what is a military ball mill ball

what is a military ball?

what is a military ball?

A military ball is an annual formal function hosted separately by each branch of the military. There may be times, such as holidays or other special occasions, where an additional ball may be held during the year.

A military ball is an annual formal function hosted separately by each branch of the military. There may be times, such as holidays or other special occasions, where an additional ball may be held during the year.

Enlisted personnel and officers are invited to attend the military ball for their branch of the military. These balls are often held on the local base and are for that group of people. Spouses and significant others may attend the ball with their enlisted partner. The military ball is a formal event. Military personnel dresses in formal uniforms. Significant others are expected to dress in a tuxedo or a formal dress. Women attending the ball are encouraged to wear a conservative formal dress, one that is either floor length or at the knee and does not show an excessive amount of skin. There are different sections to a military ball including a cocktail hour, receiving line, dinner and dance portion. The cocktail hour is when guests are encouraged to mingle. The dinner has multiple courses, during which there are toasts and traditions are observed that are specific to each military branch. Guests are required to follow a printed program and respond correctly to each toast or tradition, including standing when the American flag is presented.

Enlisted personnel and officers are invited to attend the military ball for their branch of the military. These balls are often held on the local base and are for that group of people. Spouses and significant others may attend the ball with their enlisted partner. The military ball is a formal event. Military personnel dresses in formal uniforms. Significant others are expected to dress in a tuxedo or a formal dress. Women attending the ball are encouraged to wear a conservative formal dress, one that is either floor length or at the knee and does not show an excessive amount of skin. There are different sections to a military ball including a cocktail hour, receiving line, dinner and dance portion. The cocktail hour is when guests are encouraged to mingle. The dinner has multiple courses, during which there are toasts and traditions are observed that are specific to each military branch. Guests are required to follow a printed program and respond correctly to each toast or tradition, including standing when the American flag is presented.

planetary ball mill

planetary ball mill

The 911MPEPB500 Planetary Ball Mills are used for fine grinding of soft, hard to brittle or fibrous materials. Dry and wet grindings are possible. They support the daily sample preparation for laboratory- and development usage.

Planetary Ball Mills consist of several cylindrical grinding jars (positioned on the sun wheel as shown on the figure) which are filled with loose grinding balls. Two superimposed rotational movements move the grinding jars:

Like in a planetary system the grinding jar rotates on a orbit around the centre. This rotational movement is the self-rotation of the grinding container superimposed. The resulting centrifugal and acting acceleration forces lead to strong grinding effects. Furthermore there are forces working according to the coriolis acceleration. The result is an intensive grinding effect between the grinding balls and the sample.

Depending on the speed ratio different movement patters of the grinding balls / media can be achieved. It can be achieved that the grinding media are crossing the grinding jar and loosen from the wall. At hitting the wall of the grinding jar the sample will be stressed. At a different motion pattern the grinding balls roll over the sample and stress the ground material.

The selection of the right grinding jar and the correct filling level has a big impact on the grinding result. According to the application you have to select the correct material and amount/volume for the grinding jar and the grinding balls.

A jar filling should consist of about 1/3 sample and 1/3 ball charge. The remaining third is the free jar volume that is necessary for the movement of the balls. The following table provides recommendations.

Planetary ball mill is a very often used machine for mechanical alloying, especially in Europe. Because very small amount of powder (for example, as little as a few grammes), is required, the machine is suitable for research purposes in the laboratory. A typical planetary ball mill consists of one turn disc (sometimes called turn table) and two or four bowls. The turn disc rotates in one direction while the bowls rotate in the opposite direction. The centrifugal forces created by the rotation of the Mechanical Alloying.

A short milling duration of only 30 to 60 min. In cases where relatively high temperature is necessary to promote reaction rate, even this may be an added advantage to the process. In addition, the planetary ball mill may be modified by incorporating temperature control elements.

Two types of bowls are commercially available: steel including hardened chrome steel, stainless CrNi-steel and hardmetal tungsten carbide (WC+Co) and ceramic bowls including sintered corundum (Al2O3), agate (SiO2) and zirconium oxide (ZrO2). They generally are available in three different sizes of 80, 250 and 500ml. For high energy mechanical alloying, however, steel bowls are recommended since ceramic bowls can cause contamination due to minute chipped off or fractured particles from the brittle surfaces of the milling bowl and balls. Generally, bowls and balls of the same material are employed in the mechanical alloying process to avoid the possibility of cross contamination from different materials.

Based on powder particle size and impact energy required, balls with size of 10 to 30 mm are normally used. If the size of the balls is too small, impact energy may be too low for alloying to take place. In order to increase impact energy without increasing the rotational speed, balls with high density such as tungsten balls may be employed. Table 2.1 gives the recommended number of balls per bowl to be applied.

Table 2.2 gives a summary of abrasion properties and densities for the selection of bowl and ball materials. It can be seen that the oxide materials show the lowest density while tungsten carbide, the highest density. Hence, at the same rotational speed and ball size, the oxide ball with the lowest density will generate the lowest collision energy.

Another popular mill for conducting MA experiments is the planetary ball mill (referred to as Pulverisette) in which a few hundred grams of the powder can be milled at the same time (Fig. 4.4). These are manufactured by Fritsch GmbH (Industriestrae 8. D-55743 Idar-Oberstein, Germany; +49-6784-70 146 www.FRITSCH.de) and marketed by Gilson Co. in the United States and Canada (P.O. Box 200, Lewis Center, OH 43085-0677, USA, Tel: 1-800-444-1508 or 740-548-7298; www.globalgilson.com). The planetary ball mill owes its name to the planet-like movement of its vials. These are arranged on a rotating support disk, and a special drive mechanism causes them to rotate around their own axes. The centrifugal force produced by the vials rotating around their own axes and that produced by the rotating support disk both act on the vial contents, consisting of the material to be ground and the grinding balls. Since the vials and the supporting disk rotate in opposite directions, the centrifugal forces alternately act in like and opposite directions. This causes the grinding balls to run down the inside wall of the vialthe friction effect, followed by the material being ground and the grinding balls lifting off and traveling freely through the inner chamber of the vial and colliding with the opposing inside wallthe impact effect. The grinding balls impacting with each other intensify the impact effect considerably.

The grinding balls in the planetary mills acquire much higher impact energy than is possible with simple pure gravity or centrifugal mills. The impact energy acquired depends on the speed of the planetary mill and can reach about 20 times the earths acceleration. As the speed is reduced, the grinding balls lose the impact energy, and when the energy is sufficiently low there is no grinding involved; only mixing occurs in the sample.

Even though the disk and the vial rotation speeds could not be independently controlled in the early versions, it is possible to do so in the modern versions of the Fritsch planetary ball mills. In a single mill one can have either two (Pulverisette 5 or 7) or four (Pulverisette 5) milling stations. Recently, a single-station mill was also developed (Pulverisette 6). Three different sizes of containers, with capacities of 80. 250, and 500 ml. are available. Grinding vials and balls are available in eight different materials agate, silicon nitride, sintered corundum, zirconia, chrome steel, Cr-Ni steel, tungsten carbide, and plastic polyamide. Even though the linear velocity of the balls in this type of mill is higher than that in the SPEX mills, the frequency of impacts is much less than in the SPEX mills. Hence, in comparison to SPEX mills, Fritsch Pulverisette can be considered as lower energy mills.

Some high-energy planetary ball mills have been developed by Russian scientists, and these have been designated as AGO mills, such as AGO-2U and AGO-2M. The high energy of these mills is derived from the very high rotation speeds that are achievable. For example, Salimon et al. used their planetary ball mill at a rotation speed of 1235 rpm corresponding to the mill energy intensity of 50 W/g. It has been reported that some of these mills can be used at rotation speeds greater than 2000 rpm.

A recent development in the design of the Fritsch mills has been the incorporation of a gas pressure and temperature measuring system (GTM) for in situ data acquisition during milling. Generally, the occurrence of phase changes in the milled powder is interpreted or inferred by analyzing the powder constitution after milling has been stopped. Sometimes a small quantity of the powder is removed from the charge in the mill and analyzed to obtain information on the progress of alloying and/or phase transformations. This method could lead to some errors because the state of the powder during milling could be different from what it is after the milling has been stopped. To overcome this difficulty, Fritsch GmbH developed the GTM system to enable the operator to obtain data during milling.

