in 1796, Hwassong Fortress has a sad yet dramatic historical background that has become the subject of many Korean dramas and films. If you are a fan of historical films and dramas there is a good chance you are familiar with this story.
The fortress was built by King Jeongjo in honor of his father, Prince Sado, who was accused of treason and madness and tragically killed at the age of 27. Nowadays many scholars believe that he was the victim of political divisions, making his death more heartbreaking.
King Jeongju built Hwaseong while planning to move the capital city to Suwon. He was hoping to put behind the political divisions and fights that killed his father and held back positive development in the country. King Jeongjo was hoping to bring about reforms to benefit his citizens.
Next to the parking lot of the Suwon Hwaseong Fortress youll find the Flying Suwon experience. Here you can go up in a big balloon and see Suwon from above. Its a bit pricey but the views are amazing, especially on a clear day. This is one of the coolest things to do in Suwon.
There is also a place located in Suwon Palace and its about a 10 minute walk from the parking lot of Hwaseong Fortress. If you have visited the palaces in Seoul, you might not really be impressed by this place but if you havent then go for it. Whats especially nice is to go all the way to the end of the palace grounds and hike up the mountain. It offers a nice view of the whole palace. Quite pretty and one of the must places to visit in Suwon.
Crescent walls stretch around the beautiful two-story pagoda in the middle, the gates structure is influenced by Chinese and western architecture. Because of the city development, the gate is no longer connected to the fortress but it is one of the most beautiful structures that were built on it.
King Jeongjo, as part of his reform strategies, supported Silhak scholars who encouraged the study and use of science and exchanging knowledge with foreign countries for the benefit of the Korean people. This fine structure is a display of their success in using Korean architecture in tandem with foreign ones to come up with an improved way to defend the city.
Continue your walk from Paldalmun to Nammun market which is just an alley away. Nammun Market is a traditional Korean market. The stories say that after the Hwaseong Fortress was built Nammun Market was a place people used to trade Ginseng.
Nowadays it has turned into a full-scale market where you can find everything. But it hasnt lost the significant item, you can still have street food prepared with Ginseng and drink Makgeolli( Korean rice wine) together with it. As is usual for Korean traditional markets, there are lots of delicious Korean foods you can try, ranging from street food to more usual meals.
How dull would a city be without art that softens the human soul? You have experienced it yourself; we have a natural desire for beauty. Korean cities understand this penchant for the delicate and in several cities art students are commissioned to transform some of the older neighborhoods with colorful drawings. That is why there are many mural villages around the country.
Suwon art village is in a neighborhood called haenggungdong which is mainly famous for its dainty cafes and houses decorated with beautiful murals. If you are taking a trip around Suwon on foot, make sure you include this area in your walking course.
The neighborhood has many old houses; the district is barred from building high rising ones to protect the Hwaseong Fortress as a historical asset. This has been a blessing in disguise; the houses are being repurposed and renovated in creative ways which give the neighborhood a unique soul.
But why did the King choose to move the capital to Hwaseong? Or how did it happen? Your curious mind must be full of questions. As was mentioned earlier, the construction of the Hwaseong Fortress is a significant historical event. There are many interesting stories related to the events before during and after the prince Sados death, there are also an impressive amount of detailed records from the era that survived the passage of time. If youre interested to learn more about this intriguing slice of Korean history, the Hwaseong museum will have enough to offer to satisfy your intellectual itch.
The museum houses many artifacts and records, including confidential letters written by King Jeongjo himself. The museum was built in 2009 to foster education about this specific point in history. Here you can learn about the people who ushered Korea into a new golden age.
If you want to walk down the halls of history, in a scenic location, give Korean Folk Village a try. Here is a chance to reimagine yourself in the familiar alleys of a Joseon era city and have your very own adventures.
The village is brimming with buildings representing the structures from the Joseon era. Unlike the palaces as well as other historical locations, here you can also see the thatched-roof houses that belonged to the middle and lower class. Many traditional performances are going on throughout the day, including a Korean traditional wedding.
There are also a variety of experiences you can participate in such as wood painting, folk games, Korean traditional herbs, etc. (pro-tip, try to rent a Hanbok). Several dramas and movies have also been filmed in this folk village. We went there on a sunny autumn day, and we cannot emphasize how beautiful it was; our photos barely needed any filters!
Korean Folk Village is technically not in Suwon, but it is very close so we thought it might be good to keep in mind when planning your Suwon trip. Its located on the outskirts of Yongin city, in a very scenic location. It was first opened in 1974 as a place to preserve Korean culture and bring the image of Koreas past to the present.
There are also some fun miscellaneous activities you can do in Suwon. The city may be famous for its historical significance but thats not all it has to offer as there are also some truly weird and unique things to do in Suwon. And we all enjoy the juxtaposition of the old and the new.
You have the unique chance to visit this unusual museum in Suwon only! The toilet museum, or Haeuje, was constructed to celebrate toilet culture and history. The museum is in a building shaped like a toilet bowl where you can see several art installations related to the human bodily functions. There are also exhibits on how people used the toilet before modern times.
Are you intrigued? Well, there is even more to the museum; if you are traveling with children it is also a great place to teach them about the human digestive system. The museum offers educational activities for the minors about human body and waste. Haeuje will make a fun and funny stop on your Suwon trip and adds diversity to the type of activities youll be doing.
Now that you have your Suwon trip planned, lets look into the ways you can get there. Suwon is very easily and affordably accessible from Seoul. There are many options, varying in comfort, price, and schedule. You will be able to fully customize your transportation to match your other plans and personal preferences. The same goes for the other way around, Suwon to Seoul.
There are quite a few buses going to Suwon from Seoul. Its best to check Kakao maps to find the right bus for your location. But to give an example, the 3000 bus leaving from Gangnam Station to Suwon Station takes around 1 hours and costs 3000 krw.
You can take the subway line 1 all the way down to Suwon. It will take a tad longer than an hour from Seoul station to Suwon station. The subway gets more crowded as the train moves south, so getting a seat might get difficult in the later stops.
You can get on the KTX train at Seoul station. This is the fastest most convenient way to get to Suwon train station. If you are going with children or elderly this might be the best option. The trip will take around 30 minutes. Check the KTX timetable here.
There are quite a few nice hotels and accommodations in Suwon. It is recommended to pick a hotel that is reasonably close to Suwon KTX station and subway station. Listed below is just a small selection.