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filipino engineers build eco-bricks with plastic waste - xinhua | english.news.cn

filipino engineers build eco-bricks with plastic waste - xinhua | english.news.cn

A man operates a brick-pressing machine that mixes shreds of sachet laminates with wet cement to produce an ecobrick at Filipino social enterprise Green Antz Builders in Taguig City, south of Manila, the Philippines, October 9, 2019. (Photo by Virma Simonette/Xinhua)

This reality has motivated a group of engineers and entrepreneurs to take up an initiative that repurposes sachets, from being polluters to an effective solution to the plastic waste problem of the country.

Green Antz Builders started as an advocacy among friends in 2012, but grew to become a social enterprise that produces eco-friendly construction hollow blocks, called "ecobricks", made of plastic sachets and other non-recyclable wastes.

"Sachets are residual wastes, they are of no commercial value, they can't even be sold to junk shops. But we saw their potential. We decided to turn sachets into something useful", co-founder Mark Yulores told Xinhua.

An ecobrick is composed of 100 plastic laminates, shredded and then mixed with wet cement. This mixture is poured into a brick-pressing machine that the group also invented. The finished product can be used to build various infrastructures, from houses to schools, and buildings.

A set of ecobricks fresh from the machine are being dried at Filipino social enterprise Green Antz Builders in Taguig City, south of Manila, the Philippines, October 9, 2019. (Photo by Virma Simonette/Xinhua)

Ecobricks look different from ordinary building blocks and resemble lego blocks. The plastic laminates also act as an insulator that locks out the heat passing through normal hollow blocks, making ecobricks cooler and more durable.

"We did not just incorporate the plastic sachets so we can call it a 'green' product. We saw a property in those laminates that complement our innovation. And this formulation makes our ecobricks five times stronger than commercial alternatives," Yulores added.

By tapping on public schools and communities, the group was able to encourage the public to segregate their waste, collect the plastic sachets and bring them to their ecohubs. Their involvement will not go unrewarded -- every 2.5 kilos of sachet they collect will get them a discount on ecobricks they buy.

The reception was positive that led them to open a few eco-stores, where people exchange for food using the sachets they collected. This incentive system is helping Green Antz Builders develop a chain reaction of good environmental practice.

"It's a circular economy model. We take in their waste collection and convert that, but in return we give them a form of incentive, and then they help us in the demand side by using our ecobricks. The more demand, the more plastic we need to process," he said.

A community in Plaridel built a daycare center by collecting and donating their one-off plastics to Green Antz. With discounted ecobricks, the local government was not only able to save money, but provide a sustainable learning facility for kids.

"We are very glad that they helped us put up our center. This is a very ideal project, a first in our community. Because you can never realize that out of trash we can build something like this," said Teresa Viernes of the social welfare office of Plaridel.

A stack ecobricks are displayed in one of the newly-opened ecohub of Filipino social enterprise group Green Antz Builders in Taguig City, south of Manila, the Philippines, October 9, 2019. (Photo by Virma Simonette/Xinhua)

Green Antz Builders is not alone in their cause anymore. Private construction companies have started to partner with them, building ten operational ecohubs all over the country. By 2020, the group hopes to build 90 more.

A recycling company in Davao City, southern Philippines, is addressing the shortage of school chairs by converting plastic waste into useful furniture. Thirty kilos of plastic makes up one school chair, which is seen as a significant contribution to the city that handles 500-600 tons of trash every day, most of which end up in waterways.

Meanwhile, a village in Muntinlupa City, south of Manila, has offered rice to its residents in exchange for plastic. The initiative, which started in August, had already collected more than 500 kilos of plastic waste.

urban outfitters

urban outfitters

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Urban Outfitters is a lifestyle retailer dedicated to inspiring customers through a unique combination of product, creativity and cultural understanding. Founded in 1970 in a small space across the street from the University of Pennsylvania, Urban Outfitters now operates over 200 stores in the United States, Canada and Europe, offering experiential retail environments and a well-curated mix of on-trend womens and mens clothes, from boho dresses, denim and graphics to shoes, hats, and backpacks, as well as beauty, intimates, swim and a collection of handpicked vintage clothing. Urban Outfitters also carries everything you need to decorate your small space, apartment or dorm, with a UO Home collection that includes bedding, tapestries, rugs, shower curtains and furniture. Our Music + Tech collection is a go-to destination for vinyl, record players and tech accessories. Visit our stores, where all are welcome and theres always something new to see, or shop online at UrbanOutfitters.com and get free shipping on US orders over $50. For special offers, one-of-a-kind prizes and more, download the UO app and join UO Rewards! Want to be part of the conversation? Follow, share and shop @UrbanOutfitters.

waste management in the philippines: environment & agriculture book chapter | igi global

waste management in the philippines: environment & agriculture book chapter | igi global

The problems on waste management remain a challenge for many developing countries including the Philippines. Although various policies have been formulated to address these concerns, there are many underlying issues that affect their effective implementation such as the political will and capability of the leaders, the availability of appropriate waste management technologies, and the understanding and willingness of the members of the society to act cooperatively towards achieving more sustainable waste management.