The basic idea of this measuring system is the quick and continuous determination of temperature and pressure during the milling process. The temperature measured corresponds to the total temperature rise in the system due to the combination of grinding, impact, and phase transformation processes. Since the heat capacity of the container and the grinding medium is much higher than the mass of the powder, it is necessary to have a sensitive temperature measurement in order to derive meaningful information. Accordingly, a continuous and sensitive measurement of gas pressure inside the milling container is carried out to measure very quickly and detect small temperature changes. The measured gas pressure includes not only information about the temperature increase due to friction, impact forces, and phase transformations, but also the interaction of gases with the fresh surfaces formed during the milling operation (adsorption and desorption of gases). The continual and highly sensitive measurement of the gas pressure within the milling container facilitates detection of abrupt and minute changes in the reactions occurring inside the vial. The pressure could be measured in the range of 0-700 kPa, with a resolution of 0.175 kPa, which translates to a temperature resolution of 0.025 K.

Bachin et al carried out MA of dispersion-strengthened, nickel-base superalloys in a centrifugal planetary ball mill. The mechanics of this mill are characterized by the rotational speed of the plate p, that of the container relative to the plate v, the mass of the charge, the size of the ball, the ball to powder ratio and the radius of the container. A schematic of the planetary ball mill is shown in Fig.2.4. Figure 2.5 shows a laboratory planetary mill.

diameters (0.5 to 2.5 m) to achieve high energy by rotating it just below the critical speeds c (up to 0.9 c ). Even though the time required to accomplish MA by these mills is longer compared to attritor mills, the overall economics are favourable.

As far as the grinding media are concerned, common practice is to use hardened high carbon-high chromium steel balls (4 to 12 mm diameter), normally specified for ball bearings. Stainless steel balls have also been used. When it is necessary to minimize iron contamination in the charge, balls of tungsten carbide have also been used. When necessary, the balls have been coated with the necessary oxide that was to be dispersed in the composition to be mechanically alloyed.

ball mill maintenance & installation procedure

ball mill maintenance & installation procedure

Am sure your BallMill is considered the finest possible grinding mill available. As such you will find it is designed and constructed according to heavy duty specifications. It is designed along sound engineering principles with quality workmanship and materials used in the construction of the component parts. YourBallMill reflects years of advancement in grinding principles, materials, and manufacturing techniques. It has been designed with both the operators and the erectors viewpoints in mind. Long uninterrupted performance can be expected from it if the instructions covering installation and maintenance of the mill are carried out. You may be familiar with installing mills of other designs and manufacture much lighter in construction. YourBallis heavy and rugged. It should, therefore, be treated accordingly with due respect for its heavier construction.

The purpose of this manual is to assist you in the proper installation and to acquaint you a bit further with the assembly and care of this equipment. We suggest that these instructions be read carefully and reviewed by everyone whenever involved in the actual installation and operation of the mill. In reading these general instructions, you may at times feel that they cover items which are elementary and perhaps not worthy of mention; however in studying hundreds of installations, it has been found that very often minor points are overlooked due to pressure being exerted by outside influences to get the job done in a hurry. The erection phase of this mill is actually no place to attempt cost savings by taking short cuts, or by-passing some of the work. A good installation will pay dividends for many years to come by reduced maintenance cost.With the modern practice of specialized skills and trades, there is often a line drawn between responsibilities of one crew of erectors and another. Actually the responsibility of installation does not cease with the completion of one phase nor does it begin with the starting of another. Perhaps a simple rule to adopt would be DO NOT TAKE ANYTHING FOR GRANTED. This policy of rechecking previously done work will help guarantee each step of the erection and it will carefully coordinate and tie it into subsequent erection work. To clarify or illustrate this point, take the example of concrete workers completing their job and turning it over to the machinist or millwright. The latter group should carefully check the foundation for soundness and correctness prior to starting their work.

Sound planning and good judgement will, to a great extent, be instrumental in avoiding many of the troublesome occurrences especially at the beginning of operations. While it is virtually impossible to anticipate every eventuality, nevertheless it is the intention of this manual to outline a general procedure to follow in erecting the mill, and at the same time, point out some of the pitfalls which should be avoided.

Before starting the erection of the mill, adequate handling facilities should be provided or made available, bearing in mind the weights and proportions of the various parts and sub-assemblies. This information can be ascertained from the drawings and shipping papers.

The gearing, bearings, and other machined surfaces have been coated with a protective compound, and should be cleaned thoroughly with a solvent, such as Chlorothene, (made by Dow Chemical). Judgement should be exercised as to the correct time and place for cleaning the various parts. Do not permit solvents, oil or grease to come in contact with the roughened top surfaces of the concrete foundation where grouting is to be applied; otherwise proper bonding will not result.

After cleaning the various parts, the gear and pinion teeth, trunnion journals and bearings, shafting and such, should be protected against rusting or pitting as well as against damage from falling objects or weld splatter. All burrs should be carefully removed by filing or honing.

Unless otherwise arranged for, the mill has been completely assembled in our shop. Before dismantling, the closely fitted parts were match marked, and it will greatly facilitate field assembly to adhere to these match marks.

The surfaces of all connecting joints or fits, such as shell and head flanges, trunnion flanges, trunnion liner and feeder connecting joints, should be coated with a NON-SETTING elastic compound, such as Quigley O-Seal, or Permatex to insure against leakage and to assist in drawing them up tight. DO NOT USE WHITE LEAD OR GREASE.

Parts which are affected by the hand of the mill are easily identified by referring to the parts list. In general they include the feeder, feed trunnion liner, discharge trunnion liner if it is equipped with a spiral, spiral type helical splitter, and in some cases the pan liners when they are of the spiral type. When both right and left hand mills are being assembled, it is imperative that these parts which involve hand be assembled in the correct mill.

Adequate foundations for any heavy equipment, and in particular grinding mills, are extremely important to assure proper operation. The foundation should preferably be in one piece, that is, with a reinforced slab footing (so called mat) extending under both trunnion bearing foundations as well as the pinion bearing foundation. If possible or practical, it should be extended to include also the motor and drive. With this design, in the event of some movement, the mill and foundation will tend to move as a unit. ANY SLIGHT SETTLING OF FOUNDATIONS WILL CAUSE BEARING AND GEAR MISALIGNMENT, resulting in excessive wear and higher maintenance costs. It has been found that concrete foundations on a weight basis should be at least 1 times the total weight of the grinding mill with its grinding media.

Allowable bearing pressure between concrete footings and the soil upon which the foundation rests should first be considered. The center of pressure must always pass through the center of the footing. Foundations subject to shock should be designed with less unit pressure than foundations for stationary loads. High moisture content in soils reduces the amount of allowable specific pressure that the ground can support. The following figures may be used for preliminary foundation calculations.

Portland cement mixed with sand and aggregate in the proper proportions has come to be standard practice in making concrete. For general reference cement is usually shipped in sacks containing one cubic foot of material. A barrel usually holds 4 cubic feet. Cement will deteriorate with age and will quickly absorb moisture so it should be stored in a dry place. For best results the sand and gravel used should be carefully cleaned free of humus, clay, vegetal matter, etc.

Concrete may be made up in different mixtures having different proportions of sand and aggregate. These are expressed in parts for example a 1:2:4 mixture indicates one bag of cement, 2 cubic feet of sand, and 4 cubic feet of gravel. We recommend a mixture of 1:2:3 for ball mill and rod mill foundations. The proper water to sand ratio should be carefully regulated since excess water increases the shrinkage in the concrete and lends to weaken it even more than a corresponding increase in the aggregate. Between 5 to 8 gallons of water to a sack of cement is usually recommended, the lower amount to be used where higher strength is required or where the concrete will be subject to severe weathering conditions.

Detailed dimensions for the concrete foundation are covered by the foundation plan drawing submitted separately. The drawing also carries special instructions as to the allowance for grouting, steel reinforcements, pier batter, foundation bolts and pipes. During concrete work, care should be taken to prevent concrete entering the pipes, surrounding the foundations bolts, which would limit the positioning of the bolts when erecting the various assemblies. Forms should be adequately constructed and reinforced to prevent swell, particularly where clearance is critical such as at the drive end where the gear should clear the trunnion bearing and pinion bearing piers.

For convenience in maintenance, the mill foundations should be equipped with jacking piers. These will allow the lifting of one end of the mill by use of jacks in the event maintenance must be carried out under these conditions.

Adequate foundations for any heavy equipment, and in particular Marcy grinding mills, are extremely important to assure proper operation of that equipment. Any slight settling of foundations will cause bearing and gear misalignment, resulting in excessive wear and higher maintenance costs. It has been found that concrete foundations on a weight basis should be approximately 1 times the total weight of the grinding mill with its grinding media.

Allowable bearing pressure between concrete footings and the soil upon which the foundation rests should first be considered. The center of pressure must always pass through the center of the footing. Foundations subject to shock should be designed with less unit pressures than foundations for stationary loads. High moisture content in soils reduces the amount of allowable pressure that that material can support. The following figures may be used for quick foundation calculations:

Portland cement mixed with sand and aggregate in the proper proportions has come to be standard practice in making concrete. For general reference cement is usually shipped in sacks containing one cubic foot of material. A barrel usually consists of 4 cubic feet. Cement will deteriorate with age and will quickly absorb moisture so it should be stored in a cool, dry place. The sand and gravel used should be carefully cleaned for best results to be sure of minimizing the amount of sedimentation in that material.

Concrete may be made up in different mixtures having different proportions of sand and aggregate. These are expressed in parts for example a 1:2:4 mixture indicates one bag of cement, 2 cubic feet of sand, and 4 cubic feet of gravel. We recommend a mixture of 1:2:3 for ball mill and rod mill foundations. The proper water to sand ratio should be carefully regulated since excess water will tend to weaken the concrete even more than corresponding variations in other material ratios. Between 5 to 8 gallons of water to a sack of cement is usually recommended, the lower amount to be used where higher strength is required or where the concrete will be subject to severe weathering conditions.

We recommend the use of a non-shrinking grout, and preferably of the pre-mixed type, such as Embeco, made by the Master Builders Company of Cleveland, Ohio. Thoroughly clean the top surfaces of the concrete piers, and comply with the instructions of the grouting supplier.

1. Establish vertical and horizontal centerline of mill and pinion shaftagainst the effects of this, we recommend that the trunnion bearing sole plate be crowned so as to be higher at the center line of the mill. This is done by using a higher shim at the center than at the endsand tightening the foundation bolts of both ends.

After all shimming is completed, the sole plate and bases should be grouted in position. Grouting should be well tamped and should completely fill the underside of the sole plate and bases. DO NOT REMOVE THE SHIMS AFTER OR DURING GROUTING. When the grout has hardened sufficiently it is advisable to paint the top surfaces of the concrete so as to protect it against disintegration due to the absorption of oil or grease.

If it is felt that sufficient accuracy in level between trunnion bearing piers cannot be maintained, we recommend that the grouting of the sole plate under the trunnion bearing opposite the gear end be delayed until after the mill is in place. In this way, the adjustment by shimming at this end can be made later to correct for any errors in elevation. Depending on local climatic conditions, two to seven days should he allowed for the grouting to dry and set, before painting or applying further loads to the piers.

Pinion bearings are provided of either the sleeve type or anti-friction type. Twin bearing construction may use either individual sole plates or a cast common sole plate. The unit with a common sole plate is completely assembled in our shop and is ready for installation. Normal inspection and cleaning procedure should be followed. Refer to the parts list for general assembly. These units are to be permanently grouted in position and, therefore, care should be taken to assure correct alignment.

The trunnion bearing assemblies can now be mounted on their sole plates. If the bearings are of the swivel type, a heavy industrial water-proof grease should be applied to the spherical surfaces of both the swivels and the bases. Move the trunnion bearings to their approximate position by adjustment of the set screws provided for this purpose.

In the case of ball mills, all internal wearing parts will pass through the manhole, whereas in the case of open end rod mills they will pass through the discharge trunnion opening. When lining the shell, start with the odd shaped pieces around the manhole opening if manholes are furnished. Rubber shell liner backing should be used with all cast type rod mills shell liners. If the shell liners are of the step type, they should be assembled with the thin portion, or toe, as the leading edge with respect to rotation of the mill.

Lorain liners for the shell are provided with special round head bolts, with a waterproof washer and nut. All other cast type liners for the head and shell are provided with oval head bolts with a cut washer and nuts. Except when water proof washers are used, it is advisable to wrap four or five turns of candle wicking around the shank of the bolt under the cut washer. Dip the candle wicking in white lead. All liner bolt threads should be dipped in graphite and oil before assembly. All liner bolt cuts should be firmly tightened by use of a pipe extension on a wrench, or better yet, by use of a torque wrench. The bolt heads should be driven firmly into the bolt holes with a hammer.

In order to minimise the effect of pulp race, we recommend that the spaces between the ends of the shell liners and the head liners or grates be filled with suitable packing. This packing may be in the form of rubber belting, hose, rope or wood.

If adequate overhead crane facilities are available, the heads can be assembled to the shell with the flange connecting bolts drawn tightly. Furthermore, the liners can be in place, as stated above, and the gear can be mounted, as covered by separate instructions. Then the mill can be taken to its location and set in place in the trunnion bearings.

If on the other hand the handling facilities are limited it is recommended that the bare shell and heads be assembled together in a slightly higher position than normal. After the flange bolts are tightened, the mill proper should be lowered into position. Other intermediate methods may be used, depending on local conditions.

In any event, just prior to the lowering of the mill into the bearings the trunnion journal and bushing and bases should be thoroughly cleaned and greased. Care should be taken not to foul the teeth in the gear or pinion. Trunnion bearing caps should be immediately installed, although not necessarily tightened, to prevent dirt settling on the trunnions. The gear should be at least tentatively covered for protection.

IMPORTANT. Unless the millwright or operator is familiar with this type of seal, there is a tendency to assume that the oil seal is too long because of its appearance when held firmly around the trunnion. It is not the function of the brass oil seal band to provide tension for effective sealing. This is accomplished by the garter spring which is provided with the oil seal.

Assemble the oil seal with the spring in place, and with the split at the top. Encircle the oil seal with the band, keeping the blocks on the side of the bearing at or near the horizontal center line so that when in place they will fit between the two dowel pins on the bearing, which are used to prevent rotation of the seal.

Moderately tighten up the cap screws at the blocks, pulling them together to thus hold the seal with its spring in place. If the blocks cannot be pulled snuggly together, then the oil seal may be cut accordingly. Oil the trunnion surface and slide the entire seal assembly back into place against the shoulder of the bearing and finish tightening. Install the retainer ring and splash ring as shown.

In most cases the trunnion liners are already mounted in the trunnions of the mills. If not, they should be assembled with attention being given to match marks or in some cases to dowel pins which are used to locate the trunnion liners in their proper relation to other parts.

If a scoop feeder, combination drum scoop feeder or drum feeder is supplied with the mill, it should be mounted on the extended flange of the feed trunnion liner, matching the dowel pin with its respective hole. The dowel pin arrangement is provided only where there is a spiral in the feed trunnion liner. This matching is important as it fixes the relationship between the discharge from the scoop and the internal spiral of the trunnion liner. Tighten the bolts attaching the feeder to the trunnion liner evenly, all around the circle, seating the feeder tightly and squarely on its bevelled seat. Check the bolts holding the lips and other bolts that may require tightening. The beveled seat design is used primarily where a feeder is provided for the trunnion to trunnion liner connection, and the trunnion liner to feeder connection. When a feeder is not used these connecting joints are usually provided by a simple cylindrical or male and female joint.

If a spout feeder is to be used, it is generally supplied by the user, and should be mounted independently of the mill. The spout should project inside the feed trunnion liner, but must not touch the liner or spiral.