The increasing population, urbanization, and changing lifestyle have contributed to the continued increase of waste generation in the Philippines. Based on the 2015 census of population (POPCEN), the country has a total population of 100,987,437 persons (Philippine Statistics Authority [PSA], 2017). The waste generation per person is 0.70kg/day in highly urbanized city areas, 0.60kg/day in urban city areas, and 0.30 kg/day in rural areas (Aguinaldo 2009, as cited in Atienza, 2017). The National Capital Region (NCR) has the highest waste generation rate of 0.71 kg per capita per day while the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) has the lowest with 0.30 kg per capita per day. It was estimated that the total waste generation was 35 tons per day or 13.1 million tons per year (National Solid Waste Management Commission [NSWMC], 2016).

With the above-mentioned data, there is indeed an urgent need to find ways on how to effectively manage waste in the country. As in many developing countries, a higher volume of waste generated was not properly collected and thus, ended up in open dumpsites or waterways which caused severe flooding especially during typhoons. The country experienced a waste management tragedy in 2000 when the former open dumpsite in Payatas collapsed due to heavy rains and thus, killed about 200 people (Atienza, 2013).

In response to the growing problems on waste management in the country, the Philippines Republic Act 9003 (RA 9003), also known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000, was enacted in January 26, 2001. Unlike previous waste management policies which seemed to be a piecemeal approach, RA 9003 is considered as the most comprehensive act which declares the policy of the state to adopt a systematic, comprehensive, and ecological solid waste management program which shall ensure the protection of public health and environment (Republic of the Philippines, RA 9003, Article 1, Section 2). It has been eighteen years since it came into force, however, the rate of compliance is still low.

As mandated by the RA 9003, all local government units (LGUs) through its solid waste management (SWM) boards, shall prepare a 10-year solid waste management plan which shall ensure the efficient management of solid waste within their jurisdiction. But as of October 2018, the National Solid Waste Management Commission (NSWMC) reported that only 30.4% (497 LGUs) have approved SWM plans; 62.4% (1,080 LGUs) are for evaluation and pending approval; and 7.2% (117 LGUs) have not submitted their plans (NSWMC, 2018).

In terms of waste diversion, it is cited from RA 9003 that each LGU shall divert at least 25% of all waste from waste disposal facilities within five (5) years after the effectivity of the law in 2001 through re-use, recycling, and composting and other resource recovery activities; and that this 25% diversion goals should be increased every three (3) thereafter (Section 20) or after 2006. However, it was reported by the Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) that as of May 31, 2011, the average waste diversion rate in Metro Manila was only 33.92% (MMDA, 2011). It is assumed that there is even lower diversion rate in other parts of the country. Based on the report of the Philippines Senate Economic Planning Office (SEPO), there was a 48% solid waste diversion rate in Metro Manila while 46% outside of Metro Manila as of 2015 (SEPO, 2017).

Based on the National Solid Waste Management Strategy 2012 - 2016 of the Philippines, it was reported that more than 50% of municipalities in the country are classified as low income communities and do not have sufficient funds for waste management activities. Others may have financial resources but lack the technical capacity to effectively implement these activities (NSWMC, 2016). This implies that the low compliance rate of LGUs may not necessarily be due to their unwillingness to comply with the law, but is dependent on their level of capacity. Hence, it is necessary to also review other underlying causes of the low compliance rate of the LGUs to RA 9003 and the possible strategies to effectively implement solid waste management policies and programs in a more sustainable manner.

waste crushers (waste and recycling) equipment

waste crushers (waste and recycling) equipment

The ACA crusher separates the wrapping from the foodstuffs, e.g. chocolate, chips, bread, fruit, etc. for subsequent recycling. The crusher is particularly well suited for crushing of foodstuffs, chocolate, chips, sweets, bread, fruit, etc. After eliminating the wrapping, the foodstuffs can be recycled as animal feed. The ACA crusher is a slow-turning, quiet machine. The size of the output can be ...

By Preferred Recycling Equipment Inc based in Grimsby, ONTARIO (CANADA). from Horizontal Shaft Impactors Product line

The SprayCannon 40/50/60-M are fog machines that produces a curtain of micro-droplets. The curtain suppresses dust in open and closed spaces by binding dust particles in the air so they fall to the ground through gravity (air cleansing). The SprayCannon suppresses dust in an environmentally friendly and efficient way at crushing sites, demolition sites, when handling raw materials or ...

By MB Dustcontrol B.V. based in Voorschoten, NETHERLANDS. from Mast SprayCannon Product line

BeeFoam is a product developed by BeePro against the fabric formation that arises from different industries. Below you can read more about the product in itself, but also about the operation, the advantages and the possibilities of application of ...