Ordinarily the feed box for a scoop tender is designed and supplied by the user. The feed box should be so constructed that it has at least 6 clearance on both sides and at the bottom of the scoop. This clearance is measured from the outside of the feed scoop.

The feed box may be constructed of 2 wood, but more often is made of 3/16 or plate steel reinforced with angles. In the larger size mills, the lower portion is sometimes made of concrete. Necessary openings should be provided for the original feed and the sand returns from the classifiers when in closed circuit.

A plate steel gear guard is furnished with the mill for safety in operation and to protect the gear and pinion from dirt or grit. As soon as the gear and pinion have been cleaned and coated with the proper lubricant, the gear guard should be assembled and set on its foundation.

Most Rod Mills are provided with a discharge housing mechanism mounted independently of the mill. This unit consists of the housing proper, plug door, plug shaft, arm, and various hinge pins and pivot and lock pins. The door mechanism is extra heavy throughout and is subject to adjustment as regard location. Place the housing proper on the foundation, level with steel shims and tighten the foundation bolts. The various parts may now be assembled to the housing proper and the door plug can be swung into place, securing it with the necessary lock pins.

After the mill has been completely assembled and aligned, the door mechanism centered and adjusted, and all clearances checked, the housing base can be grouted. The unit should be so located both vertically and horizontally so as to provide a uniform annular opening between the discharge plug door and the head liners.

In some cases because of space limitation, economy reasons, etc., the mill is not equipped with separate discharge housing. In such a case, the open end low discharge principal is accomplished by means of the same size opening through the discharge trunnion but with the plug door attached to lugs on the head liner segments or lugs on the discharge trunnion liner proper. In still other cases, it is sometimes effected by means of an arm holding the plug and mounted on a cross member which is attached to the bell of the discharge trunnion liner. In such cases as those, a light weight sheet steel discharge housing is supplied by the user to accommodate the local plant layout in conjunction with the discharge launder.

TRUNNION BEARING LUBRICATION. For the larger mills with trunnion bearings provided with oil seals, we recommend flood oil lubrication. This can be accomplished by a centralized system for two or more mills, or by an individual system for each mill. We recommend the individual system for each mill, except where six or more mills are involved, or when economy reasons may dictate otherwise.

In any event oil flow to each trunnion bearing should be between 3 to 5 gallons per minute. The oil should be adequately filtered and heaters may be used to maintain a temperature which will provide proper filtration and maintain the necessary viscosity for adequate flow. The lines leading from the filter to the bearing should be of copper tubing or pickled piping. The drain line leading from the bearings to the storage or sump tank should be of adequate size for proper flow, and they should be set at a minimum slope of per foot, perferably per foot. Avoid unnecessary elbows and fittings wherever possible. Avoid bends which create traps and which might accumulate impurities. All lines should be thoroughly cleaned and flushed with a solvent, and then blown free with air, before oil is added.

It is advisable to interlock the oil pump motor with the mill motor in such a way that the mill cannot be started until after the oil pump is operating. We recommend the use of a non-adjuslable valve at each bearing to prevent tampering.

When using the drip oil system it is advisable to place wool yarn or waste inside a canvas porous bag to prevent small pieces of the wool being drawn down into the trunnion journal. If brick grease is used, care should be taken in its selection with regard to the range of its effective temperature. In other words, it should be pointed out that brick grease is generally designed for a specific temperature range. Where the bearing temperature does not come up to the minimum temperature rating of the brick grease, the oil will not flow from it, and on the other hand if the temperature of the bearing exceeds the maximum temperature rating of the brick grease, the brick is subject to glazing; therefore, blinding off of the oil. This brick should be trimmed so that it rests freely on the trunnion journal, and does not hang up, or bind on the sides of the grease box.

When replacing the brick grease, remove the old grease completely. Due to the extended running time of brick grease, there is usually an accumulation of impurities and foreign matter on the top surface, which is detrimental to the bearing.

Where anti-friction bearings are supplied, they are adequately sealed for either grease or oil lubrication. If a flood system is used for the trunnion bearings and it is adequately filtered, it can then be used for pinion bearings with the same precautions taken as mentioned above, with a flow of to 1 gallons per minute to each bearing.

These lubricants can be applied by hand, but we highly recommend some type of spray system, whether it be automatic, semi-automatic or manually operated. It has been found that it is best to lubricate gears frequently with small quantities.

Start the lubrication system and run it for about ten minutes, adjusting the oil flow at each bearing. Check all of the bolts and nuts on the mill for tightness and remove all ladders, tools and other obstructions prior to starting the mill.

Before starting the mill, even though it is empty, we recommend that it be jogged one or two revolutions for a check as to clearance of the gear and its guard, splash rings, etc. The trunnion journal should also be checked for uniform oil film and for any evidence of foreign material which might manifest itself through the appearance of scratches on the journal. If there are any scratches, it is very possible that some foreign material such as weld splatter may have been drawn down into the bushing, and can be found imbedded there. These particles should be removed before proceeding further.

If everything is found to be satisfactory, then the mill should be run for ten to fifteen minutes, and stopped. The trunnion bearings should be checked for any undue temperature and the gear grease pattern can be observed for uniformity which would indicate correct alignment.

It should be noted that with an empty mill the reactions and operating characteristics of the bearings and gearing at this point are somewhat different than when operating with a ball or rod charge. Gear noises will be prominent and some vibration will occur due to no load and normal back-lash. Furthermore, it will be found that the mill will continue to rotate for some time after the power is shut off. Safety precautions should therefore he observed, and no work should be done on the mill until it has come to a complete stop.

We have now reached the point where a half ball or rod charge can be added, and the mill run for another six to eight hours, feeding approximately half the anticipated tonnage. The mill should now be stopped, end the gear grease pattern checked, and gear and pinion mesh corrected, if necessary, according to separate instructions.

The full charge of balls or rods can now be added, as well as the full amount of feed, and after a run of about four to six days, ALL BOLTS SHOULD AGAIN BE RETIGHTENED, and the gear and pinion checked again, and adjusted if necessary.

Where starting jacks are provided for the trunnion bearings of the larger sized mills, they should be filled with the same oil that is used for the lubrication of the trunnion bearings. Before starting the mill they should be pumped so as to insure having an oil film between the journal and the bushing.

When relining any part of the mill, clean away all sand from the parts to be relined before putting in the new liners. For the head liners and shell liners you may then proceed in the same manner used at the time of the initial assembly.

Before relining the grate type discharge head, it is advisable to refer to the assembly drawings and the parts list.Because of such limitations as the size of the manhole opening, and for various other reasons, it will be found that the center discharge liner and cone designs vary. The cone may be a separate piece or integral with either the trunnion liner, or the router discharge liner. Furthermore, it will be found in some mills that the center discharge liner is held by bolts through the discharge head, whereas in other cases it depends upon the clamping effect of grates to hold it in position. In any event, the primary thing to remember in assembling the discharge grate head parts is the fact that the grate should be first drawn up tightly towards the center discharge liner by adjusting the grate set screws located at the periphery of the discharge head. This adjustment should be carried out in progressive steps, alternating at about 180 if possible and in such a manner that, the center discharge liner does not become dislodged from its proper position at the center of the mill. These grate set screws should be adjusted with the side clamp bar bolts loosened. After the grates have been completely tightened with the set screws, check for correct and uniform position of each grate section. The side clamp bar bolts may now be lightened, again using an alternate process. This should result in the side clamp bars firmly bearing against the beveled sides of the grates. The side clamp bars should not hear against the lifter liners.

When new pan liners are installed, they should be grouted in position so as to prevent pulp race in the void space between the discharge head and the pan liner. Another good method of preventing this pulp race is the use of the sponge rubber which can be cemented in place.

After the mill is erected, in order to avoid overlooking both obvious and obscure installation details, we recommend the use of a check list. This is particularly recommended for multiple mill installations where it is difficult to control the different phases of installation for each and every mill. Such a check list can be modeled after the following:

No. 1 Connecting Bolts drawn tight. A. Head and Shell flange bolts. B. Gear Connecting, bolts. No. 2 Trunnion studs or bolts drawn up tight. No. 3 Trunnion liner and feeder connecting bolts or studs drawn up tight. No. 4 Feeder lip bolts tightened. No. 5 Liner bolts drawn up tight. No. 6 Gear. A. Concentric B. Backlash C. Runout D. Joint bolts drawn up tight. No. 7 Coupling and Drive alignment and lubrication. No. 8 Bearings and Gearing cleaned and lubricated. No. 9 Lubrication system in working order with automatic devices including alarms and interlocking systems.

We further recommend that during the first thirty to sixty days of operation, particular attention be given to bolt tightness, foundation settlement and condition of the grouting. We suggest any unusual occurrence be recorded so that should trouble develop later there may be a clue which would simplify diagnosing and rectifying the situation.

As a safety precaution, and in many cases in order to comply with local safety regulations, guards should be used to protect the operators and mechanics from contact with moving parts. However, these guards should not be of such a design that will prevent or hinder the close inspection of the vital parts. Frequent inspection should be made at regular intervals with particular attention being given to the condition of the wearing parts in the mill. In this way, you will be better able to anticipate your needs for liners and other parts in time to comply with the current delivery schedules.

When ordering repair or replacement parts for your mill, be sure to identify the parts with the number and description as shown on the repair parts list, and specify the hand and serial number of the mill.

By following the instructions outlined in this manual, mechanical malfunctions will be eliminated. However, inadvertent errors may occur even under, the most careful supervision. With this in mind, it is possible that some difficulties may arise. Whenever any abnormal mechanical reactions are found, invariably they can be attributed to causes which though sometimes obvious are often hidden. We sight herewith the most common problems, with their solutions.

Cause A GROUT DISINTEGRATION. Very often when the grouting is not up to specification the vibration from the mill tends to disintegrate the grouting. In most instances the disintegration starts between the sole plate and the top surface of the grouting near or at the vertical centerline of the mill. As this continues, the weight of the mill causes the sole plate and trunnion bearing base to bend with a resultant pinching action at the side of the bearing near the horizontal center line of the mill. This pinching will cut off and wipe the oil film from the journal and will manifest itself in the same manner as if the lubrication supply had been cut off. If the grout disintegration is limited to about . 050 and does not appear to be progressing further, the situation can be corrected by applying a corresponding amount of shimming between the trunnion bearing base and the sole plate near the centerline of the mill in such a fashion that the trunnion bearing base has been returned to its normal dimensional position. If, on the other hand, the grouting is in excess of . 050 and appears to be progressing further, it is advisable to shut down operations until the sole plate has been re grouted.

Cause B HIGH SPOT ON THE BUSHING. While all BallMill bushings are scraped in the shop to fit either a jig mandrel or the head proper to which it is to be fitted, nevertheless there is a certain amount of seasoning and dimensional change which goes on in the type of metals used. Therefore if high spots are found, the mill should be raised, the bushings removed and rescraped. Bluing may be used to assist in detecting high spots.

Cause C INSUFFICIENT OIL FLOW. Increase the oil supply if it is a flood oil system. If brick grease is used, it is possible that the particular grade of brick may not be applicable to the actual bearing temperature. Refer to the remarks in this manual under the paragraph entitled Lubrication.

Cause E EXCESSIVE RUBBING ON THE SIDE OF THE BUSHING. This comes about due to the improper setting of the bearings in the longitudinal plane. In some cases, particularly on dry grinding or hot clinker grinding mills, the expansion of the mills proper may account for this condition. In any event, it can be remedied by re-adjusting the bearing base on the sole plate longitudinally at the end opposite the drive.

There are many more lubricant suppliers, such as E. F. Houghton and Co. , or Lubriplate Division of Fiske Bros. Refining Co. In making your final selection of lubricants, you should consider the actual plant conditions as well as the standardization of lubricants. New and improved lubricants are being marketed, and we, therefore, suggest that you consult your local suppliers.

difference between sag mill vs ball mill - mech4study

difference between sag mill vs ball mill - mech4study

In ancient time, the mills were operated with muscle power (by hands), water animals and wind. They were totally based on the mechanical energy by natural resources and living beings.There are many types of mills which are used in the grinding industries. Today we will discuss about two important mill, sag mill and ball mill.Sag Mill vs Ball Mill:Semi-Autogenous Grinding Mill SAG Mill:SAG is the abbreviated form for Semi-Autogenous Grinding Mill. This type of Mill is used for grinding large fragments into small pieces. Pieces are then used for further processing. The SAG mills are generally used in pre-processing of any type of material in grinding process. SAG mills are also known as first stage grinders. These heavy output SAG mills are usually powered by electricity. As requirements and needs in grinding field are enhanced. Improved SAG mills came in trend, which gives highly rated production. These mills are one of the most used and necessary equipment in grinding.Image SourceWorking:SAG mill make use of steel balls included with some large and hard rocks for grinding. These mills utilize the balls in making the large fragments of materials broken into pieces. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 9% to 20%.This process takes place inside the large rotating drum of SAG mill which is filled with balls partially. Interior of the drum uses the lifting plates. These plates inside the drum are responsible for picking the grinding material up to fall down again throughout the rotations. Repeated collisions between the steel balls and raw materials (ore), divides the material into finer and smaller pieces. This whole process takes place inside the large drum of SAG mill.Application:SAG mills are very important equipment of industrial mining. SAG mills are commonly used in mining fields. From mined coal, it separates out some precious metals. In the mining, some precious metals found are like gold, silver, nickel, and copper etc.Ball Mills:Ball mill is a fine grinder. A horizontal or vertical rotating cylinder which is filled partially with the balls of ceramics, small rocks and balls made from stainless steel. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 29% to 30%. By friction and influence of tumbling balls inside rotating cylinder grinds the raw material to the required fineness. The internal machinery of ball mill grinds the raw material into the powder-like material, And if extreme fineness and refinery are required then rotation go on continue.Image SourceApplicationIn the production of Portland cement ball, mills are used. Ball mills are used where the fine grinding of raw material is required. Lite versions (small versions) of ball mills are used in laboratories for quality assurance of sample grinding material. These mills also play a significant role in the mechanism of cold welding and in the production of alloys. It is also used to create pulverized coal in thermal power plant.S.No.SAG MILLBALL MILL1.SAG mill is the primary tool for grinding. SAG mill is used before the other mills.Ball mill is a secondary, and it is used after the SAG mill.2.SAG mill breaks the raw material into pieces for the further grinding.Ball mill is used to grind the pieces of raw material intopowder-like structures.3.It does not create pulverized form of matter.It creates pulverized form of matter.4.SAG mill used for separating out the precious metals from mined coalBall mill is used to the production of Portland cement.5.It uses about 10 20 % of metal balls into the cylinder.It uses about 30-40% metal ball.This is all about difference between sag mill vs ball mill. If you have any query regarding this article, ask by commenting. If you like this article, dont forget to share it on social networks. Subscribe our website for more informative articles. Thanks for reading it.