Crushing of gypsum waste and residue for recycling. The machine crushes recyclable gypsum, gypsum residue, gypsum waste from demolition and gypsum collected from recycling centres and renovation sites. The crusher crushes the gypsum and separates it from paper, insulation materials, steel rods, plastic, wood, cables, nails and screws for subsequent removal. After removing paper, insulation ...

Produced and patented by MB in 2001, the BF90.3 was the first crusher bucket to be made in the world. Designed to eliminate material friction in the loading phase and to resist even the most difficult conditions on site. The BF90.3 is extremely compact and versatile and has been improved and strengthened over the years. Suitable for all crushing operations, even the harshest, keeping its ...

By MB Crusher based in Fara Vicentino, ITALY. from Crusher Bucket Product line

Designed for selecting and handling demolition materials and conceived according to the highest technological standards for any types of materials in a reliable way, with constance and total safety. Thanks to the interchangeable claws and the 360 hydraulic rotation it allows you to handle large loads and odd forms. ...

By MB Crusher based in Fara Vicentino, ITALY. from Sorting Grapples Product line

The ACA crusher is ideal for crushing/opening organic food waste so it can be converted into biomass and used to produce green energy. This applies to both packaged and unpackaged food waste, e.g. tomato sauce, mayonnaise, juice, tartar sauce, etc. This is a truly sustainable source of energy. The ACA crusher crushes the food waste and the material is into the desired size. Plastic is eliminated ...

The new MB-HDS series selects and crushes excavation and demolition materials, asphalt, coal, organic materials, wood, bark, and light plastics. It also enables products to be re-purposed immediately on site. It is possible to transform one material into another effortlessly any time you need to: this is the most important and useful innovation. In fact, with the MB-HDS Screening Bucket, you can ...

By MB Crusher based in Fara Vicentino, ITALY. from Shafts Screener Product line

Multi-crushers are special blade double-shaft shredders that perfectly adapt to treatments that require product preparation for subsequent manual sorting or automatic selection. High material flows can be treated when operated without a screen. The multi-crusher version (LC) is mainly used in WEEE processing or as an opening system for materials pressed in ...

By Forrec srl based in Santa Giustina in Colle, ITALY. from Multi-Crusher - LC Product line

Al-jon Series by C&C's "Impact 5" Revolutionary Quad-Post Guide System is the key. This Quad-Post system assures the equal distribution of the crushing force to the four corners of the crushing lid. The crushing lid is connected to the four sliding guides by heavy-duty pivot lugs mounted on each corner. The stress is distributed equally across the guide posts, sliding guides and pivot lugs, ...

By Aljon by C&C Manufacturing, LLC based in Ottumwa, IOWA (USA). from Al-jon Series Scrap Equipment Product line

Matching components promise an optimum level of performance. Therefore we enlarged our product range for mass transfer applications by integrating droplet separators, liquid distributors, bed limiters (retention systems) and support ...

By Enexio Water Technologies GmbH based in Hrth, GERMANY. from Water Technologies - Mass Transfer Components Product line

Designed for selecting and handling demolition materials and conceived according to the highest technological standards for any types of materials in a reliable way, with constance and total safety. Thanks to the interchangeable claws and the 360 hydraulic rotation it allows you to handle large loads and odd ...

By MB Crusher based in Fara Vicentino, ITALY. from Sorting Grapples Product line

By Preferred Recycling Equipment Inc based in Grimsby, ONTARIO (CANADA). from Semi-Granulators Product line

Reduce plastic bulk and increase the productivity of your baler with the PERF-5. The PERF-5 is a rugged and efficient plastic perforator/crusher designed to tear and flatten H.D.P.E. and P.E.T. containers. The tearing feature reduces spring back, allowing for easier storing and denser ...

By Recycling Equipment Manufacturing, Inc. (REM) based in Priest River, IDAHO (USA). from Perforators Product line

Unique design for harsh environments: Twin drums - Fewer passes, smooth and dense surface. Rigid frame - Better compaction capacity. Crushing teeth - Optimized size, shape and number for optimized spreading and crushing of waste. TANA ProTrack - To maximize uptime and improve cost ...

By Tana Oy based in Jyvaskyla, FINLAND. from Landfill Compactor - E Series - Tier 3 Product line

By Preferred Recycling Equipment Inc based in Grimsby, ONTARIO (CANADA). from Pre-Granulators Product line

The HARDEN four shaft shredders, or name it quad shredders, are perfectly suitable for scrap size reduction applications such as e-waste, rubber tire recycling, RDF production, and contaminated materials where uniformed medium particle size is desired. The four shaft shredders are very robust and built to sustain tough operating conditions without problem. HARDEN four shaft shredders are ...

By Harden Machinery Ltd. based in Zhongshan City, CHINA. from Shredders Product line

The BF120.4 crusher bucket has been created to satisfy specific requirements of crushing in quarries, landfills and for all operations regarding the recycling of aggregates. It is a versatile and powerful machine which, in the space of just a few years, has established a strong presence in the sector of crushing in large-scale urban and non-urban sites. ...

By MB Crusher based in Fara Vicentino, ITALY. from Crusher Bucket Product line

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