Sag Mill vs Ball Mill:Semi-Autogenous Grinding Mill SAG Mill:SAG is the abbreviated form for Semi-Autogenous Grinding Mill. This type of Mill is used for grinding large fragments into small pieces. Pieces are then used for further processing. The SAG mills are generally used in pre-processing of any type of material in grinding process. SAG mills are also known as first stage grinders. These heavy output SAG mills are usually powered by electricity. As requirements and needs in grinding field are enhanced. Improved SAG mills came in trend, which gives highly rated production. These mills are one of the most used and necessary equipment in grinding.Image SourceWorking:SAG mill make use of steel balls included with some large and hard rocks for grinding. These mills utilize the balls in making the large fragments of materials broken into pieces. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 9% to 20%.This process takes place inside the large rotating drum of SAG mill which is filled with balls partially. Interior of the drum uses the lifting plates. These plates inside the drum are responsible for picking the grinding material up to fall down again throughout the rotations. Repeated collisions between the steel balls and raw materials (ore), divides the material into finer and smaller pieces. This whole process takes place inside the large drum of SAG mill.Application:SAG mills are very important equipment of industrial mining. SAG mills are commonly used in mining fields. From mined coal, it separates out some precious metals. In the mining, some precious metals found are like gold, silver, nickel, and copper etc.Ball Mills:Ball mill is a fine grinder. A horizontal or vertical rotating cylinder which is filled partially with the balls of ceramics, small rocks and balls made from stainless steel. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 29% to 30%. By friction and influence of tumbling balls inside rotating cylinder grinds the raw material to the required fineness. The internal machinery of ball mill grinds the raw material into the powder-like material, And if extreme fineness and refinery are required then rotation go on continue.Image SourceApplicationIn the production of Portland cement ball, mills are used. Ball mills are used where the fine grinding of raw material is required. Lite versions (small versions) of ball mills are used in laboratories for quality assurance of sample grinding material. These mills also play a significant role in the mechanism of cold welding and in the production of alloys. It is also used to create pulverized coal in thermal power plant.S.No.SAG MILLBALL MILL1.SAG mill is the primary tool for grinding. SAG mill is used before the other mills.Ball mill is a secondary, and it is used after the SAG mill.2.SAG mill breaks the raw material into pieces for the further grinding.Ball mill is used to grind the pieces of raw material intopowder-like structures.3.It does not create pulverized form of matter.It creates pulverized form of matter.4.SAG mill used for separating out the precious metals from mined coalBall mill is used to the production of Portland cement.5.It uses about 10 20 % of metal balls into the cylinder.It uses about 30-40% metal ball.This is all about difference between sag mill vs ball mill. If you have any query regarding this article, ask by commenting. If you like this article, dont forget to share it on social networks. Subscribe our website for more informative articles. Thanks for reading it.

Image SourceWorking:SAG mill make use of steel balls included with some large and hard rocks for grinding. These mills utilize the balls in making the large fragments of materials broken into pieces. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 9% to 20%.This process takes place inside the large rotating drum of SAG mill which is filled with balls partially. Interior of the drum uses the lifting plates. These plates inside the drum are responsible for picking the grinding material up to fall down again throughout the rotations. Repeated collisions between the steel balls and raw materials (ore), divides the material into finer and smaller pieces. This whole process takes place inside the large drum of SAG mill.Application:SAG mills are very important equipment of industrial mining. SAG mills are commonly used in mining fields. From mined coal, it separates out some precious metals. In the mining, some precious metals found are like gold, silver, nickel, and copper etc.Ball Mills:Ball mill is a fine grinder. A horizontal or vertical rotating cylinder which is filled partially with the balls of ceramics, small rocks and balls made from stainless steel. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 29% to 30%. By friction and influence of tumbling balls inside rotating cylinder grinds the raw material to the required fineness. The internal machinery of ball mill grinds the raw material into the powder-like material, And if extreme fineness and refinery are required then rotation go on continue.Image SourceApplicationIn the production of Portland cement ball, mills are used. Ball mills are used where the fine grinding of raw material is required. Lite versions (small versions) of ball mills are used in laboratories for quality assurance of sample grinding material. These mills also play a significant role in the mechanism of cold welding and in the production of alloys. It is also used to create pulverized coal in thermal power plant.S.No.SAG MILLBALL MILL1.SAG mill is the primary tool for grinding. SAG mill is used before the other mills.Ball mill is a secondary, and it is used after the SAG mill.2.SAG mill breaks the raw material into pieces for the further grinding.Ball mill is used to grind the pieces of raw material intopowder-like structures.3.It does not create pulverized form of matter.It creates pulverized form of matter.4.SAG mill used for separating out the precious metals from mined coalBall mill is used to the production of Portland cement.5.It uses about 10 20 % of metal balls into the cylinder.It uses about 30-40% metal ball.This is all about difference between sag mill vs ball mill. If you have any query regarding this article, ask by commenting. If you like this article, dont forget to share it on social networks. Subscribe our website for more informative articles. Thanks for reading it.

SAG mill make use of steel balls included with some large and hard rocks for grinding. These mills utilize the balls in making the large fragments of materials broken into pieces. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 9% to 20%.This process takes place inside the large rotating drum of SAG mill which is filled with balls partially. Interior of the drum uses the lifting plates. These plates inside the drum are responsible for picking the grinding material up to fall down again throughout the rotations. Repeated collisions between the steel balls and raw materials (ore), divides the material into finer and smaller pieces. This whole process takes place inside the large drum of SAG mill.Application:SAG mills are very important equipment of industrial mining. SAG mills are commonly used in mining fields. From mined coal, it separates out some precious metals. In the mining, some precious metals found are like gold, silver, nickel, and copper etc.Ball Mills:Ball mill is a fine grinder. A horizontal or vertical rotating cylinder which is filled partially with the balls of ceramics, small rocks and balls made from stainless steel. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 29% to 30%. By friction and influence of tumbling balls inside rotating cylinder grinds the raw material to the required fineness. The internal machinery of ball mill grinds the raw material into the powder-like material, And if extreme fineness and refinery are required then rotation go on continue.Image SourceApplicationIn the production of Portland cement ball, mills are used. Ball mills are used where the fine grinding of raw material is required. Lite versions (small versions) of ball mills are used in laboratories for quality assurance of sample grinding material. These mills also play a significant role in the mechanism of cold welding and in the production of alloys. It is also used to create pulverized coal in thermal power plant.S.No.SAG MILLBALL MILL1.SAG mill is the primary tool for grinding. SAG mill is used before the other mills.Ball mill is a secondary, and it is used after the SAG mill.2.SAG mill breaks the raw material into pieces for the further grinding.Ball mill is used to grind the pieces of raw material intopowder-like structures.3.It does not create pulverized form of matter.It creates pulverized form of matter.4.SAG mill used for separating out the precious metals from mined coalBall mill is used to the production of Portland cement.5.It uses about 10 20 % of metal balls into the cylinder.It uses about 30-40% metal ball.This is all about difference between sag mill vs ball mill. If you have any query regarding this article, ask by commenting. If you like this article, dont forget to share it on social networks. Subscribe our website for more informative articles. Thanks for reading it.

Application:SAG mills are very important equipment of industrial mining. SAG mills are commonly used in mining fields. From mined coal, it separates out some precious metals. In the mining, some precious metals found are like gold, silver, nickel, and copper etc.Ball Mills:Ball mill is a fine grinder. A horizontal or vertical rotating cylinder which is filled partially with the balls of ceramics, small rocks and balls made from stainless steel. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 29% to 30%. By friction and influence of tumbling balls inside rotating cylinder grinds the raw material to the required fineness. The internal machinery of ball mill grinds the raw material into the powder-like material, And if extreme fineness and refinery are required then rotation go on continue.Image SourceApplicationIn the production of Portland cement ball, mills are used. Ball mills are used where the fine grinding of raw material is required. Lite versions (small versions) of ball mills are used in laboratories for quality assurance of sample grinding material. These mills also play a significant role in the mechanism of cold welding and in the production of alloys. It is also used to create pulverized coal in thermal power plant.S.No.SAG MILLBALL MILL1.SAG mill is the primary tool for grinding. SAG mill is used before the other mills.Ball mill is a secondary, and it is used after the SAG mill.2.SAG mill breaks the raw material into pieces for the further grinding.Ball mill is used to grind the pieces of raw material intopowder-like structures.3.It does not create pulverized form of matter.It creates pulverized form of matter.4.SAG mill used for separating out the precious metals from mined coalBall mill is used to the production of Portland cement.5.It uses about 10 20 % of metal balls into the cylinder.It uses about 30-40% metal ball.This is all about difference between sag mill vs ball mill. If you have any query regarding this article, ask by commenting. If you like this article, dont forget to share it on social networks. Subscribe our website for more informative articles. Thanks for reading it.

SAG mills are very important equipment of industrial mining. SAG mills are commonly used in mining fields. From mined coal, it separates out some precious metals. In the mining, some precious metals found are like gold, silver, nickel, and copper etc.Ball Mills:Ball mill is a fine grinder. A horizontal or vertical rotating cylinder which is filled partially with the balls of ceramics, small rocks and balls made from stainless steel. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 29% to 30%. By friction and influence of tumbling balls inside rotating cylinder grinds the raw material to the required fineness. The internal machinery of ball mill grinds the raw material into the powder-like material, And if extreme fineness and refinery are required then rotation go on continue.Image SourceApplicationIn the production of Portland cement ball, mills are used. Ball mills are used where the fine grinding of raw material is required. Lite versions (small versions) of ball mills are used in laboratories for quality assurance of sample grinding material. These mills also play a significant role in the mechanism of cold welding and in the production of alloys. It is also used to create pulverized coal in thermal power plant.S.No.SAG MILLBALL MILL1.SAG mill is the primary tool for grinding. SAG mill is used before the other mills.Ball mill is a secondary, and it is used after the SAG mill.2.SAG mill breaks the raw material into pieces for the further grinding.Ball mill is used to grind the pieces of raw material intopowder-like structures.3.It does not create pulverized form of matter.It creates pulverized form of matter.4.SAG mill used for separating out the precious metals from mined coalBall mill is used to the production of Portland cement.5.It uses about 10 20 % of metal balls into the cylinder.It uses about 30-40% metal ball.This is all about difference between sag mill vs ball mill. If you have any query regarding this article, ask by commenting. If you like this article, dont forget to share it on social networks. Subscribe our website for more informative articles. Thanks for reading it.

Ball Mills:Ball mill is a fine grinder. A horizontal or vertical rotating cylinder which is filled partially with the balls of ceramics, small rocks and balls made from stainless steel. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 29% to 30%. By friction and influence of tumbling balls inside rotating cylinder grinds the raw material to the required fineness. The internal machinery of ball mill grinds the raw material into the powder-like material, And if extreme fineness and refinery are required then rotation go on continue.Image SourceApplicationIn the production of Portland cement ball, mills are used. Ball mills are used where the fine grinding of raw material is required. Lite versions (small versions) of ball mills are used in laboratories for quality assurance of sample grinding material. These mills also play a significant role in the mechanism of cold welding and in the production of alloys. It is also used to create pulverized coal in thermal power plant.S.No.SAG MILLBALL MILL1.SAG mill is the primary tool for grinding. SAG mill is used before the other mills.Ball mill is a secondary, and it is used after the SAG mill.2.SAG mill breaks the raw material into pieces for the further grinding.Ball mill is used to grind the pieces of raw material intopowder-like structures.3.It does not create pulverized form of matter.It creates pulverized form of matter.4.SAG mill used for separating out the precious metals from mined coalBall mill is used to the production of Portland cement.5.It uses about 10 20 % of metal balls into the cylinder.It uses about 30-40% metal ball.This is all about difference between sag mill vs ball mill. If you have any query regarding this article, ask by commenting. If you like this article, dont forget to share it on social networks. Subscribe our website for more informative articles. Thanks for reading it.

Image SourceApplicationIn the production of Portland cement ball, mills are used. Ball mills are used where the fine grinding of raw material is required. Lite versions (small versions) of ball mills are used in laboratories for quality assurance of sample grinding material. These mills also play a significant role in the mechanism of cold welding and in the production of alloys. It is also used to create pulverized coal in thermal power plant.S.No.SAG MILLBALL MILL1.SAG mill is the primary tool for grinding. SAG mill is used before the other mills.Ball mill is a secondary, and it is used after the SAG mill.2.SAG mill breaks the raw material into pieces for the further grinding.Ball mill is used to grind the pieces of raw material intopowder-like structures.3.It does not create pulverized form of matter.It creates pulverized form of matter.4.SAG mill used for separating out the precious metals from mined coalBall mill is used to the production of Portland cement.5.It uses about 10 20 % of metal balls into the cylinder.It uses about 30-40% metal ball.This is all about difference between sag mill vs ball mill. If you have any query regarding this article, ask by commenting. If you like this article, dont forget to share it on social networks. Subscribe our website for more informative articles. Thanks for reading it.

In the production of Portland cement ball, mills are used. Ball mills are used where the fine grinding of raw material is required. Lite versions (small versions) of ball mills are used in laboratories for quality assurance of sample grinding material. These mills also play a significant role in the mechanism of cold welding and in the production of alloys. It is also used to create pulverized coal in thermal power plant.S.No.SAG MILLBALL MILL1.SAG mill is the primary tool for grinding. SAG mill is used before the other mills.Ball mill is a secondary, and it is used after the SAG mill.2.SAG mill breaks the raw material into pieces for the further grinding.Ball mill is used to grind the pieces of raw material intopowder-like structures.3.It does not create pulverized form of matter.It creates pulverized form of matter.4.SAG mill used for separating out the precious metals from mined coalBall mill is used to the production of Portland cement.5.It uses about 10 20 % of metal balls into the cylinder.It uses about 30-40% metal ball.This is all about difference between sag mill vs ball mill. If you have any query regarding this article, ask by commenting. If you like this article, dont forget to share it on social networks. Subscribe our website for more informative articles. Thanks for reading it.

S.No.SAG MILLBALL MILL1.SAG mill is the primary tool for grinding. SAG mill is used before the other mills.Ball mill is a secondary, and it is used after the SAG mill.2.SAG mill breaks the raw material into pieces for the further grinding.Ball mill is used to grind the pieces of raw material intopowder-like structures.3.It does not create pulverized form of matter.It creates pulverized form of matter.4.SAG mill used for separating out the precious metals from mined coalBall mill is used to the production of Portland cement.5.It uses about 10 20 % of metal balls into the cylinder.It uses about 30-40% metal ball.This is all about difference between sag mill vs ball mill. If you have any query regarding this article, ask by commenting. If you like this article, dont forget to share it on social networks. Subscribe our website for more informative articles. Thanks for reading it.

easy ways to wow them with your military ball etiquette

easy ways to wow them with your military ball etiquette

First of all, it's important to note: There are no actual rules for military spouses and dates at military balls. The protocol rules are for the service member. Everything for the spouse is a matter of best practice, common sense or, in most cases, simply tradition.

Why so many traditions? Regardless of whether you are attending a Marine Corps or other service's birthday ball, a ball celebrating homecoming or a ball held for any other reason, the rules and guidelines are always meant to honor the military service. Traditions, including the ones followed at a military ball, remind us where we came from and of those who went before us.

For service members, the ball may be required, or strongly encouraged. That will depend on the unit and the circumstance. For spouses, however, they are not. Some spouses choose to attend all the events they can, some will go to the annual ball and some will never go. It should have absolutely no impact on your service member if you attend.

If you do go, however, you want to make sure you are prepared, both for the price tag of the event, in what you wear and in what goes on. You can also attend just to put in an appearance. Ydo not have to stay all night. Once the formal portion is over, you can leave.

Lets start with the most obvious attendees on the guest list. The unit or organization hosting the ball will invite all of its service members. Unless specified, everyone in the unit is invited and allowed to bring a guest.

In addition, the host for the event may extend the invitation to the garrison or base, additional units, senior leaders in other units and even the community at large. At some base-level events, retirees, community leaders and even representatives from local, regional or state governments are invited and attend.

Celebrities sometimes also attend military balls, and while that could be fun, its certainly not the norm. If you see someone famous, you should treat them with respect and normalcy, just like you would anyone else.

Most military balls are considered formal, white tie events. That means your service member will be wearing his or her dressiest uniform. Female military spouses and dates should wear formal dresses either floor-length or no shorter than just below the knee. Anything knee-length or above is considered a cocktail dress or semi-formal and is, traditionally, not considered appropriate for a formal ball event. Male military spouses and dates should wear a tuxedo, or a very nice black suit with a tie.

That said, many modern military spouses feel that a knee-length gown (no shorter!) worn with the right jewelry is entirely appropriate. In the past, military tradition has also dictated that women have covered shoulders during the official receiving line or during dinner. Those expectations have largely gone by the wayside.

Some spouses like to match their service members uniform colors. For example, you might see a dark blue cumberbund to match the Army Service Uniform or a silver dress to match the Cyber Corps. But there are no rules as to what color you can or cannot wear.

Since your aim is to make your date look awesome and honor the military service and unit whose ball you are attending, make sure you keep your clothing choice classy. That means, for example, you should not show too much skin or wear anything completely sheer. Your goal should be to feel and look gorgeous or handsome in your clothing choice, without being a total distraction simply because of what you are wearing.

Planning for a ball can be tough at times. Frequently they are held on Friday nights to save the unit some money, but that means rushing from work and school to the ball. But sometimes the ball gives you the opportunity for a weekend away or just a quick overnight date.

Military balls are often held in a venue off the installation. Sometimes the units provide transportation to and from the event so they can avoid the risk of drunk driving. Often those shuttle services are free, sometimes they are available for a fee. You can ask your unit what is available.

If you have small children, you'll want to get a babysitter during the ball since bringing kids to the event isn't appropriate. Occasionally, units will provide on-site child care. Ask your unit if that's an option.

Military ball planners often will book a block of hotel rooms at the venue or nearby for service members who want to stay the night instead of driving home. Those rooms usually come at an additional cost above the price of the ticket to the ball itself, but are discounted from the regular overnight cost. Check with your unit to see what has been arranged.

Before the formal portion of the ball starts, you may visit the receiving line. This will probably be the most confusing protocol part of the entire evening, but as the military is full of tradition, it can also be fun.

Here's how it works: While in the receiving line, you will walk in front of your service member. They will first introduce you and then introduce themself to the first person in the line, who is there to act as an adjunct or aide. Do not shake this persons hand! (And you may want to gently remind new, younger service members and spouses of this if they are unsure what to do.)

That person will introduce you to the next person in line, who is likely the guest of honor, by saying "This is (rank) So-and-So and Mrs. (or Ms. or Mr.) Such-and-Such." You shake their hand, say something like "nice to meet you" and move down the line.

Since names don't get passed down the line very well, your service member will likely then introduce you to the rest of the people who will likely be the hosting unit's senior non-commissioned officer and spouse and the unit's top officer and spouse. Greet each of these people briefly as well.

If the dining area is open, we recommend visiting your seat before the receiving line so that you can leave your drink and anything else there. Traditionally, you carry a drink through the receiving line and, if you're wearing gloves, remove the one on your right hand beforehand.

One more thing: if you, as the spouse, are a recipient of an award, such as the Molly Pitcher Award, and youre debating wearing the medal, consider wearing it through the receiving line and for the formal portion of the evening, and then take it off for the informal portion.

Military balls are supposed to be a fun celebration, but this is still a work event for your service member. That means you should have fun, but you shouldn't get so drunk that you lose control of yourself, or that you perform a strip-tease on the dance floor.

When you arrive at the ball, if the dining room is open, find your seat and leave whatever belongings you don't want to carry around the reception. Mingle with friends, visit the bar and, if you like, get in line for a photo with the professional photographer if one is provided. Photos likely are not free -- and you may have to sign up or pay in advance to purchase them.

Go ahead and enjoy the bar, but limit your consumption so as to not embarrass yourself or your service member. Also, these are often cash bars, so be sure to bring cash. Sometimes you'll need to tip, other times not. Plan accordingly. Pro tip: the bars typically close at some point before the formal ceremony begins and open after the guest speaker is done.

Once the dancing starts after the formal portion of the evening, feel free to get down with your friends and your date, but don't make a scene that will have everyone talking for the next two months. We really can't emphasize this enough.

What other traditions and formal ceremonies are performed depending on your service and the reason for the ball. The entrance and exit of the colors, responsive readings, a grog bowl ceremony, cake cutting, toasts, speeches or any other myriad military ball traditions might be performed.

If you're not sure what to do during these portions, the best rule of thumb is to copy the other people at your table. Stand when they stand, sit when they sit and, if you don't know what to do during the readings, just don't say anything. There may be a program provided at each seat. If so, there's likely to be a schedule of events in it, as well as the text for the responsive readings.

Many units also include some sort of souvenir in the price of each ticket, often a commemorative wine or other glass, so be sure to take yours at the end of the night. Don't raid the other tables for left behind souvenirs -- the unit may be planning to make them available for sale later.

Military balls are supposed to be glamorous, exciting, tradition-rich, fun events. Enjoy the excuse to dress up and have a good time. Make sure you snap a few selfies and photos with friends to remember the evening for years to come.

military ball: what every military spouse should know

military ball: what every military spouse should know

Its an exciting time for military communities to get together, but often times, spouses get anxious about what to expect as they honorably represent their service member. Each branch runs their event differently, so some of the following advice varies, but here are a few general things spouses may want to know about military balls:

Women are not expected to get their hair professionally done, but many sport fancy curls or elegant hairdos. Since spouses will be greeting people with handshakes, hands should be well groomed. If a woman chooses to wear gloves, proper glove protocol includes removing the right glove and holding it in the left hand while meeting other guests.

In a military ball, service members wear dress blue or class A uniforms while guests complement them with formal attire. Male guests typically wear dark suits with a bow tie or a tuxedo. Women wear knee- to floor-length gowns, but also have the option of cocktail dresses, as long as detailing is minimal. Patterns and bright colors should be avoided.

The night kicks off around 5 or 6 with a cocktail hour where service members and guests can mingle. There may also be a photographer for formal pictures. Just be sure to pace any drinking you may do, because when the cocktail hour ends its typically time for the receiving line.

When walking as a couple, women walk in front of the men in a single-file line, even if the woman is the service member. The first person youll encounter is the announcer and you do not shake his or her hand. You simply introduce or are introduced by your last name. As you continue through the line, short greetings are appropriate, such as, Good evening, its nice to meet you.

When dinnertime is sounded by a horn, its time for you to take your assigned seat. Its a good idea to open the lines of communication and introduce yourself to your table. You may find a program at your table with the evenings events as well as any responses you should give during toasts and speeches.

Several courses will be served for which you may want to brush up on your table setting etiquette. In addition to knowing what fork to use, be sure to ask for items to be passed rather than reach across anyone. Use common courtesy as to not apply makeup or fix your hair at the table.

When the presentation ends, the dance floor and bar will open up. It may begin with formal dances such as waltzes or foxtrots, but depending on the band or DJ that runs the show, more contemporary music can be played. You can let loose on the dance floor, but be sure to leave the club moves at home.

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ball mill - retsch - powerful grinding and homogenization

ball mill - retsch - powerful grinding and homogenization

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help with identifying cannon balls - firearms & ordnance - u.s. militaria forum

help with identifying cannon balls - firearms & ordnance - u.s. militaria forum

Me again needing more help with an ID. Here at the River Raisin National Battlefield Park in Monroe, MI we have been given two of these iron balls. They measure 4.2 inches in diameter and weigh 9 lbs. 4.6 oz.. British artillery was used during the battle which took place January 18-23 1813 at the Battlefield. We are trying to pinpoint just what these things are. The local cannon guys say they are not cannonballs but something used in industry, this area had heavy industry at one time. I can find no marking on them. Any help would be greatly appreciated. The artillery Museum could not find anything but I would like a second opinion before we simply say they are not.

Iron balls like these were and still used by "ball mills" to crush mined ore. A large drum is filled with ore and iron balls and then tumbled to pulverize the ore to powder (part of the reduction/ refining process). Here in Colorado a lot of these are mistaken as "cannon balls" , however most are left over from the mining days.

I agree - this is not a cannon ball. Cannonballs were perfectly round, and the weight or diameter should correspond with a 18th/19th century artillery table for proper identification. More than likely, the artillery experts that you mentioned consulted one of these tables, and were unable to find a match. Sometimes it's as simple as that.

I highly doubt that the ball in question (if it even was a cannonball) would have been used at River Raisin due to its size. Mobile artillery in the War of 1812 was generally of a small size and something this large would have not been a field artillery size at that time - would have been in a fort or permanent emplacement. It does come close to the 9 pounder cannon in the chart, a little bit large in diameter but that might be a measuring error base on where you measure and how much buildup there might be due to rust, etc.

Why don't you just call Matt Switlik, he lives in Monroe just a couple miles from the battlefield. He is a leading authority on US cannons and I expect their ammunition. Just google him or ask one of the Museum officials. However, he may be the person you have already talked to. From the pics I think the others are spot on.

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